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Table of Contents

Cover Page
Foreword
Abbreviations
Synopsis
Preliminary title Of the general definitions of rights and the promulgation of the laws
    Chapter I Of law and customs
    Chapter II Of the publication of the laws
    Chapter III Of the effects of laws
    Chapter IV Of the application and construction of laws
    Chapter V Of the repeal of laws
Book I Of persons
    Title I Of the distinction of persons, and the privation of certain civil rights in certain cases
      Chapter I Of the distinction of persons established by nature
      Chapter II Of the distinctions of persons which are established by law
    Title II Of domicil and the manner of changing the same
    Title III Of absent persons
      Chapter I Of the curatorship of absent persons
      Chapter II Of the putting into provisional possession the heirs of the absentee
      Chapter III Of the effects of absence upon the eventual rights which may belong to the absentee
      Chapter IV Of the effects of absence respecting marriage
      Chapter V Of the care of minor children whose father has disappeared
    Title IV Of husband and wife
      Chapter I On marriage
      Chapter II How marriages may be contracted or made
      Chapter III Of the nullity of marriages
      Chapter IV Of the respective rights and duties of married persons
      Chapter V Of the dissolution of marriages
      Chapter VI Of second marriages
    Title V Of the separation from bed and board
      Chapter I Of the causes of separation from bed and board
      Chapter II Of the proceedings on separation from bed and board
      Chapter III Of the provisional proceedings to which a suit for separation may give occasion
      Chapter IV Of objections to the action of separation from bed and board
      Chapter V Of the effects of separation from bed and board
    Title VI Of master and servant
      Chapter I Of the several sorts of servants
      Chapter II Of free servants
      Chapter III Of slaves
    Title VII Of father and child
      Chapter I Of children in general
      Chapter II Of legitimate children
        Section I Of legitimacy resulting from marriage
        Section II Of the manner of proving the legitimate filiation
      Chapter III Of illegitimate children
        Section I Of legitimation
        Section II Of the acknowledgment of illegitimate children
      Chapter IV Of adoption
      Chapter V Of paternal authority
        Section I Of the duties of parents towards their legitimate children, and of the duties of legitimate children towards their parents
        Section II Of the duties of parents towards their natural children, and of the duties of natural children towards their parents
    Title VIII Of minors, of their tutorship, curatorship and emancipation
      Chapter I Of tutorship
        Section I General dispositions
        Section II Of tutorship by nature
        Section III Of tutorship by will
        Section IV Of the tutorship by the effect of the law
        Section V Of dative tutorship
        Section VI Of the under tutor
        Section VII Of the causes which dispense or excuse from the tutorship
        Section VIII Of incapacity for, exclusion from and deprivation of the tutorship
        Section IX Of the administration of the tutor
      Chapter II Of the curatorship of minors
      Chapter III Of emancipation
    Title IX Of persons insane, idiots, and other persons incapable of administering their estate
      Chapter I Of the interdiction and curatorship of persons incapable of administering their estate, whether on account of insanity or of some other infirmity
      Chapter II Of the other persons to whom curators are appointed
    Title X Of communities or corporations
      Chapter I Of the nature of communities or corporations, of their use and kind
      Chapter II Of the rights and privileges of communities or corporations and of their incapacities
      Chapter III Of the dissolution of communities or corporations
Book II Of things and of the different modifications of property
    Title I Of things or estates
      Chapter I Of the distinction of things or estates
      Chapter II Of immoveables
      Chapter III Of moveables
      Chapter IV Of estates considered in their relation to those who possess them
    Title II Of absolute ownership
      Chapter I Universal principles
      Chapter II Of the right of accession to what is produced by the thing
      Chapter III Of the right of accession to what unites or incorporates itself to the thing
        Section I Of the right of accession concerning immoveables
        Section II Of the right of accession concerning moveable things
    Title III Of usufruct, use and habitation
      Chapter I Of usufruct
        Section I General definitions
        Section II Of the rights of the usufructuary
        Section III Of the obligations of the usufructuary
        Section IV Of the obligations of the owner
        Section V How usufruct expires
      Chapter II Of the use and habitation
    Title IV Of predial services or services of land
      Chapter I General principles
      Chapter II Of services which originate from the natural situation of the place
      Chapter III Of services imposed by law
        Section I Of walls, fences, and ditches in common
        Section II Of the distance and of the intermediary works required for certain buildings
        Section III Of lights on the property of a neighbor
        Section IV Of the manner of carrying off rain from the roof
        Section V Of the right of passage
      Chapter IV Of services established by the act of man
        Section I Of the different kinds of services which may be established by the act of man
        Section II How services are acquired
