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Table of Contents

Cover Page
Foreword
Abbreviations
Synopsis
Preliminary title Of the general definitions of rights and the promulgation of the laws
    Chapter I Of law and customs
    Chapter II Of the publication of the laws
    Chapter III Of the effects of laws
    Chapter IV Of the application and construction of laws
    Chapter V Of the repeal of laws
Book I Of persons
    Title I Of the distinction of persons, and the privation of certain civil rights in certain cases
      Chapter I Of the distinction of persons established by nature
      Chapter II Of the distinctions of persons which are established by law
    Title II Of domicil and the manner of changing the same
    Title III Of absent persons
      Chapter I Of the curatorship of absent persons
      Chapter II Of the putting into provisional possession the heirs of the absentee
      Chapter III Of the effects of absence upon the eventual rights which may belong to the absentee
      Chapter IV Of the effects of absence respecting marriage
      Chapter V Of the care of minor children whose father has disappeared
    Title IV Of husband and wife
      Chapter I On marriage
      Chapter II How marriages may be contracted or made
      Chapter III Of the nullity of marriages
      Chapter IV Of the respective rights and duties of married persons
      Chapter V Of the dissolution of marriages
      Chapter VI Of second marriages
    Title V Of the separation from bed and board
      Chapter I Of the causes of separation from bed and board
      Chapter II Of the proceedings on separation from bed and board
      Chapter III Of the provisional proceedings to which a suit for separation may give occasion
      Chapter IV Of objections to the action of separation from bed and board
      Chapter V Of the effects of separation from bed and board
    Title VI Of master and servant
      Chapter I Of the several sorts of servants
      Chapter II Of free servants
      Chapter III Of slaves
    Title VII Of father and child
      Chapter I Of children in general
      Chapter II Of legitimate children
        Section I Of legitimacy resulting from marriage
        Section II Of the manner of proving the legitimate filiation
      Chapter III Of illegitimate children
        Section I Of legitimation
        Section II Of the acknowledgment of illegitimate children
      Chapter IV Of adoption
      Chapter V Of paternal authority
        Section I Of the duties of parents towards their legitimate children, and of the duties of legitimate children towards their parents
        Section II Of the duties of parents towards their natural children, and of the duties of natural children towards their parents
    Title VIII Of minors, of their tutorship, curatorship and emancipation
      Chapter I Of tutorship
        Section I General dispositions
        Section II Of tutorship by nature
        Section III Of tutorship by will
        Section IV Of the tutorship by the effect of the law
        Section V Of dative tutorship
        Section VI Of the under tutor
        Section VII Of the causes which dispense or excuse from the tutorship
        Section VIII Of incapacity for, exclusion from and deprivation of the tutorship
        Section IX Of the administration of the tutor
      Chapter II Of the curatorship of minors
      Chapter III Of emancipation
    Title IX Of persons insane, idiots, and other persons incapable of administering their estate
      Chapter I Of the interdiction and curatorship of persons incapable of administering their estate, whether on account of insanity or of some other infirmity
      Chapter II Of the other persons to whom curators are appointed
    Title X Of communities or corporations
      Chapter I Of the nature of communities or corporations, of their use and kind
      Chapter II Of the rights and privileges of communities or corporations and of their incapacities
      Chapter III Of the dissolution of communities or corporations
Book II Of things and of the different modifications of property
    Title I Of things or estates
      Chapter I Of the distinction of things or estates
      Chapter II Of immoveables
      Chapter III Of moveables
      Chapter IV Of estates considered in their relation to those who possess them
    Title II Of absolute ownership
      Chapter I Universal principles
      Chapter II Of the right of accession to what is produced by the thing
      Chapter III Of the right of accession to what unites or incorporates itself to the thing
        Section I Of the right of accession concerning immoveables
        Section II Of the right of accession concerning moveable things
    Title III Of usufruct, use and habitation
      Chapter I Of usufruct
        Section I General definitions
        Section II Of the rights of the usufructuary
        Section III Of the obligations of the usufructuary
        Section IV Of the obligations of the owner
        Section V How usufruct expires
      Chapter II Of the use and habitation
    Title IV Of predial services or services of land
      Chapter I General principles
      Chapter II Of services which originate from the natural situation of the place
      Chapter III Of services imposed by law
        Section I Of walls, fences, and ditches in common
        Section II Of the distance and of the intermediary works required for certain buildings
        Section III Of lights on the property of a neighbor
        Section IV Of the manner of carrying off rain from the roof
        Section V Of the right of passage
      Chapter IV Of services established by the act of man
        Section I Of the different kinds of services which may be established by the act of man
        Section II How services are acquired
