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Table of Contents

Cover Page
Preliminary title Of the general definitions of rights and the promulgation of the laws
    Chapter I Of law and customs
    Chapter II Of the publication of the laws
    Chapter III Of the effects of laws
    Chapter IV Of the application and construction of laws
    Chapter V Of the repeal of laws
Book I Of persons
    Title I Of the distinction of persons, and the privation of certain civil rights in certain cases
      Chapter I Of the distinction of persons established by nature
      Chapter II Of the distinctions of persons which are established by law
    Title II Of domicil and the manner of changing the same
    Title III Of absent persons
      Chapter I Of the curatorship of absent persons
      Chapter II Of the putting into provisional possession the heirs of the absentee
      Chapter III Of the effects of absence upon the eventual rights which may belong to the absentee
      Chapter IV Of the effects of absence respecting marriage
      Chapter V Of the care of minor children whose father has disappeared
    Title IV Of husband and wife
      Chapter I On marriage
      Chapter II How marriages may be contracted or made
      Chapter III Of the nullity of marriages
      Chapter IV Of the respective rights and duties of married persons
      Chapter V Of the dissolution of marriages
      Chapter VI Of second marriages
    Title V Of the separation from bed and board
      Chapter I Of the causes of separation from bed and board
      Chapter II Of the proceedings on separation from bed and board
      Chapter III Of the provisional proceedings to which a suit for separation may give occasion
      Chapter IV Of objections to the action of separation from bed and board
      Chapter V Of the effects of separation from bed and board
    Title VI Of master and servant
      Chapter I Of the several sorts of servants
      Chapter II Of free servants
      Chapter III Of slaves
    Title VII Of father and child
      Chapter I Of children in general
      Chapter II Of legitimate children
        Section I Of legitimacy resulting from marriage
        Section II Of the manner of proving the legitimate filiation
      Chapter III Of illegitimate children
        Section I Of legitimation
        Section II Of the acknowledgment of illegitimate children
      Chapter IV Of adoption
      Chapter V Of paternal authority
        Section I Of the duties of parents towards their legitimate children, and of the duties of legitimate children towards their parents
        Section II Of the duties of parents towards their natural children, and of the duties of natural children towards their parents
    Title VIII Of minors, of their tutorship, curatorship and emancipation
      Chapter I Of tutorship
        Section I General dispositions
        Section II Of tutorship by nature
        Section III Of tutorship by will
        Section IV Of the tutorship by the effect of the law
        Section V Of dative tutorship
        Section VI Of the under tutor
        Section VII Of the causes which dispense or excuse from the tutorship
        Section VIII Of incapacity for, exclusion from and deprivation of the tutorship
        Section IX Of the administration of the tutor
      Chapter II Of the curatorship of minors
      Chapter III Of emancipation
    Title IX Of persons insane, idiots, and other persons incapable of administering their estate
      Chapter I Of the interdiction and curatorship of persons incapable of administering their estate, whether on account of insanity or of some other infirmity
      Chapter II Of the other persons to whom curators are appointed
    Title X Of communities or corporations
      Chapter I Of the nature of communities or corporations, of their use and kind
      Chapter II Of the rights and privileges of communities or corporations and of their incapacities
      Chapter III Of the dissolution of communities or corporations
Book II Of things and of the different modifications of property
    Title I Of things or estates
      Chapter I Of the distinction of things or estates
      Chapter II Of immoveables
      Chapter III Of moveables
      Chapter IV Of estates considered in their relation to those who possess them
    Title II Of absolute ownership
      Chapter I Universal principles
      Chapter II Of the right of accession to what is produced by the thing
      Chapter III Of the right of accession to what unites or incorporates itself to the thing
        Section I Of the right of accession concerning immoveables
        Section II Of the right of accession concerning moveable things
    Title III Of usufruct, use and habitation
      Chapter I Of usufruct
        Section I General definitions
        Section II Of the rights of the usufructuary
        Section III Of the obligations of the usufructuary
        Section IV Of the obligations of the owner
        Section V How usufruct expires
      Chapter II Of the use and habitation
    Title IV Of predial services or services of land
      Chapter I General principles
      Chapter II Of services which originate from the natural situation of the place
      Chapter III Of services imposed by law
        Section I Of walls, fences, and ditches in common
        Section II Of the distance and of the intermediary works required for certain buildings
        Section III Of lights on the property of a neighbor
        Section IV Of the manner of carrying off rain from the roof
        Section V Of the right of passage
      Chapter IV Of services established by the act of man
        Section I Of the different kinds of services which may be established by the act of man
        Section II How services are acquired
