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Table of Contents

Cover Page
Foreword
Abbreviations
Synopsis
Preliminary title Of the general definitions of rights and the promulgation of the laws
    Chapter I Of law and customs
    Chapter II Of the publication of the laws
    Chapter III Of the effects of laws
    Chapter IV Of the application and construction of laws
    Chapter V Of the repeal of laws
Book I Of persons
    Title I Of the distinction of persons, and the privation of certain civil rights in certain cases
      Chapter I Of the distinction of persons established by nature
      Chapter II Of the distinctions of persons which are established by law
    Title II Of domicil and the manner of changing the same
    Title III Of absent persons
      Chapter I Of the curatorship of absent persons
      Chapter II Of the putting into provisional possession the heirs of the absentee
      Chapter III Of the effects of absence upon the eventual rights which may belong to the absentee
      Chapter IV Of the effects of absence respecting marriage
      Chapter V Of the care of minor children whose father has disappeared
    Title IV Of husband and wife
      Chapter I On marriage
      Chapter II How marriages may be contracted or made
      Chapter III Of the nullity of marriages
      Chapter IV Of the respective rights and duties of married persons
      Chapter V Of the dissolution of marriages
      Chapter VI Of second marriages
    Title V Of the separation from bed and board
      Chapter I Of the causes of separation from bed and board
      Chapter II Of the proceedings on separation from bed and board
      Chapter III Of the provisional proceedings to which a suit for separation may give occasion
      Chapter IV Of objections to the action of separation from bed and board
      Chapter V Of the effects of separation from bed and board
    Title VI Of master and servant
      Chapter I Of the several sorts of servants
      Chapter II Of free servants
      Chapter III Of slaves
    Title VII Of father and child
      Chapter I Of children in general
      Chapter II Of legitimate children
        Section I Of legitimacy resulting from marriage
        Section II Of the manner of proving the legitimate filiation
      Chapter III Of illegitimate children
        Section I Of legitimation
        Section II Of the acknowledgment of illegitimate children
      Chapter IV Of adoption
      Chapter V Of paternal authority
        Section I Of the duties of parents towards their legitimate children, and of the duties of legitimate children towards their parents
        Section II Of the duties of parents towards their natural children, and of the duties of natural children towards their parents
    Title VIII Of minors, of their tutorship, curatorship and emancipation
      Chapter I Of tutorship
        Section I General dispositions
        Section II Of tutorship by nature
        Section III Of tutorship by will
        Section IV Of the tutorship by the effect of the law
        Section V Of dative tutorship
        Section VI Of the under tutor
        Section VII Of the causes which dispense or excuse from the tutorship
        Section VIII Of incapacity for, exclusion from and deprivation of the tutorship
        Section IX Of the administration of the tutor
      Chapter II Of the curatorship of minors
      Chapter III Of emancipation
    Title IX Of persons insane, idiots, and other persons incapable of administering their estate
      Chapter I Of the interdiction and curatorship of persons incapable of administering their estate, whether on account of insanity or of some other infirmity
      Chapter II Of the other persons to whom curators are appointed
    Title X Of communities or corporations
      Chapter I Of the nature of communities or corporations, of their use and kind
      Chapter II Of the rights and privileges of communities or corporations and of their incapacities
      Chapter III Of the dissolution of communities or corporations
Book II Of things and of the different modifications of property
    Title I Of things or estates
      Chapter I Of the distinction of things or estates
      Chapter II Of immoveables
      Chapter III Of moveables
      Chapter IV Of estates considered in their relation to those who possess them
    Title II Of absolute ownership
      Chapter I Universal principles
      Chapter II Of the right of accession to what is produced by the thing
      Chapter III Of the right of accession to what unites or incorporates itself to the thing
        Section I Of the right of accession concerning immoveables
        Section II Of the right of accession concerning moveable things
    Title III Of usufruct, use and habitation
      Chapter I Of usufruct
        Section I General definitions
        Section II Of the rights of the usufructuary
        Section III Of the obligations of the usufructuary
        Section IV Of the obligations of the owner
        Section V How usufruct expires
      Chapter II Of the use and habitation
    Title IV Of predial services or services of land
      Chapter I General principles
      Chapter II Of services which originate from the natural situation of the place
      Chapter III Of services imposed by law
        Section I Of walls, fences, and ditches in common
        Section II Of the distance and of the intermediary works required for certain buildings
        Section III Of lights on the property of a neighbor
        Section IV Of the manner of carrying off rain from the roof
        Section V Of the right of passage
      Chapter IV Of services established by the act of man
        Section I Of the different kinds of services which may be established by the act of man
        Section II How services are acquired
