LSU Law
LSU Law Login
Calendar
myLSU
LSU Law HomeProspective StudentsCurrent StudentsFaculty & StaffAlumni & FriendsEmployers & Legal Community
A-Z IndexAbout LSU LawLibraryContact UsSearch 
Digest Online
Back to Civil Law OnlineBack to Civil Law Online
English French English & French Manuscript General Manuscript General Image Manuscript Article Manuscript Article Image

Table of Contents

Cover Page
Foreword
Abbreviations
Synopsis
Preliminary title Of the general definitions of rights and the promulgation of the laws
    Chapter I Of law and customs
    Chapter II Of the publication of the laws
    Chapter III Of the effects of laws
    Chapter IV Of the application and construction of laws
    Chapter V Of the repeal of laws
Book I Of persons
    Title I Of the distinction of persons, and the privation of certain civil rights in certain cases
      Chapter I Of the distinction of persons established by nature
      Chapter II Of the distinctions of persons which are established by law
    Title II Of domicil and the manner of changing the same
    Title III Of absent persons
      Chapter I Of the curatorship of absent persons
      Chapter II Of the putting into provisional possession the heirs of the absentee
      Chapter III Of the effects of absence upon the eventual rights which may belong to the absentee
      Chapter IV Of the effects of absence respecting marriage
      Chapter V Of the care of minor children whose father has disappeared
    Title IV Of husband and wife
      Chapter I On marriage
      Chapter II How marriages may be contracted or made
      Chapter III Of the nullity of marriages
      Chapter IV Of the respective rights and duties of married persons
      Chapter V Of the dissolution of marriages
      Chapter VI Of second marriages
    Title V Of the separation from bed and board
      Chapter I Of the causes of separation from bed and board
      Chapter II Of the proceedings on separation from bed and board
      Chapter III Of the provisional proceedings to which a suit for separation may give occasion
      Chapter IV Of objections to the action of separation from bed and board
      Chapter V Of the effects of separation from bed and board
    Title VI Of master and servant
      Chapter I Of the several sorts of servants
      Chapter II Of free servants
      Chapter III Of slaves
    Title VII Of father and child
      Chapter I Of children in general
      Chapter II Of legitimate children
        Section I Of legitimacy resulting from marriage
        Section II Of the manner of proving the legitimate filiation
      Chapter III Of illegitimate children
        Section I Of legitimation
        Section II Of the acknowledgment of illegitimate children
      Chapter IV Of adoption
      Chapter V Of paternal authority
        Section I Of the duties of parents towards their legitimate children, and of the duties of legitimate children towards their parents
        Section II Of the duties of parents towards their natural children, and of the duties of natural children towards their parents
    Title VIII Of minors, of their tutorship, curatorship and emancipation
      Chapter I Of tutorship
        Section I General dispositions
        Section II Of tutorship by nature
        Section III Of tutorship by will
        Section IV Of the tutorship by the effect of the law
        Section V Of dative tutorship
        Section VI Of the under tutor
        Section VII Of the causes which dispense or excuse from the tutorship
        Section VIII Of incapacity for, exclusion from and deprivation of the tutorship
        Section IX Of the administration of the tutor
      Chapter II Of the curatorship of minors
      Chapter III Of emancipation
    Title IX Of persons insane, idiots, and other persons incapable of administering their estate
      Chapter I Of the interdiction and curatorship of persons incapable of administering their estate, whether on account of insanity or of some other infirmity
      Chapter II Of the other persons to whom curators are appointed
    Title X Of communities or corporations
      Chapter I Of the nature of communities or corporations, of their use and kind
      Chapter II Of the rights and privileges of communities or corporations and of their incapacities
      Chapter III Of the dissolution of communities or corporations
Book II Of things and of the different modifications of property
    Title I Of things or estates
      Chapter I Of the distinction of things or estates
      Chapter II Of immoveables
      Chapter III Of moveables
      Chapter IV Of estates considered in their relation to those who possess them
    Title II Of absolute ownership
      Chapter I Universal principles
      Chapter II Of the right of accession to what is produced by the thing
      Chapter III Of the right of accession to what unites or incorporates itself to the thing
        Section I Of the right of accession concerning immoveables
        Section II Of the right of accession concerning moveable things
    Title III Of usufruct, use and habitation
      Chapter I Of usufruct
        Section I General definitions
        Section II Of the rights of the usufructuary
        Section III Of the obligations of the usufructuary
        Section IV Of the obligations of the owner
        Section V How usufruct expires
      Chapter II Of the use and habitation
    Title IV Of predial services or services of land
      Chapter I General principles
      Chapter II Of services which originate from the natural situation of the place
      Chapter III Of services imposed by law
        Section I Of walls, fences, and ditches in common
        Section II Of the distance and of the intermediary works required for certain buildings
        Section III Of lights on the property of a neighbor
        Section IV Of the manner of carrying off rain from the roof
