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Table of Contents

Cover Page
Preliminary title Of the general definitions of rights and the promulgation of the laws
    Chapter I Of law and customs
    Chapter II Of the publication of the laws
    Chapter III Of the effects of laws
    Chapter IV Of the application and construction of laws
    Chapter V Of the repeal of laws
Book I Of persons
    Title I Of the distinction of persons, and the privation of certain civil rights in certain cases
      Chapter I Of the distinction of persons established by nature
      Chapter II Of the distinctions of persons which are established by law
    Title II Of domicil and the manner of changing the same
    Title III Of absent persons
      Chapter I Of the curatorship of absent persons
      Chapter II Of the putting into provisional possession the heirs of the absentee
      Chapter III Of the effects of absence upon the eventual rights which may belong to the absentee
      Chapter IV Of the effects of absence respecting marriage
      Chapter V Of the care of minor children whose father has disappeared
    Title IV Of husband and wife
      Chapter I On marriage
      Chapter II How marriages may be contracted or made
      Chapter III Of the nullity of marriages
      Chapter IV Of the respective rights and duties of married persons
      Chapter V Of the dissolution of marriages
      Chapter VI Of second marriages
    Title V Of the separation from bed and board
      Chapter I Of the causes of separation from bed and board
      Chapter II Of the proceedings on separation from bed and board
      Chapter III Of the provisional proceedings to which a suit for separation may give occasion
      Chapter IV Of objections to the action of separation from bed and board
      Chapter V Of the effects of separation from bed and board
    Title VI Of master and servant
      Chapter I Of the several sorts of servants
      Chapter II Of free servants
      Chapter III Of slaves
    Title VII Of father and child
      Chapter I Of children in general
      Chapter II Of legitimate children
        Section I Of legitimacy resulting from marriage
        Section II Of the manner of proving the legitimate filiation
      Chapter III Of illegitimate children
        Section I Of legitimation
        Section II Of the acknowledgment of illegitimate children
      Chapter IV Of adoption
      Chapter V Of paternal authority
        Section I Of the duties of parents towards their legitimate children, and of the duties of legitimate children towards their parents
        Section II Of the duties of parents towards their natural children, and of the duties of natural children towards their parents
    Title VIII Of minors, of their tutorship, curatorship and emancipation
      Chapter I Of tutorship
        Section I General dispositions
        Section II Of tutorship by nature
        Section III Of tutorship by will
        Section IV Of the tutorship by the effect of the law
        Section V Of dative tutorship
        Section VI Of the under tutor
        Section VII Of the causes which dispense or excuse from the tutorship
        Section VIII Of incapacity for, exclusion from and deprivation of the tutorship
        Section IX Of the administration of the tutor
      Chapter II Of the curatorship of minors
      Chapter III Of emancipation
    Title IX Of persons insane, idiots, and other persons incapable of administering their estate
      Chapter I Of the interdiction and curatorship of persons incapable of administering their estate, whether on account of insanity or of some other infirmity
      Chapter II Of the other persons to whom curators are appointed
    Title X Of communities or corporations
      Chapter I Of the nature of communities or corporations, of their use and kind
      Chapter II Of the rights and privileges of communities or corporations and of their incapacities
      Chapter III Of the dissolution of communities or corporations
Book II Of things and of the different modifications of property
    Title I Of things or estates
      Chapter I Of the distinction of things or estates
      Chapter II Of immoveables
      Chapter III Of moveables
      Chapter IV Of estates considered in their relation to those who possess them
    Title II Of absolute ownership
      Chapter I Universal principles
      Chapter II Of the right of accession to what is produced by the thing
      Chapter III Of the right of accession to what unites or incorporates itself to the thing
        Section I Of the right of accession concerning immoveables
        Section II Of the right of accession concerning moveable things
    Title III Of usufruct, use and habitation
      Chapter I Of usufruct
        Section I General definitions
        Section II Of the rights of the usufructuary
        Section III Of the obligations of the usufructuary
        Section IV Of the obligations of the owner
        Section V How usufruct expires
      Chapter II Of the use and habitation
    Title IV Of predial services or services of land
      Chapter I General principles
      Chapter II Of services which originate from the natural situation of the place
      Chapter III Of services imposed by law
        Section I Of walls, fences, and ditches in common
        Section II Of the distance and of the intermediary works required for certain buildings
        Section III Of lights on the property of a neighbor
        Section IV Of the manner of carrying off rain from the roof
        Section V Of the right of passage
      Chapter IV Of services established by the act of man
        Section I Of the different kinds of services which may be established by the act of man
        Section II How services are acquired
