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Table of Contents

Cover Page
Preliminary title Of the general definitions of rights and the promulgation of the laws
    Chapter I Of law and customs
    Chapter II Of the publication of the laws
    Chapter III Of the effects of laws
    Chapter IV Of the application and construction of laws
    Chapter V Of the repeal of laws
Book I Of persons
    Title I Of the distinction of persons, and the privation of certain civil rights in certain cases
      Chapter I Of the distinction of persons established by nature
      Chapter II Of the distinctions of persons which are established by law
    Title II Of domicil and the manner of changing the same
    Title III Of absent persons
      Chapter I Of the curatorship of absent persons
      Chapter II Of the putting into provisional possession the heirs of the absentee
      Chapter III Of the effects of absence upon the eventual rights which may belong to the absentee
      Chapter IV Of the effects of absence respecting marriage
      Chapter V Of the care of minor children whose father has disappeared
    Title IV Of husband and wife
      Chapter I On marriage
      Chapter II How marriages may be contracted or made
      Chapter III Of the nullity of marriages
      Chapter IV Of the respective rights and duties of married persons
      Chapter V Of the dissolution of marriages
      Chapter VI Of second marriages
    Title V Of the separation from bed and board
      Chapter I Of the causes of separation from bed and board
      Chapter II Of the proceedings on separation from bed and board
      Chapter III Of the provisional proceedings to which a suit for separation may give occasion
      Chapter IV Of objections to the action of separation from bed and board
      Chapter V Of the effects of separation from bed and board
    Title VI Of master and servant
      Chapter I Of the several sorts of servants
      Chapter II Of free servants
      Chapter III Of slaves
    Title VII Of father and child
      Chapter I Of children in general
      Chapter II Of legitimate children
        Section I Of legitimacy resulting from marriage
        Section II Of the manner of proving the legitimate filiation
      Chapter III Of illegitimate children
        Section I Of legitimation
        Section II Of the acknowledgment of illegitimate children
      Chapter IV Of adoption
      Chapter V Of paternal authority
        Section I Of the duties of parents towards their legitimate children, and of the duties of legitimate children towards their parents
        Section II Of the duties of parents towards their natural children, and of the duties of natural children towards their parents
    Title VIII Of minors, of their tutorship, curatorship and emancipation
      Chapter I Of tutorship
        Section I General dispositions
        Section II Of tutorship by nature
        Section III Of tutorship by will
        Section IV Of the tutorship by the effect of the law
        Section V Of dative tutorship
        Section VI Of the under tutor
        Section VII Of the causes which dispense or excuse from the tutorship
        Section VIII Of incapacity for, exclusion from and deprivation of the tutorship
        Section IX Of the administration of the tutor
      Chapter II Of the curatorship of minors
      Chapter III Of emancipation
    Title IX Of persons insane, idiots, and other persons incapable of administering their estate
      Chapter I Of the interdiction and curatorship of persons incapable of administering their estate, whether on account of insanity or of some other infirmity
      Chapter II Of the other persons to whom curators are appointed
    Title X Of communities or corporations
      Chapter I Of the nature of communities or corporations, of their use and kind
      Chapter II Of the rights and privileges of communities or corporations and of their incapacities
      Chapter III Of the dissolution of communities or corporations
Book II Of things and of the different modifications of property
    Title I Of things or estates
      Chapter I Of the distinction of things or estates
      Chapter II Of immoveables
      Chapter III Of moveables
      Chapter IV Of estates considered in their relation to those who possess them
    Title II Of absolute ownership
      Chapter I Universal principles
      Chapter II Of the right of accession to what is produced by the thing
      Chapter III Of the right of accession to what unites or incorporates itself to the thing
        Section I Of the right of accession concerning immoveables
        Section II Of the right of accession concerning moveable things
    Title III Of usufruct, use and habitation
      Chapter I Of usufruct
        Section I General definitions
        Section II Of the rights of the usufructuary
        Section III Of the obligations of the usufructuary
        Section IV Of the obligations of the owner
        Section V How usufruct expires
      Chapter II Of the use and habitation
    Title IV Of predial services or services of land
      Chapter I General principles
      Chapter II Of services which originate from the natural situation of the place
      Chapter III Of services imposed by law
        Section I Of walls, fences, and ditches in common
        Section II Of the distance and of the intermediary works required for certain buildings
        Section III Of lights on the property of a neighbor
        Section IV Of the manner of carrying off rain from the roof
        Section V Of the right of passage
      Chapter IV Of services established by the act of man
        Section I Of the different kinds of services which may be established by the act of man
        Section II How services are acquired