        Section V Of the right of passage
      Chapter IV Of services established by the act of man
        Section I Of the different kinds of services which may be established by the act of man
        Section II How services are acquired
        Section III Of the rights of the proprietor of the estate to which the service is due
        Section IV How Services are extinguished
Book III Of the different manners of acquiring the property of things
    Preliminary title General dispositions
    Title I Of successions
      Chapter I Of the different sorts of successions and heirs
      Chapter II Of legal successions
        Section I General rules
        Section II Of the succession of descendants
        Section III Of the succession of ascendants
        Section IV Of the succession of collaterals
      Chapter III Of irregular successions
      Chapter IV In what manner successions are opened
      Chapter V Of the incapacity and unworthiness of the heirs
      Chapter VI In what manner a succession is accepted and how it is renounced
        Section I Of the acceptance pure and simple
        Section II Of the acceptance of a succession with the benefit of an inventory
      Chapter VII Of the administration of vacant estates and estates ab intestato
      Chapter VIII Of partition among heirs and of the collation of goods
        Section I Of the nature of partition and in what manner it is made
        Section II Of the collation of goods
        Section III Of the payment of debts
        Section IV Of the effect of partition and of its rescision
    Title II Of donations inter vivos (between living persons) and mortis causa (in prospect of death)
      Chapter I General dispositions
      Chapter II Of the capacity necessary for disposing of and receiving by donation inter vivos or mortis causa
      Chapter III Of the portion disposable, and of its reduction in case of excess
        Section I Of the disposable portion and the legitime
        Section II Of the reduction of dispositions inter vivos or mortis causa; of the manner in which it is made and of its effects
      Chapter IV Of dispositions reprobated by the law in donations inter vivos and mortis causa
      Chapter V Of donations inter vivos (between living)
        Section I Of the irrevocability of donations inter vivos
        Section II Of the form of donations inter vivos
        Section III Of the exceptions to the rule of the irrevocability of donations inter vivos
      Chapter VI Of dispositions mortis causa (in the prospect of death)
        Section I Of testament or codicil
        Section II Of the form of testaments and codicils
        Section III Of testamentary dispositions
        Section IV Of the institution of heir and of disinherison
        Section V Of legacies
        Section VI Of the opening and the proof of wills, and of testamentary executions
        Section VII Of the revocation of testaments and codicils and of their caducity
        Section VIII Of the interpretation of testamentary dispositions
      Chapter VII Of partitions made by parents among their descendants
      Chapter VIII Of donations made by marriage contract to the husband or wife, and to the children to be born of the marriage
      Chapter IX Of donations between married persons, either by marriage contract, or during the marriage
    Title III Of contracts and of conventional obligations in general
      Chapter I Preliminary dispositions
      Chapter II Of the conditions essential to the validity of agreements
        Section I Of consent
        Section II Of the capability of the parties contracting
        Section III Of the object and the matter of contracts
        Section IV Of the cause
      Chapter III Of the effect of obligations
        Section I General dispositions
        Section II Of the obligation of giving
        Section III Of the obligations of doing or of not doing
        Section IV Of the damages resulting from the non execution of the obligation
        Section V Of the interpretation of the agreements
        Section VI Of the effect of agreements with regard to persons not parties to them
      Chapter IV Of the different kinds of obligations
        Section I Of conditional obligations
          § 1 Of the condition in general and of its different kinds
          § 2 Of the suspensive condition
          § 3 Of the dissolving condition
        Section II Of obligations to be performed at a certain term
        Section III Of the alternative obligations
        Section IV Of obligations in solido or jointly and severally
          § 1 Of the obligation in solido between creditors
          § 2 Of the obligation in solido on the part of debtors
        Section V Of obligations divisible and indivisible
          § 1 Of the effects of a divisible obligation
          § 2 Of the effect of the indivisible obligation
        Section VI Of obligations with penal clauses
      Chapter V Of the extinction of obligations
        Section I Of payment
          § 1 Of payment in general
          § 2 Of payment with subrogation
          § 3 Of the imputation of payments
          § 4 Of tenders of payment, and consignment
          § 5 Of the surrender of property
        Section II Of novation
        Section III Of the remission of the debt
        Section IV Of compensation
        Section V Of confusion
        Section VI Of the loss of the thing due
        Section VII Of the action of nullity or of rescission of agreements
      Chapter VI Of the proof of obligations and of that of payment
        Section I Of the literal proof
          § 1 Of the authentic title
          § 2 Of the acts under private signature
          § 3 Of copies of titles
          § 4 Of recognitive and confirmative acts
        Section II Of testimonial proof
        Section III Of presumptions
          § 1 Of presumptions established by law
