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Table of Contents

Cover Page
Foreword
Abbreviations
Synopsis
Preliminary title Of the general definitions of rights and the promulgation of the laws
    Chapter I Of law and customs
    Chapter II Of the publication of the laws
    Chapter III Of the effects of laws
    Chapter IV Of the application and construction of laws
    Chapter V Of the repeal of laws
Book I Of persons
    Title I Of the distinction of persons, and the privation of certain civil rights in certain cases
      Chapter I Of the distinction of persons established by nature
      Chapter II Of the distinctions of persons which are established by law
    Title II Of domicil and the manner of changing the same
    Title III Of absent persons
      Chapter I Of the curatorship of absent persons
      Chapter II Of the putting into provisional possession the heirs of the absentee
      Chapter III Of the effects of absence upon the eventual rights which may belong to the absentee
      Chapter IV Of the effects of absence respecting marriage
      Chapter V Of the care of minor children whose father has disappeared
    Title IV Of husband and wife
      Chapter I On marriage
      Chapter II How marriages may be contracted or made
      Chapter III Of the nullity of marriages
      Chapter IV Of the respective rights and duties of married persons
      Chapter V Of the dissolution of marriages
      Chapter VI Of second marriages
    Title V Of the separation from bed and board
      Chapter I Of the causes of separation from bed and board
      Chapter II Of the proceedings on separation from bed and board
      Chapter III Of the provisional proceedings to which a suit for separation may give occasion
      Chapter IV Of objections to the action of separation from bed and board
      Chapter V Of the effects of separation from bed and board
    Title VI Of master and servant
      Chapter I Of the several sorts of servants
      Chapter II Of free servants
      Chapter III Of slaves
    Title VII Of father and child
      Chapter I Of children in general
      Chapter II Of legitimate children
        Section I Of legitimacy resulting from marriage
        Section II Of the manner of proving the legitimate filiation
      Chapter III Of illegitimate children
        Section I Of legitimation
        Section II Of the acknowledgment of illegitimate children
      Chapter IV Of adoption
      Chapter V Of paternal authority
        Section I Of the duties of parents towards their legitimate children, and of the duties of legitimate children towards their parents
        Section II Of the duties of parents towards their natural children, and of the duties of natural children towards their parents
    Title VIII Of minors, of their tutorship, curatorship and emancipation
      Chapter I Of tutorship
        Section I General dispositions
        Section II Of tutorship by nature
        Section III Of tutorship by will
        Section IV Of the tutorship by the effect of the law
        Section V Of dative tutorship
        Section VI Of the under tutor
        Section VII Of the causes which dispense or excuse from the tutorship
        Section VIII Of incapacity for, exclusion from and deprivation of the tutorship
        Section IX Of the administration of the tutor
      Chapter II Of the curatorship of minors
      Chapter III Of emancipation
    Title IX Of persons insane, idiots, and other persons incapable of administering their estate
      Chapter I Of the interdiction and curatorship of persons incapable of administering their estate, whether on account of insanity or of some other infirmity
      Chapter II Of the other persons to whom curators are appointed
    Title X Of communities or corporations
      Chapter I Of the nature of communities or corporations, of their use and kind
      Chapter II Of the rights and privileges of communities or corporations and of their incapacities
      Chapter III Of the dissolution of communities or corporations
Book II Of things and of the different modifications of property
    Title I Of things or estates
      Chapter I Of the distinction of things or estates
      Chapter II Of immoveables
      Chapter III Of moveables
      Chapter IV Of estates considered in their relation to those who possess them
    Title II Of absolute ownership
      Chapter I Universal principles
      Chapter II Of the right of accession to what is produced by the thing
      Chapter III Of the right of accession to what unites or incorporates itself to the thing
        Section I Of the right of accession concerning immoveables
        Section II Of the right of accession concerning moveable things
    Title III Of usufruct, use and habitation
      Chapter I Of usufruct
        Section I General definitions
        Section II Of the rights of the usufructuary
        Section III Of the obligations of the usufructuary
        Section IV Of the obligations of the owner
        Section V How usufruct expires
      Chapter II Of the use and habitation
    Title IV Of predial services or services of land
      Chapter I General principles
      Chapter II Of services which originate from the natural situation of the place
      Chapter III Of services imposed by law
        Section I Of walls, fences, and ditches in common
        Section II Of the distance and of the intermediary works required for certain buildings
        Section III Of lights on the property of a neighbor
        Section IV Of the manner of carrying off rain from the roof
        Section V Of the right of passage
      Chapter IV Of services established by the act of man
        Section I Of the different kinds of services which may be established by the act of man
        Section II How services are acquired