        Section III Of the rights of the proprietor of the estate to which the service is due
        Section IV How Services are extinguished
Book III Of the different manners of acquiring the property of things
    Preliminary title General dispositions
    Title I Of successions
      Chapter I Of the different sorts of successions and heirs
      Chapter II Of legal successions
        Section I General rules
        Section II Of the succession of descendants
        Section III Of the succession of ascendants
        Section IV Of the succession of collaterals
      Chapter III Of irregular successions
      Chapter IV In what manner successions are opened
      Chapter V Of the incapacity and unworthiness of the heirs
      Chapter VI In what manner a succession is accepted and how it is renounced
        Section I Of the acceptance pure and simple
        Section II Of the acceptance of a succession with the benefit of an inventory
      Chapter VII Of the administration of vacant estates and estates ab intestato
      Chapter VIII Of partition among heirs and of the collation of goods
        Section I Of the nature of partition and in what manner it is made
        Section II Of the collation of goods
        Section III Of the payment of debts
        Section IV Of the effect of partition and of its rescision
    Title II Of donations inter vivos (between living persons) and mortis causa (in prospect of death)
      Chapter I General dispositions
      Chapter II Of the capacity necessary for disposing of and receiving by donation inter vivos or mortis causa
      Chapter III Of the portion disposable, and of its reduction in case of excess
        Section I Of the disposable portion and the legitime
        Section II Of the reduction of dispositions inter vivos or mortis causa; of the manner in which it is made and of its effects
      Chapter IV Of dispositions reprobated by the law in donations inter vivos and mortis causa
      Chapter V Of donations inter vivos (between living)
        Section I Of the irrevocability of donations inter vivos
        Section II Of the form of donations inter vivos
        Section III Of the exceptions to the rule of the irrevocability of donations inter vivos
      Chapter VI Of dispositions mortis causa (in the prospect of death)
        Section I Of testament or codicil
        Section II Of the form of testaments and codicils
        Section III Of testamentary dispositions
        Section IV Of the institution of heir and of disinherison
        Section V Of legacies
        Section VI Of the opening and the proof of wills, and of testamentary executions
        Section VII Of the revocation of testaments and codicils and of their caducity
        Section VIII Of the interpretation of testamentary dispositions
      Chapter VII Of partitions made by parents among their descendants
      Chapter VIII Of donations made by marriage contract to the husband or wife, and to the children to be born of the marriage
      Chapter IX Of donations between married persons, either by marriage contract, or during the marriage
    Title III Of contracts and of conventional obligations in general
      Chapter I Preliminary dispositions
      Chapter II Of the conditions essential to the validity of agreements
        Section I Of consent
        Section II Of the capability of the parties contracting
        Section III Of the object and the matter of contracts
        Section IV Of the cause
      Chapter III Of the effect of obligations
        Section I General dispositions
        Section II Of the obligation of giving
        Section III Of the obligations of doing or of not doing
        Section IV Of the damages resulting from the non execution of the obligation
        Section V Of the interpretation of the agreements
        Section VI Of the effect of agreements with regard to persons not parties to them
      Chapter IV Of the different kinds of obligations
        Section I Of conditional obligations
          § 1 Of the condition in general and of its different kinds
          § 2 Of the suspensive condition
          § 3 Of the dissolving condition
        Section II Of obligations to be performed at a certain term
        Section III Of the alternative obligations
        Section IV Of obligations in solido or jointly and severally
          § 1 Of the obligation in solido between creditors
          § 2 Of the obligation in solido on the part of debtors
        Section V Of obligations divisible and indivisible
          § 1 Of the effects of a divisible obligation
          § 2 Of the effect of the indivisible obligation
        Section VI Of obligations with penal clauses
      Chapter V Of the extinction of obligations
        Section I Of payment
          § 1 Of payment in general
          § 2 Of payment with subrogation
          § 3 Of the imputation of payments
          § 4 Of tenders of payment, and consignment
          § 5 Of the surrender of property
        Section II Of novation
        Section III Of the remission of the debt
        Section IV Of compensation
        Section V Of confusion
        Section VI Of the loss of the thing due
        Section VII Of the action of nullity or of rescission of agreements
      Chapter VI Of the proof of obligations and of that of payment
        Section I Of the literal proof
          § 1 Of the authentic title
          § 2 Of the acts under private signature
          § 3 Of copies of titles
          § 4 Of recognitive and confirmative acts
        Section II Of testimonial proof
        Section III Of presumptions
          § 1 Of presumptions established by law
          § 2 Of presumption not established by law
        Section IV Of the confession of the party