        Section III Of the rights of the proprietor of the estate to which the service is due
        Section IV How Services are extinguished
Book III Of the different manners of acquiring the property of things
    Preliminary title General dispositions
    Title I Of successions
      Chapter I Of the different sorts of successions and heirs
      Chapter II Of legal successions
        Section I General rules
        Section II Of the succession of descendants
        Section III Of the succession of ascendants
        Section IV Of the succession of collaterals
      Chapter III Of irregular successions
      Chapter IV In what manner successions are opened
      Chapter V Of the incapacity and unworthiness of the heirs
      Chapter VI In what manner a succession is accepted and how it is renounced
        Section I Of the acceptance pure and simple
        Section II Of the acceptance of a succession with the benefit of an inventory
      Chapter VII Of the administration of vacant estates and estates ab intestato
      Chapter VIII Of partition among heirs and of the collation of goods
        Section I Of the nature of partition and in what manner it is made
        Section II Of the collation of goods
        Section III Of the payment of debts
        Section IV Of the effect of partition and of its rescision
    Title II Of donations inter vivos (between living persons) and mortis causa (in prospect of death)
      Chapter I General dispositions
      Chapter II Of the capacity necessary for disposing of and receiving by donation inter vivos or mortis causa
      Chapter III Of the portion disposable, and of its reduction in case of excess
        Section I Of the disposable portion and the legitime
        Section II Of the reduction of dispositions inter vivos or mortis causa; of the manner in which it is made and of its effects
      Chapter IV Of dispositions reprobated by the law in donations inter vivos and mortis causa
      Chapter V Of donations inter vivos (between living)
        Section I Of the irrevocability of donations inter vivos
        Section II Of the form of donations inter vivos
        Section III Of the exceptions to the rule of the irrevocability of donations inter vivos
      Chapter VI Of dispositions mortis causa (in the prospect of death)
        Section I Of testament or codicil
        Section II Of the form of testaments and codicils
        Section III Of testamentary dispositions
        Section IV Of the institution of heir and of disinherison
        Section V Of legacies
        Section VI Of the opening and the proof of wills, and of testamentary executions
        Section VII Of the revocation of testaments and codicils and of their caducity
        Section VIII Of the interpretation of testamentary dispositions
      Chapter VII Of partitions made by parents among their descendants
      Chapter VIII Of donations made by marriage contract to the husband or wife, and to the children to be born of the marriage
      Chapter IX Of donations between married persons, either by marriage contract, or during the marriage
    Title III Of contracts and of conventional obligations in general
      Chapter I Preliminary dispositions
      Chapter II Of the conditions essential to the validity of agreements
        Section I Of consent
        Section II Of the capability of the parties contracting
        Section III Of the object and the matter of contracts
        Section IV Of the cause
      Chapter III Of the effect of obligations
        Section I General dispositions
        Section II Of the obligation of giving
        Section III Of the obligations of doing or of not doing
        Section IV Of the damages resulting from the non execution of the obligation
        Section V Of the interpretation of the agreements
        Section VI Of the effect of agreements with regard to persons not parties to them
      Chapter IV Of the different kinds of obligations
        Section I Of conditional obligations
          § 1 Of the condition in general and of its different kinds
          § 2 Of the suspensive condition
          § 3 Of the dissolving condition
        Section II Of obligations to be performed at a certain term
        Section III Of the alternative obligations
        Section IV Of obligations in solido or jointly and severally
          § 1 Of the obligation in solido between creditors
          § 2 Of the obligation in solido on the part of debtors
        Section V Of obligations divisible and indivisible
          § 1 Of the effects of a divisible obligation
          § 2 Of the effect of the indivisible obligation
        Section VI Of obligations with penal clauses
      Chapter V Of the extinction of obligations
        Section I Of payment
          § 1 Of payment in general
          § 2 Of payment with subrogation
          § 3 Of the imputation of payments
          § 4 Of tenders of payment, and consignment
          § 5 Of the surrender of property
        Section II Of novation
        Section III Of the remission of the debt
        Section IV Of compensation
        Section V Of confusion
        Section VI Of the loss of the thing due
        Section VII Of the action of nullity or of rescission of agreements
      Chapter VI Of the proof of obligations and of that of payment
        Section I Of the literal proof
          § 1 Of the authentic title
          § 2 Of the acts under private signature
          § 3 Of copies of titles
          § 4 Of recognitive and confirmative acts
        Section II Of testimonial proof
        Section III Of presumptions
          § 1 Of presumptions established by law
          § 2 Of presumption not established by law
        Section IV Of the confession of the party
        Section V Of the proof by oath
