LSU Law Login
LSU Law HomeProspective StudentsCurrent StudentsFaculty & StaffAlumni & FriendsEmployers & Legal Community
A-Z IndexAbout LSU LawLibraryContact UsSearch 
Digest Online
Back to Civil Law OnlineBack to Civil Law Online
English French English & French Manuscript General Manuscript General Image Manuscript Article Manuscript Article Image

Table of Contents

Cover Page
Preliminary title Of the general definitions of rights and the promulgation of the laws
    Chapter I Of law and customs
    Chapter II Of the publication of the laws
    Chapter III Of the effects of laws
    Chapter IV Of the application and construction of laws
    Chapter V Of the repeal of laws
Book I Of persons
    Title I Of the distinction of persons, and the privation of certain civil rights in certain cases
      Chapter I Of the distinction of persons established by nature
      Chapter II Of the distinctions of persons which are established by law
    Title II Of domicil and the manner of changing the same
    Title III Of absent persons
      Chapter I Of the curatorship of absent persons
      Chapter II Of the putting into provisional possession the heirs of the absentee
      Chapter III Of the effects of absence upon the eventual rights which may belong to the absentee
      Chapter IV Of the effects of absence respecting marriage
      Chapter V Of the care of minor children whose father has disappeared
    Title IV Of husband and wife
      Chapter I On marriage
      Chapter II How marriages may be contracted or made
      Chapter III Of the nullity of marriages
      Chapter IV Of the respective rights and duties of married persons
      Chapter V Of the dissolution of marriages
      Chapter VI Of second marriages
    Title V Of the separation from bed and board
      Chapter I Of the causes of separation from bed and board
      Chapter II Of the proceedings on separation from bed and board
      Chapter III Of the provisional proceedings to which a suit for separation may give occasion
      Chapter IV Of objections to the action of separation from bed and board
      Chapter V Of the effects of separation from bed and board
    Title VI Of master and servant
      Chapter I Of the several sorts of servants
      Chapter II Of free servants
      Chapter III Of slaves
    Title VII Of father and child
      Chapter I Of children in general
      Chapter II Of legitimate children
        Section I Of legitimacy resulting from marriage
        Section II Of the manner of proving the legitimate filiation
      Chapter III Of illegitimate children
        Section I Of legitimation
        Section II Of the acknowledgment of illegitimate children
      Chapter IV Of adoption
      Chapter V Of paternal authority
        Section I Of the duties of parents towards their legitimate children, and of the duties of legitimate children towards their parents
        Section II Of the duties of parents towards their natural children, and of the duties of natural children towards their parents
    Title VIII Of minors, of their tutorship, curatorship and emancipation
      Chapter I Of tutorship
        Section I General dispositions
        Section II Of tutorship by nature
        Section III Of tutorship by will
        Section IV Of the tutorship by the effect of the law
        Section V Of dative tutorship
        Section VI Of the under tutor
        Section VII Of the causes which dispense or excuse from the tutorship
        Section VIII Of incapacity for, exclusion from and deprivation of the tutorship
        Section IX Of the administration of the tutor
      Chapter II Of the curatorship of minors
      Chapter III Of emancipation
    Title IX Of persons insane, idiots, and other persons incapable of administering their estate
      Chapter I Of the interdiction and curatorship of persons incapable of administering their estate, whether on account of insanity or of some other infirmity
      Chapter II Of the other persons to whom curators are appointed
    Title X Of communities or corporations
      Chapter I Of the nature of communities or corporations, of their use and kind
      Chapter II Of the rights and privileges of communities or corporations and of their incapacities
      Chapter III Of the dissolution of communities or corporations
Book II Of things and of the different modifications of property
    Title I Of things or estates
      Chapter I Of the distinction of things or estates
      Chapter II Of immoveables
      Chapter III Of moveables
      Chapter IV Of estates considered in their relation to those who possess them
    Title II Of absolute ownership
      Chapter I Universal principles
      Chapter II Of the right of accession to what is produced by the thing
      Chapter III Of the right of accession to what unites or incorporates itself to the thing
        Section I Of the right of accession concerning immoveables
        Section II Of the right of accession concerning moveable things
    Title III Of usufruct, use and habitation
      Chapter I Of usufruct
        Section I General definitions
        Section II Of the rights of the usufructuary
        Section III Of the obligations of the usufructuary
        Section IV Of the obligations of the owner
        Section V How usufruct expires
      Chapter II Of the use and habitation
    Title IV Of predial services or services of land
      Chapter I General principles
      Chapter II Of services which originate from the natural situation of the place
      Chapter III Of services imposed by law
        Section I Of walls, fences, and ditches in common
        Section II Of the distance and of the intermediary works required for certain buildings
        Section III Of lights on the property of a neighbor
        Section IV Of the manner of carrying off rain from the roof
        Section V Of the right of passage