        Section III Of the rights of the proprietor of the estate to which the service is due
        Section IV How Services are extinguished
Book III Of the different manners of acquiring the property of things
    Preliminary title General dispositions
    Title I Of successions
      Chapter I Of the different sorts of successions and heirs
      Chapter II Of legal successions
        Section I General rules
        Section II Of the succession of descendants
        Section III Of the succession of ascendants
        Section IV Of the succession of collaterals
      Chapter III Of irregular successions
      Chapter IV In what manner successions are opened
      Chapter V Of the incapacity and unworthiness of the heirs
      Chapter VI In what manner a succession is accepted and how it is renounced
        Section I Of the acceptance pure and simple
        Section II Of the acceptance of a succession with the benefit of an inventory
      Chapter VII Of the administration of vacant estates and estates ab intestato
      Chapter VIII Of partition among heirs and of the collation of goods
        Section I Of the nature of partition and in what manner it is made
        Section II Of the collation of goods
        Section III Of the payment of debts
        Section IV Of the effect of partition and of its rescision
    Title II Of donations inter vivos (between living persons) and mortis causa (in prospect of death)
      Chapter I General dispositions
      Chapter II Of the capacity necessary for disposing of and receiving by donation inter vivos or mortis causa
      Chapter III Of the portion disposable, and of its reduction in case of excess
        Section I Of the disposable portion and the legitime
        Section II Of the reduction of dispositions inter vivos or mortis causa; of the manner in which it is made and of its effects
      Chapter IV Of dispositions reprobated by the law in donations inter vivos and mortis causa
      Chapter V Of donations inter vivos (between living)
        Section I Of the irrevocability of donations inter vivos
        Section II Of the form of donations inter vivos
        Section III Of the exceptions to the rule of the irrevocability of donations inter vivos
      Chapter VI Of dispositions mortis causa (in the prospect of death)
        Section I Of testament or codicil
        Section II Of the form of testaments and codicils
        Section III Of testamentary dispositions
        Section IV Of the institution of heir and of disinherison
        Section V Of legacies
        Section VI Of the opening and the proof of wills, and of testamentary executions
        Section VII Of the revocation of testaments and codicils and of their caducity
        Section VIII Of the interpretation of testamentary dispositions
      Chapter VII Of partitions made by parents among their descendants
      Chapter VIII Of donations made by marriage contract to the husband or wife, and to the children to be born of the marriage
      Chapter IX Of donations between married persons, either by marriage contract, or during the marriage
    Title III Of contracts and of conventional obligations in general
      Chapter I Preliminary dispositions
      Chapter II Of the conditions essential to the validity of agreements
        Section I Of consent
        Section II Of the capability of the parties contracting
        Section III Of the object and the matter of contracts
        Section IV Of the cause
      Chapter III Of the effect of obligations
        Section I General dispositions
        Section II Of the obligation of giving
        Section III Of the obligations of doing or of not doing
        Section IV Of the damages resulting from the non execution of the obligation
        Section V Of the interpretation of the agreements
        Section VI Of the effect of agreements with regard to persons not parties to them
      Chapter IV Of the different kinds of obligations
        Section I Of conditional obligations
          § 1 Of the condition in general and of its different kinds
          § 2 Of the suspensive condition
          § 3 Of the dissolving condition
        Section II Of obligations to be performed at a certain term
        Section III Of the alternative obligations
        Section IV Of obligations in solido or jointly and severally
          § 1 Of the obligation in solido between creditors
          § 2 Of the obligation in solido on the part of debtors
        Section V Of obligations divisible and indivisible
          § 1 Of the effects of a divisible obligation
          § 2 Of the effect of the indivisible obligation
        Section VI Of obligations with penal clauses
      Chapter V Of the extinction of obligations
        Section I Of payment
          § 1 Of payment in general
          § 2 Of payment with subrogation
          § 3 Of the imputation of payments
          § 4 Of tenders of payment, and consignment
          § 5 Of the surrender of property
        Section II Of novation
        Section III Of the remission of the debt
        Section IV Of compensation
        Section V Of confusion
        Section VI Of the loss of the thing due
        Section VII Of the action of nullity or of rescission of agreements
      Chapter VI Of the proof of obligations and of that of payment
        Section I Of the literal proof
          § 1 Of the authentic title
          § 2 Of the acts under private signature
          § 3 Of copies of titles
          § 4 Of recognitive and confirmative acts
        Section II Of testimonial proof
        Section III Of presumptions
          § 1 Of presumptions established by law
          § 2 Of presumption not established by law
        Section IV Of the confession of the party
        Section V Of the proof by oath