        Section III Of the rights of the proprietor of the estate to which the service is due
        Section IV How Services are extinguished
Book III Of the different manners of acquiring the property of things
    Preliminary title General dispositions
    Title I Of successions
      Chapter I Of the different sorts of successions and heirs
      Chapter II Of legal successions
        Section I General rules
        Section II Of the succession of descendants
        Section III Of the succession of ascendants
        Section IV Of the succession of collaterals
      Chapter III Of irregular successions
      Chapter IV In what manner successions are opened
      Chapter V Of the incapacity and unworthiness of the heirs
      Chapter VI In what manner a succession is accepted and how it is renounced
        Section I Of the acceptance pure and simple
        Section II Of the acceptance of a succession with the benefit of an inventory
      Chapter VII Of the administration of vacant estates and estates ab intestato
      Chapter VIII Of partition among heirs and of the collation of goods
        Section I Of the nature of partition and in what manner it is made
        Section II Of the collation of goods
        Section III Of the payment of debts
        Section IV Of the effect of partition and of its rescision
    Title II Of donations inter vivos (between living persons) and mortis causa (in prospect of death)
      Chapter I General dispositions
      Chapter II Of the capacity necessary for disposing of and receiving by donation inter vivos or mortis causa
      Chapter III Of the portion disposable, and of its reduction in case of excess
        Section I Of the disposable portion and the legitime
        Section II Of the reduction of dispositions inter vivos or mortis causa; of the manner in which it is made and of its effects
      Chapter IV Of dispositions reprobated by the law in donations inter vivos and mortis causa
      Chapter V Of donations inter vivos (between living)
        Section I Of the irrevocability of donations inter vivos
        Section II Of the form of donations inter vivos
        Section III Of the exceptions to the rule of the irrevocability of donations inter vivos
      Chapter VI Of dispositions mortis causa (in the prospect of death)
        Section I Of testament or codicil
        Section II Of the form of testaments and codicils
        Section III Of testamentary dispositions
        Section IV Of the institution of heir and of disinherison
        Section V Of legacies
        Section VI Of the opening and the proof of wills, and of testamentary executions
        Section VII Of the revocation of testaments and codicils and of their caducity
        Section VIII Of the interpretation of testamentary dispositions
      Chapter VII Of partitions made by parents among their descendants
      Chapter VIII Of donations made by marriage contract to the husband or wife, and to the children to be born of the marriage
      Chapter IX Of donations between married persons, either by marriage contract, or during the marriage
    Title III Of contracts and of conventional obligations in general
      Chapter I Preliminary dispositions
      Chapter II Of the conditions essential to the validity of agreements
        Section I Of consent
        Section II Of the capability of the parties contracting
        Section III Of the object and the matter of contracts
        Section IV Of the cause
      Chapter III Of the effect of obligations
        Section I General dispositions
        Section II Of the obligation of giving
        Section III Of the obligations of doing or of not doing
        Section IV Of the damages resulting from the non execution of the obligation
        Section V Of the interpretation of the agreements
        Section VI Of the effect of agreements with regard to persons not parties to them
      Chapter IV Of the different kinds of obligations
        Section I Of conditional obligations
          § 1 Of the condition in general and of its different kinds
          § 2 Of the suspensive condition
          § 3 Of the dissolving condition
        Section II Of obligations to be performed at a certain term
        Section III Of the alternative obligations
        Section IV Of obligations in solido or jointly and severally
          § 1 Of the obligation in solido between creditors
          § 2 Of the obligation in solido on the part of debtors
        Section V Of obligations divisible and indivisible
          § 1 Of the effects of a divisible obligation
          § 2 Of the effect of the indivisible obligation
        Section VI Of obligations with penal clauses
      Chapter V Of the extinction of obligations
        Section I Of payment
          § 1 Of payment in general
          § 2 Of payment with subrogation
          § 3 Of the imputation of payments
          § 4 Of tenders of payment, and consignment
          § 5 Of the surrender of property
        Section II Of novation
        Section III Of the remission of the debt
        Section IV Of compensation
        Section V Of confusion
        Section VI Of the loss of the thing due
        Section VII Of the action of nullity or of rescission of agreements
      Chapter VI Of the proof of obligations and of that of payment
        Section I Of the literal proof
          § 1 Of the authentic title
          § 2 Of the acts under private signature
          § 3 Of copies of titles
          § 4 Of recognitive and confirmative acts
        Section II Of testimonial proof
        Section III Of presumptions
          § 1 Of presumptions established by law
          § 2 Of presumption not established by law
        Section IV Of the confession of the party