      Chapter IV Of services established by the act of man
        Section I Of the different kinds of services which may be established by the act of man
        Section II How services are acquired
        Section III Of the rights of the proprietor of the estate to which the service is due
        Section IV How Services are extinguished
Book III Of the different manners of acquiring the property of things
    Preliminary title General dispositions
    Title I Of successions
      Chapter I Of the different sorts of successions and heirs
      Chapter II Of legal successions
        Section I General rules
        Section II Of the succession of descendants
        Section III Of the succession of ascendants
        Section IV Of the succession of collaterals
      Chapter III Of irregular successions
      Chapter IV In what manner successions are opened
      Chapter V Of the incapacity and unworthiness of the heirs
      Chapter VI In what manner a succession is accepted and how it is renounced
        Section I Of the acceptance pure and simple
        Section II Of the acceptance of a succession with the benefit of an inventory
      Chapter VII Of the administration of vacant estates and estates ab intestato
      Chapter VIII Of partition among heirs and of the collation of goods
        Section I Of the nature of partition and in what manner it is made
        Section II Of the collation of goods
        Section III Of the payment of debts
        Section IV Of the effect of partition and of its rescision
    Title II Of donations inter vivos (between living persons) and mortis causa (in prospect of death)
      Chapter I General dispositions
      Chapter II Of the capacity necessary for disposing of and receiving by donation inter vivos or mortis causa
      Chapter III Of the portion disposable, and of its reduction in case of excess
        Section I Of the disposable portion and the legitime
        Section II Of the reduction of dispositions inter vivos or mortis causa; of the manner in which it is made and of its effects
      Chapter IV Of dispositions reprobated by the law in donations inter vivos and mortis causa
      Chapter V Of donations inter vivos (between living)
        Section I Of the irrevocability of donations inter vivos
        Section II Of the form of donations inter vivos
        Section III Of the exceptions to the rule of the irrevocability of donations inter vivos
      Chapter VI Of dispositions mortis causa (in the prospect of death)
        Section I Of testament or codicil
        Section II Of the form of testaments and codicils
        Section III Of testamentary dispositions
        Section IV Of the institution of heir and of disinherison
        Section V Of legacies
        Section VI Of the opening and the proof of wills, and of testamentary executions
        Section VII Of the revocation of testaments and codicils and of their caducity
        Section VIII Of the interpretation of testamentary dispositions
      Chapter VII Of partitions made by parents among their descendants
      Chapter VIII Of donations made by marriage contract to the husband or wife, and to the children to be born of the marriage
      Chapter IX Of donations between married persons, either by marriage contract, or during the marriage
    Title III Of contracts and of conventional obligations in general
      Chapter I Preliminary dispositions
      Chapter II Of the conditions essential to the validity of agreements
        Section I Of consent
        Section II Of the capability of the parties contracting
        Section III Of the object and the matter of contracts
        Section IV Of the cause
      Chapter III Of the effect of obligations
        Section I General dispositions
        Section II Of the obligation of giving
        Section III Of the obligations of doing or of not doing
        Section IV Of the damages resulting from the non execution of the obligation
        Section V Of the interpretation of the agreements
        Section VI Of the effect of agreements with regard to persons not parties to them
      Chapter IV Of the different kinds of obligations
        Section I Of conditional obligations
          § 1 Of the condition in general and of its different kinds
          § 2 Of the suspensive condition
          § 3 Of the dissolving condition
        Section II Of obligations to be performed at a certain term
        Section III Of the alternative obligations
        Section IV Of obligations in solido or jointly and severally
          § 1 Of the obligation in solido between creditors
          § 2 Of the obligation in solido on the part of debtors
        Section V Of obligations divisible and indivisible
          § 1 Of the effects of a divisible obligation
          § 2 Of the effect of the indivisible obligation
        Section VI Of obligations with penal clauses
      Chapter V Of the extinction of obligations
        Section I Of payment
          § 1 Of payment in general
          § 2 Of payment with subrogation
          § 3 Of the imputation of payments
          § 4 Of tenders of payment, and consignment
          § 5 Of the surrender of property
        Section II Of novation
        Section III Of the remission of the debt
        Section IV Of compensation
        Section V Of confusion
        Section VI Of the loss of the thing due
        Section VII Of the action of nullity or of rescission of agreements
      Chapter VI Of the proof of obligations and of that of payment
        Section I Of the literal proof
          § 1 Of the authentic title
          § 2 Of the acts under private signature
          § 3 Of copies of titles
          § 4 Of recognitive and confirmative acts
        Section II Of testimonial proof
        Section III Of presumptions
          § 1 Of presumptions established by law
          § 2 Of presumption not established by law
