LSU Law
LSU Law Login
Calendar
myLSU
LSU Law HomeProspective StudentsCurrent StudentsFaculty & StaffAlumni & FriendsEmployers & Legal Community
A-Z IndexAbout LSU LawLibraryContact UsSearch 
Digest Online
Back to Civil Law OnlineBack to Civil Law Online
English French English & French Manuscript General Manuscript General Image Manuscript Article Manuscript Article Image

Table of Contents

Cover Page
Foreword
Abbreviations
Synopsis
Preliminary title Of the general definitions of rights and the promulgation of the laws
    Chapter I Of law and customs
    Chapter II Of the publication of the laws
    Chapter III Of the effects of laws
    Chapter IV Of the application and construction of laws
    Chapter V Of the repeal of laws
Book I Of persons
    Title I Of the distinction of persons, and the privation of certain civil rights in certain cases
      Chapter I Of the distinction of persons established by nature
      Chapter II Of the distinctions of persons which are established by law
    Title II Of domicil and the manner of changing the same
    Title III Of absent persons
      Chapter I Of the curatorship of absent persons
      Chapter II Of the putting into provisional possession the heirs of the absentee
      Chapter III Of the effects of absence upon the eventual rights which may belong to the absentee
      Chapter IV Of the effects of absence respecting marriage
      Chapter V Of the care of minor children whose father has disappeared
    Title IV Of husband and wife
      Chapter I On marriage
      Chapter II How marriages may be contracted or made
      Chapter III Of the nullity of marriages
      Chapter IV Of the respective rights and duties of married persons
      Chapter V Of the dissolution of marriages
      Chapter VI Of second marriages
    Title V Of the separation from bed and board
      Chapter I Of the causes of separation from bed and board
      Chapter II Of the proceedings on separation from bed and board
      Chapter III Of the provisional proceedings to which a suit for separation may give occasion
      Chapter IV Of objections to the action of separation from bed and board
      Chapter V Of the effects of separation from bed and board
    Title VI Of master and servant
      Chapter I Of the several sorts of servants
      Chapter II Of free servants
      Chapter III Of slaves
    Title VII Of father and child
      Chapter I Of children in general
      Chapter II Of legitimate children
        Section I Of legitimacy resulting from marriage
        Section II Of the manner of proving the legitimate filiation
      Chapter III Of illegitimate children
        Section I Of legitimation
        Section II Of the acknowledgment of illegitimate children
      Chapter IV Of adoption
      Chapter V Of paternal authority
        Section I Of the duties of parents towards their legitimate children, and of the duties of legitimate children towards their parents
        Section II Of the duties of parents towards their natural children, and of the duties of natural children towards their parents
    Title VIII Of minors, of their tutorship, curatorship and emancipation
      Chapter I Of tutorship
        Section I General dispositions
        Section II Of tutorship by nature
        Section III Of tutorship by will
        Section IV Of the tutorship by the effect of the law
        Section V Of dative tutorship
        Section VI Of the under tutor
        Section VII Of the causes which dispense or excuse from the tutorship
        Section VIII Of incapacity for, exclusion from and deprivation of the tutorship
        Section IX Of the administration of the tutor
      Chapter II Of the curatorship of minors
      Chapter III Of emancipation
    Title IX Of persons insane, idiots, and other persons incapable of administering their estate
      Chapter I Of the interdiction and curatorship of persons incapable of administering their estate, whether on account of insanity or of some other infirmity
      Chapter II Of the other persons to whom curators are appointed
    Title X Of communities or corporations
      Chapter I Of the nature of communities or corporations, of their use and kind
      Chapter II Of the rights and privileges of communities or corporations and of their incapacities
      Chapter III Of the dissolution of communities or corporations
Book II Of things and of the different modifications of property
    Title I Of things or estates
      Chapter I Of the distinction of things or estates
      Chapter II Of immoveables
      Chapter III Of moveables
      Chapter IV Of estates considered in their relation to those who possess them
    Title II Of absolute ownership
      Chapter I Universal principles
      Chapter II Of the right of accession to what is produced by the thing
      Chapter III Of the right of accession to what unites or incorporates itself to the thing
        Section I Of the right of accession concerning immoveables
        Section II Of the right of accession concerning moveable things
    Title III Of usufruct, use and habitation
      Chapter I Of usufruct
        Section I General definitions
        Section II Of the rights of the usufructuary
        Section III Of the obligations of the usufructuary
        Section IV Of the obligations of the owner
        Section V How usufruct expires
      Chapter II Of the use and habitation
    Title IV Of predial services or services of land
      Chapter I General principles
      Chapter II Of services which originate from the natural situation of the place
      Chapter III Of services imposed by law
        Section I Of walls, fences, and ditches in common
        Section II Of the distance and of the intermediary works required for certain buildings
        Section III Of lights on the property of a neighbor
        Section IV Of the manner of carrying off rain from the roof