    Title IV Of engagements formed without agreements, or of quasi contracts and quasi offences
      Section I Of the quasi contract
      Section II Of quasi crimes or offences
    Title V Of marriage contract
      Chapter I General dispositions
      Chapter II Of the various kinds of matrimonial agreements
        Section I Of donations made in consideration of marriage
        Section II Of dowry or marriage portion
        Section III Of paraphernalia or extra dotal effects
        Section IV Of the partnership or community of acquests or gains
      Chapter III Of the separation of property
    Title VI Of sale
      Chapter I Of the nature and form of the contract of sale, and of the manner in which it is to be performed
      Chapter II Of persons capable of buying and selling, and of things which may be sold
      Chapter III Of the obligations of the seller
        Section I Of the tradition or delivery of the thing sold
        Section II Of the warranty, in case of eviction of the thing sold
        Section III Of the warranty of the defects of the thing sold or of the redhibitory vices
      Chapter IV Of the obligations of the buyer
      Chapter V Of the nullity and rescissions of the sale
        Section I Of the power or right of redemption
        Section II Of the rescission of sales on account of lesion
      Chapter VI Of sales by cant or auction
      Chapter VII Of the assignment or transfer of debts and other incorporeal rights
    Title VII Of exchange
    Title VIII Of letting and hiring
      Chapter I Of the several species of contracts for letting and hiring
      Chapter II Of the contract for letting out things
        Section I Of the form and duration of leases
        Section II Of the obligations of the lessor
        Section III Of the obligations of the lessee
        Section IV Of the dissolution of leases
      Chapter III Of the letting out of labour or industry
        Section I Of the hiring of servants and workmen
        Section II Of carriers and watermen
        Section III Of plots for buildings and other works
    Title IX Of partnership
      Chapter I General dispositions
      Chapter II Of the various kinds of partnerships
      Chapter III Of the obligations of partners towards each other, and towards third persons
        Section I Of the obligations of partners towards each other
        Section II Of the obligations of partners towards third persons
      Chapter IV Of the different manners in which partnerships end
    Title X Of loan
      Chapter I Of the loan for use or commodatum
        Section I Of the nature of the loan for use
        Section II Of the engagements of the borrower for use
        Section III Of the engagements of the lender for use
      Chapter II Of the loan for consumption or mutuum
        Section I Of the nature of the loan for consumption
        Section II Of the obligations of the lender for consumption
        Section III Of the engagements of the borrower for consumption
      Chapter III Of loan on interest
    Title XI Of deposit and sequestration
      Chapter I Of deposit in general and of its divers kinds
      Chapter II Of the deposit properly so called
        Section I Of the nature and essence of the contract of deposit
        Section II Of the obligations of the depository
        Section III Of the obligations of him by whom the deposit has been made
        Section IV Of the necessary deposit
      Chapter III Of sequestration
        Section I Of its different species
        Section II Of the conventional sequestration
        Section III Of the judicial sequestration or deposit
    Title XII Of aleatory contracts
    Title XIII Of mandate or commission
      Chapter I Of the nature of proxies, mandates and commissions
      Chapter II What persons may be appointed attornies in fact
      Chapter III Of the obligations of a person acting under a power of attorney
      Chapter IV Of the obligations of the principal who acts by his attorney in fact
      Chapter V How the procuration expires
    Title XIV Of suretyship
      Chapter I Of the nature and extent of suretyship
      Chapter II Of the effects of suretyship
        Section I Of the effects of suretyship between the creditor and the surety
        Section II Of the effects of suretyship between the debtor and the surety
        Section III Respecting the effects of suretyship between the sureties
      Chapter III Of the extinction of suretyship
      Chapter IV Of the legal and judicial sureties
    Title XV Of transactions
    Title XVI Of respite
    Title XVII Of compromises or arbitration
    Title XVIII Of pledge
    Title XIX Of privileges and mortgages
      Chapter I Of the nature of a mortgage and of its several sorts
      Chapter II Who may mortgage and what thing may be mortgaged
      Chapter III Of the effects of mortgage
        Section I Of the effects of mortgage with regard to the debtor
        Section II Of the effects of mortgages against third possessors and of the action of mortgage
        Section III Of the registering of mortgages and of the register kept for that purpose
      Chapter IV Of the order of privileges and mortgages
        Section I Of the preference and order of privileges
      Chapter V How privileges or mortgages expire or are extinguished
    Title XX Of occupancy, possession and prescription
      Chapter I Of occupancy
      Chapter II Of possession
      Chapter III Of prescription
        Section I Of the possession required to establish prescription
        Section II Of the causes which suspend or interrupt prescriptions
        Section III Of the several species of prescription
    Title XXI Of the title by judgment or seizure
Manuscript index
Manuscript index Part 2