        Section III Of the rights of the proprietor of the estate to which the service is due
        Section IV How Services are extinguished
Book III Of the different manners of acquiring the property of things
    Preliminary title General dispositions
    Title I Of successions
      Chapter I Of the different sorts of successions and heirs
      Chapter II Of legal successions
        Section I General rules
        Section II Of the succession of descendants
        Section III Of the succession of ascendants
        Section IV Of the succession of collaterals
      Chapter III Of irregular successions
      Chapter IV In what manner successions are opened
      Chapter V Of the incapacity and unworthiness of the heirs
      Chapter VI In what manner a succession is accepted and how it is renounced
        Section I Of the acceptance pure and simple
        Section II Of the acceptance of a succession with the benefit of an inventory
      Chapter VII Of the administration of vacant estates and estates ab intestato
      Chapter VIII Of partition among heirs and of the collation of goods
        Section I Of the nature of partition and in what manner it is made
        Section II Of the collation of goods
        Section III Of the payment of debts
        Section IV Of the effect of partition and of its rescision
    Title II Of donations inter vivos (between living persons) and mortis causa (in prospect of death)
      Chapter I General dispositions
      Chapter II Of the capacity necessary for disposing of and receiving by donation inter vivos or mortis causa
      Chapter III Of the portion disposable, and of its reduction in case of excess
        Section I Of the disposable portion and the legitime
        Section II Of the reduction of dispositions inter vivos or mortis causa; of the manner in which it is made and of its effects
      Chapter IV Of dispositions reprobated by the law in donations inter vivos and mortis causa
      Chapter V Of donations inter vivos (between living)
        Section I Of the irrevocability of donations inter vivos
        Section II Of the form of donations inter vivos
        Section III Of the exceptions to the rule of the irrevocability of donations inter vivos
      Chapter VI Of dispositions mortis causa (in the prospect of death)
        Section I Of testament or codicil
        Section II Of the form of testaments and codicils
        Section III Of testamentary dispositions
        Section IV Of the institution of heir and of disinherison
        Section V Of legacies
        Section VI Of the opening and the proof of wills, and of testamentary executions
        Section VII Of the revocation of testaments and codicils and of their caducity
        Section VIII Of the interpretation of testamentary dispositions
      Chapter VII Of partitions made by parents among their descendants
      Chapter VIII Of donations made by marriage contract to the husband or wife, and to the children to be born of the marriage
      Chapter IX Of donations between married persons, either by marriage contract, or during the marriage
    Title III Of contracts and of conventional obligations in general
      Chapter I Preliminary dispositions
      Chapter II Of the conditions essential to the validity of agreements
        Section I Of consent
        Section II Of the capability of the parties contracting
        Section III Of the object and the matter of contracts
        Section IV Of the cause
      Chapter III Of the effect of obligations
        Section I General dispositions
        Section II Of the obligation of giving
        Section III Of the obligations of doing or of not doing
        Section IV Of the damages resulting from the non execution of the obligation
        Section V Of the interpretation of the agreements
        Section VI Of the effect of agreements with regard to persons not parties to them
      Chapter IV Of the different kinds of obligations
        Section I Of conditional obligations
          § 1 Of the condition in general and of its different kinds
          § 2 Of the suspensive condition
          § 3 Of the dissolving condition
        Section II Of obligations to be performed at a certain term
        Section III Of the alternative obligations
        Section IV Of obligations in solido or jointly and severally
          § 1 Of the obligation in solido between creditors
          § 2 Of the obligation in solido on the part of debtors
        Section V Of obligations divisible and indivisible
          § 1 Of the effects of a divisible obligation
          § 2 Of the effect of the indivisible obligation
        Section VI Of obligations with penal clauses
      Chapter V Of the extinction of obligations
        Section I Of payment
          § 1 Of payment in general
          § 2 Of payment with subrogation
          § 3 Of the imputation of payments
          § 4 Of tenders of payment, and consignment
          § 5 Of the surrender of property
        Section II Of novation
        Section III Of the remission of the debt
        Section IV Of compensation
        Section V Of confusion
        Section VI Of the loss of the thing due
        Section VII Of the action of nullity or of rescission of agreements
      Chapter VI Of the proof of obligations and of that of payment
        Section I Of the literal proof
          § 1 Of the authentic title
          § 2 Of the acts under private signature
          § 3 Of copies of titles
          § 4 Of recognitive and confirmative acts
        Section II Of testimonial proof
        Section III Of presumptions
          § 1 Of presumptions established by law
          § 2 Of presumption not established by law
        Section IV Of the confession of the party