        Section III Of the rights of the proprietor of the estate to which the service is due
        Section IV How Services are extinguished
Book III Of the different manners of acquiring the property of things
    Preliminary title General dispositions
    Title I Of successions
      Chapter I Of the different sorts of successions and heirs
      Chapter II Of legal successions
        Section I General rules
        Section II Of the succession of descendants
        Section III Of the succession of ascendants
        Section IV Of the succession of collaterals
      Chapter III Of irregular successions
      Chapter IV In what manner successions are opened
      Chapter V Of the incapacity and unworthiness of the heirs
      Chapter VI In what manner a succession is accepted and how it is renounced
        Section I Of the acceptance pure and simple
        Section II Of the acceptance of a succession with the benefit of an inventory
      Chapter VII Of the administration of vacant estates and estates ab intestato
      Chapter VIII Of partition among heirs and of the collation of goods
        Section I Of the nature of partition and in what manner it is made
        Section II Of the collation of goods
        Section III Of the payment of debts
        Section IV Of the effect of partition and of its rescision
    Title II Of donations inter vivos (between living persons) and mortis causa (in prospect of death)
      Chapter I General dispositions
      Chapter II Of the capacity necessary for disposing of and receiving by donation inter vivos or mortis causa
      Chapter III Of the portion disposable, and of its reduction in case of excess
        Section I Of the disposable portion and the legitime
        Section II Of the reduction of dispositions inter vivos or mortis causa; of the manner in which it is made and of its effects
      Chapter IV Of dispositions reprobated by the law in donations inter vivos and mortis causa
      Chapter V Of donations inter vivos (between living)
        Section I Of the irrevocability of donations inter vivos
        Section II Of the form of donations inter vivos
        Section III Of the exceptions to the rule of the irrevocability of donations inter vivos
      Chapter VI Of dispositions mortis causa (in the prospect of death)
        Section I Of testament or codicil
        Section II Of the form of testaments and codicils
        Section III Of testamentary dispositions
        Section IV Of the institution of heir and of disinherison
        Section V Of legacies
        Section VI Of the opening and the proof of wills, and of testamentary executions
        Section VII Of the revocation of testaments and codicils and of their caducity
        Section VIII Of the interpretation of testamentary dispositions
      Chapter VII Of partitions made by parents among their descendants
      Chapter VIII Of donations made by marriage contract to the husband or wife, and to the children to be born of the marriage
      Chapter IX Of donations between married persons, either by marriage contract, or during the marriage
    Title III Of contracts and of conventional obligations in general
      Chapter I Preliminary dispositions
      Chapter II Of the conditions essential to the validity of agreements
        Section I Of consent
        Section II Of the capability of the parties contracting
        Section III Of the object and the matter of contracts
        Section IV Of the cause
      Chapter III Of the effect of obligations
        Section I General dispositions
        Section II Of the obligation of giving
        Section III Of the obligations of doing or of not doing
        Section IV Of the damages resulting from the non execution of the obligation
        Section V Of the interpretation of the agreements
        Section VI Of the effect of agreements with regard to persons not parties to them
      Chapter IV Of the different kinds of obligations
        Section I Of conditional obligations
          § 1 Of the condition in general and of its different kinds
          § 2 Of the suspensive condition
          § 3 Of the dissolving condition
        Section II Of obligations to be performed at a certain term
        Section III Of the alternative obligations
        Section IV Of obligations in solido or jointly and severally
          § 1 Of the obligation in solido between creditors
          § 2 Of the obligation in solido on the part of debtors
        Section V Of obligations divisible and indivisible
          § 1 Of the effects of a divisible obligation
          § 2 Of the effect of the indivisible obligation
        Section VI Of obligations with penal clauses
      Chapter V Of the extinction of obligations
        Section I Of payment
          § 1 Of payment in general
          § 2 Of payment with subrogation
          § 3 Of the imputation of payments
          § 4 Of tenders of payment, and consignment
          § 5 Of the surrender of property
        Section II Of novation
        Section III Of the remission of the debt
        Section IV Of compensation
        Section V Of confusion
        Section VI Of the loss of the thing due
        Section VII Of the action of nullity or of rescission of agreements
      Chapter VI Of the proof of obligations and of that of payment
        Section I Of the literal proof
          § 1 Of the authentic title
          § 2 Of the acts under private signature
          § 3 Of copies of titles
          § 4 Of recognitive and confirmative acts
        Section II Of testimonial proof
        Section III Of presumptions
          § 1 Of presumptions established by law
          § 2 Of presumption not established by law
        Section IV Of the confession of the party
        Section V Of the proof by oath