        Section III Of the rights of the proprietor of the estate to which the service is due
        Section IV How Services are extinguished
Book III Of the different manners of acquiring the property of things
    Preliminary title General dispositions
    Title I Of successions
      Chapter I Of the different sorts of successions and heirs
      Chapter II Of legal successions
        Section I General rules
        Section II Of the succession of descendants
        Section III Of the succession of ascendants
        Section IV Of the succession of collaterals
      Chapter III Of irregular successions
      Chapter IV In what manner successions are opened
      Chapter V Of the incapacity and unworthiness of the heirs
      Chapter VI In what manner a succession is accepted and how it is renounced
        Section I Of the acceptance pure and simple
        Section II Of the acceptance of a succession with the benefit of an inventory
      Chapter VII Of the administration of vacant estates and estates ab intestato
      Chapter VIII Of partition among heirs and of the collation of goods
        Section I Of the nature of partition and in what manner it is made
        Section II Of the collation of goods
        Section III Of the payment of debts
        Section IV Of the effect of partition and of its rescision
    Title II Of donations inter vivos (between living persons) and mortis causa (in prospect of death)
      Chapter I General dispositions
      Chapter II Of the capacity necessary for disposing of and receiving by donation inter vivos or mortis causa
      Chapter III Of the portion disposable, and of its reduction in case of excess
        Section I Of the disposable portion and the legitime
        Section II Of the reduction of dispositions inter vivos or mortis causa; of the manner in which it is made and of its effects
      Chapter IV Of dispositions reprobated by the law in donations inter vivos and mortis causa
      Chapter V Of donations inter vivos (between living)
        Section I Of the irrevocability of donations inter vivos
        Section II Of the form of donations inter vivos
        Section III Of the exceptions to the rule of the irrevocability of donations inter vivos
      Chapter VI Of dispositions mortis causa (in the prospect of death)
        Section I Of testament or codicil
        Section II Of the form of testaments and codicils
        Section III Of testamentary dispositions
        Section IV Of the institution of heir and of disinherison
        Section V Of legacies
        Section VI Of the opening and the proof of wills, and of testamentary executions
        Section VII Of the revocation of testaments and codicils and of their caducity
        Section VIII Of the interpretation of testamentary dispositions
      Chapter VII Of partitions made by parents among their descendants
      Chapter VIII Of donations made by marriage contract to the husband or wife, and to the children to be born of the marriage
      Chapter IX Of donations between married persons, either by marriage contract, or during the marriage
    Title III Of contracts and of conventional obligations in general
      Chapter I Preliminary dispositions
      Chapter II Of the conditions essential to the validity of agreements
        Section I Of consent
        Section II Of the capability of the parties contracting
        Section III Of the object and the matter of contracts
        Section IV Of the cause
      Chapter III Of the effect of obligations
        Section I General dispositions
        Section II Of the obligation of giving
        Section III Of the obligations of doing or of not doing
        Section IV Of the damages resulting from the non execution of the obligation
        Section V Of the interpretation of the agreements
        Section VI Of the effect of agreements with regard to persons not parties to them
      Chapter IV Of the different kinds of obligations
        Section I Of conditional obligations
          § 1 Of the condition in general and of its different kinds
          § 2 Of the suspensive condition
          § 3 Of the dissolving condition
        Section II Of obligations to be performed at a certain term
        Section III Of the alternative obligations
        Section IV Of obligations in solido or jointly and severally
          § 1 Of the obligation in solido between creditors
          § 2 Of the obligation in solido on the part of debtors
        Section V Of obligations divisible and indivisible
          § 1 Of the effects of a divisible obligation
          § 2 Of the effect of the indivisible obligation
        Section VI Of obligations with penal clauses
      Chapter V Of the extinction of obligations
        Section I Of payment
          § 1 Of payment in general
          § 2 Of payment with subrogation
          § 3 Of the imputation of payments
          § 4 Of tenders of payment, and consignment
          § 5 Of the surrender of property
        Section II Of novation
        Section III Of the remission of the debt
        Section IV Of compensation
        Section V Of confusion
        Section VI Of the loss of the thing due
        Section VII Of the action of nullity or of rescission of agreements
      Chapter VI Of the proof of obligations and of that of payment
        Section I Of the literal proof
          § 1 Of the authentic title
          § 2 Of the acts under private signature
          § 3 Of copies of titles
          § 4 Of recognitive and confirmative acts
        Section II Of testimonial proof
        Section III Of presumptions
          § 1 Of presumptions established by law
          § 2 Of presumption not established by law
        Section IV Of the confession of the party