Art. 250. Presumptions are consequences which the law or the magistrate, draws from a known fact to a fact unknown.



Art. 251. Legal presumption is that which is attached by a special law to certain acts, or to certain facts, such are,
1st. Acts which the law declares null, as presumed to have been made to elude its provisions, from their very quality;
2dly. Cases in which the law declares that the property or discharge results from certain determinate circumstances.
3dly. The authority which the law attributes to the thing judged;
4thly. The weight which the law attaches to the confession of the party, or to his oath.

Art. 252. The authority of the thing judged takes place only with regard to what has formed the object of the judgement. The thing demanded must be the same; the demand must be founded on the same cause; the demand be between the same parties, and formed by them against them in the same quality.

Art. [2]153. Legal proof dispenses with all other proof in favor of him for whom it exists.
No proof is admitted against the presumption of law, when, on the strength of that presumption, it annuls certain acts, or refuses a judicial action, unless it has reserved the contrary proof, and saving what will be said on the judicial oath and confession.



Art. 254. Presumptions not established by law are left to the judgement and discretion of the judge, who ought to admit none but weighty, precise and consistent presumptions, and only in cases where the law admits testimonial proof, unless the act be attacked on account of fraud or deceit.



Art. 255. The avowal which is opposed to a party is either extra-judicial or judicial.

Art. 256. The allegation of an extra-judicial avowal merely verbal, is useless in all cases of a demand in support of which testimonial proof would be inadmissible.

Art. 257. The judicial avowal is the declaration which the party, or his special attorney in fact, makes in a judicial proceeding.
It amounts to full proof against him who has made it.
It cannot be divided against him. It cannot be revoked, unless it be proved to have been made through an error in fact.  It cannot be revoked on a pretext of an error in right.



Art. 258. There shall no longer be any other manner of making proof of a fact by the oath either of the plaintiff or defendant, but by what is called the interrogatory on facts and articles (discovery).

Art. 259. The interrogatory on facts and articles consists in certain questions proposed in writing and by articles, on which one of the parties to the suit requires that his opposite party be held to answer on oath, for the purpose of endeavoring to obtain from the avowal that he may make, some proof respecting the object in litigation.
The form of these interrogatories, and the rules that are to be observed in them, are settled by the law regulating the judicial proceedings.

Art. 260. The right of requiring an interrogatory on facts and articles, is reciprocal on the part of the plaintiff and of the defendant.

Art. 261. The party thus interrogated on facts and articles is bound to answer categorically on oath to each of the questions put to him, provided that he be not exposed by his answers to accuse himself of some crime or misdemeanor against the penal laws of this territory.
Except in that case, if he refuses or neglects to answer said interrogatories, or some of them, the fact on which he refufes or neglects to answer, shall be taken for confessed, and the court shall proceed in consequence of that proof in rendering judgement in the case.

Art. 262. The interrogatories made by virtue of the above provisions, must be pertinent, that is, have reference to the issue, otherwise the judge may, wholly or in part, dispense with the answering of the party interrogated.

Art. 263. The answer made by the party interrogated on facts and articles, form a complete proof against himself, but do not form any in his favor, if the facts advanced by him are contradicted either by a positive literal proof, or by the declaration on oath of two credible witnesses.

Art. 264. The party wishing to avail himself of the avowals made by the adverse party, in his answer to the interrogatory of facts and articles, must not divide them, but must take them entire.


Art. 250. Les présomptions, sont des conséquences que la loi, ou le magistrat tire d'un fait connu à un fait inconnu.