        Section V Of the proof by oath
    Title IV Of engagements formed without agreements, or of quasi contracts and quasi offences
      Section I Of the quasi contract
      Section II Of quasi crimes or offences
    Title V Of marriage contract
      Chapter I General dispositions
      Chapter II Of the various kinds of matrimonial agreements
        Section I Of donations made in consideration of marriage
        Section II Of dowry or marriage portion
        Section III Of paraphernalia or extra dotal effects
        Section IV Of the partnership or community of acquests or gains
      Chapter III Of the separation of property
    Title VI Of sale
      Chapter I Of the nature and form of the contract of sale, and of the manner in which it is to be performed
      Chapter II Of persons capable of buying and selling, and of things which may be sold
      Chapter III Of the obligations of the seller
        Section I Of the tradition or delivery of the thing sold
        Section II Of the warranty, in case of eviction of the thing sold
        Section III Of the warranty of the defects of the thing sold or of the redhibitory vices
      Chapter IV Of the obligations of the buyer
      Chapter V Of the nullity and rescissions of the sale
        Section I Of the power or right of redemption
        Section II Of the rescission of sales on account of lesion
      Chapter VI Of sales by cant or auction
      Chapter VII Of the assignment or transfer of debts and other incorporeal rights
    Title VII Of exchange
    Title VIII Of letting and hiring
      Chapter I Of the several species of contracts for letting and hiring
      Chapter II Of the contract for letting out things
        Section I Of the form and duration of leases
        Section II Of the obligations of the lessor
        Section III Of the obligations of the lessee
        Section IV Of the dissolution of leases
      Chapter III Of the letting out of labour or industry
        Section I Of the hiring of servants and workmen
        Section II Of carriers and watermen
        Section III Of plots for buildings and other works
    Title IX Of partnership
      Chapter I General dispositions
      Chapter II Of the various kinds of partnerships
      Chapter III Of the obligations of partners towards each other, and towards third persons
        Section I Of the obligations of partners towards each other
        Section II Of the obligations of partners towards third persons
      Chapter IV Of the different manners in which partnerships end
    Title X Of loan
      Chapter I Of the loan for use or commodatum
        Section I Of the nature of the loan for use
        Section II Of the engagements of the borrower for use
        Section III Of the engagements of the lender for use
      Chapter II Of the loan for consumption or mutuum
        Section I Of the nature of the loan for consumption
        Section II Of the obligations of the lender for consumption
        Section III Of the engagements of the borrower for consumption
      Chapter III Of loan on interest
    Title XI Of deposit and sequestration
      Chapter I Of deposit in general and of its divers kinds
      Chapter II Of the deposit properly so called
        Section I Of the nature and essence of the contract of deposit
        Section II Of the obligations of the depository
        Section III Of the obligations of him by whom the deposit has been made
        Section IV Of the necessary deposit
      Chapter III Of sequestration
        Section I Of its different species
        Section II Of the conventional sequestration
        Section III Of the judicial sequestration or deposit
    Title XII Of aleatory contracts
    Title XIII Of mandate or commission
      Chapter I Of the nature of proxies, mandates and commissions
      Chapter II What persons may be appointed attornies in fact
      Chapter III Of the obligations of a person acting under a power of attorney
      Chapter IV Of the obligations of the principal who acts by his attorney in fact
      Chapter V How the procuration expires
    Title XIV Of suretyship
      Chapter I Of the nature and extent of suretyship
      Chapter II Of the effects of suretyship
        Section I Of the effects of suretyship between the creditor and the surety
        Section II Of the effects of suretyship between the debtor and the surety
        Section III Respecting the effects of suretyship between the sureties
      Chapter III Of the extinction of suretyship
      Chapter IV Of the legal and judicial sureties
    Title XV Of transactions
    Title XVI Of respite
    Title XVII Of compromises or arbitration
    Title XVIII Of pledge
    Title XIX Of privileges and mortgages
      Chapter I Of the nature of a mortgage and of its several sorts
      Chapter II Who may mortgage and what thing may be mortgaged
      Chapter III Of the effects of mortgage
        Section I Of the effects of mortgage with regard to the debtor
        Section II Of the effects of mortgages against third possessors and of the action of mortgage
        Section III Of the registering of mortgages and of the register kept for that purpose
      Chapter IV Of the order of privileges and mortgages
        Section I Of the preference and order of privileges
      Chapter V How privileges or mortgages expire or are extinguished
    Title XX Of occupancy, possession and prescription
      Chapter I Of occupancy
      Chapter II Of possession
      Chapter III Of prescription
        Section I Of the possession required to establish prescription
        Section II Of the causes which suspend or interrupt prescriptions
        Section III Of the several species of prescription
    Title XXI Of the title by judgment or seizure
Index
Manuscript index
Manuscript index Part 2