    Title IV Of engagements formed without agreements, or of quasi contracts and quasi offences
      Section I Of the quasi contract
      Section II Of quasi crimes or offences
    Title V Of marriage contract
      Chapter I General dispositions
      Chapter II Of the various kinds of matrimonial agreements
        Section I Of donations made in consideration of marriage
        Section II Of dowry or marriage portion
        Section III Of paraphernalia or extra dotal effects
        Section IV Of the partnership or community of acquests or gains
      Chapter III Of the separation of property
    Title VI Of sale
      Chapter I Of the nature and form of the contract of sale, and of the manner in which it is to be performed
      Chapter II Of persons capable of buying and selling, and of things which may be sold
      Chapter III Of the obligations of the seller
        Section I Of the tradition or delivery of the thing sold
        Section II Of the warranty, in case of eviction of the thing sold
        Section III Of the warranty of the defects of the thing sold or of the redhibitory vices
      Chapter IV Of the obligations of the buyer
      Chapter V Of the nullity and rescissions of the sale
        Section I Of the power or right of redemption
        Section II Of the rescission of sales on account of lesion
      Chapter VI Of sales by cant or auction
      Chapter VII Of the assignment or transfer of debts and other incorporeal rights
    Title VII Of exchange
    Title VIII Of letting and hiring
      Chapter I Of the several species of contracts for letting and hiring
      Chapter II Of the contract for letting out things
        Section I Of the form and duration of leases
        Section II Of the obligations of the lessor
        Section III Of the obligations of the lessee
        Section IV Of the dissolution of leases
      Chapter III Of the letting out of labour or industry
        Section I Of the hiring of servants and workmen
        Section II Of carriers and watermen
        Section III Of plots for buildings and other works
    Title IX Of partnership
      Chapter I General dispositions
      Chapter II Of the various kinds of partnerships
      Chapter III Of the obligations of partners towards each other, and towards third persons
        Section I Of the obligations of partners towards each other
        Section II Of the obligations of partners towards third persons
      Chapter IV Of the different manners in which partnerships end
    Title X Of loan
      Chapter I Of the loan for use or commodatum
        Section I Of the nature of the loan for use
        Section II Of the engagements of the borrower for use
        Section III Of the engagements of the lender for use
      Chapter II Of the loan for consumption or mutuum
        Section I Of the nature of the loan for consumption
        Section II Of the obligations of the lender for consumption
        Section III Of the engagements of the borrower for consumption
      Chapter III Of loan on interest
    Title XI Of deposit and sequestration
      Chapter I Of deposit in general and of its divers kinds
      Chapter II Of the deposit properly so called
        Section I Of the nature and essence of the contract of deposit
        Section II Of the obligations of the depository
        Section III Of the obligations of him by whom the deposit has been made
        Section IV Of the necessary deposit
      Chapter III Of sequestration
        Section I Of its different species
        Section II Of the conventional sequestration
        Section III Of the judicial sequestration or deposit
    Title XII Of aleatory contracts
    Title XIII Of mandate or commission
      Chapter I Of the nature of proxies, mandates and commissions
      Chapter II What persons may be appointed attornies in fact
      Chapter III Of the obligations of a person acting under a power of attorney
      Chapter IV Of the obligations of the principal who acts by his attorney in fact
      Chapter V How the procuration expires
    Title XIV Of suretyship
      Chapter I Of the nature and extent of suretyship
      Chapter II Of the effects of suretyship
        Section I Of the effects of suretyship between the creditor and the surety
        Section II Of the effects of suretyship between the debtor and the surety
        Section III Respecting the effects of suretyship between the sureties
      Chapter III Of the extinction of suretyship
      Chapter IV Of the legal and judicial sureties
    Title XV Of transactions
    Title XVI Of respite
    Title XVII Of compromises or arbitration
    Title XVIII Of pledge
    Title XIX Of privileges and mortgages
      Chapter I Of the nature of a mortgage and of its several sorts
      Chapter II Who may mortgage and what thing may be mortgaged
      Chapter III Of the effects of mortgage
        Section I Of the effects of mortgage with regard to the debtor
        Section II Of the effects of mortgages against third possessors and of the action of mortgage
        Section III Of the registering of mortgages and of the register kept for that purpose
      Chapter IV Of the order of privileges and mortgages
        Section I Of the preference and order of privileges
      Chapter V How privileges or mortgages expire or are extinguished
    Title XX Of occupancy, possession and prescription
      Chapter I Of occupancy
      Chapter II Of possession
      Chapter III Of prescription
        Section I Of the possession required to establish prescription
        Section II Of the causes which suspend or interrupt prescriptions
        Section III Of the several species of prescription
    Title XXI Of the title by judgment or seizure
Manuscript index
Manuscript index Part 2