        Section V Of the proof by oath
    Title IV Of engagements formed without agreements, or of quasi contracts and quasi offences
      Section I Of the quasi contract
      Section II Of quasi crimes or offences
    Title V Of marriage contract
      Chapter I General dispositions
      Chapter II Of the various kinds of matrimonial agreements
        Section I Of donations made in consideration of marriage
        Section II Of dowry or marriage portion
        Section III Of paraphernalia or extra dotal effects
        Section IV Of the partnership or community of acquests or gains
      Chapter III Of the separation of property
    Title VI Of sale
      Chapter I Of the nature and form of the contract of sale, and of the manner in which it is to be performed
      Chapter II Of persons capable of buying and selling, and of things which may be sold
      Chapter III Of the obligations of the seller
        Section I Of the tradition or delivery of the thing sold
        Section II Of the warranty, in case of eviction of the thing sold
        Section III Of the warranty of the defects of the thing sold or of the redhibitory vices
      Chapter IV Of the obligations of the buyer
      Chapter V Of the nullity and rescissions of the sale
        Section I Of the power or right of redemption
        Section II Of the rescission of sales on account of lesion
      Chapter VI Of sales by cant or auction
      Chapter VII Of the assignment or transfer of debts and other incorporeal rights
    Title VII Of exchange
    Title VIII Of letting and hiring
      Chapter I Of the several species of contracts for letting and hiring
      Chapter II Of the contract for letting out things
        Section I Of the form and duration of leases
        Section II Of the obligations of the lessor
        Section III Of the obligations of the lessee
        Section IV Of the dissolution of leases
      Chapter III Of the letting out of labour or industry
        Section I Of the hiring of servants and workmen
        Section II Of carriers and watermen
        Section III Of plots for buildings and other works
    Title IX Of partnership
      Chapter I General dispositions
      Chapter II Of the various kinds of partnerships
      Chapter III Of the obligations of partners towards each other, and towards third persons
        Section I Of the obligations of partners towards each other
        Section II Of the obligations of partners towards third persons
      Chapter IV Of the different manners in which partnerships end
    Title X Of loan
      Chapter I Of the loan for use or commodatum
        Section I Of the nature of the loan for use
        Section II Of the engagements of the borrower for use
        Section III Of the engagements of the lender for use
      Chapter II Of the loan for consumption or mutuum
        Section I Of the nature of the loan for consumption
        Section II Of the obligations of the lender for consumption
        Section III Of the engagements of the borrower for consumption
      Chapter III Of loan on interest
    Title XI Of deposit and sequestration
      Chapter I Of deposit in general and of its divers kinds
      Chapter II Of the deposit properly so called
        Section I Of the nature and essence of the contract of deposit
        Section II Of the obligations of the depository
        Section III Of the obligations of him by whom the deposit has been made
        Section IV Of the necessary deposit
      Chapter III Of sequestration
        Section I Of its different species
        Section II Of the conventional sequestration
        Section III Of the judicial sequestration or deposit
    Title XII Of aleatory contracts
    Title XIII Of mandate or commission
      Chapter I Of the nature of proxies, mandates and commissions
      Chapter II What persons may be appointed attornies in fact
      Chapter III Of the obligations of a person acting under a power of attorney
      Chapter IV Of the obligations of the principal who acts by his attorney in fact
      Chapter V How the procuration expires
    Title XIV Of suretyship
      Chapter I Of the nature and extent of suretyship
      Chapter II Of the effects of suretyship
        Section I Of the effects of suretyship between the creditor and the surety
        Section II Of the effects of suretyship between the debtor and the surety
        Section III Respecting the effects of suretyship between the sureties
      Chapter III Of the extinction of suretyship
      Chapter IV Of the legal and judicial sureties
    Title XV Of transactions
    Title XVI Of respite
    Title XVII Of compromises or arbitration
    Title XVIII Of pledge
    Title XIX Of privileges and mortgages
      Chapter I Of the nature of a mortgage and of its several sorts
      Chapter II Who may mortgage and what thing may be mortgaged
      Chapter III Of the effects of mortgage
        Section I Of the effects of mortgage with regard to the debtor
        Section II Of the effects of mortgages against third possessors and of the action of mortgage
        Section III Of the registering of mortgages and of the register kept for that purpose
      Chapter IV Of the order of privileges and mortgages
        Section I Of the preference and order of privileges
      Chapter V How privileges or mortgages expire or are extinguished
    Title XX Of occupancy, possession and prescription
      Chapter I Of occupancy
      Chapter II Of possession
      Chapter III Of prescription
        Section I Of the possession required to establish prescription
        Section II Of the causes which suspend or interrupt prescriptions
        Section III Of the several species of prescription
    Title XXI Of the title by judgment or seizure
Index
Manuscript index
Manuscript index Part 2