        Section IV Of the confession of the party
        Section V Of the proof by oath
    Title IV Of engagements formed without agreements, or of quasi contracts and quasi offences
      Section I Of the quasi contract
      Section II Of quasi crimes or offences
    Title V Of marriage contract
      Chapter I General dispositions
      Chapter II Of the various kinds of matrimonial agreements
        Section I Of donations made in consideration of marriage
        Section II Of dowry or marriage portion
        Section III Of paraphernalia or extra dotal effects
        Section IV Of the partnership or community of acquests or gains
      Chapter III Of the separation of property
    Title VI Of sale
      Chapter I Of the nature and form of the contract of sale, and of the manner in which it is to be performed
      Chapter II Of persons capable of buying and selling, and of things which may be sold
      Chapter III Of the obligations of the seller
        Section I Of the tradition or delivery of the thing sold
        Section II Of the warranty, in case of eviction of the thing sold
        Section III Of the warranty of the defects of the thing sold or of the redhibitory vices
      Chapter IV Of the obligations of the buyer
      Chapter V Of the nullity and rescissions of the sale
        Section I Of the power or right of redemption
        Section II Of the rescission of sales on account of lesion
      Chapter VI Of sales by cant or auction
      Chapter VII Of the assignment or transfer of debts and other incorporeal rights
    Title VII Of exchange
    Title VIII Of letting and hiring
      Chapter I Of the several species of contracts for letting and hiring
      Chapter II Of the contract for letting out things
        Section I Of the form and duration of leases
        Section II Of the obligations of the lessor
        Section III Of the obligations of the lessee
        Section IV Of the dissolution of leases
      Chapter III Of the letting out of labour or industry
        Section I Of the hiring of servants and workmen
        Section II Of carriers and watermen
        Section III Of plots for buildings and other works
    Title IX Of partnership
      Chapter I General dispositions
      Chapter II Of the various kinds of partnerships
      Chapter III Of the obligations of partners towards each other, and towards third persons
        Section I Of the obligations of partners towards each other
        Section II Of the obligations of partners towards third persons
      Chapter IV Of the different manners in which partnerships end
    Title X Of loan
      Chapter I Of the loan for use or commodatum
        Section I Of the nature of the loan for use
        Section II Of the engagements of the borrower for use
        Section III Of the engagements of the lender for use
      Chapter II Of the loan for consumption or mutuum
        Section I Of the nature of the loan for consumption
        Section II Of the obligations of the lender for consumption
        Section III Of the engagements of the borrower for consumption
      Chapter III Of loan on interest
    Title XI Of deposit and sequestration
      Chapter I Of deposit in general and of its divers kinds
      Chapter II Of the deposit properly so called
        Section I Of the nature and essence of the contract of deposit
        Section II Of the obligations of the depository
        Section III Of the obligations of him by whom the deposit has been made
        Section IV Of the necessary deposit
      Chapter III Of sequestration
        Section I Of its different species
        Section II Of the conventional sequestration
        Section III Of the judicial sequestration or deposit
    Title XII Of aleatory contracts
    Title XIII Of mandate or commission
      Chapter I Of the nature of proxies, mandates and commissions
      Chapter II What persons may be appointed attornies in fact
      Chapter III Of the obligations of a person acting under a power of attorney
      Chapter IV Of the obligations of the principal who acts by his attorney in fact
      Chapter V How the procuration expires
    Title XIV Of suretyship
      Chapter I Of the nature and extent of suretyship
      Chapter II Of the effects of suretyship
        Section I Of the effects of suretyship between the creditor and the surety
        Section II Of the effects of suretyship between the debtor and the surety
        Section III Respecting the effects of suretyship between the sureties
      Chapter III Of the extinction of suretyship
      Chapter IV Of the legal and judicial sureties
    Title XV Of transactions
    Title XVI Of respite
    Title XVII Of compromises or arbitration
    Title XVIII Of pledge
    Title XIX Of privileges and mortgages
      Chapter I Of the nature of a mortgage and of its several sorts
      Chapter II Who may mortgage and what thing may be mortgaged
      Chapter III Of the effects of mortgage
        Section I Of the effects of mortgage with regard to the debtor
        Section II Of the effects of mortgages against third possessors and of the action of mortgage
        Section III Of the registering of mortgages and of the register kept for that purpose
      Chapter IV Of the order of privileges and mortgages
        Section I Of the preference and order of privileges
      Chapter V How privileges or mortgages expire or are extinguished
    Title XX Of occupancy, possession and prescription
      Chapter I Of occupancy
      Chapter II Of possession
      Chapter III Of prescription
        Section I Of the possession required to establish prescription
        Section II Of the causes which suspend or interrupt prescriptions
        Section III Of the several species of prescription
    Title XXI Of the title by judgment or seizure
Manuscript index
Manuscript index Part 2