        Section V Of the proof by oath
    Title IV Of engagements formed without agreements, or of quasi contracts and quasi offences
      Section I Of the quasi contract
      Section II Of quasi crimes or offences
    Title V Of marriage contract
      Chapter I General dispositions
      Chapter II Of the various kinds of matrimonial agreements
        Section I Of donations made in consideration of marriage
        Section II Of dowry or marriage portion
        Section III Of paraphernalia or extra dotal effects
        Section IV Of the partnership or community of acquests or gains
      Chapter III Of the separation of property
    Title VI Of sale
      Chapter I Of the nature and form of the contract of sale, and of the manner in which it is to be performed
      Chapter II Of persons capable of buying and selling, and of things which may be sold
      Chapter III Of the obligations of the seller
        Section I Of the tradition or delivery of the thing sold
        Section II Of the warranty, in case of eviction of the thing sold
        Section III Of the warranty of the defects of the thing sold or of the redhibitory vices
      Chapter IV Of the obligations of the buyer
      Chapter V Of the nullity and rescissions of the sale
        Section I Of the power or right of redemption
        Section II Of the rescission of sales on account of lesion
      Chapter VI Of sales by cant or auction
      Chapter VII Of the assignment or transfer of debts and other incorporeal rights
    Title VII Of exchange
    Title VIII Of letting and hiring
      Chapter I Of the several species of contracts for letting and hiring
      Chapter II Of the contract for letting out things
        Section I Of the form and duration of leases
        Section II Of the obligations of the lessor
        Section III Of the obligations of the lessee
        Section IV Of the dissolution of leases
      Chapter III Of the letting out of labour or industry
        Section I Of the hiring of servants and workmen
        Section II Of carriers and watermen
        Section III Of plots for buildings and other works
    Title IX Of partnership
      Chapter I General dispositions
      Chapter II Of the various kinds of partnerships
      Chapter III Of the obligations of partners towards each other, and towards third persons
        Section I Of the obligations of partners towards each other
        Section II Of the obligations of partners towards third persons
      Chapter IV Of the different manners in which partnerships end
    Title X Of loan
      Chapter I Of the loan for use or commodatum
        Section I Of the nature of the loan for use
        Section II Of the engagements of the borrower for use
        Section III Of the engagements of the lender for use
      Chapter II Of the loan for consumption or mutuum
        Section I Of the nature of the loan for consumption
        Section II Of the obligations of the lender for consumption
        Section III Of the engagements of the borrower for consumption
      Chapter III Of loan on interest
    Title XI Of deposit and sequestration
      Chapter I Of deposit in general and of its divers kinds
      Chapter II Of the deposit properly so called
        Section I Of the nature and essence of the contract of deposit
        Section II Of the obligations of the depository
        Section III Of the obligations of him by whom the deposit has been made
        Section IV Of the necessary deposit
      Chapter III Of sequestration
        Section I Of its different species
        Section II Of the conventional sequestration
        Section III Of the judicial sequestration or deposit
    Title XII Of aleatory contracts
    Title XIII Of mandate or commission
      Chapter I Of the nature of proxies, mandates and commissions
      Chapter II What persons may be appointed attornies in fact
      Chapter III Of the obligations of a person acting under a power of attorney
      Chapter IV Of the obligations of the principal who acts by his attorney in fact
      Chapter V How the procuration expires
    Title XIV Of suretyship
      Chapter I Of the nature and extent of suretyship
      Chapter II Of the effects of suretyship
        Section I Of the effects of suretyship between the creditor and the surety
        Section II Of the effects of suretyship between the debtor and the surety
        Section III Respecting the effects of suretyship between the sureties
      Chapter III Of the extinction of suretyship
      Chapter IV Of the legal and judicial sureties
    Title XV Of transactions
    Title XVI Of respite
    Title XVII Of compromises or arbitration
    Title XVIII Of pledge
    Title XIX Of privileges and mortgages
      Chapter I Of the nature of a mortgage and of its several sorts
      Chapter II Who may mortgage and what thing may be mortgaged
      Chapter III Of the effects of mortgage
        Section I Of the effects of mortgage with regard to the debtor
        Section II Of the effects of mortgages against third possessors and of the action of mortgage
        Section III Of the registering of mortgages and of the register kept for that purpose
      Chapter IV Of the order of privileges and mortgages
        Section I Of the preference and order of privileges
      Chapter V How privileges or mortgages expire or are extinguished
    Title XX Of occupancy, possession and prescription
      Chapter I Of occupancy
      Chapter II Of possession
      Chapter III Of prescription
        Section I Of the possession required to establish prescription
        Section II Of the causes which suspend or interrupt prescriptions
        Section III Of the several species of prescription
    Title XXI Of the title by judgment or seizure
Index
Manuscript index
Manuscript index Part 2

