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Table of Contents

Cover Page
Preliminary title Of the general definitions of rights and the promulgation of the laws
    Chapter I Of law and customs
    Chapter II Of the publication of the laws
    Chapter III Of the effects of laws
    Chapter IV Of the application and construction of laws
    Chapter V Of the repeal of laws
Book I Of persons
    Title I Of the distinction of persons, and the privation of certain civil rights in certain cases
      Chapter I Of the distinction of persons established by nature
      Chapter II Of the distinctions of persons which are established by law
    Title II Of domicil and the manner of changing the same
    Title III Of absent persons
      Chapter I Of the curatorship of absent persons
      Chapter II Of the putting into provisional possession the heirs of the absentee
      Chapter III Of the effects of absence upon the eventual rights which may belong to the absentee
      Chapter IV Of the effects of absence respecting marriage
      Chapter V Of the care of minor children whose father has disappeared
    Title IV Of husband and wife
      Chapter I On marriage
      Chapter II How marriages may be contracted or made
      Chapter III Of the nullity of marriages
      Chapter IV Of the respective rights and duties of married persons
      Chapter V Of the dissolution of marriages
      Chapter VI Of second marriages
    Title V Of the separation from bed and board
      Chapter I Of the causes of separation from bed and board
      Chapter II Of the proceedings on separation from bed and board
      Chapter III Of the provisional proceedings to which a suit for separation may give occasion
      Chapter IV Of objections to the action of separation from bed and board
      Chapter V Of the effects of separation from bed and board
    Title VI Of master and servant
      Chapter I Of the several sorts of servants
      Chapter II Of free servants
      Chapter III Of slaves
    Title VII Of father and child
      Chapter I Of children in general
      Chapter II Of legitimate children
        Section I Of legitimacy resulting from marriage
        Section II Of the manner of proving the legitimate filiation
      Chapter III Of illegitimate children
        Section I Of legitimation
        Section II Of the acknowledgment of illegitimate children
      Chapter IV Of adoption
      Chapter V Of paternal authority
        Section I Of the duties of parents towards their legitimate children, and of the duties of legitimate children towards their parents
        Section II Of the duties of parents towards their natural children, and of the duties of natural children towards their parents
    Title VIII Of minors, of their tutorship, curatorship and emancipation
      Chapter I Of tutorship
        Section I General dispositions
        Section II Of tutorship by nature
        Section III Of tutorship by will
        Section IV Of the tutorship by the effect of the law
        Section V Of dative tutorship
        Section VI Of the under tutor
        Section VII Of the causes which dispense or excuse from the tutorship
        Section VIII Of incapacity for, exclusion from and deprivation of the tutorship
        Section IX Of the administration of the tutor
      Chapter II Of the curatorship of minors
      Chapter III Of emancipation
    Title IX Of persons insane, idiots, and other persons incapable of administering their estate
      Chapter I Of the interdiction and curatorship of persons incapable of administering their estate, whether on account of insanity or of some other infirmity
      Chapter II Of the other persons to whom curators are appointed
    Title X Of communities or corporations
      Chapter I Of the nature of communities or corporations, of their use and kind
      Chapter II Of the rights and privileges of communities or corporations and of their incapacities
      Chapter III Of the dissolution of communities or corporations
Book II Of things and of the different modifications of property
    Title I Of things or estates
      Chapter I Of the distinction of things or estates
      Chapter II Of immoveables
      Chapter III Of moveables
      Chapter IV Of estates considered in their relation to those who possess them
    Title II Of absolute ownership
      Chapter I Universal principles
      Chapter II Of the right of accession to what is produced by the thing
      Chapter III Of the right of accession to what unites or incorporates itself to the thing
        Section I Of the right of accession concerning immoveables
        Section II Of the right of accession concerning moveable things
    Title III Of usufruct, use and habitation
      Chapter I Of usufruct
        Section I General definitions
        Section II Of the rights of the usufructuary
        Section III Of the obligations of the usufructuary
        Section IV Of the obligations of the owner
        Section V How usufruct expires
      Chapter II Of the use and habitation
    Title IV Of predial services or services of land
      Chapter I General principles
      Chapter II Of services which originate from the natural situation of the place
      Chapter III Of services imposed by law
        Section I Of walls, fences, and ditches in common
        Section II Of the distance and of the intermediary works required for certain buildings
        Section III Of lights on the property of a neighbor
        Section IV Of the manner of carrying off rain from the roof
        Section V Of the right of passage
      Chapter IV Of services established by the act of man
        Section I Of the different kinds of services which may be established by the act of man
        Section II How services are acquired
        Section III Of the rights of the proprietor of the estate to which the service is due
        Section IV How Services are extinguished