CHAPTER IV – OF THE OBLIGATIONS OF THE BUYER

Art. 82. The principal obligation of the buyer is to pay the price on the day and at the place mentioned in the sale.

Art. 83. If no stipulations have been made on that point, at the time of the sale, the buyer must pay at the time and the place where the delivery is to be made.

Art. 84. The buyer owes interest on the price of the sale, until the payment of the capital, in the three following cases:
1st, If it has been so agreed at the time of the sale;
2dly, If the thing sold produces fruits or any other income;
3d, If he has been sued for the payment. In this last case the interest runs only from the day on which the suit was instituted.

Art. 85. If the buyer is disquieted in his possession, by an action on mortgage or by any other claim, he may suspend the payment of the price until the seller has restored him to quiet possession, unless said seller prefers to give security.

Art. 86. If the buyer does not pay the price the seller may sue for the dissolution of the sale.

Art. 87. The dissolution of the sale for immoveables, is summarily awarded, when there is danger that the seller may lose the price and the thing itself.
If that danger does not exist the judge may grant to the buyer a longer or shorter time, according to circumstances, provided said term exceed not six months.
That term being expired without the buyer’s yet having paid, the judge shall cancel the sale.

Art. 88. If at the time of the sale of immoveables it has been stipulated that for want of payment of the price within the term agreed on, the sale should be of right dissolved, the buyer may nevertheless make said payment after the expiration of the term as long as he has not been placed in a state of default by a judiciary demand, but after that demand, the judge can grant him no delay.

Art. 89. In matters of sale for slaves or moveable effects, the dissolution of the sale shall take place of right, if demanded, without its being in the power of the judge to grant any delay, except that fixed by law on the rules of proceedings.

 

CHAPTER V – OF THE NULLITY AND RESCISSIONS OF THE SALE

Art. 90. Besides the causes of nullity or dissolution of the sale already mentioned in this title and those which are common to all agreements, the contract of sale may be cancelled by the use of the power of redemption and by the effect of the lesion beyond moiety.

 

SECTION I – OF THE POWER OR RIGHT OF REDEMPTION

Art. 91. The right of redemption is an agreement or paction by which the vender reserves to himself the power of taking back the thing sold by returning the price paid for it.

Art. 92. The right of redemption cannot be reserved for a time exceeding ten years, if a term exceeding that has been stipulated in the agreement, it shall be reduced to the said term of ten years.

Art. 93. The time fixed for the redemption must be rigorously adhered to; it connot be prolonged by the judge.

Art. 94. If that right has not been exercised within the time agreed on, by the vender, he cannot exercise it afterwards and the purchaser becomes irrevocably possessed of the thing sold.

Art. 95. The delay runs against any person not excepting minors who cannot be relieved against it.

Art. 96. A person having sold a thing with the power of redemption may exercise that right against a second purchaser, even in case such right should not have been mentioned in the second sale.

Art. 97. The person having purchased an estate under a condition of redemption, is intitled to all the rights possessed by the vender, he may prescribe against the true proprietor as well as against those having claims or mortgages on the thing sold.

Art. 98. He may oppose the plea of discussion to the creditors of his vender.

Art. 99. If the purchaser of an undivided portion of an inheritance sold with the power of redemption, has become the purchaser of the whole on a cant or auction pursued against him, he may oblige the vender to redeem the whole, if the latter wishes to avail himself of the redemption.