        Section V Of the right of passage
      Chapter IV Of services established by the act of man
        Section I Of the different kinds of services which may be established by the act of man
        Section II How services are acquired
        Section III Of the rights of the proprietor of the estate to which the service is due
        Section IV How Services are extinguished
Book III Of the different manners of acquiring the property of things
    Preliminary title General dispositions
    Title I Of successions
      Chapter I Of the different sorts of successions and heirs
      Chapter II Of legal successions
        Section I General rules
        Section II Of the succession of descendants
        Section III Of the succession of ascendants
        Section IV Of the succession of collaterals
      Chapter III Of irregular successions
      Chapter IV In what manner successions are opened
      Chapter V Of the incapacity and unworthiness of the heirs
      Chapter VI In what manner a succession is accepted and how it is renounced
        Section I Of the acceptance pure and simple
        Section II Of the acceptance of a succession with the benefit of an inventory
      Chapter VII Of the administration of vacant estates and estates ab intestato
      Chapter VIII Of partition among heirs and of the collation of goods
        Section I Of the nature of partition and in what manner it is made
        Section II Of the collation of goods
        Section III Of the payment of debts
        Section IV Of the effect of partition and of its rescision
    Title II Of donations inter vivos (between living persons) and mortis causa (in prospect of death)
      Chapter I General dispositions
      Chapter II Of the capacity necessary for disposing of and receiving by donation inter vivos or mortis causa
      Chapter III Of the portion disposable, and of its reduction in case of excess
        Section I Of the disposable portion and the legitime
        Section II Of the reduction of dispositions inter vivos or mortis causa; of the manner in which it is made and of its effects
      Chapter IV Of dispositions reprobated by the law in donations inter vivos and mortis causa
      Chapter V Of donations inter vivos (between living)
        Section I Of the irrevocability of donations inter vivos
        Section II Of the form of donations inter vivos
        Section III Of the exceptions to the rule of the irrevocability of donations inter vivos
      Chapter VI Of dispositions mortis causa (in the prospect of death)
        Section I Of testament or codicil
        Section II Of the form of testaments and codicils
        Section III Of testamentary dispositions
        Section IV Of the institution of heir and of disinherison
        Section V Of legacies
        Section VI Of the opening and the proof of wills, and of testamentary executions
        Section VII Of the revocation of testaments and codicils and of their caducity
        Section VIII Of the interpretation of testamentary dispositions
      Chapter VII Of partitions made by parents among their descendants
      Chapter VIII Of donations made by marriage contract to the husband or wife, and to the children to be born of the marriage
      Chapter IX Of donations between married persons, either by marriage contract, or during the marriage
    Title III Of contracts and of conventional obligations in general
      Chapter I Preliminary dispositions
      Chapter II Of the conditions essential to the validity of agreements
        Section I Of consent
        Section II Of the capability of the parties contracting
        Section III Of the object and the matter of contracts
        Section IV Of the cause
      Chapter III Of the effect of obligations
        Section I General dispositions
        Section II Of the obligation of giving
        Section III Of the obligations of doing or of not doing
        Section IV Of the damages resulting from the non execution of the obligation
        Section V Of the interpretation of the agreements
        Section VI Of the effect of agreements with regard to persons not parties to them
      Chapter IV Of the different kinds of obligations
        Section I Of conditional obligations
          § 1 Of the condition in general and of its different kinds
          § 2 Of the suspensive condition
          § 3 Of the dissolving condition
        Section II Of obligations to be performed at a certain term
        Section III Of the alternative obligations
        Section IV Of obligations in solido or jointly and severally
          § 1 Of the obligation in solido between creditors
          § 2 Of the obligation in solido on the part of debtors
        Section V Of obligations divisible and indivisible
          § 1 Of the effects of a divisible obligation
          § 2 Of the effect of the indivisible obligation
        Section VI Of obligations with penal clauses
      Chapter V Of the extinction of obligations
        Section I Of payment
          § 1 Of payment in general
          § 2 Of payment with subrogation
          § 3 Of the imputation of payments
          § 4 Of tenders of payment, and consignment
          § 5 Of the surrender of property
        Section II Of novation
        Section III Of the remission of the debt
        Section IV Of compensation
        Section V Of confusion
        Section VI Of the loss of the thing due
        Section VII Of the action of nullity or of rescission of agreements
      Chapter VI Of the proof of obligations and of that of payment
        Section I Of the literal proof
          § 1 Of the authentic title
          § 2 Of the acts under private signature
          § 3 Of copies of titles
          § 4 Of recognitive and confirmative acts
        Section II Of testimonial proof
        Section III Of presumptions
          § 1 Of presumptions established by law