        Section V Of the proof by oath
    Title IV Of engagements formed without agreements, or of quasi contracts and quasi offences
      Section I Of the quasi contract
      Section II Of quasi crimes or offences
    Title V Of marriage contract
      Chapter I General dispositions
      Chapter II Of the various kinds of matrimonial agreements
        Section I Of donations made in consideration of marriage
        Section II Of dowry or marriage portion
        Section III Of paraphernalia or extra dotal effects
        Section IV Of the partnership or community of acquests or gains
      Chapter III Of the separation of property
    Title VI Of sale
      Chapter I Of the nature and form of the contract of sale, and of the manner in which it is to be performed
      Chapter II Of persons capable of buying and selling, and of things which may be sold
      Chapter III Of the obligations of the seller
        Section I Of the tradition or delivery of the thing sold
        Section II Of the warranty, in case of eviction of the thing sold
        Section III Of the warranty of the defects of the thing sold or of the redhibitory vices
      Chapter IV Of the obligations of the buyer
      Chapter V Of the nullity and rescissions of the sale
        Section I Of the power or right of redemption
        Section II Of the rescission of sales on account of lesion
      Chapter VI Of sales by cant or auction
      Chapter VII Of the assignment or transfer of debts and other incorporeal rights
    Title VII Of exchange
    Title VIII Of letting and hiring
      Chapter I Of the several species of contracts for letting and hiring
      Chapter II Of the contract for letting out things
        Section I Of the form and duration of leases
        Section II Of the obligations of the lessor
        Section III Of the obligations of the lessee
        Section IV Of the dissolution of leases
      Chapter III Of the letting out of labour or industry
        Section I Of the hiring of servants and workmen
        Section II Of carriers and watermen
        Section III Of plots for buildings and other works
    Title IX Of partnership
      Chapter I General dispositions
      Chapter II Of the various kinds of partnerships
      Chapter III Of the obligations of partners towards each other, and towards third persons
        Section I Of the obligations of partners towards each other
        Section II Of the obligations of partners towards third persons
      Chapter IV Of the different manners in which partnerships end
    Title X Of loan
      Chapter I Of the loan for use or commodatum
        Section I Of the nature of the loan for use
        Section II Of the engagements of the borrower for use
        Section III Of the engagements of the lender for use
      Chapter II Of the loan for consumption or mutuum
        Section I Of the nature of the loan for consumption
        Section II Of the obligations of the lender for consumption
        Section III Of the engagements of the borrower for consumption
      Chapter III Of loan on interest
    Title XI Of deposit and sequestration
      Chapter I Of deposit in general and of its divers kinds
      Chapter II Of the deposit properly so called
        Section I Of the nature and essence of the contract of deposit
        Section II Of the obligations of the depository
        Section III Of the obligations of him by whom the deposit has been made
        Section IV Of the necessary deposit
      Chapter III Of sequestration
        Section I Of its different species
        Section II Of the conventional sequestration
        Section III Of the judicial sequestration or deposit
    Title XII Of aleatory contracts
    Title XIII Of mandate or commission
      Chapter I Of the nature of proxies, mandates and commissions
      Chapter II What persons may be appointed attornies in fact
      Chapter III Of the obligations of a person acting under a power of attorney
      Chapter IV Of the obligations of the principal who acts by his attorney in fact
      Chapter V How the procuration expires
    Title XIV Of suretyship
      Chapter I Of the nature and extent of suretyship
      Chapter II Of the effects of suretyship
        Section I Of the effects of suretyship between the creditor and the surety
        Section II Of the effects of suretyship between the debtor and the surety
        Section III Respecting the effects of suretyship between the sureties
      Chapter III Of the extinction of suretyship
      Chapter IV Of the legal and judicial sureties
    Title XV Of transactions
    Title XVI Of respite
    Title XVII Of compromises or arbitration
    Title XVIII Of pledge
    Title XIX Of privileges and mortgages
      Chapter I Of the nature of a mortgage and of its several sorts
      Chapter II Who may mortgage and what thing may be mortgaged
      Chapter III Of the effects of mortgage
        Section I Of the effects of mortgage with regard to the debtor
        Section II Of the effects of mortgages against third possessors and of the action of mortgage
        Section III Of the registering of mortgages and of the register kept for that purpose
      Chapter IV Of the order of privileges and mortgages
        Section I Of the preference and order of privileges
      Chapter V How privileges or mortgages expire or are extinguished
    Title XX Of occupancy, possession and prescription
      Chapter I Of occupancy
      Chapter II Of possession
      Chapter III Of prescription
        Section I Of the possession required to establish prescription
        Section II Of the causes which suspend or interrupt prescriptions
        Section III Of the several species of prescription
    Title XXI Of the title by judgment or seizure
Index
Manuscript index
Manuscript index Part 2