Art. 100. If several persons have jointly sold by a single contract a joint inheritance, each one of them can individually exercise the right of redemption, for that share only which belonged to him.

Art. 101. The same principle governs when a person having sold an inheritance, leaves several co-heirs, each of these co-heirs can only exercise the right of redemption for the portion of the estate which falls to his share.

Art. 102. But in the cases provided for in the two preceding articles, the purchaser may require, if he deems it proper, that all the co-venders or co-heirs may be made parties to the suit for the purpose that they may agree together on the redemption of the whole estate, and in case said co-venders or co-heirs should not agree, the purchaser shall be hence dismissed.

Art. 103. If an estate belonging to several persons has not been sold by them jointly, and if each co-parcener has only sold individually his share of said estate, they may separately exercise the right of redemption on the respective portions which belonged to each of them; and in that case the purchaser cannot compel him who thus exercises the right of redemption, to redeem the whole estate.

Art. 104. If the purchaser has left several heirs, the right of redemption can only be exercised against them individually for the portion belonging to each of them respectively, whether the estate has already been divided between them or not. But if a partition has already taken place by which the thing subject to redemption has fallen to the share of one only of the co-heirs, the action of redemption may be brought against this heir for the whole estate.

Art. 105. The creditors of the vender cannot make use of the right of redemption which said vender may have reserved to himself.

Art. 106. When a vender exercises the right of redemption, he becomes entitled to all the fruits not yet gathered from the day in which he has either reimbursed or cosigned the money paid by the purchaser unless the contrary has been stipulated.

Art. 107. The vender who exercises the right of redemption, is bound to reimburse to the purchaser not only the purchase money but also the expenses resulting from necessary repairs, those which have attended the sale and the price of the improvements which have increased the value of the estate, up to that increased value.

Art. 108. When a vender recovers the possession of his inheritance by virtue of the power of redemption, he recovers it free from any mortgages or incumbrances created by the purchaser, provided such possession be recovered within the ten years as provided by the 92nd article.— If after the expiration of these ten years the vender recovers his estate with the consent of the purchaser, the estate remains liable for every mortgage and incumbrance laid upon it by said purchaser.

 

SECTION II – OF THE RESCISSION OF SALES ON ACCOUNT OF LESION

Art. 109. If the vender has been aggrieved for more than half the value of an immoveable estate by him sold, he has the right to demand the rescission of the sale, even in case he had expressly abandoned the right of claiming such rescission and declared that he gave to the purchaser the surplus of the thing’s value.

Art. 110. It is well understood that it is necessary, previous to such rescission to determine first, by causing said estate to be appraised according to its condition and value at the time of the sale, whether the vender has been aggrieved or not.

Art. 111. If it should appear that the immoveable estate has been sold for less than one half of its just value, the purchaser may either restore the thing and take back the price which he has paid or make up the just price and keep the thing.

Art. 112. Should the purchaser prefer to keep the thing by making up the just price, he must pay the interest of the additional price from the day when the rescission was demanded. If he chuses rather to restore the thing and receive the purchase money, he shall be liable to restore the fruits of the estate from the day of said demand, but the interest of his money shall also be paid to him from the same time.

Art. 113. The rescission for having been aggrieved for more than half the value of a thing cannot take place in favor of the purchaser.

Art. 114. Rescission beyond moiety is not granted even to the vender against sales of moveables, slaves and produce, nor when rights to a succession have been sold to a stranger, nor can it be obtained by persons having made assignment to a debt, nor against sales of real property made by virtue of any decree or process of a court of justice.

Art. 115. Actions for the rescission of sales on account of lesion beyond moiety must be commenced in the course of four years.
These four years with respect to minors, begin only from the day they become of age.
With respect to persons of full age, they begin from the day of the sale.

Art. 116. This delay runs with and is not suspended by that granted for redemption.

Art. 117. The provisions contained in the preceding section, relative to the case where several co-parceners have sold a thing either jointly or separately and to that where the vender has left several heirs, must likewise be applied to the exercise of the action of rescission.

CHAPITRE IV - DES OBLIGATIONS DE L'ACHETEUR

Art. 82. La principale obligation de l'acheteur, est de payer le prix au jour et lieu réglés par la vente. 