          § 2 Of presumption not established by law
        Section IV Of the confession of the party
        Section V Of the proof by oath
    Title IV Of engagements formed without agreements, or of quasi contracts and quasi offences
      Section I Of the quasi contract
      Section II Of quasi crimes or offences
    Title V Of marriage contract
      Chapter I General dispositions
      Chapter II Of the various kinds of matrimonial agreements
        Section I Of donations made in consideration of marriage
        Section II Of dowry or marriage portion
        Section III Of paraphernalia or extra dotal effects
        Section IV Of the partnership or community of acquests or gains
      Chapter III Of the separation of property
    Title VI Of sale
      Chapter I Of the nature and form of the contract of sale, and of the manner in which it is to be performed
      Chapter II Of persons capable of buying and selling, and of things which may be sold
      Chapter III Of the obligations of the seller
        Section I Of the tradition or delivery of the thing sold
        Section II Of the warranty, in case of eviction of the thing sold
        Section III Of the warranty of the defects of the thing sold or of the redhibitory vices
      Chapter IV Of the obligations of the buyer
      Chapter V Of the nullity and rescissions of the sale
        Section I Of the power or right of redemption
        Section II Of the rescission of sales on account of lesion
      Chapter VI Of sales by cant or auction
      Chapter VII Of the assignment or transfer of debts and other incorporeal rights
    Title VII Of exchange
    Title VIII Of letting and hiring
      Chapter I Of the several species of contracts for letting and hiring
      Chapter II Of the contract for letting out things
        Section I Of the form and duration of leases
        Section II Of the obligations of the lessor
        Section III Of the obligations of the lessee
        Section IV Of the dissolution of leases
      Chapter III Of the letting out of labour or industry
        Section I Of the hiring of servants and workmen
        Section II Of carriers and watermen
        Section III Of plots for buildings and other works
    Title IX Of partnership
      Chapter I General dispositions
      Chapter II Of the various kinds of partnerships
      Chapter III Of the obligations of partners towards each other, and towards third persons
        Section I Of the obligations of partners towards each other
        Section II Of the obligations of partners towards third persons
      Chapter IV Of the different manners in which partnerships end
    Title X Of loan
      Chapter I Of the loan for use or commodatum
        Section I Of the nature of the loan for use
        Section II Of the engagements of the borrower for use
        Section III Of the engagements of the lender for use
      Chapter II Of the loan for consumption or mutuum
        Section I Of the nature of the loan for consumption
        Section II Of the obligations of the lender for consumption
        Section III Of the engagements of the borrower for consumption
      Chapter III Of loan on interest
    Title XI Of deposit and sequestration
      Chapter I Of deposit in general and of its divers kinds
      Chapter II Of the deposit properly so called
        Section I Of the nature and essence of the contract of deposit
        Section II Of the obligations of the depository
        Section III Of the obligations of him by whom the deposit has been made
        Section IV Of the necessary deposit
      Chapter III Of sequestration
        Section I Of its different species
        Section II Of the conventional sequestration
        Section III Of the judicial sequestration or deposit
    Title XII Of aleatory contracts
    Title XIII Of mandate or commission
      Chapter I Of the nature of proxies, mandates and commissions
      Chapter II What persons may be appointed attornies in fact
      Chapter III Of the obligations of a person acting under a power of attorney
      Chapter IV Of the obligations of the principal who acts by his attorney in fact
      Chapter V How the procuration expires
    Title XIV Of suretyship
      Chapter I Of the nature and extent of suretyship
      Chapter II Of the effects of suretyship
        Section I Of the effects of suretyship between the creditor and the surety
        Section II Of the effects of suretyship between the debtor and the surety
        Section III Respecting the effects of suretyship between the sureties
      Chapter III Of the extinction of suretyship
      Chapter IV Of the legal and judicial sureties
    Title XV Of transactions
    Title XVI Of respite
    Title XVII Of compromises or arbitration
    Title XVIII Of pledge
    Title XIX Of privileges and mortgages
      Chapter I Of the nature of a mortgage and of its several sorts
      Chapter II Who may mortgage and what thing may be mortgaged
      Chapter III Of the effects of mortgage
        Section I Of the effects of mortgage with regard to the debtor
        Section II Of the effects of mortgages against third possessors and of the action of mortgage
        Section III Of the registering of mortgages and of the register kept for that purpose
      Chapter IV Of the order of privileges and mortgages
        Section I Of the preference and order of privileges
      Chapter V How privileges or mortgages expire or are extinguished
    Title XX Of occupancy, possession and prescription
      Chapter I Of occupancy
      Chapter II Of possession
      Chapter III Of prescription
        Section I Of the possession required to establish prescription
        Section II Of the causes which suspend or interrupt prescriptions
        Section III Of the several species of prescription
    Title XXI Of the title by judgment or seizure
Index
Manuscript index
Manuscript index Part 2