          § 2 Of presumption not established by law
        Section IV Of the confession of the party
        Section V Of the proof by oath
    Title IV Of engagements formed without agreements, or of quasi contracts and quasi offences
      Section I Of the quasi contract
      Section II Of quasi crimes or offences
    Title V Of marriage contract
      Chapter I General dispositions
      Chapter II Of the various kinds of matrimonial agreements
        Section I Of donations made in consideration of marriage
        Section II Of dowry or marriage portion
        Section III Of paraphernalia or extra dotal effects
        Section IV Of the partnership or community of acquests or gains
      Chapter III Of the separation of property
    Title VI Of sale
      Chapter I Of the nature and form of the contract of sale, and of the manner in which it is to be performed
      Chapter II Of persons capable of buying and selling, and of things which may be sold
      Chapter III Of the obligations of the seller
        Section I Of the tradition or delivery of the thing sold
        Section II Of the warranty, in case of eviction of the thing sold
        Section III Of the warranty of the defects of the thing sold or of the redhibitory vices
      Chapter IV Of the obligations of the buyer
      Chapter V Of the nullity and rescissions of the sale
        Section I Of the power or right of redemption
        Section II Of the rescission of sales on account of lesion
      Chapter VI Of sales by cant or auction
      Chapter VII Of the assignment or transfer of debts and other incorporeal rights
    Title VII Of exchange
    Title VIII Of letting and hiring
      Chapter I Of the several species of contracts for letting and hiring
      Chapter II Of the contract for letting out things
        Section I Of the form and duration of leases
        Section II Of the obligations of the lessor
        Section III Of the obligations of the lessee
        Section IV Of the dissolution of leases
      Chapter III Of the letting out of labour or industry
        Section I Of the hiring of servants and workmen
        Section II Of carriers and watermen
        Section III Of plots for buildings and other works
    Title IX Of partnership
      Chapter I General dispositions
      Chapter II Of the various kinds of partnerships
      Chapter III Of the obligations of partners towards each other, and towards third persons
        Section I Of the obligations of partners towards each other
        Section II Of the obligations of partners towards third persons
      Chapter IV Of the different manners in which partnerships end
    Title X Of loan
      Chapter I Of the loan for use or commodatum
        Section I Of the nature of the loan for use
        Section II Of the engagements of the borrower for use
        Section III Of the engagements of the lender for use
      Chapter II Of the loan for consumption or mutuum
        Section I Of the nature of the loan for consumption
        Section II Of the obligations of the lender for consumption
        Section III Of the engagements of the borrower for consumption
      Chapter III Of loan on interest
    Title XI Of deposit and sequestration
      Chapter I Of deposit in general and of its divers kinds
      Chapter II Of the deposit properly so called
        Section I Of the nature and essence of the contract of deposit
        Section II Of the obligations of the depository
        Section III Of the obligations of him by whom the deposit has been made
        Section IV Of the necessary deposit
      Chapter III Of sequestration
        Section I Of its different species
        Section II Of the conventional sequestration
        Section III Of the judicial sequestration or deposit
    Title XII Of aleatory contracts
    Title XIII Of mandate or commission
      Chapter I Of the nature of proxies, mandates and commissions
      Chapter II What persons may be appointed attornies in fact
      Chapter III Of the obligations of a person acting under a power of attorney
      Chapter IV Of the obligations of the principal who acts by his attorney in fact
      Chapter V How the procuration expires
    Title XIV Of suretyship
      Chapter I Of the nature and extent of suretyship
      Chapter II Of the effects of suretyship
        Section I Of the effects of suretyship between the creditor and the surety
        Section II Of the effects of suretyship between the debtor and the surety
        Section III Respecting the effects of suretyship between the sureties
      Chapter III Of the extinction of suretyship
      Chapter IV Of the legal and judicial sureties
    Title XV Of transactions
    Title XVI Of respite
    Title XVII Of compromises or arbitration
    Title XVIII Of pledge
    Title XIX Of privileges and mortgages
      Chapter I Of the nature of a mortgage and of its several sorts
      Chapter II Who may mortgage and what thing may be mortgaged
      Chapter III Of the effects of mortgage
        Section I Of the effects of mortgage with regard to the debtor
        Section II Of the effects of mortgages against third possessors and of the action of mortgage
        Section III Of the registering of mortgages and of the register kept for that purpose
      Chapter IV Of the order of privileges and mortgages
        Section I Of the preference and order of privileges
      Chapter V How privileges or mortgages expire or are extinguished
    Title XX Of occupancy, possession and prescription
      Chapter I Of occupancy
      Chapter II Of possession
      Chapter III Of prescription
        Section I Of the possession required to establish prescription
        Section II Of the causes which suspend or interrupt prescriptions
        Section III Of the several species of prescription
    Title XXI Of the title by judgment or seizure
Index
Manuscript index
Manuscript index Part 2