CHAPTER II - OF POSSESSION

Art. 16. Possession taken in a proper sense, is the detention of a thing which he who is master of it, or who has reason to believe that he is so, has in his own keeping or in that of another person by whom he possesses.

Art. 17. Possession can be properly exercised only on corporeal things either moveable or immoveable.
Things incorporeal may however be said though improperly to be possessed, such as services and the like, by that kind of possession of which they are susceptible.

Art. 18. One may possess a thing not only by one's self, but also by other persons.
Thus the proprietor of a house or other tenement, possesses by his tenant or by his farmer; the minor by his tutor or curator, and in general every proprietor by the persons who hold the thing in his name.

Art. 19. Seeing the use of property is to have a thing in order to enjoy it and to dispose of it, and that it is only by possession, that one can exercise this right, possession is therefore naturally linked to the property.
Thus possession implies a right and a fact, the right to enjoy annexed to the right of property and the fact of the real detention of the thing, that it be in the hands of the master or of another for him.

Art. 20. Although the possession be naturally linked with the property, yet they may subsist separately from each other, for it often happens that the property of a thing being controverted between two persons, there is one of the two who is owned to be possessor, and it may be that it is the person who is not the right owner, and that thus the possession may be separated from the property.

Art. 21. There are two sorts of possessors, those who possess honestly and fairly, and those who possess knavishly.
The honest and fair possessor is he who is truly master of the thing which he possesses or who has just cause to believe that he is so, although it may happen in effect that he is not; as it happens to him who buys a thing which he thinks belongs to the person whom he buys it of, and yet belongs to another.
The knavish possessor is he who possesses as master, but who assumes this quality when he knows very well either that he has no title to the thing or that his title thereto is vicious and defective.

Art. 22. We must reckon in the number of knavish possessors not only usurpers, but also those who foreseeing that the right which they pretend to have, will be disputed and fearing lest they should be hindered from taking possession thereof, take some opportunity of getting into possession surreptitiously without the knowledge of the person from whom they expect the opposition.

Art. 23. The natural connection which is between the possession and the property, makes the law to presume that they are joined in the person of the possessor and until it be proved that the possessor is not the right owner, the law will have him, by the bare effect of his possession, to be considered as such.
And it suffices of a year's possession, even in the person of an usurper, if it has been peaceable and uninterrupted, to make him to be considered as a just possessor and even as a master, until the true owner makes out his right.

Art. 24. Either honest or knavish possessors who have possessed during a year or upwards, as it is said in the preceding article, ought to be maintained in their possession and enjoyment of the thing, until they who trouble them in their possession, prove clearly their right, and if a demand of the property against a possessor, is not grounded upon good and sufficient titles, it is enough for the possessor to alledge his possession without producing any other defence.

Art. 25. Seeing the possession is in some cases sufficient of itself, to maintain the possessor therein, it often happens that the two parties who claim the property of one and the same estate, pretend likewise that they are in possession of it, and that each of them on his part, in order to be maintained in the possesion, endeavors to make it appear that he is possessor, and that they reciprocally molest one another by acts which may shew them to be in possession.  And in these cases, if it appears that one of the two has been in peaceable possession for the space of one year, before the disturbance given him by the other, he will be maintained therein.