TITLE XIII – OF MANDATE OR COMMISSION

 

CHAPTER I – OF THE NATURE OF PROXIES, MANDATES AND COMMISSIONS

Art. 1. A procuration or letter of attorney is an act by which one person gives power to another to transact for him one or several affairs.

Art. 2. The contract is perfected only by the acceptance of the person empowered to represent the principal.

Art. 3. A power of attorney may be accepted either expressly and in the act itself, or by a posterior act, or tacitly by the attorney’s acting under it.

Art. 4. If the proxy or attorney in fact, pleads that he has not accepted or acted under the power, it is incumbent on the principal to prove he has.

Art. 5. The procuration is gratuitous, unless there have been a contrary agreement.

Art. 6. A power of attorney may be given either by a public act, or by a writing under private signature, even by letter.
It may also be given verbally; but of this testamonial proof is admitted only conformably to the title of contract or conventional obligations in general.

Art. 7. A blank may be left for the name of the attorney in fact, in the letter of attorney.
In that case the bearer of it is deemed the person empowered.

Art. 8. It may be either general, for all affairs; or special for one affair alone.

Art. 9. It may vest an indefinite power to do whatever may appear conducive to the interest of the principal, or it may restrict the power given to the doing of what is specified in the procuration.

Art. 10. The attorney in fact has no power to alienate any thing but what is moveable and perishable.
To accept or reject a succession;
To acknowledge a debt;
To compromise or refer to arbitrators;
To make a transaction in matters of litigation;
To sue for restitution in integrum with regard to an act;
Unless a special power to that effect be given in the procuration.

Art. 11. A power to make a transaction on a matter in litigation, does not include that of compromising or referring to arbitrators.

Art. 12. A power to receive, includes that of giving a receipt in acquittance.

 

CHAPTER II – WHAT PERSONS MAY BE APPOINTED ATTORNIES IN FACT

Art. 13. All persons not legally debarred from the management of their own affairs, may be attornies in fact.

Art. 14. Even a minor who has attained the age of eighteen years, or a married woman, provided she accepts the procuration only under the authorisation of her husband, may be appointed an attorney in fact.

Art. 15. He who appoints a minor his attorney in fact, has no action against him for his mismanagement, but according to the general rules concerning the obligations of minors.

 

CHAPTER III – OF THE OBLIGATIONS OF A PERSON ACTING UNDER A POWER OF ATTORNEY

Art. 16. The attorney in fact is bound to discharge the functions of the procuration as long as he continues to hold it, and he is responsible to his principal for the damages that may result from the non performance of his duty.

Art. 17. The attorney is responsible not only for unfaithfulness in his management, but also for his fault.