Art. 83. S'il n'a été rien réglé à cet égard lors de la vente, l'acheteur doit payer au tems et au lieu où doit se faire la délivrance. 

Art. 84. L'acheteur doit les intérêts du prix de la vente, jusqu'au payement du capital, dans les trois cas suivans:
1°. S'il a été ainsi convenu lors de la vente;
2°. Si la chose vendue produit des fruits ou autres revenus;
3°. Et s'il a été cite judiciairement pour se voir condamner à payer.
Dans ce dernier cas, l'intérêt ne court que du jour de la demande judiciaire. 

Art. 85. Si l'acheteur est troublé par une action, soit hypothécaire, soit en revendication, il peut suspendre le payement du prix jusqu'à ce que le vendeur ait fait cesser le trouble, si mieux n'aime celui-ci donner caution. 

Art. 86. Si l'acheteur ne paye pas le prix, le vendeur peut demander la résolution de la vente. 

Art. 87. La résolution de la vente d'immeubles, est prononcée de suite, s'il y a danger que le vendeur ne perde la chose et le prix.
Si ce danger n'existe pas, le juge peut accorder à l'acquéreur un délai plus ou moins long, suivant les circonstances, pourvu que ce délai n'excède pas six mois.
Et ce délai passé, sans que l'acquéreur ait payé, la résolution de la vente sera prononcée. 

Art. 88. S'il a été stipulé lors de la vente d'immeubles que, faute de payement du prix dans le terme convenu, la vente sera résolue de plein droit, l'acquéreur peut néanmoins payer après l'expiration dudit terme, tant qu'il na pas été mis en demeure par une demande judiciaire; mais après cette demande, le juge ne peut pas lui accorder de délai. 

Art. 89. En matière de vente d'esclaves et d'effets mobiliers, la résolution de la vente aura lieu de plein droit, si elle est demandée, sans que le juge puisse accorder de délai que ceux fixés par les lois sur la procédure.

  

CHAPITRE V - DE LA NULLITÉ ET RÉSOLUTION DE LA VENTE

Art. 90. Outre les causes de nullité ou de résolution déjà expliquées dans ce titre, et celles qui sont communes à toutes les conventions, le contrat de vente peut être résolu par l'usage de la faculté de rachat ou de réméré, et par l'effet de la lésion d'outre moitié.

 

SECTION I - DE LA FACULTÉ DE RÉMÉRÉ OU DE RACHAT

Art. 91. La faculté de réméré ou de rachat, est un pacte par lequel le vendeur se réserve de reprendre la chose vendue, en en rendant le prix.

Art. 92. La faculté de rachat ne peut être stipulée pour un terme excédant dix années;
Six elle a été stipulée pour un terme plus long, elle est réduite à ce terme.

Art. 93. Le terme fixé est de rigueur, et ne peut être prolongé par le juge.

Art. 94. Faute, par le vendeur, d'avoir exercé son action de réméré dans le terme prescrit, il en est déchu, et l'acquéreur demeure propriétaire irrévocable.

Art. 95. Le délai court contre toutes personnes, même contre le mineur, sans espérance de restitution.

Art. 96. Le vendeur à pacte de rachat, peut l'exercer contre un second acquéreur, quand même la faculté de réméré n'aurait pas été déclarée dans le second contrat.

Art. 97. L'acquéreur à pacte de rachat, exerce tous les droits de son vendeur; il peut prescrire, tant contre le véritable maître que contre ceux qui prétendraient des droits ou hypothèques sur la chose vendue.

Art. 98. Il peut opposer le bénéfice de discussion aux créanciers de son vendeur.

Art. 99. Si l'acquéreur à pacte de réméré d'une partie indivise d'un héritage, s'est rendu adjudicataire du total, sur une licitation provoquée contre lui, il peut obliger le vendeur à retirer le tout, lorsque celui-ci veut user du pacte.

Art. 100. Si plusieurs ont vendu conjointement et par un seul contrat, un héritage commun entre eux, chacun ne peut exercer l'action en réméré, que pour la part qu'il y avait.

Art. 101. Il en est de même, si celui qui a vendu seul un héritage a laissé plusieurs héritiers.
Chacun de ces héritiers ne peut user de la faculté de rachat, que pour la part pour laquelle il est héritier.