    Title IV Of engagements formed without agreements, or of quasi contracts and quasi offences
      Section I Of the quasi contract
      Section II Of quasi crimes or offences
    Title V Of marriage contract
      Chapter I General dispositions
      Chapter II Of the various kinds of matrimonial agreements
        Section I Of donations made in consideration of marriage
        Section II Of dowry or marriage portion
        Section III Of paraphernalia or extra dotal effects
        Section IV Of the partnership or community of acquests or gains
      Chapter III Of the separation of property
    Title VI Of sale
      Chapter I Of the nature and form of the contract of sale, and of the manner in which it is to be performed
      Chapter II Of persons capable of buying and selling, and of things which may be sold
      Chapter III Of the obligations of the seller
        Section I Of the tradition or delivery of the thing sold
        Section II Of the warranty, in case of eviction of the thing sold
        Section III Of the warranty of the defects of the thing sold or of the redhibitory vices
      Chapter IV Of the obligations of the buyer
      Chapter V Of the nullity and rescissions of the sale
        Section I Of the power or right of redemption
        Section II Of the rescission of sales on account of lesion
      Chapter VI Of sales by cant or auction
      Chapter VII Of the assignment or transfer of debts and other incorporeal rights
    Title VII Of exchange
    Title VIII Of letting and hiring
      Chapter I Of the several species of contracts for letting and hiring
      Chapter II Of the contract for letting out things
        Section I Of the form and duration of leases
        Section II Of the obligations of the lessor
        Section III Of the obligations of the lessee
        Section IV Of the dissolution of leases
      Chapter III Of the letting out of labour or industry
        Section I Of the hiring of servants and workmen
        Section II Of carriers and watermen
        Section III Of plots for buildings and other works
    Title IX Of partnership
      Chapter I General dispositions
      Chapter II Of the various kinds of partnerships
      Chapter III Of the obligations of partners towards each other, and towards third persons
        Section I Of the obligations of partners towards each other
        Section II Of the obligations of partners towards third persons
      Chapter IV Of the different manners in which partnerships end
    Title X Of loan
      Chapter I Of the loan for use or commodatum
        Section I Of the nature of the loan for use
        Section II Of the engagements of the borrower for use
        Section III Of the engagements of the lender for use
      Chapter II Of the loan for consumption or mutuum
        Section I Of the nature of the loan for consumption
        Section II Of the obligations of the lender for consumption
        Section III Of the engagements of the borrower for consumption
      Chapter III Of loan on interest
    Title XI Of deposit and sequestration
      Chapter I Of deposit in general and of its divers kinds
      Chapter II Of the deposit properly so called
        Section I Of the nature and essence of the contract of deposit
        Section II Of the obligations of the depository
        Section III Of the obligations of him by whom the deposit has been made
        Section IV Of the necessary deposit
      Chapter III Of sequestration
        Section I Of its different species
        Section II Of the conventional sequestration
        Section III Of the judicial sequestration or deposit
    Title XII Of aleatory contracts
    Title XIII Of mandate or commission
      Chapter I Of the nature of proxies, mandates and commissions
      Chapter II What persons may be appointed attornies in fact
      Chapter III Of the obligations of a person acting under a power of attorney
      Chapter IV Of the obligations of the principal who acts by his attorney in fact
      Chapter V How the procuration expires
    Title XIV Of suretyship
      Chapter I Of the nature and extent of suretyship
      Chapter II Of the effects of suretyship
        Section I Of the effects of suretyship between the creditor and the surety
        Section II Of the effects of suretyship between the debtor and the surety
        Section III Respecting the effects of suretyship between the sureties
      Chapter III Of the extinction of suretyship
      Chapter IV Of the legal and judicial sureties
    Title XV Of transactions
    Title XVI Of respite
    Title XVII Of compromises or arbitration
    Title XVIII Of pledge
    Title XIX Of privileges and mortgages
      Chapter I Of the nature of a mortgage and of its several sorts
      Chapter II Who may mortgage and what thing may be mortgaged
      Chapter III Of the effects of mortgage
        Section I Of the effects of mortgage with regard to the debtor
        Section II Of the effects of mortgages against third possessors and of the action of mortgage
        Section III Of the registering of mortgages and of the register kept for that purpose
      Chapter IV Of the order of privileges and mortgages
        Section I Of the preference and order of privileges
      Chapter V How privileges or mortgages expire or are extinguished
    Title XX Of occupancy, possession and prescription
      Chapter I Of occupancy
      Chapter II Of possession
      Chapter III Of prescription
        Section I Of the possession required to establish prescription
        Section II Of the causes which suspend or interrupt prescriptions
        Section III Of the several species of prescription
    Title XXI Of the title by judgment or seizure
Manuscript index
Manuscript index Part 2