CHAPTER IV - OF THE ORDER OF PRIVILEGES AND MORTGAGES

Art. 67. The property of the debtor is the common pledge of his creditors, and the proceeds of its sale must be distributed among them rateably, unless there exist among the creditors some lawful causes of preference.
These lawful causes of preference are such as result from privileges and mortgages.

 

SECTION I - OF THE PREFERENCE AND ORDER OF PRIVILEGES

Art. 68. Privilege is a right which the nature of a debt gives to a creditor and which intitles him to be preferred before other creditors, even those who have mortgages and are prior in time.

Art. 69. Among creditors who are privileged, the preference is settled by the different nature of their privileges.

Art. 70. The creditors who are in the same rank of privileges, are paid in concurrence, that is on an equal footing.

Art. 71. Privileges may exist either on moveables or immoveables or on both at once.

Art. 72. Privileges are either general or special on certain moveables.

Art. 73. The debts which are privileged on all the moveables in general, are those hereafter enumerated, and are liquidated in the following order:-
1st. Funeral charges;
2dly. Law charges;
3dly. The charges respecting medical attendance, as those of a physician, surgeon, druggist, &c. during the sickness of which the deceased died; and their charges are paid by concurrence among those to whom they are due;
4thly. The salaries of the persons who lent their services, for the year last past or for what is due on the current year;
5th. The price of the subsistance furnished to a debtor and to his family during the last six months by traders in retail, as bakers, butchers and the like, and during the last year by boarding houses and tavern keepers.

Art. 74. The debts which are privileged on certain moveables are the following:
1st, The appointments or salaries of the overseers for the year last past or the current year, on the produce of the crop of said year;
2d, The rents of immoveables and the hire of slaves employed in working the same, on the produce of the crop of the year, and on the proceeds of the furniture which is found in the house let, or on the farm, and of every thing which serves to the working of said farm.
The landlord may seize the furniture which was in the house or on the farm when it has been removed, without his consent, and he preserves his privilege upon it, provided he prove its identity and urge his claim at farthest within a fortnight from the day of its removal.
The privilege of the landlord extends even to the goods which are in the house or apartment by him let, when the house or apartment was let chiefly for a store or shop;
3d, The debt on the pledge which is in the creditor's possession;
4th, The debt due for money laid out in preserving the thing;
5th, The price due on moveable effects, if they are yet in the debtor's possession, whether he bought them on a limited or general credit.
If the sale has been made, without any limited time of credit, the debtor may even claim his effects as long as they are in the buyer's possession, and prevent their sale, provided such claim be made within eight days from their delivery, and the effects be found in the same condition as they were in when delivered.
The privilege of the vender is however exercised only after that of the owner of the house or farm, unless it be proved that the owner was informed that the furniture and other effects put in the house or farm, did not belong to the tenant.
Nothing herein shall alter or affect the established laws and usages of commerce as to the claim of the thing sold.
6th, The things which have been furnished by an inn keeper, on the effect of the traveller which have been left at his inn;
7th, The carrier's charges and the accessory expences on the thing carried;
8th, The debts arising from abuses and peculation committed by public officers, and those accountable for public money, in the execution of their functions, on the amount of the recognisance in which they are bound.

Art. 75. The creditors who have a privilege on immoveables are:
1st, The vender on the estate by him sold, for the payment of the price of it, whether it was sold for ready money, or on a credit, or whether a mortgage has been expressly stipulated by him or not, provided there exist no novation of the debt.
This privilege extends to slaves and cattle sold with the estate.
If there are several successive sales, the price of which is due in whole or in part, the first vender is preferred to the second, the second to the third, and so on.
2d, Architects and other undertakers, brick layers and other workmen, employed in constructing, rebuilding or repairing houses, or making other works, on the said houses or works by them constructed, rebuilt or repaired.

Art. 76. The privileges which extend both to the moveables and to the immoveables are those enumerated in the foregoing 73d article.