Art. 26. The controversies whereof the matter in dispute is to regulate between two persons who pretend to be possessors of one and the same thing, which of the two shall be maintained in the possession, ought to be instructed and decided without examining into the right of property.  For the discussion of the titles necessary for deciding the right of property, demands often delays which the dispute about the possession cannot admit of, and seeing it is of importance not to leave two possessors exposed to the danger of the consequences of such a dispute, the matter touching the possession shall be regulated in the first place, and it shall be only after that the same shall be fully ended, that enquiry shall be made into the right of property.
Thus he who declared to be possessor has the advantage of retaining the possession, whilst the property remains undetermined.

Art. 27. He who pretends to have been interrupted in his possession, ought to make his demand or complaint thereof, within a year to be reckoned from the day of his being turned out of possession, for if he leaves his adversary in possession for the space of a year, he has lost his own possession, whatever apparent right he may have had to it; but he retains his action for the property.

Art. 28. If the question touching possession be doubtful, so that there does not appear ground enough to maintain any one of the possessors therein, the possession will be adjudged in favor of the person who shall have the most probable title; or the judge will order the thing in controversy to be sequestred, until the question relating to the property shall be decided.

Art. 29. The possession of him who possesses with a good conscience, has this effect that, if in the time that he acquired the possession, the property was not joined therewith, he may afterwards acquire such property by a possession continued during the time regulated for prescribing, as it is expressed in the following chapter.

Art. 30. The possession of him who possesses with a good conscience, has also this effect, that while he is ignorant of a better right to the thing than his own, he enjoys, and makes his own the fruits which he gathers, and not only those which he reaps from the ground by his own industry, but likewise those which the ground produce without culture, and if it happens that the thing is evicted from him he shall restore no part of what he enjoyed before the demand, but he will be obliged to restore the fruits which he reaped after the demand.

Art. 31. The possession of him who possesses knavishly has this effect, that it hinders him from prescribing (except by thirty years) and obliges him to restore not only the fruits which he has enjoyed, but likewise those which a careful father of a family might have reaped from the land or tenement which he was in possession of.

CHAPITRE II - DE LA POSSESSION

Art. 16. On appelle proprement possession, la détention d'une chose, que celui qui en est le maître, ou qui a sujet de croire qu'il l'est, tient en sa puissance, ou en celle d'un autre, par qui il possède.          

Art. 17. La possession ne s'applique proprement qu'aux choses corporelles, soit mobilières, soit immobilières.
On possède improprement des droits incorporels, tels que les servitudes et autres, par l'espèce de possession dont ils sont susceptible.           

Art. 18. On peut posséder une chose, non-seulement par soi-même, mais aussi par d'autres personnes.
Ainsi, le propriétaire d'une maison ou d'un autre fonds, posséde par son locataire ou par son fermier; le mineur, par son tuteur ou curateur; et généralement tout propriétaire, par les personnes qui tiennent la chose en son nom.           

Art. 19. Comme l'usage de la propriété est d'avoir une chose pour en jouir et en disposer, et que c'est par la possession qu'on peut exercer ce droit, la possession est naturellement liée à la propriété.
Ainsi, la possession renferme un droit et un fait. Le droit de jouir attaché au droit de propriété, et le fait de la détention effective de la chose, qui soit en puissance du maître, ou d'un autre pour lui.           

Art. 20. Quoique la possession soit naturellement liée à la propriété, cependant elles peuvent subsister séparément l'une de l'autre.
Car il arrive souvent que, la propriété d'une chose étant contestée entre deux personnes, il n'y en ait qu'une des deux qui soit reconnue pour le possesseur, et que ce soit celle qui n'est pas le propriétaire, et qu'ainsi la possession soit séparée de la propriété.           

Art. 21. Il y a deux sortes de possesseurs, ceux qui possèdent de bonne foi, et ceux qui possèdent de mauvaise foi.
Le possesseur de bonne foi, est celui qui est en effet le maître de ce qu'il possède, ou qui a une juste cause de croire qu'il l'est, quoiqu'il puisse se trouver qu'en effet il ne le soit pas, comme il arrive à celui qui achète une chose qu'il croit appartenir à son vendeur, et qui est à un autre.
Le possesseur de mauvaise foi, est celui qui possède comme maître, mais qui prend cette qualité, en sachant bien qu'il n'a aucun titre, ou connaissant les vices du titre qu'il peut avoir. 

Art. 22. Il faut mettre au nombre des possesseurs de mauvaise foi, non-seulement les usurpateurs, mais aussi ceux qui, prévoyant que le droit qu'ils prétendent avoir, sera contesté, et craignant qu'on ne les empêche d'entrer en possession, prennent quelque occasion de s'y mettre furtivement, à l'insu de celui qui doit les troubler. 