Art. 32. As the mortgage is intended to secure to the creditor, the payment of what is due to him, and as this payment can be obtained against the will of the debtor, only by the sale of the mortgaged property, it follows that a mortgage tends to an alienation and that therefore those alone who are capable of contracting and selling, may mortgage their property.

Art. 33. Neither the wife nor the husband with her consent, can alienate or mortgage the effects which she had received in dowry, unless under judicial authority in the cases of exceptions comtemplated by law.
With respect to the paraphernal effects, that is to say, those which are not included in the dowry, the wife may mortgage them with the authorisation of her husband or with that of the judge, if the husband refuses his.

Art. 34. The property of persons under age, interdicted or absent, as long as the possession thereof is made over only provisionally, cannot be mortgaged, except for the causes and in the forms directed by law or by virtue of a judgment.

Art. 35. Things only which are in commerce and which may be alienated are capable of being mortgaged.

Art. 36. The only property capable of being mortgaged are:
1st, The immoveables which are in commerce and their accessories which are deemed immoveable;
2d, Slaves in general;
3d, The usufruct of the said property and its accessories for the time it lasts.

Art. 37. Moveables shall no longer be subject to be mortgaged, either generally or specially.
But they may be subject to a privilege when they are yet in the debtor's possession, or within a certain time limited by law, after they have been put out of his possession.

Art. 38. The present disposition no way alters or affects the dispositions of the maritime or trade laws, respecting ships and sea vessels.





Art. 39. The mortgage has the following effects:
1st, That the debtor cannot sell, engage or mortgage the same property to other persons, to the prejudice of the mortgage which is already acquired to another creditor:
2d, That if the mortgaged thing goes out of the debtor's hands, the creditor may claim it in whatever hands it may have passed, in so much that the third possessor of it is obliged either to pay the debt for which the thing is mortgaged, or to leave it to be sold, that the creditor may be paid out of the proceeds thereof.
3d, That the mortgagee has the benefit of being preferred to the mere chirographee or personal creditors and even to the other mortgagees who are posterior to him in the date of their mortgage or of its registry.