Art. 77. When, for want of moveables, the creditors who have a privilege, according to the preceding article, demand to be paid out of the proceeds of the immoveables in concurrence with the creditors who have a privilege on said immoveables, the payments must be made in the following order, to wit:
1st, Law charges and those enumerated in the 73d article;
2d, Those mentioned in the 75th article. 

Art. 78. Both the conventional and judicial mortgagee creditors have their rank settled among themselves, from the day of the recording of their mortgages in the office of the register of mortgages, in the form and manner directed by law.

Art. 79. The creditors who have caused their titles to be recorded on the same day, have in concurrence a mortgage of one and the same date; no distinction being made between those recorded in the morning, and such as were recorded in the evening of the same day, even should the register have marked this difference.

Art. 80. As to the tacit or legal mortgages, as these are not subject to be recorded, their respective rank is fixed from the day when they begin to take effect, agreeably to law, and those of the same day concur together.
They likewise concur with the judicial or conventional mortgages without any preference over them, if their date is of the same day on which the latter were recorded.

 

CHAPTER V - HOW PRIVILEGES OR MORTGAGES EXPIRE OR ARE EXTINGUISHED

Art. 81. Privileges and mortgages are extinguished:
1st, By the extinction of the principal obligation
2d, By the creditor's renunciation of the mortgage;
3d, By prescription.
Prescription is acquired to the debtor as to the property which is in his possession, through the lapse of the time fixed for the prescriptions of the action which gives the mortgage or the privilege.
And as to the property which is held by a third possessor, prescription is acquired to him through the lapse of the time fixed for the prescription of the ownership in his favor.

CHAPITRE IV - DE L'ORDRE DES PRIVILÉGES ET HYPOTHÈQUES

Art. 67. Les biens du débiteur sont le gage commun de ses créanciers, et le prix s'en distribue entre eux par contribution, à moins qu'il n'y ait, entre les créanciers, des causes légitimes de préférence.
Ces causes légitimes de préférence sont celles qui résultent des priviléges et hypothèques.

 

SECTION I - DE LA PRÉFÉRENCE, ET DE L'ORDRE DES PRIVILÉGES

Art. 68. Le privilége, est un droit que la qualité de la créance donne à un créancier, d'être préféré aux autres créanciers, même hypothécaires, quoique d'une date antérieure.           

Art. 69. Entre les créanciers privilégiés, la préférence est réglée par les différentes qualités des priviléges. 

Art. 70. Les créanciers privilégiés, qui sont dans le même rang, sont payés par concurrence. 

Art. 71. Les priviléges peuvent exister sur les meubles, ou sur les immeubles, ou sur l'un et l'autre à la fois. 

Art. 72. Les priviléges sont, ou généraux, ou particuliers sur certains meubles. 

Art. 73. Les créances privilégiées, sur la généralité des meubles, sont celles ci-après exprimées, et s'exercent dans l'ordre suivant:
1º. Les frais funéraires;
2º. Les frais de justice;
3º. Les frais de chirurgie, tels que ceux de médecin, chirurgien, apothicaire, &c. causés par la maladie dont est mort le défunt; ces frais se payent, par concurrence, entre ceux à qui ils sont dus;
4º. Les salaires de gens de service, pour l'année échue, et ce qui est dû sur l'année courante;
5º. Les fournitures de subsistance faites au débiteur et à sa famille, savoir pendant les six derniers mois, par les marchands en détail, tels que boulangers, bouchers et autres; et pendant la dernière année, par les maîtres de pension ou aubergistes. 