Art. 1. There are two kinds of loans:
The loan of things which may be used without being destroyed;
And the loan of things which are destroyed by being used.
The first kind is called loan for use or commodatum.
The second kind is called loan for consumption or mutuum.

Art. 2. The second kind is still subdivided into a gratuitous loan and loan on interest.





Art. 3. The loan for use in an agreement by which a person delivers a thing to another, to use it, as he pleases, under the obligation by him to return it, after he shall have done using it.

Art. 4. This loan is essentially gratuitous; otherwise it would be letting or hiring.

Art. 5. The lender remains proprietor of the thing lent.

Art. 6. Every thing which is in commerce and which is not consumed by the use, may be the object of this agreement.

Art. 7. The obligations entered into by the loan for use, are binding upon the heirs of the lender and of the borrower.



Art. 8. The borrower is bound to keep and preserve in the best possible order, the thing lent.

Art. 9. If the borrower employs the thing to another use, or for a longer time than has been agreed on, he shall be liable for the loss which may happen, although the same might have happened by chance.

Art. 10. If the thing lent be destroyed by a chance which might have been prevented by the borrower, in making use of his own, or if unable to preserve both, he has preferred preserving his own, he is answerable for the loss of the other.

Art. 11. If the thing has been valued at the time of lending it, the loss which results even by chance, is on account of the borrower, unless there has been a contrary agreement.

Art. 12. If the thing be made worse by the effects of the use alone for which it was borrowed, and without any fault on the part of the borrower, he is not answerable for the same.

Art. 13. The borrower is not at liberty to keep the thing as a compensation for what the lender owes him.

Art. 14. If, in order to use the thing, the borrower be compelled to go to some expense, he has no right to be reimbursed by the lender.



Art. 15. The lender cannot take back this thing lent, but after the time agreed on; or if no agreement has been entered into in that respect, after it has been employed to the use for which it was borrowed.

Art. 16. Nevertheless if, during the interval, or before the borrower has done with the thing, the lender be in an urgent and unforeseen need of his thing, the judge may according to circumstances, compel the borrower to return it to him.