Art. 40. When the things mortgaged are in the debtor's possession, the creditor may, in case of failure of payment, proceed against him in the usual manner, by citing him to obtain judgment against him, if the original titles does not amount to confession of judgment, and causing afterwards the thing mortgaged to be seized and sold, and if the title amounts to a confession of judgment, he may on his oath that the debt is due, obtain from the judge an order for an immediate seizure of said thing; but if the thing mortgaged is out of the debtor's possession, but in the hands of a third possessor, he must then proceed against this third possessor by what is called the action of mortgage as is directed in the following section.



Art. 41. The creditors who have either a privilege or a mortgage on immoveable property or on slaves, may pursue their claim on them in whatever hands they may happen to pass, to be paid out of their proceeds in the order of collocation, agreeably to their privileges or mortgages, provided that their titles have been registered in the cases and in the manner directed by law.

Art. 42. The third possessor of the immoveable property or slaves mortgaged, is bound either to discharge the principal together with all interest of the debt for which the said property was mortgaged, to whatever sum they may amount, or to relinquish the property, without any reservation.

Art. 43. In case the third possessor fails to comply with either of these obligations, every mortgagee creditor is entitled to cause the immoveable or the slaves mortgaged to be sold, after having previously obtained against the principal debtor a judgment for the debt for which the mortgage had been given.
The seizure of the property mortgaged shall be ordered by a judgment, on the producing of a copy in due form of the act of mortgage, as well as of the judgment obtained against the principal debtor, supported by the oath of the mortgagee creditor stating that the amount of said judgment is actually due to him and that the property mortgaged has been sold to a third person named in the petition; but the order of seizure obtained on said petition shall be served on the third possessor ten days before its execution, in order to know whether he will not rather chuse to discharge the debt, than to let the property mortgaged be seized and sold.

Art. 44. The third possessor who is not personally liable to the debt, may notwithstanding, within ten days from his being served with an order of seizure, oppose the sale of the property mortgaged which is in his possession, if he has good cause to shew in support of such opposition as that the mortgage has not been registered or other plea, or if there is other property mortgaged for the same debt within the possession of the principal debtor or debtors, in which last case said possessor may demand that his property be previously come upon (which is called discussion) in the form directed under the title of suretyship and during the process against said property, that is during the discussion the sale of the property mortgaged and in the possession of the third person, shall be suspended.

Art. 45. The plea of discussion cannot be opposed to the creditors who have either a privilege or a special mortgage on the property found within the possession of a third person.

Art. 46. The third possessor who wishes to avoid the action of mortgage, may before or after the order of seizure, declare that he relinquishes the property affected to the mortgage of which he has possession.
This relinquishment may be made by all the third possessors who are not personally bound for the debt, nor does it bar them before the sale in execution of the right of retaking the property mortgaged which was in their possession, on discharging the debt together with the interest and costs.

Art. 47. Said act of relinquishment shall be executed before a notary public in the presence of two witnesses and notified to the creditor or creditors who have brought the hypothecary action.
On the petition of the first of the interested persons who sues, a curator is appointed to the property relinquished, and under him the sale of the property is conducted in the manner prescribed by law.

Art. 48. The deterioration which proceed from the deed or neglect of the third possessor, to the prejudice of the creditors who have a privilege or a mortgage, give rise against the former to an action of indemnification, but he can claim for his expences and improvements only to the amount of the increased value which is the result of the improvement made.

Art. 49. The fruits or income of the property mortgaged, are due by the third possessor only from the time when the order of seizure was served on him and in case of the discontinuance of the suit during one year, only from the day when a new order of seizure shall be served on him.

Art. 50. The services and incorporeal rights that the third possessor hold on the property before its possession, are renewed after his relinquishment or after the sale in execution made upon him.
His own creditors, after all those who held their titles under the preceding proprietors, exercise their rights of mortgage in their order, in the property relinquished or sold at auction.

Art. 51. The third possessor who has either discharged the mortgaged debt or relinquished the property mortgaged or suffered them to be sold in execution, has, according to law, an action of warranty against the principal debtor.