Art. 102. Mais, dans le cas des deux articles précédens, l'acquéreur peut exiger, s'il le juge à propos, que tous les co-vendeurs, ou tous les co-héritiers soient mis en cause, afin de se concilier entre eux, pour la reprise de l'héritage entier; faute de ce, il sera renvoyé de la demande.

Art. 103. Si la vente d'un héritage appartenant à plusieurs, n'a pas été faite conjointement et de tout l'héritage ensemble, et que chacun n'ait vendu que la part qu'il y avait, ils peuvent séparément exercer l'action en réméré sur la portion qui leur appartenait.
Et l'acquéreur ne peut forcer celui qui l'exercera de cette manière, à retirer le tout.

Art. 104. Si l'acquéreur a laissé plusieurs héritiers, l'action en réméré ne peut être exercée contre chacun d'eux que pour sa part, dans le cas où elle est encore indivise, et dans celui où la chose vendue a été partagée entre eux.
Mais s'il y a eu partage de l'hérédité, et que la chose vendue soit échue au lot de l'un des héritiers, l'action en réméré peut être intentée contre lui pour le tout.

Art. 105. Les créanciers du vendeur ne peuvent user de la faculté de réméré qu'il s'est réservée.

Art. 106. Lorsque le vendeur fait usage de la faculté de réméré, les fruits pendans par les racines lui appartiennent, à compter du jour où il a remboursé ou consigné le prix, s'il n'y a stipulation contraire.

Art. 107. Le vendeur qui use du pacte de rachat, doit rembourser, non seulement le prix principal, mais encore les frais de la vente, les réparations nécessaires, et celles qui ont augmenté la valeur du fonds, jusqu'à concurrence de cette augmentation.

Art. 108. Lorsque le vendeur rentre dans son héritage par l'effet du pacte de rachat, il le reprend exempt de toutes les charges et hypothèques dont l'acquéreur l'aurait grevé, pourvu que le vendeur y rentre dans les dix années fixées par l'article 92.
Si le vendeur y rentre après les dix ans, du consentement de l'acquéreur l'héritage demeure grevé de toutes les charges et hypothèques crées par l'acquéreur.

 

SECTION II - DE LA RESCISION DE LA VENTE POUR CAUSE DE LÉSION

Art. 109. Si le vendeur a été lésé de plus de moitié dans le prix d'un immeuble, il a le droit de demander la rescision de la vente, quand bien même il aurait expressément renoncé dans le contrat à la faculté de demander cette rescision, et qu'il aurait déclaré donner la plus value.

Art. 110. Pour savoir s'il y a lésion d'outre moitié, il faut estimer l'immeuble suivant son état et sa valeur au tems de la vente.

Art. 111. Si l'immeuble se trouve vendu à moins de la moitié du juste prix, l'acquéreur a le choix, ou de rendre la chose, en retirant le prix qu'il en a payé, ou de parfaire le juste prix et de garder la chose.

Art. 112. Si l'acquéreur opte de garder la chose, en suppléant le juste prix, il doit l'intérêt du supplément du jour de la demande en rescision.
S'il préfère de la rendre et de recevoir le prix, il rend les fruits du jour de la demande, et l'intérêt du prix qu'il a payé lui est aussi compté du jour de la même demande.

Art. 113. La rescision pur lésion d'outre moitié n'a pas lieu en faveur de l'acheteur.

Art. 114. Elle n'a pas lieu:
En vente de meubles, d'esclaves, ou de fruits, ni en vente d'hérédité, ou de droits successifs, faite à un étranger;
Ni en vente de créances;
Ni même en ventes d'immeubles, faites par autorité de justice.

Art. 115. L'action pour se faire restituer, pour lésion d'outre moitié, doit être exercée dans les quatre ans;
Les quatre ans courent, relativement aux mineurs, du jour de la majorité;
Et quant aux majeurs, du jour de l'acte vente.

Art. 116. Le délai court, et n'est pas suspendu pendant la durée du terme stipulé pour le pacte de rachat.

Art. 117. Les règles expliquées dans la section précédente, pour les cas où plusieurs ont vendu conjointement ou séparément;
Et pour celui où le vendeur, ou l'acheteur, ont laissé plusieurs héritiers;
Sont pareillement observées pour l'exercice de l'action en rescision.

< Previous | Next >© Manuscript notes copyright 1968 by Louis V. de la Vergne.
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