Art. 17. If during the loan, the borrower was obliged, for the preservation of the thing, to go to some extraordinary expence necessary, and so urgent, that he could not give notice of the same to the lender, the lender shall be bound to reimburse him for the same.





Art. 18. The loan for consumption is an agreement by which one person delivers to another a certain quantity of things which are consumed by the use, under the obligation by the borrower to return to him as much of the same kind and quality.

Art. 19. By the effect of this loan, the borrower becomes the owner of the thing lent; and if it be destroyed, in whatever manner the same may have happened, the loss is on his account.

Art. 20. Any thing which is such that it may be returned of the same kind and quality, may be given as a loan for consumption, but things which although of the same kind, still may differ from each other in quality, as beasts and the like, cannot be lent after this manner.

Art. 21. The obligation which results from a loan of money, can never be more than the numerical sum mentioned in the contract.
If there has been augmentation or diminution in the value of the species before the time of the payment, the debtor is bound to return nothing more than the numerical sum which was lent to him, in such species as has currency at the time of the payment.

Art. 22. The rule in the preceding article does not take place if the loan has been made in bullion.

Art. 23.  If provisions have been lent, whatever be the increase or diminution of their price, the debtor is still bound to return the same quantity and quality and he is bound to return no more.



Art. 24. The lender is answerable for the defects of the things which he lends, when they are not fit for the use to which they were intended, as if the money be counterfeited or the corn spoiled.

Art. 25. The lender cannot claim the thing lent before the time agreed on.
If no term has been agreed on for the restitution, the judge may grant a delay according to the circumstances.

Art. 26. No delay shall be granted if the loan has been stipulated as exigible at will.

Art. 27. If it was agreed only that the borrower should pay when he could or when he should have the means so to do, he ought to be sentenced to pay as soon as he appears to be able so to do.



Art. 28. The first engagement of the borrower is to return the things lent in the same quantity and quality and at the time appointed.

Art. 29. If it be impossible for him to fulfil his engagement, he is bound to pay the value of the things lent, taking into consideration the time and place when they ought to have been returned according to the agreement.
If said time and place have not been regulated, the payment is made according to the rate of the time and place where the demand is made.

Art. 30. If the borrower does not return the things lent or their value at the time appointed, he shall be bound to pay interest from the time that a judicial demand of it has been made.


Art. 1. Il y a deux sortes de prêt:
Celui des choses dont on peut user sans les détruire;
Et celui des choses qui se consomment par l'usage qu'on en fait.
La première, s'appelle prêt à usage, ou commodat;
La deuxième, s'appelle prêt de consomption.

Art. 2. Cette seconde espèce se subdivise encore, en prêt gratuit, et prêt à intérêt.





Art. 3. Le prêt à usage, est une convention par laquelle, l'un livre une chose à l'autre, pour s'en servir dans ses besoins, à la charge, par celui-ci, de la rendre après qu'il s'en sera servi.

Art. 4. Ce prêt est essentiellement gratuit, autrement ce serait un louage.

Art. 5. Le prêteur demeure propriétaire de la chose prêtée.

Art. 6. Tout ce qui est dans le commerce, et qui ne se consomme pas par l'usage, peut être l'objet de cette convention.

Art. 7. Les engagemens qui se forment, par le commodat, passent aux héritiers de celui qui prête, et aux héritiers de celui qui emprunte.



Art. 8. L'emprunteur est tenu de veiller, en bon père de famille, à la garde et à la conservation de la chose prêtée.

Art. 9. Si l'emprunteur emploie la chose à un autre usage, ou pour un tems plus long qu'il ne le devait, il sera tenu de la perte arrivée, même par cas fortuit.

Art. 10. Si la chose prêtée périt, par un cas fortuit dont l'emprunteur aurait pu la garantir, en y employant la sienne propre, ou, si ne pouvant conserver que l'une des deux, il a préféré la sienne, il est tenu de la perte de l'autre.

Art. 11. Si la chose a été estimée, en la prêtant, la perte qui arrive, même par cas fortuit, est pour l'emprunteur, à moins de conventions contraires.