SECTION III – OF THE OBLIGATIONS OF HIM BY WHOM A DEPOSIT HAS BEEN MADE

Art. 28. He who has made a deposit is bound to reimburse the depository the money he has advanced for the safe keeping of the thing and to indemnify him for all that the deposit has cost him.
He is to indemnify the depository for the losses which the thing deposited may have occasioned him.
The depository may detain the deposit until repaid what he has advanced, and indemnified for his costs and losses, by the owner.

 

SECTION IV – OF THE NECESSARY DEPOSIT

Art. 29. The necessary deposit is that which had been compelled by some accident, such as fire, falling down of a house, pillage, shipwreck or other casualty.
The deposition on oath, or affirmation of a single competent or credible witness may be sufficient to prove a necessary deposit, even when the amount of the thing deposited exceeds five hundred dollars.

Art. 30. An Inn keeper is responsible, as depository, for the effects brought by travellers, who lodge at his house; the deposit of such effects is considered as a necessary deposit.

Art. 31. An inn-keeper is responsible for the effects brought by travellers, even though they were not delivered into his personal care.

Art. 32. He is responsible if any of the effects be stolen or damaged, either by his servants or agents or by strangers going and coming in the inn.

Art. 33. He is not responsible for what is stolen by force and arms or with exterior breaking open of doors, or by any other extraordinary violence.