SECTION II - OF NOVATION

Art. 173. Novation takes place in three ways;
1st. When a debtor contracts a new debt to his creditor, which new debt is substituted to the old one which is extinguished;
2dly. When a new debtor is substituted to the old one which is discharged by the creditor;
3dly. When by the effect of a new engagement, a new creditor is substituted to the old one, with regard to whom the debtor is discharged.

Art. 174. Novation can take place only between persons capable of contracting; it is not presumed, the intention of making it must appear clearly on the face of the act.

Art. 175. Novation by the substitution of a new debtor, may take place without the concurrence of the former debtor.

Art. 176. The delegation by which a debtor gives to the creditor, another debtor, who obliges himself towards such creditor, does not operate a novation, unless the creditor has expressly declared that he intends to discharge his debtor who has made the delegation.

Art. 177. The creditor who has discharged the debtor by whom a delegation has been made, has no recourse against that debtor, if the person delegated becomes insolvent, unless the act contains an express reservation to that purpose, or unless the delegated person was in a state of open failure or insolvency at the time of the delegation.

Art. 178. The mere indication made by a debtor of a person who is to pay in his place does not operate a novation.
The same is to observed of the mere indication made by the creditor of a person who is to receive for him.

Art. 179. The privileges and mortgages of the former credit, are not transferred to that which is substituted to it, unless the creditor has expressly reserved them.

Art. 180. When novation takes place by the substitution of a new debtor, the original privileges and mortgages of the creditor cannot be transferred on the property of the new debtor.

Art. 181. When novation takes place between the creditor and one of the debtors in solido, the privileges and mortgages of the former credit, can be reserved only on the property of him who contracts the new debt.

Art. 182. By the novation made between the creditor and one of the debtors in solido, the co-debtors are discharged.
The novation that takes place with regard to the principal debtor, discharges the securities.
Nevertheless, if the creditor has required in the first case, the accession of the co-debtors, or in the second, that of the securities, the former credit subsists, if the co-debtors or the securities refuse to accede to the new arrangement.

 

SECTION III - OF THE REMISSION OF THE DEBT

Art. 183. The remission of the debt is either conventional, when it is expressly granted to the debtor, by a creditor having a capacity to alienate;
Or tacit, when the creditor voluntarily surrenders to his debtor, the original title under private signature constituting the obligation.

Art. 184. The surrender of the original title under private signature, to one of the debtors in solido, forms a presumption of the remission of the debt, or of its payment, in favor of his co-debtors; but proof may be adduced to the contrary.

Art. 185. The remission or conventional discharge in favor of one of the co-debtors in solido, discharges all the others, unless the creditor has expressly reserved his right against the latter.
In the latter case, he cannot claim the debt without making a deduction of the part of him to whom he has made the remission.

Art. 186. The remission of the thing given as a pledge does not suffice to raise a presumption of the remission of the debt.

Art. 187. The remission or conventional discharge granted to a principal debtor, discharges the securities;
That granted to the securities does not discharge the principal debtor;
That granted to one of the securities does not discharge the others.

Art. 188. What the creditor has received from one of the securities, in discharge of his suretyship, must be imputed to the debt and go towards the discharge of the principal debtor and the other securities.

 

SECTION IV - OF COMPENSATION

Art. 189. When two persons are indebted to each other, there takes place between them a compensation that extinguishes both the debts, in the manner and cases hereafter expressed.

Art. 190. Compensation takes place of course by the mere operation of law, even unknown to the debtors; the two debts are reciprocally extinguished as soon as they exist simultaneously to the amount of their respective sums.