Art. 74. Les créances privilégiées sur certains meubles, sont:
1º. Les appointemens ou salaires des économes, gérants, pour l'année échue ou courante, sur les fruits de la récolte de cette même année;
2º. Les loyers et fermages des immeubles et esclaves attachés à leur culture, sur les fruits de la récolte de l'année, et sur le prix de tous les meubles meublans, qui garnissent la maison louée ou la ferme, et de tout ce qui sert à l'exploitation de la ferme;
Le propriétaire peut saisir les meubles meublans qui garnissent la maison ou la ferme, lorsqu'ils ont été déplacés sans son consentement, et il conserve sur eux son privilége, pourvu qu'il puisse en prouver l'identité, et qu'il exerce sa revendication au plus tard dans la quinzaine du jour où le déplacement a été fait.
Le privilége du bailleur peut même s'étendre sur les marchandises qui garnissent la maison ou appartement par lui loué, lorsque c'est un magasin ou une boutique qui est l'objet principal de la location.
3°. La créance sur le gage dont le créancier est saisi;
4°. Les frais faits pour la conservation de la chose;
5°. Le prix d'effets mobiliers, s'ils sont encore en la possession du débiteur, soit qu'il ait acheté à terme ou à crédit;
Si la vente a été faite sans terme, le vendeur peut même revendiquer ces effets, tant qu'ils sont à la possession de l'acheteur, et en empêcher la revente, pourvu que la revendication soit faite dans la huitaine de la livraison, et que les effets se trouvent dans le même état dans lequel cette livraison a été faite.
Le privilége du vendeur ne s'exerce, toutefois, qu'après celui du propriétaire de la maison ou de la ferme, à moins qu'il ne soit prouvé, que le propriétaire avait connaissance, que les meubles ou autres objets garnissant sa maison ou sa ferme, n'appartenaient pas au locataire;
Il n'est rien innové aux lois et usages du commerce sur la revendication.
6°. Les fournitures d'un aubergiste, sur les effets d'un voyageur, qui ont été transportés dans son auberge;
7°. Les frais de voiture, et les dépenses accessoires, sur la chose voiturée;
8°. Les créances résultant d'abus ou de prévarications commises par les fonctionnaires publics et comptables des deniers publics, dans l'exercice de leurs fonctions, sur le fonds de leur cautionnement. 

Art. 75. Les créanciers privilégiés, sur les immeubles, sont:
1°. Le vendeur sur le fonds vendu, pour le payement du prix, soit que la vente ait été faite au comptant ou à crédit, et soit qu'il y ait eu hypothèque stipulée ou non, pourvu qu'il n'y ait pas eu de novation.
Ce privilége s'étend sur les esclaves et sur les animaux vendus avec le fonds.
S'il y a plusieurs ventes successives, dont le prix soit dû en tout ou en partie, le premier vendeur est préféré au second, le second au troisième, et ainsi de suite.
2°. Les architectes et autres entrepreneurs, maçons et autres ouvriers employés pour édifier, reconstruire ou réparer des bâtimens ou autres ouvrages quelconques, sur les bâtimens et autres ouvrages qu'ils ont ainsi édifiés, reconstruits ou réparés.           

Art. 76. Les priviléges qui s'étendent sur les meubles et sur les immeubles, sont ceux énoncés en l'article 73 ci-dessus.           

Art. 77. Lorsqu'à défaut de mobilier, les privilégiés énoncés en l'article précédent, se présentent pour être payés sur le prix d'un immeuble, en concurrence avec les créanciers privilégiés sur l'immeuble, les payemens se font dans l'ordre qui suit:
1°. Les frais de justice, et ceux énoncés en l'article 73;
2°. Les créances désignées en l'article 75.           

Art. 78. Les créanciers qui ont une hypothèque, soit judiciaire, soit conventionnelle, ont leur rang réglé entre eux, du jour de l'inscription qui en a été faite sur les registres du conservateur, dans la forme et de la manière prescrites par la loi.           

Art. 79. Tous les créanciers inscrits le même jour, exercent, en concurrence, une hypothèque de la même date, sans distinction entre l'inscription du matin et celle du soir, quand cette différence serait marquée par le conservateur.           

Art. 80. À l'égard des hypothèques tacites ou légales, comme elles ne sont sujettes à aucunes inscriptions, leur rang est fixé entre elles, du jour de la date où elles commencent d'avoir leur effet, d'après la loi; et à parité de date, elles concourent entre elles.
Elles concourent également avec les hypothèques judiciaires ou conventionnelles, sans aucune préférence sur celles-ci, lorsque leur date est du même jour que celui où ces dernières ont été inscrites.

 

CHAPITRE V - DE L'EXTINCTION DES PRIVILÉGES ET HYPOTHÈQUES

Art. 81. Les priviléges et hypothèques s'éteignent:
1°. Par l'extinction de l'obligation principale;
2°. Par la renonciation du créancier à l'hypothèque;
3°. Par la prescription;
La prescription est acquise au débiteur, quant aux biens qui sont dans ses mains, par le tems fixé pour la prescription des actions qui donnent l'hypothèque ou le privilége.
Quant aux biens qui sont dans les mains d'un tiers détenteur, elle lui est acquise par le tems réglé pour la prescription de la propriété à son profit.

< Previous | Next >© Manuscript notes copyright 1968 by Louis V. de la Vergne.
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