Art. 23. La liaison naturelle, qui existe entre la possession et la propriété, fait, que les lois présument qu'elles sont jointes en la personne du possesseur, et jusqu'à ce qu'il soit prouvé, qu'il n'est pas le maître, elles veulent que, par le simple effet de sa possession, il soit considéré comme s'il l'était.
Et à cet égard, la possession d'une année en la personne même d'un usurpateur, si elle a été paisible et non interrompue, le fait regarder comme un juste possesseur, et même comme maître, jusqu'à ce que le vrai maître établisse son droit. 

Art. 24. Tout possesseur de bonne ou de mauvaise foi, qui a possédé pendant une année, ainsi qu'il est dit en l'article précédent, doit être maintenu dans sa possession et sa jouissance; lorsqu'il y est troublé, jusqu'à ce que celui qui le trouble, établisse clairement son droit. Et si une demande, de la propriété, contre un possesseur, n'est pas fondée sur de bons titres, il lui suffit d'y opposer sa possession, sans autre défense. 

Art. 25. Comme la possession suffit, pour maintenir le possesseur, il arrive quelquefois, que les deux parties qui prétendent la propriété d'un même héritage, prétendent aussi d'en avoir la possession, et que chacun, de sa part, pour être maintenu, tâche de faire voir qu'il est en possession: et qu'ainsi, l'un et l'autre se troublent réciproquement, par des actes qui puissent marquer leur possession; dans ce cas, si l'un des deux se trouve avoir possédé paisiblement, pendant une année, avant le trouble que lui a fait l'autre, il sera maintenu.

Art. 26. Les contestations, où il s'agit de régler entre deux personnes qui prétendent être en possession d'une même chose, lequel des deux sera maintenu, doivent s'instruire et se juger indépendamment du droit de propriété. Car, la discussion des titres nécessaires, pour juger la propriété, demande souvent des délais, que le différent de la possession ne peut occasionner: et comme il est important, de ne pas laisser deux possesseurs dans le péril des suites d'une telle contestation, on doit régler d'abord, la cause de la possession, et ce n'est qu'après qu'elle est pleinement finie, qu'on vient à instruire, et à juger la propriété.
Ainsi, celui qui se trouve le possesseur, a l'avantage de conserver la possession, pendant que la propriété demeure indécise. 

Art. 27. Celui qui prétend avoir été troublé dans sa possession, doit faire sa demande, qu'on appelle complainte pour le possessoire, dans l'année, à compter du jour qu'il a été troublé.
Car, s'il laisse sa partie en possession, pendant une année, il a perdu la sienne, quelque droit apparent qu'il put y avoir. Mais il lui reste son action pour la propriété. 

Art. 28. Si la question de la possession se trouvait douteuse, ne paraissant pas assez de fondement pour maintenir l'un des possesseurs, le possessoire sera jugé en faveur de celui qui aura le titre le plus apparent, ou bien le juge ordonnera, que la chose contentieuse sera mise en séquestre, jusqu'à ce que la question de la propriété soit jugée. 

Art. 29. La possession de celui qui possède de bonne foi, a cet effet, que, quoiqu'il ne fut pas propriétaire, lorsqu'il a acquis cette possession, il peut le devenir par la suite, par une possession continuée pendant le tems réglé pour prescrire, ainsi qu'il sera réglé au chapitre suivant. 

Art. 30. La possession du possesseur de bonne foi, a encore cet effet, que, pendant sa bonne foi, il jouit et se rend propre les fruits qu'il recueille, et non-seulement ceux qui viennent du fonds, par son industrie, mais ceux mêmes que le fonds produit sans culture; et s'il arrive qu'il en soit évincé, il ne rendra rien de ce qu'il a perçu, jusqu'à la demande. Mais il rendra les fruits qu'il aura recueillis depuis cette même demande. 

Art. 31. La possession de celui qui possède de mauvaise foi, a cet effet, qu'elle empêche qu'il ne puisse prescrire, excepté par trente ans, et qu'elle loblige à rendre, non-seulement ce dont il a joui, mais même les fruits qu'un bon père de famille aurait pu tirer du fonds dont il était en possession.  

< Previous | Next >© Manuscript notes copyright 1968 by Louis V. de la Vergne.
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