Art. 34. The deposition on oath of affirmation of a single competent and credible witness as to the deposit at inns, may be admitted as a good proof, even when the value of the thing so deposited exceeds five hundred dollars, but the judge must admit this kind of proof in that case, with circumspection according to the circumstances of the fact and the condition of the parties.

 

CHAPTER III – OF SEQUESTRATION

 

SECTION I – OF ITS DIFFERENT SPECIES

Art. 35. Sequestration is either conventional or ordered by the judge.

 

SECTION II – OF THE CONVENTIONAL SEQUESTRATION

Art. 36. Sequestration is a kind of deposit which two or more persons engaged in litigation about any thing, make of the thing in contest, to an indifferent person who binds himself to restore it, when the issue is decided, to the party to whom it is adjudged to belong.
The depository in this case is called the sequestrator.

Art. 37. A sequestration may be not gratuitous and then it is rather a contract of hiring than of deposit.

Art. 38. When it is gratuitous, it is a real contract of deposit, subject to all the rules which apply to that contract, save the differences hereafter explained.

Art. 39. A sequestration has this difference from a deposit, that it may have for its object, not only moveables and slaves but also real property.

Art. 40. The depository under this title, is not to restore the thing deposited, till after the decision of the suit, and then he must restore it to the party to whom it is adjudged.

Art. 41. He cannot even till then exonorate himself from the care of the thing sequestered in his hands, unless for some cause rendering it indispensable that he resign his trust.
In that case he can deliver up the thing only to a person agreed upon by the parties concerned and in case they do not agree, he must cite them to have a new sequestrator appointed.

 

SECTION III – OF THE JUDICIAL SEQUESTRATION OR DEPOSIT

Art. 42. The judicial deposit is that which is made in consequence of an order or judgement rendered by a judge of a competent jurisdiction, to wit:
1st, With respect to moveables or immoveables seized from a debtor;
2d, With respect to immoveable property or to a thing moveable, the property or possession of which is in litigation between two or more persons
3d, With respect to the things which a debtor tenders for his discharge.

Art. 43. The appointment of a judicial guardian produces between the person seizing and the guardian, reciprocal obligations. The guardian must use, for the preservation of the effects seized, the care of a prudent father of a family, he must produce them either for the discharge of the person who has seized them for the sale, or to the person against whom the execution was levied, in case the seizure be replevied.
The obligation of the party that has seized the property consists in paying to the guardian his legal fees.

Art. 44. A judicial sequestration is granted either to a person agreed upon by the parties or to a person appointed ex officio by the judge, if there is no public officer appointed by law for that purpose.
In any case the person to whom the thing is entrusted is subject to all the obligations incident to the conventional sequestration.

SECTION III - DES OBLIGATIONS DE CELUI PAR QUI LE DÉPÔT A ÉTÉ FAIT

Art. 28. Celui qui a fait le dépôt, est tenu de rembourser au dépositaire les avances qu'il a faites pour la conservation de la chose, et de l'indemniser généralement de tout ce que lui a couté le dépôt.
Il est même tenu d'indemniser le dépositaire des pertes que peut lui avoir causée la chose déposée.
Le dépositaire peut retenir le dépôt pour la restitution des avances et indeminités qui lui sont dues par le propriétaire.

 

SECTION IV - DU DÉPÔT NÉCESSAIRE

Art. 29. Le dépôt nécessaire, est celui qui a été forcé par quelque accident, tel qu'un incendie, une ruine, un pillage, un naufrage, ou autre événement imprévu.
La déclaration sur serment, ou affirmation d'un seul témoin compétent et digne de foi, peut suffire pour la preuve d'un dépôt nécessaire; même lorsque l'objet du dépôt est d'une valeur au-dessus de cinq cents piastres.

Art. 30. L'hôtelier est responsable, comme dépositaire, des effets apportés par le voyageur qui loge chez lui; le dépôt de ces sortes d'effets est regardé comme un dépôt nécessaire.