Art. 18. He is obliged to render an account of his management, unless this obligation has been expressly dispensed with in his favor.

Art. 19. He is obliged to restore to his principal whatever he has received by virtue of his procuration, even should he have received it unduly.

Art. 20. In case of an indefinite power, the attorney cannot be sued for what he has done with good intention.
The judge must have regard to the nature of the affair, and the difficulty of communication between the principal and the attorney.

Art. 21. The attorney is answerable for the person substituted by him to manage in his stead, if the procuration did not empower him to do it.

Art. 22. He is also answerable for his substitute, if, having the power to appoint one, and the person to be appointed not being named in the procuration, he has appointed as his substitute a person notoriously incapable or of suspicious character.

Art. 23. Even where the attorney is answerable for his substitute, the principal may, if he thinks proper, come directly upon the substitute.

Art. 24. The attorney cannot go beyond the limits of his procuration, whatever he does in exceeding his power is null and void with regard to the principal, unless ratified by the latter; and the attorney is alone bound by it in his individual capacity.

Art. 25. When there are several attornies in fact empowered by the same act, they are not responsible jointly and severally (in solido) to one another, for the acts of each, unless such responsibility be expressed in the procuration.

Art. 26. The attorney is answerable for the interest of any sum of money he has employed to his own use, from the time he has so employed it, and for that of any sum remaining in his hands from the day he becomes a defaulter by delaying to pay it over.

 

CHAPTER IV – OF THE OBLIGATIONS OF THE PRINCIPAL WHO ACTS BY HIS ATTORNEY IN FACT

Art. 27. The first obligation of the principal is to execute, or ratify what has been done according to the power by him given.

Art. 28. Though the principal should refuse to ratify what his attorney has done, the latter is not therefore bound towards those with whom he has transacted any business, unless he acted in his own name or exceeded the limits of his power.

Art. 29. The attorney has a right to the reimbursement of the money advanced by him, and the contingent expences he has been at, in the execution of his procuration, even in case the affair has not succeeded, provided there has been no fault on his part.
The principal is even obliged to reimburse to the attorney, those expences and advances, though they be more considerable than he himself would have employed, had he undertaken the business, provided no fraud nor fault can be imputed to the attorney.

Art. 30. The attorney must also be compensated for such losses as he has sustained on occasion of the management of his principal’s affairs, when he cannot be reproached with imprudence.

Art. 31. If the attorney has advanced any sum of money, for the affairs of the principal, the latter owes the interest of it from the day on which the advance is proved to have been made.

Art. 32. If the attorney has been empowered by several persons for an affair common to them, every one of these persons shall be bound jointly and severally (in solido) to him for all the effect of the procuration.

 

CHAPTER V – HOW THE PROCURATION EXPIRES

Art. 33. The procuration expires;
By the revocation of the attorney;
By the attorney’s renunciation of the power;
By the principal’s changing his condition;
By death;
And by the interdiction of the principal or of the attorney.
The whole under the following modifications.

Art. 34. The principal is at liberty to revoke his power of attorney whenever he thinks proper.

Art. 35. If the principal only notifies his revocation to the attorney, and not to the persons with whom he has empowered said attorney to transact for him, said persons shall always have the right of action against the principal to compel him to execute or ratify what has been done by said attorney; the principal has however a right of action against the said attorney.

Art. 36. The appointment of a new attorney to transact the same business produces the same effect as a revocation of the first, from the day the said appointment is notified to said first attorney and to the persons with whom he was to transact.

Art. 37. The attorney may renounce his power of attorney by notifying to the principal his renunciation, provided said renunciation be made in such circumstances that no injury can result therefrom to the principal.

Art. 38. He may also renounce to his powers as attorney when he is in the impossibility to fulfil the duties imposed on him, or when a considerable injury might result to him therefrom.

Art. 39. Should the principal loose the right which he has vested in his attorney, that circumstance destroys equally the powers of the attorney.

Art. 40. If the attorney being ignorant of the death or of the determination of the rights of his principal, should continue to act under his power of attorney, the transactions done by him until he has been made acquainted with either of these circumstances, are considered as valid.

Art. 41. In case of the death of the attorney, his heir ought to inform the principal of it, and in the mean time said heir is bound to attend to said business, as circumstances may require, for the benefit of said principal.