Book III Of the different manners of acquiring the property of things
    Preliminary title General dispositions
    Title I Of successions
      Chapter I Of the different sorts of successions and heirs
      Chapter II Of legal successions
        Section I General rules
        Section II Of the succession of descendants
        Section III Of the succession of ascendants
        Section IV Of the succession of collaterals
      Chapter III Of irregular successions
      Chapter IV In what manner successions are opened
      Chapter V Of the incapacity and unworthiness of the heirs
      Chapter VI In what manner a succession is accepted and how it is renounced
        Section I Of the acceptance pure and simple
        Section II Of the acceptance of a succession with the benefit of an inventory
      Chapter VII Of the administration of vacant estates and estates ab intestato
      Chapter VIII Of partition among heirs and of the collation of goods
        Section I Of the nature of partition and in what manner it is made
        Section II Of the collation of goods
        Section III Of the payment of debts
        Section IV Of the effect of partition and of its rescision
    Title II Of donations inter vivos (between living persons) and mortis causa (in prospect of death)
      Chapter I General dispositions
      Chapter II Of the capacity necessary for disposing of and receiving by donation inter vivos or mortis causa
      Chapter III Of the portion disposable, and of its reduction in case of excess
        Section I Of the disposable portion and the legitime
        Section II Of the reduction of dispositions inter vivos or mortis causa; of the manner in which it is made and of its effects
      Chapter IV Of dispositions reprobated by the law in donations inter vivos and mortis causa
      Chapter V Of donations inter vivos (between living)
        Section I Of the irrevocability of donations inter vivos
        Section II Of the form of donations inter vivos
        Section III Of the exceptions to the rule of the irrevocability of donations inter vivos
      Chapter VI Of dispositions mortis causa (in the prospect of death)
        Section I Of testament or codicil
        Section II Of the form of testaments and codicils
        Section III Of testamentary dispositions
        Section IV Of the institution of heir and of disinherison
        Section V Of legacies
        Section VI Of the opening and the proof of wills, and of testamentary executions
        Section VII Of the revocation of testaments and codicils and of their caducity
        Section VIII Of the interpretation of testamentary dispositions
      Chapter VII Of partitions made by parents among their descendants
      Chapter VIII Of donations made by marriage contract to the husband or wife, and to the children to be born of the marriage
      Chapter IX Of donations between married persons, either by marriage contract, or during the marriage
    Title III Of contracts and of conventional obligations in general
      Chapter I Preliminary dispositions
      Chapter II Of the conditions essential to the validity of agreements
        Section I Of consent
        Section II Of the capability of the parties contracting
        Section III Of the object and the matter of contracts
        Section IV Of the cause
      Chapter III Of the effect of obligations
        Section I General dispositions
        Section II Of the obligation of giving
        Section III Of the obligations of doing or of not doing
        Section IV Of the damages resulting from the non execution of the obligation
        Section V Of the interpretation of the agreements
        Section VI Of the effect of agreements with regard to persons not parties to them
      Chapter IV Of the different kinds of obligations
        Section I Of conditional obligations
          § 1 Of the condition in general and of its different kinds
          § 2 Of the suspensive condition
          § 3 Of the dissolving condition
        Section II Of obligations to be performed at a certain term
        Section III Of the alternative obligations
        Section IV Of obligations in solido or jointly and severally
          § 1 Of the obligation in solido between creditors
          § 2 Of the obligation in solido on the part of debtors
        Section V Of obligations divisible and indivisible
          § 1 Of the effects of a divisible obligation
          § 2 Of the effect of the indivisible obligation
        Section VI Of obligations with penal clauses
      Chapter V Of the extinction of obligations
        Section I Of payment
          § 1 Of payment in general
          § 2 Of payment with subrogation
          § 3 Of the imputation of payments
          § 4 Of tenders of payment, and consignment
          § 5 Of the surrender of property
        Section II Of novation
        Section III Of the remission of the debt
        Section IV Of compensation
        Section V Of confusion
        Section VI Of the loss of the thing due
        Section VII Of the action of nullity or of rescission of agreements
      Chapter VI Of the proof of obligations and of that of payment
        Section I Of the literal proof
          § 1 Of the authentic title
          § 2 Of the acts under private signature
          § 3 Of copies of titles
          § 4 Of recognitive and confirmative acts
        Section II Of testimonial proof
        Section III Of presumptions
          § 1 Of presumptions established by law
          § 2 Of presumption not established by law
        Section IV Of the confession of the party
        Section V Of the proof by oath
    Title IV Of engagements formed without agreements, or of quasi contracts and quasi offences
      Section I Of the quasi contract
      Section II Of quasi crimes or offences
    Title V Of marriage contract
      Chapter I General dispositions
      Chapter II Of the various kinds of matrimonial agreements