Art. 32. L'hypothèque ayant pour objet, d'assurer au créancier le payement de ce qui lui est dû, et ce payement ne pouvant s'effectuer, malgré le débiteur, que par la vente des biens hypothéqués, il en résulte, que l'hypothèque tend à une aliénation; en conséquence, il n'y a que ceux qui sont capables d'aliéner, qui puissent hypothéquer leurs biens.

Art. 33. La femme, ni son mari avec son consentement, ne peuvent aliéner, ni hypothéquer les biens qu'elle a reçus en dot, si ce n'est avec autorité de justice, dans les cas d'exception prescrits par la loi.
A l'égard des biens paraphernaux, c'est-à-dire, qui ne sont pas compris dans la dot, la femme peut les hypothéquer avec l'autorisation de son mari, ou à son refus, avec celle de justice.

Art. 34. Les biens des mineurs, des interdits et des absens, tant que la possession n'en est déférée que provisoirement, ne peuvent être hypothéqués que pour les causes et dans les formes établies par la loi, ou en vertu du jugement.

Art. 35. On ne peut hypothéquer que les choses qui sont dans le commerce, et qu'on peut aliéner.

Art. 36. Les seuls biens susceptibles d'hypothèques sont:
1º. Les biens immeubles qui sont dans le commerce, et leurs accessoires, réputés immeubles;
2º. Les esclaves en général;
3º. L'usufruit des mêmes biens et accessoires, pendant le tems de sa durée.

Art. 37. Les meubles ne pourront plus être hypothéqués, soit généralement, soit spécialement.
Mais ils peuvent être sujets aux priviléges, lorsqu'ils sont encore dans la possession du débiteur, ou dans un certain tems limité par la loi, après qu'ils en sont sortis.

Art. 38. Il n'est rien innové, par les présentes dispositions, aux dispositions des lois maritimes ou du commerce, concernant les navires et bâtimens de mer.





Art. 39. Les effets de l'hypothèque sont:
1º. Que le débiteur ne peut pas vendre, engager, ni hypothéquer les mêmes biens à d'autres personnes, au préjudice de l'hypothèque qui est déjà acquise au premier créancier;
2º. Que, si le bien hypothéqué sort des mains du débiteur, le créancier peut le suivre en quelques mains qu'il passe, tellement, que le tiers détenteur est obligé, ou de payer la dette pour laquelle l'hypothèque est accordée, ou de laisser le bien hypothéqué, pour être vendu, et le créancier, être payé sur le prix d'icelui;
3º. Le créancier hypothécaire a l'avantage d'être préféré aux créanciers chirographaires, et même aux créanciers hypothécaires qui lui sont postérieurs en date, ou en inscription.

Art. 40. Lorsque les biens hypothéqués sont entre les mains du débiteur, le créancier peut, à défaut de payement, procéder contre lui par la voie ordinaire, en le faisant citer pour obtenir condamnation contre lui, si le titre originaire n'emporte pas exécution parée, et en faisant ensuite saisir et vendre les biens hypothéqués; et, si le titre emporte exécution parée, il peut, sur un simple serment de la dette, obtenir du juge un ordre de saisie immédiate desdits biens.
Mais, si les biens hypothéqués ne sont plus en la possession du débiteur, mais en celle d'un tiers acquéreur, il faut alors procéder contre ce tiers, parce qu'on appelle l'action hypothécaire, ainsi qu'il est prescrit en la section suivante.



Art. 41. Les créanciers qui ont privilége ou hypothèque sur un immeuble, ou sur des esclaves, les suivent en quelques mains qu'ils passent, à l'effet d'être colloqués et payés sur leur prix, suivant l'ordre de leurs priviléges ou hypothèques, pourvu que leurs titres ayent été inscrits, dans le cas, et de la manière prescrite par la loi.

Art. 42. Le tiers détenteur d'immeuble, ou des esclaves hypothéqués, est tenu, ou de payer tous les intérêts et capitaux exigibles, pour lesquels ces biens ont été hypothéqués, à quelque somme qu'ils puissent s'élever, ou de délaisser ces mêmes biens, sans aucune réserve.