Art. 200. When the qualities of debtor and creditor are united in the same person, there arises a confusion of right which extinguishes the two credits.

Art. 201. This confusion that takes place in the person of the principal debtor, avails his sureties.
That which takes place in the person of the surety, does not operate the extinction of the principal obligation.
That which takes place in the person of the creditor, avails his co-debtors in solido, only for the portion in which he was debtor.



Art. 202. When the certain and determinate substance which was the object of obligation, is destroyed, is rendered unsaleable, or is lost, so that it is absolutely not known to exist, the obligation is extinguished, if the thing has been destroyed or lost, without the fault of the debtor, and before he was in delay.
Even when the debtor is in delay, if he has not taken upon himself, fortuitous accidents, the obligation is extinguished in case the thing might have equally been destroyed in the possession of the creditor, if it had been delivered to him.
The debtor is bound to prove the fortuitous accidents he alledges.
In whatever manner a thing is stolen, may have been destroyed or lost, its loss does not discharge the person who carried it off from the obligation of restoring its value.

Art. 203. When the thing is destroyed, rendered unsaleable, or lost, without the fault of the debtor, he is bound if he has any claim or action for indemnification, on account of that thing, to make over the same to the creditor.



Art. 204. In all cases in which the action of nullity or of rescission of an agreement, is not limited to a shorter period by a particular law, that action may be brought within ten years.
That time commences in case of violence, only from the day on which the violence has ceased; in case of error or deception, from the day on which either was discovered; and for acts executed by married women not authorised, from the day of the dissolution of the marriage or of the separation.
With regard to acts executed by persons under interdiction, the time commences only from the day that the interdiction is taken off; and with regard to acts executed by minors, only from the day on which they become of age.

Art. 205. A simple lesion gives occasion to rescission in favor of a minor not emancipated, against all sorts of engagements; and in favor of a minor emancipated against all engagements exceeding the bounds of his capacity, as is laid down under the title of minors, and of their tutorship, &c.

Art. 206. A minor is not restituable (cannot be relieved against his engagements) on the plea of lesion, when it proceeds only from a casual and unforeseen event.

Art. 207. The mere declaration of majority made by a minor is no obstacle to his restitution.

Art. 208. A minor carrying on commerce, being an artisan, is not restituable against the engagements into which he has entered in the way of his business or art.

Art. 209. A minor is not restituable against the engagements stipulated in his marriage contract, if they were entered into with the consent or in the presence of those whose consent is requisite for the validity of his marriage.

Art. 210. He is not restituable against the obligations resulting from his offences or quasi offences.

Art. 211. He cannot make void the engagements which he had subscribed in his minority, when once he has ratified it in his majority, whether that engagement was null in its form, or whether it was only subject to restitution.

Art. 212. When minors, persons under interdiction, or married women are admitted, in these qualities to the benefit of restitution against their engagements, the reimbursement of what may have been paid, in consequence of those engagements, during minority, interdiction, or marriage, cannot be required of them, unless it be proved that what was paid accrued to their benefit.

Art. 213. Persons of the age of majority cannot receive the benefit of restitution on account of lesion, except in cases and under conditions specifically expressed by law.

Art. 214. When the formalities required with regard to minors or persons under interdiction, either for the alienation of immoveable property, or in a partition of a succession, have been complied with, they are considered as to these acts, as though they had executed them being of full age, or before interdiction.