Art. 12. Si la chose se détériore, par le seul effet de l'usage pour lequel elle a été empruntée, et sans aucune faute de la part de l'emprunteur, il n'en est pas tenu.

Art. 13. L'emprunteur ne peut pas retenir la chose, par compensation de ce que le prêteur lui doit.

Art. 14. Si, pour user de la chose, l'emprunteur est tenu à quelque dépense, il ne peut pas la répéter.



Art. 15. Le prêteur ne peut retirer sa chose, qu'après le terme convenu, ou, à défaut de convention, qu'après qu'elle a servi à l'usage pour laquelle elle a été empruntée.

Art. 16. Néanmoins, si, pendant ce délai, ou avant que le besoin de l'emprunteur ait cessé, il survient au prêteur un besoin pressant et imprévu de la chose, le juge peut, suivant les circonstances, obliger l'emprunteur à la lui rendre.

Art. 17. Si, pendant la durée du prêt, l'emprunteur a été obligé, pour la conservation de la chose, à quelque dépense extraordinaire, nécessaire, et tellement urgente, qu'il n'ait pas pu en prévenir le prêteur, celui-ci sera tenu de la lui rembourser.





Art. 18. Le prêt simple, est une convention par laquelle, l'un livre à l'autre une certaine quantité de choses qui se consomment par l'usage, à la charge, par ce dernier, de lui en rendre autant, de même espèce et qualité.

Art. 19. Par l'effet de ce prêt, l'emprunteur devient le propriétaire de la chose prêtée, et c'est pour lui qu'elle périt, de quelque manière que cette perte arrive.

Art. 20. On peut donner à titre de prêt de consommation, tout ce qui est tel, qu'on peut en rendre de même espèce et qualité; mais on ne peut pas donner, à ce titre, des choses qui, quoique de même espèce, différent dans l'individu, comme des animaux.

Art. 21. L'obligation qui résulte d'un prêt en argent, n'est toujours que de la somme numérique énoncée au contrat.
S'il y a eu augmentation ou diminution d'espèces, avant l'époque du payement, le débiteur doit rendre la somme numérique prêtée, et ne doit rendre que cette somme, dans les espèces ayant cours au moment du payement.

Art. 22. La règle portée en l'article précédent, n'a pas lieu, si le prêt a été fait en lingots ou en marcs.

Art. 23. Si ce sont des denrées qui ont été prêtées, quelque soit l'augmentation ou diminution de leur prix, le débiteur doit toujours rendre la même quantité et qualité, et ne doit rendre que cela.



Art. 24. Le prêteur est tenu des défauts des choses qu'il prête, lorsqu'elles ne sont pas propres à l'usage auxquelles elles sont destinées; comme si l'argent est faux, ou les grains corrompus.

Art. 25. Le prêteur ne peut pas demander les choses prêtées avant le tems convenu.
S'il n'a pas été fixé de terme pour la restitution, le juge peut accorder un délai, suivant les circonstances.

Art. 26. Il n'en peut être accordé aucun, si le prêt a été stipulé, restituable à volonté.

Art. 27. S'il a été seulement convenu, que l'emprunteur payerait quand il le pourrait, ou quand il en aurait le moyen, il doit être condamné à payer, dès qu'il paraît qu'il est en état de le faire.



Art. 28. Le premier engagement de l'emprunteur, est de rendre la chose prêtée, en même quantité et qualité, et au terme convenu.

Art. 29. S'il est dans l'impossibilité d'y satisfaire, il est tenu d'en payer la valeur, eu égard au tems et au lieu où la chose devait être rendue, par la convention.
Si ce tems et ce lieu n'ont pas été réglés, le payement se fait au prix du tems et du lieu où la demande est faite.

Art. 30. Si l'emprunteur ne rend pas les choses prêtées, ou la valeur, au terme convenu, il en doit l'intérêt du jour de la demande en justice.

< Previous | Next >© Manuscript notes copyright 1968 by Louis V. de la Vergne.
Paul M. Hebert Law Center   |    1 E. Campus Dr.   |    Louisiana State University   |    Baton Rouge, LA 70803   |   225/578-5292