Art. 43. Faute, par le tiers détenteur, de satisfaire pleinement à l'une de ces obligations, chaque créancier hypothécaire a droit de faire vendre, sur lui, l'immeuble ou les esclaves hypothéqués, après avoir préalablement obtenu, contre le débiteur originaire, un jugement de condamnation de la dette pour laquelle l'hypothèque a été accordée.
La saisie des biens hypothéqués sera ordonnée par le juge, sur la représentation d'une copie en bonne forme, de l'acte hypothécaire et du jugement obtenu contre le principal débiteur, appuyé du serment du créancier hypothécaire, constatant que le montant dudit jugement lui est dû, et que les biens hypothéqués, dont il demande la saisie, ont été vendus à un tiers dénommé dans la pétition, mais l'ordre de saisie obtenu sur cette pétition, devra être notifié au tiers détenteur, dix jours avant d'être mis à exécution, afin de s'assurer, s'il ne préfère pas de payer la dette, plutôt que de laisser saisir et vendre les biens hypothéqués.

Art. 44. Le tiers détenteur, qui n'est pas personnellement obligé à la dette, peut, dans les dix jours de la notification de l'ordre de saisie, s'opposer à la vente des biens hypothéqués, qui sont en sa possession, s'il a de bonnes raisons à faire valoir pour cela, comme le défaut d'inscription ou autres, ou s'il est demeuré d'autres biens hypothéqués à la même dette, dans la possession du principal ou des principaux obligés, dans ce dernier cas; il pourra requérir la discussion préalable desdits biens, selon la forme réglée au titre du cautionnement, et pendant cette discussion, il sera sursis à la vente du bien hypothéqué.           

Art. 45. L'exception de discussion ne peut être opposée au créancier privilégié, ou ayant hypothèque spéciale sur les biens qui se trouvent en la possession du tiers.           

Art. 46. Le tiers détenteur, qui veut se mettre à l'abri de l'action hypothécaire, peut, avant ou depuis l'ordonnance de saisie, déclarer qu'il délaisse les biens affectés à l'hypothèque qui se trouvent entre ses mains.
Ce délaissement peut être fait par tous les tiers détenteurs, qui ne sont pas personnellement obligés à la dette, et qui ont la capacité d'aliéner, et il n'empêche pas que, jusqu'à l'adjudication sur la saisie, le tiers détenteur ne puisse reprendre les biens hypothéqués dont il était en possession, en payant toute la dette et les frais.           

Art. 47. Le délaissement, par hypothèque, se fait par-devant le premier notaire, et en présence de deux témoins, et doit être notifié au créancier, ou aux créanciers qui poursuivent sur l'action hypothécaire.
Sur la pétition du plus diligent des intéressés, il est crée à l'immeuble délaissé, un curateur, su lequel la vente de l'immeuble est poursuivie dans les formes prescrites par la loi.           

Art. 48. Les détériorations qui procèdent du fait ou de la négligence du tiers détenteur, au préjudice des créanciers hypothécaires ou privilégiés, donnent lieu contre lui à une action en indemnité, mais il ne peut répéter ses impenses et améliorations, que jusqu'à concurrence de la plus value, résultant de l'amélioration.           

Art. 49. Les fruits des biens hypothéqués ne sont dus, par le tiers détenteur, qu'à compter du jour de la notification de l'ordre de saisie, et si les poursuites commencées ont été abandonnées pendant un an, qu'à compter de la notification qui sera faite d'un nouvel ordre de saisie.           

Art. 50. Les servitudes et les droits réels, que le tiers détenteur avait sur l'immeuble avant sa possession, renaissent après la délaissement, ou après la vente, sur saisie faite sur lui. Ses créanciers personnels, après tous ceux qui tiennent leurs titres des précédens propriétaires, exercent leur hypothèque à leur rang, sur le bien délaissé ou adjugé.           

Art. 51. Le tiers détenteur, qui a payé la dette hypothécaire, ou délaissé les biens hypothéqués, ou qui a souffert leur vente sur saisie, a le recours en garantie, tel que de droit, contre le débiteur principal.

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