Art. 191. Compensation takes place only between two debts having equally for their object, a sum of money or a certain quantity of comsumable things of one and the same kind, and which are equally liquidated and demandable.

Art. 192. The days of grace are no obstacle to the compensation.

Art. 193. Compensation takes place whatever be the causes of either of the debts, except in case:
1st, Of a demand of a restitution of a thing of which the owner has been unjustly deprived;
2d, Of a demand of restitution of a deposit and of a loan for use;
3d, Of a debt which has for its cause, aliments declared not liable to seizure.

Art. 194. The surety may oppose the compensation of what the creditor owes to the principal debtor.
But the principal debtor cannot oppose the compensation of what the creditor owes to the surety.
Neither can the debtor in solido oppose the compensation of what the creditor owes to his co-debtor.

Art. 195. The debtor who has accepted purely and simply the transfer which a creditor has made of his rights to a third person, can no longer oppose to the latter the compensation which before the acceptance, he might have opposed to the former.
As to the transfer which has not been accepted by the debtor, but which has been notified to him, it hinders only the compensation of credits posterior to that notification.

Art. 196. When the two debts are not payable both at one and the same place, the compensation of them cannot be opposed, without allowing for the expence of the remittance.

Art.  197. When there are several compensable debts due by the same person, the same rules are observed for the compensation, as are established for imputation in article the 156th of this title.

Art. 198. Compensation cannot take place to the prejudice of the rights acquired by a third person; therefore he who being a debtor, is become a creditor since the attachment made by a third person in his hands, cannot in prejudice to the person seizing, oppose compensation.

Art. 199. He who has paid a debt which was of right extinguished by compensation, can no longer in exercising the credit which he has not offered in compensation, avail himself to the prejudice of a third person of the privileges and mortgages that were attached to it, unless he had a just cause to be ignorant of the credit which was to compensate his debt.

SECTION II - DE LA NOVATION

Art. 173. La novation s'opère de trois manières:
1o. Lorsque le débiteur contracte, envers son créancier, une nouvelle dette, qui est substituée à l'ancienne, laquelle est éteinte;
2o. Lorsqu'un nouveau débiteur est substitué à l'ancien, qui est déchargé par le créancier.
3o. Lorsque par l'effet d'un nouvel engagement, un nouveau créancier est substitué à l'ancien, envers lequel le débiteur se trouve déchargé.

Art. 174. La novation ne peut s'opérer qu'entre personnes capables de contracter: elle ne se présume point; il faut que la volonté de l'opérer, résulte clairement de l'acte.

Art. 175. La novation, par la substitution d'un nouveau débiteur, peut s'opérer sans le concours du premier débiteur.

Art. 176. La délégation, par laquelle un débiteur donne au créancier un autre débiteur qui s'oblige envers le créancier, n'opère point de novation, si le créancier n'a expressément déclaré, qu'il entendait décharger son débiteur, qui a fait la délégation.

Art. 177. Le créancier, qui a déchargé le débiteur par qui a été faite la délégation, n'a point de recours contre ce débiteur, si le délégué devient insolvable, à moins que l'acte n'en contienne une réserve expresse, ou que le délégué ne fut déjà en faillite ouverte, ou tombé en déconfiture au moment de la délégation.

Art. 178. La simple indication, faite par le débiteur, d'une personne qui doit payer à sa place, n'opère point novation.
Il en est de même, de la simple indication, faite par le créancier, d'une personne qui doit recevoir pour lui.

Art. 179. Les priviléges et hypothèques de l'ancienne créance ne passent point à celle qui lui est substituée, à moins que le créancier ne les ait expressément réservés.

Art. 180. Lorsque la novation s'opère par la substitution d'un nouveau débiteur, les privilèges et hypothèques primitifs de la créance ne peuvent point passer sur les biens du nouveau débiteur.

Art. 181. Lorsque la novation s'opère entre le créancier et l'un des débiteurs solidaires, les priviléges et hypothèques de l'ancienne créance ne peuvent être réservés que sur les biens de celui qui contracte la nouvelle dette.

Art. 182. Par la novation faite entre le créancier et l'un des débiteurs solidaires, les co-débiteurs sont libérés.
La novation opérée à l'égard du débiteur principal, libère les cautions.
Néanmoins, si le créancier a exigé, dans le premier cas, l'acception des co-débiteurs, ou dans le second, celle des cautions, l'ancienne créance subsiste, si les co-débiteurs ou les cautions refusent d'accéder au nouvel arrangement.