Art. 31. L'hôtelier est responsable des effets apportés par le voyageur: encore qu'ils n'ayent point été remis à sa garde personnelle.

Art. 32. Il est responsable du vol fait, ou du dommage apporté aux effets du voyageur, soit que le vol ait été fait, ou que le dommage ait été causé par ses domestiques et préposés, ou par des étrangers allant et venant dans l'hôtellerie.

Art. 33. Il n'est pas responsable des vols faits avec force armée, ou avec effraction extérieure, ou autre force majeure.

Art. 34. La déclaration sous serment, ou affirmation d'un seul témoin compétent et digne de foi, peut être admise comme preuve suffisante, relativement aux dépôts d'hôtellerie: même lorsque la valeur de la chose déposée excède cinq cents piastres; mais le juge ne doit admettre ce genre de preuve, en ce cas, qu'avec circonspection, suivant les circonstances du fait, et l'état des personnes.

 

CHAPITRE III - DU SÉQUESTRE

 

SECTION I - DE SES DIVERSES ESPÈCES

Art. 35. Le séquestre est, ou conventionnel, ou ordonné par le juge.

 

SECTION II - DU SÉQUESTRE CONVENTIONNEL

Art. 36. Le séquestre est une espèce de dépôt, que deux ou plusieurs personnes qui ont contestation sur une chose, font de cette chose contengieuse à un tiers qui s'oblige de la rendre, après la contestation terminée, à celle d'entre elles à laquelle elle est jugée appartenir.
Le dépositaire, en ce cas, s'appelle séquestre.

Art. 37. Le séquestre peut n'être pas gratuit, et alors c'est plutôt un contrat de louage que de dépôt.

Art. 38. Lorsqu'il est gratuit, il est un véritable contrat de dépôt, soumis à toutes les règles qui concernent ce contrat, sauf les différences ci-après expliquées.

Art. 39. Le séquestre, à la différence du dépôt, peut avoir pour objet, non-seulement des meubles, mais encore des immeubles.

Art. 40. Le dépositaire, à ce titre, ne doit restituer la chose déposée, qu'après la décision de la contestation, et à celui auquel elle a été adjugée.

Art. 41. Il ne peut pas, même se décharger plutôt de la garde de la chose séquestrée entre ses mains, si ce n'est pour une cause qui rende cette décharge indispensable.
Dans ce cas, il ne peut remettre la chose qu'à la personne dont sont convenues les parties intéressées: faute par elles de s'accorder, il doit les citer pour voir nommer un nouveau séquestre.

 

SECTION III - DU SÉQUESTRE, OU DÉPÔT JUDICIAIRE

Art. 42. Le dépôt judiciare, est celui qui est fait par suite d'une ordonnance du juge qui peut l'ordonner:
1°. A l'égard des meubles et immeubles saisis sur un débiteur;
2°. D'un immeuble, ou d'une chose mobilière, dont la propriété, ou la possession est litigieuse entre deux ou plusieurs personnes;
3°. Des choses qu'un débiteur offre pour sa libération.

Art. 43. L'établissement d'un gardien judiciaire, produit entre le saisissant et le gardien des obligations réciproques; le gardien doit apporter, pour la conservation des effets saisis, les soins d'un bon père de famille;
Il doit les représenter, soit à la décharge du saisissant, pour la vente, soit à la partie contre laquelle les exécutions ont été faites, en cas de mainlevée de la saisie.
L'obligation du saisissant, consiste à payer au gardien le salaire fixé par la loi.

Art. 44. Le séquestre judiciaire est donné, soit à une personne, dont les parties intéressées sont convenues entre elles, soit à une personne nommée d'office par le juge, s'il n'y a point d'officier nommé, par la loi, à cet effet.
Dans tous les cas, celui auquel la chose a été confiée, est soumis à toutes obligations qu'emporte séquestre conventionnel.

< Previous | Next >© Manuscript notes copyright 1968 by Louis V. de la Vergne.
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