TITRE XIII - DU MANDAT, OU DE LA PROCURATION

 

CHAPITRE I - DE LA NATURE ET DE LA FORME DU MANDAT

Art. 1. Le mandat ou procuration, est un acte par lequel quelqu'un donne pouvoir à un autre, de faire pour lui et en son nom, une ou plusieurs affaires.

Art. 2. Le contrat n'est consommé que par l'acceptation du mandataire.    

Art. 3. La procuration peut être acceptée, ou expressément, ou dans l'acte même, ou par un acte postérieur; ou tacitement, par l'exécution que le mandataire lui donne.    

Art. 4. Si le mandataire prétend n'avoir pas accepté, ou exécuté le mandat, c'est au mandant à le prouver.    

Art. 5. Le mandat est gratuit, s'il n'y a eu convention contraire.    

Art. 6. La procuration peut être donnée, ou par acte public, ou par écrit sous signature privée, même par lettre.
Il peut aussi être donné verbalement, mais la preuve testimoniale n'en est admise, que conformément au titre des contrats ou des obligations conventionnelles en général.    

Art. 7. Le nom du procureur peut être laissé en blanc dans la procuration.
Alors, celui qui en est porteur, est censé avoir charge.    

Art. 8. Elle peut être, ou générale, ou pour toutes affaires, ou spéciale, et pour une affaire seulement.    

Art. 9. Elle peut contenir un mandat indéfini, de faire tout ce qui paraîtra convenable aux intérêts du mandant, ou être borné au pouvoir de faire ce qui est expliqué dans la procuration.     

Art. 10. Le mandataire n'a pas le pouvoir d'aliéner autre chose que des objets mobiliers périssables;
D'accepter, ou de répudier une succession;
De reconnaître une dette;
De compromettre;
De transiger;
De demander la restitution, en entier, contre un acte;
Si la faculté n'en a été spécialement insérée dans la procuration.    

Art. 11. Le mandat, pour transiger, ne renferme pas celui de compromettre.    

Art. 12. Le mandat, pour recevoir, emporte celui de donner quittance.

 

CHAPITRE II - QUI PEUT ÊTRE CONSTITUÉ PROCUREUR

Art. 13. On peut constituer, pour procureurs, tous ceux auxquels la gestion de leurs propres affaires n'est pas interdite.

Art. 14. On peut même constituer le mineur qui a dix-huit ans, et la femme mariée, pourvu que cette dernière n'accepte la procuration, que sous l'autorisation de son mari.    

Art. 15. Celui qui établit un mineur pour son procureur constitué, n'a d'action contre lui, pour sa mauvaise gestion, que d'après les règles générales sur les obligations des mineurs.

 

CHAPITRE III - DES OBLIGATIONS DU MANDATAIRE 

Art. 16. Le mandataire est tenu d'accomplir le mandat, tant qu'il en demeure chargé: et ce, à peine de répondre des dommages et intérêts qui résulteraient, pour le mandant, de son inexécution.    

Art. 17. Le mandataire est responsable, dans sa gestion, non-seulement de son dol, mais encore de sa faute.    

Art. 18. Il est obligé de rendre compte de sa gestion, à moins qu'il n'en ait été expressément dispensé.    

Art. 19. Il est tenu de restituer au mandant, tout ce qu'il a reçu, en vertu de sa procuration: quand même il l'aurait reçu indûment.    

Art. 20. Dans le cas du mandat indéfini, le mandataire ne peut être recherché pour ce qu'il a fait de bonne foi.
Le juge doit avoir égard à la nature de l'affaire, et à la difficulté des communications entre le mandant et le mandataire.    

Art. 21. Le mandataire répond de celui qu'il a substitué à sa gestion, lorsqu'il n'avait pas, par la procuration, le pouvoir de le faire.    

Art. 22. Il en répond encore, lorsqu'il avait le pouvoir de substituer, si le substitué ne lui était pas nommé dans la procuration, et qu'il ait substitué quelqu'un notoirement incapable ou suspect.    

Art. 23. Dans le cas, même où le mandataire doit répondre de celui qu'il a substitué, le mandant peut, si bon lui semble, agir directement contre le substitué.    

Art. 24. Le procureur ne peut excéder les termes de son mandat. Tout ce qu'il a fait au delà, est nul relativement au mandant, si celui-ci ne le ratifie; et le mandataire seul en est tenu en son propre nom.    