Art. 251. La présomption légale, est celle qui est attachée, par une loi spéciale, à certains actes, ou à certains faits, tels sont;
1°. Les actes que la loi déclare nuls, comme présumés faits en fraude de ses dispositions, d'après leur seule qualité;
2°. Les cas dans lesquels la loi déclare la propriété, ou la libération résulter de certaines circonstances déterminées;
3°. L'autorité que la loi attribue à la chose jugée;
4°. La force que la loi attache à l'aveu de la partie ou à son serment.

Art. 252. L'autorité de la chose jugée, n'a lieu qu'à l'égard de ce qui a fait l'objet du jugement; il faut que la chose demandée soit la même, que la demande soit entre les mêmes parties, et formées par elles et contre elles en la même qualité.

Art. 253. La présomption légale dispense de toute preuve celui au profit duquel elle existe.
Nulle preuve n'est admise contre la présomption de la loi, lorsque, sur le fondement de cette présomption, elle annule certains actes ou dénie l'action en justice, à moins qu'elle n'ait réservé la preuve contraire, et sauf ce qui sera dit sur le serment et l'aveu judiciaires.



Art. 254. Les présomptions, qui ne sont point établies par la loi, sont abandonnées aux lumières et à la prudence du magistrat, qui ne doit admettre que des présomptions graves, précises et concordantes, et dans les cas seulement où la loi admet la preuve testimoniale, à moins que l'acte ne soit attaqué pour cause de fraude ou de dol.



Art. 255. L'aveu qui est opposé à une partie, est, ou extra judiciaire, ou judiciaire.

Art. 256. L'allégation d'un aveu extra judiciaire purement verbal, est inutile, toutes les fois qu'il s'agit d'une demande, dont la preuve testimoniale ne serait point admissible.          

Art. 257. L'aveu judiciaire, est la déclaration que fait en justice la partie, ou son fondé de pouvoir spécial.
Il fait pleine foi contre celui qui la fait;
Il ne peut être divisé contre lui;
Il ne peut être révoqué, à moins qu'on ne prouve qu'il a été la suite d'une erreur de fait. Il ne pourrait être révoqué, sous prétexte d'une erreur de droit.



Art. 258. Il n'y aura plus d'autre manière de faire la preuve d'un fait par serment, soit du demandeur, soit du défendeur, que parce qu'on appelle l'interrogatoire sur faits et articles.           

Art. 259. L'interrogatoire sur faits et articles, consiste dans certaines questions, posées par écrit et par articles, sur lesquelles l'une des parties en cause demande, que son adversaire soit tenu de répondre, sur serment, à l'effet de tâcher d'obtenir, par les aveux qui peuvent lui échapper, quelques preuves sur l'objet de la contestation.
La forme de ces interrogatoires, et les règles qui doivent y être observées, sont fixées par les lois sur la procédure.           

Art. 260. Le droit de requérir un interrogatoire, sur faits et articles, est réciproque de la part, soit du demandeur, soit du défendeur.          

Art. 261. La partie, qui est ainsi interrogée sur faits et articles, et tenue de répondre cathégoriquement et sur serment, à chacune des questions qui lui sont faites, pourvu qu'il ne soit pas exposé, par ses réponses, à s'accuser de quelques crimes ou délits contre les lois pénales du territoire.
Hors ce cas, s'il refuse, ou néglige de répondre auxdits interrogatoires, sur serment, ou à quelques-uns d'eux, le fait sur lequel il aura refusé, ou négligé de répondre, sera tenu pour confessé, et la cour procédera, en conséquence de cette preuve, lors du jugement de la cause.           

Art. 262. Les interrogatoires, qui seront faits en vertu des dispositions ci-dessus, devront être pertinens, c'est-à-dire, avoir rapport à la contestation, autrement la partie interrogée pourra être dispensée d'y répondre, en tout ou en partie par le juge.           

Art. 263. Les réponses que fait la partie interrogée, sur faits et articles, forment une preuve complète contre elle, mais n'en forment point en sa faveur, si les faits, par elle avancés, sont contredits, soit par one preuve littérale positive, soit la déclaration, sous serment, de deux témoins dignes de foi.          

Art. 264. La partie qui veut prendre droit des aveux que fait l'adversaire, dans ses réponses à l'interrogatoire sur faits et articles, ne doit pas les diviser, mais doit les prendre en entier.

< Previous | Next >© Manuscript notes copyright 1968 by Louis V. de la Vergne.
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