Art. 200. Lorsque les qualités de créancier et de débiteur se réunissent dans la même personne, il se fait une confusion de droits, qui éteint les deux créances.

Art. 201. La confusion qui s'opère dans la personne du débiteur principal, profite à ses cautions.
Celle qui s'opère dans la personne de la caution, n'entraîne point l'extinction de l'obligation principale.
Celle qui s'opère dans la personne du créancier, ne profite, à ses co-débiteurs solidaires, que pour la portion dont il était débiteur.



Art. 202. Lorsque le corps certain et déterminé, qui était l'objet de l'obligation, vient à périr, est mis hors du commerce, ou se perd de manière qu'on en ignore absolument l'existence, l'obligation est éteinte, si la chose a péri, ou a été perdue sans la faute du débiteur, et avant qu'il fut en demeure.
Lors même que le débiteur est en demeure, et s'il ne s'est pas chargé des cas fortuits, l'obligation est éteinte, dans le cas où la chose fut également périe chez le créancier, si elle lui eut été livrée.
Le débiteur est tenu de prouver le cas fortuit qu'il allègue.
De quelle manière que la chose volée ait péri, ou ait été perdue, sa perte ne dispense pas celui qui l'a soustraite, de la restitution du prix.

Art. 203. Lorsque la chose est périe, mise hors du commerce, ou perdue, sans la faute du débiteur, il est tenu, s'il y a quelques droits ou actions en indemnité par rapport à cette chose, de les céder à son créancier.



Art. 204. Dans tous les cas où l'action en nullité, ou en rescision d'une convention, n'est pas limitée à un moindre tems, par une loi particulière, cette action dure dix ans.
Ce tems ne court, dans le cas de violence, que du jour où elle a cessé; dans le cas d'erreur ou de dol, du jour où ils ont été découverts, et pour les actes passés par les femmes mariées, non autorisées, du jour de la dissolution du mariage ou séparation.
Le tems ne court, à l'égard des actes faits par les interdits, que du jour où l'interdiction est levée, et à l'égard de ceux faits par les mineurs, que du jour de la majorité.

Art. 205. La simple lésion donne lieu à la rescision, en faveur du mineur non émancipé, contre toutes sortes de conventions; et en faveur du mineur émancipé, contre toutes conventions qui excèdent les bornes de sa capacité, ainsi qu'elle est déterminée au titre des mineurs, tuteurs, curateurs, &c.

Art. 206. Le mineur n'est pas restituable, pour cause de lésion, lorsqu'elle ne résulte que d'un événement casuel et imprévu.

Art. 207. La simple déclaration de majorité, faite par le mineur, ne fait point obstacle à la restitution.

Art. 208. Le mineur, commerçant ou artisan, n'est point restituable contre les engagemens qu'il a pris, à raison de son commerce ou de son art.

Art. 209. Le mineur n'est point restituable contre les conventions portées en son contrat de mariage, lorsqu'elles ont été faites avec le consentement, ou l'assistance de ceux dont le consentement est requis pour la validité de son mariage.

Art. 210. Il n'est point restituable contre les obligations résultant de son délit, ou quasi délit.

Art. 211. Il n'est plus recevable à revenir contre l'engagement qu'il avait souscrit en minorité, lorsqu'il l'a ratifié en majorité, soit que l'engagement fut nul en sa forme, soit qu'il fut seulement sujet à restitution.

Art. 212. Lorsque les mineurs, les interdits, ou les femmes mariées sont admises, en ces qualités, à se faire restituer contre leurs engagemens, le remboursement de ce qui aurait été, en conséquence de ces engagemens, payé pendant la minorité, l'interdiction ou le mariage, ne peut en être exigé, à moins qu'il ne soit prouvé, que ce qui a été payé, a tourné à leur profit.

Art. 213. Les majeurs ne sont restitués, pour cause de lésion, que dans les cas, et sous les conditions spécialement exprimées par la loi.

Art. 214. Lorsque les formalités requises, à l'égard des mineurs ou des interdits, soit pour aliénation d'immeubles, soit dans un partage de succession, ont été remplies, ils sont, relativement à ces actes, considérés comme s'ils les avaient faits en majorité, ou avant l'interdiction.

< Previous | Next >© Manuscript notes copyright 1968 by Louis V. de la Vergne.
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