  

SECTION III - DE LA REMISE DE LA DETTE

Art. 183. La remise d'une dette est, ou conventionnelle, lorsqu'elle est accordée expressément au débiteur par un créancier qui a la capacité d'aliéner;
Ou tacite, lorsque le créancier remet volontairement à son débiteur le titre original, sous signature privée, qui constitue l'obligation.

Art. 184. La remise da titre original, sous signature privée, faite à l'un des débiteurs solidaires, fait présumer la remise de la dette, ou le payement au profit de ses co-débiteurs, sans préjudice de la preuve contraire.

Art. 185. La remise, ou décharge conventionnelle au profit de l'un des co-débiteurs solidaires, libère tous les autres, à moins que le créancier n'ait expressément réservé ses droits contre ces derniers.
Dans ce dernier cas, il ne peut plus répéter la dette, que déduction faite de la part de celui auquel il a fait la remise.

Art. 186. La remise de la chose donnée en nantissement ne suffit point pour faire présumer la remise de la dette.

Art. 187. La remise ou décharge conventionnelle, accordée au débiteur principal, libère les cautions.
Celle accordée à la caution, ne libère pas le débiteur principal.
Celle accordée à l'une des cautions, ne libère pas les autres.

Art. 188. Ce que le créancier a reçu d'une caution, pour la décharge de son cautionnement, doit être imputé sur la dette et tourner à la décharge du débiteur principal et des autres cautions.

 

SECTION IV - DE LA COMPENSATION

Art. 189. Lorsque deux personnes se trouvent débitrices l'une envers l'autre, il s'opère entre elles une compensation qui éteint les deux dettes, de la manière et dans les cas ci-après exprimés.

Art. 190. La compensation s'opère de plein droit, par la seule force de la loi, même à l'insçu des débiteurs; les deux dettes s'éteignent réciproquement, à l'instant où elles se trouvent exister à la fois, jusqu'à concurrence dé leurs quotités respectives.

Art. 191. La compensation n'a lieu, qu'entre deux dettes qui ont également pour objet une somme d'argent, ou une certaine quantité de choses fongibles de la même espèce, et qui sont également liquides et exigibles.

Art. 192. Le terme de grâce n'est point un obstacle à la compensation.

Art. 193. La compensation a lieu, quelques soient les causes de l'une ou l'autre des dettes, excepté dans le cas:
1°. De la demande en restitution d'une chose dont le propriétaire a été injustement dépouillé;
2°. De la demande en restitution l'un dépôt et du prêt à usage;
3°. D'une dette qui a pour cause des alimens déclarés insaisissables.

Art. 194. La caution peut opposer la compensation de ce que le créancier doit au débiteur principal.
Mais le débiteur principal ne peut opposer la compensation de ce que le créancier doit à la caution.
Le débiteur solidaire ne peut, pareillement, opposer la compensation de ce que le créancier doit à son co-débiteur.

Art. 195. Le débiteur qui a accepté, purement et simplement la cession qu'un créancier a fait, de ses droits à un tiers, ne peut plus opposer, au cessionnaire, la compensation qu'il eut pu, avant l'acceptation, opposer au cédant.
A l'égard de la cession qui n'a point été acceptée par le débiteur, mais qui lui a été signifiée, elle n'empêche que la compensation des créances postérieures à cette notification.

Art. 196. Lorsque les deux dettes ne sont pas payables au même lieu, on n'en peut opposer la compensation, qu'en faisant raison des frais de la remise.

Art. 197. Lorsqu'il y a plusieurs dettes compensables, dues par la même personne, on suit, pour la compensation, les règles établies pour l'imputation, par l'article 156 du présent titre.

Art. 198. La compensation n'a pas lieu au préjudice des droits acquis à un tiers. Ainsi celui qui, étant débiteur, est devenu créancier depuis la saisie arrêt faite par un tiers entre ses mains, ne peut, au préjudice du saisissant, opposer la compensation.

Art. 199. Celui qui a payé une dette, qui était de droit éteinte par la compensation, ne peut plus, en exerçant la créance dont il n'a point opposé la compensation, se prévaloir, au préjudice des tiers, des priviléges ou hypothèques qui y étaient attachés, à moins qu'il n'ait eu une juste cause d'ignorer la créance qui devait compenser sa dette.

< Previous | Next >© Manuscript notes copyright 1968 by Louis V. de la Vergne.
Paul M. Hebert Law Center   |    1 E. Campus Dr.   |    Louisiana State University   |    Baton Rouge, LA 70803   |   225/578-5292