Art. 25. Quand il y a plusieurs procureurs constitués par le même acte, ils ne sont pas solidairement responsables entre eux de ce que chacun a fait, si la solidarité n'est exprimée dans la procuration.    

Art. 26. Le mandataire doit l'intérêt des sommes qu'il a employées à son usage, du moment de l'emploi; et de celles qu'il peut retenir, du jour qu'il est mis en demeure.

 

CHAPITRE IV - DES OBLIGATIONS DU MANDANT

Art. 27. La première obligation du mandant, est d'exécuter, ou ratifier ce qui a été fait, suivant le pouvoir qu'il a donné.

Art. 28. Quoique le mandant refuse de ratifier ce qu'a fait le mandataire, celui-ci ne reste pas pour cela obligé envers ceux avec lesquels il a traité, excepté qu'il n'ait agi en son nom propre, ou qu'il n'ait excédé les termes de son mandat.     

Art. 29. Le mandataire a droit de se faire rembourser les avances et faux-frais qu'il a faits pour l'exécution du mandat, quand même l'affaire n'aurait pas réussi: pourvu qu'il n'y ait pas eu de sa faute.
Le mandant est même tenu de rembourser au mandataire ses frais et avances, quoiqu'ils soient plus considérables que ceux qu'il y aurait employés, s'il avait entrepris lui-même l'affaire, pourvu qu'il n'y ait pas de dol ou de faute à imputer au mandataire.    

Art. 30. Le mandataire doit être aussi dédommagé de ses pertes, lors qu'il les a éprouvées à l'occasion de sa gestion, et qu'on ne peut lui reprocher aucune imprudence.     

Art. 31. Si le mandataire a avancé quelques sommes, pour les affaires du mandant, celui-ci en doit les intérêts, du jour des avances constatées.    

Art. 32. Si le mandataire a été constitué par plusieurs personnes, pour une affaire commune, chacune d'elles sera tenue solidairement envers lui, de tout l'effet de la procuration.

 

CHAPITRE V - COMMENT LE MANDAT PREND FIN 

Art. 33. Le mandat prend fin:
Par la révocation du mandataire;
Par la renonciation de celui-ci au mandat;
Par le changement d'état du mandant;
Par la mort;
Et par l'interdiction du mandant ou du mandataire;
Le tout, sous les modifications qui suivent.    

Art. 34. Le mandant est libre de révoquer sa procuration, quand bon lui semble.    

Art. 35. Si le mandant ne notifie sa révocation qu'au mandataire, et non à ceux avec lesquels il lui a donné pouvoir de traiter, ceux-si auront toujours leur action contre le mandant, pour le forcer à exécuter ou ratifier ce que le mandataire à fait: sauf, au mandant, son recours contre le mandataire.    

Art. 36. La constitution d'un nouveau procureur, pour la même affaire, vaut révocation du premier, du jour qu'elle a été notifiée à celui-ci et à ceux avec lesquels il était chargé de traiter.    

Art. 37. Le mandataire peut renoncer au mandat, en notifiant au mandant sa renonciation; pourvu qu'elle soit faite dans des circonstances, telles qu'il n'en puisse résulter aucun préjudice pour le mandant.    

Art. 38. Il peut, même indistinctement, renoncer au mandant, lors qu'il se trouve dans l'impossibilité de l'accomplir, ou qu'il pourrait en résulter pour lui un préjudice considérable.    

Art. 39. La perte de la qualité, qui donnait au mandant le pouvoir de constituer un mandataire, opère aussi la résolution du mandat.    

Art. 40. Si le mandataire, ignorant la mort ou la cessation de l'autorité du mandant, continue à exécuter le mandat, ce qu'il a fait, jusqu'à la connaissance à lui donnée, est valide.    

Art. 41. En cas de mort du mandataire, son héritier doit en donner avis au mandant, et en attendant, pourvoir à ce que les circonstances exigent pour les intérêts de celui-ci.

< Previous | Next >© Manuscript notes copyright 1968 by Louis V. de la Vergne.
Paul M. Hebert Law Center   |    1 E. Campus Dr.   |    Louisiana State University   |    Baton Rouge, LA 70803   |   225/578-5292