        Section I Of donations made in consideration of marriage
        Section II Of dowry or marriage portion
        Section III Of paraphernalia or extra dotal effects
        Section IV Of the partnership or community of acquests or gains
      Chapter III Of the separation of property
    Title VI Of sale
      Chapter I Of the nature and form of the contract of sale, and of the manner in which it is to be performed
      Chapter II Of persons capable of buying and selling, and of things which may be sold
      Chapter III Of the obligations of the seller
        Section I Of the tradition or delivery of the thing sold
        Section II Of the warranty, in case of eviction of the thing sold
        Section III Of the warranty of the defects of the thing sold or of the redhibitory vices
      Chapter IV Of the obligations of the buyer
      Chapter V Of the nullity and rescissions of the sale
        Section I Of the power or right of redemption
        Section II Of the rescission of sales on account of lesion
      Chapter VI Of sales by cant or auction
      Chapter VII Of the assignment or transfer of debts and other incorporeal rights
    Title VII Of exchange
    Title VIII Of letting and hiring
      Chapter I Of the several species of contracts for letting and hiring
      Chapter II Of the contract for letting out things
        Section I Of the form and duration of leases
        Section II Of the obligations of the lessor
        Section III Of the obligations of the lessee
        Section IV Of the dissolution of leases
      Chapter III Of the letting out of labour or industry
        Section I Of the hiring of servants and workmen
        Section II Of carriers and watermen
        Section III Of plots for buildings and other works
    Title IX Of partnership
      Chapter I General dispositions
      Chapter II Of the various kinds of partnerships
      Chapter III Of the obligations of partners towards each other, and towards third persons
        Section I Of the obligations of partners towards each other
        Section II Of the obligations of partners towards third persons
      Chapter IV Of the different manners in which partnerships end
    Title X Of loan
      Chapter I Of the loan for use or commodatum
        Section I Of the nature of the loan for use
        Section II Of the engagements of the borrower for use
        Section III Of the engagements of the lender for use
      Chapter II Of the loan for consumption or mutuum
        Section I Of the nature of the loan for consumption
        Section II Of the obligations of the lender for consumption
        Section III Of the engagements of the borrower for consumption
      Chapter III Of loan on interest
    Title XI Of deposit and sequestration
      Chapter I Of deposit in general and of its divers kinds
      Chapter II Of the deposit properly so called
        Section I Of the nature and essence of the contract of deposit
        Section II Of the obligations of the depository
        Section III Of the obligations of him by whom the deposit has been made
        Section IV Of the necessary deposit
      Chapter III Of sequestration
        Section I Of its different species
        Section II Of the conventional sequestration
        Section III Of the judicial sequestration or deposit
    Title XII Of aleatory contracts
    Title XIII Of mandate or commission
      Chapter I Of the nature of proxies, mandates and commissions
      Chapter II What persons may be appointed attornies in fact
      Chapter III Of the obligations of a person acting under a power of attorney
      Chapter IV Of the obligations of the principal who acts by his attorney in fact
      Chapter V How the procuration expires
    Title XIV Of suretyship
      Chapter I Of the nature and extent of suretyship
      Chapter II Of the effects of suretyship
        Section I Of the effects of suretyship between the creditor and the surety
        Section II Of the effects of suretyship between the debtor and the surety
        Section III Respecting the effects of suretyship between the sureties
      Chapter III Of the extinction of suretyship
      Chapter IV Of the legal and judicial sureties
    Title XV Of transactions
    Title XVI Of respite
    Title XVII Of compromises or arbitration
    Title XVIII Of pledge
    Title XIX Of privileges and mortgages
      Chapter I Of the nature of a mortgage and of its several sorts
      Chapter II Who may mortgage and what thing may be mortgaged
      Chapter III Of the effects of mortgage
        Section I Of the effects of mortgage with regard to the debtor
        Section II Of the effects of mortgages against third possessors and of the action of mortgage
        Section III Of the registering of mortgages and of the register kept for that purpose
      Chapter IV Of the order of privileges and mortgages
        Section I Of the preference and order of privileges
      Chapter V How privileges or mortgages expire or are extinguished
    Title XX Of occupancy, possession and prescription
      Chapter I Of occupancy
      Chapter II Of possession
      Chapter III Of prescription
        Section I Of the possession required to establish prescription
        Section II Of the causes which suspend or interrupt prescriptions
        Section III Of the several species of prescription
    Title XXI Of the title by judgment or seizure
Manuscript index
Manuscript index Part 2




Art. 1. A contract is an agreement by which one or more persons oblige themselves to one or more other persons, to give, to do, or not to do a certain thing.

Art. 2. A contract is synallagmatic or bilateral, when the contracting parties reciprocally obligate themselves to each other.

Art. 3. It is unilateral, when one or more persons have entered into an obligation towards one or more other persons, without the latter's being under any engagement.

Art. 4. It is commutative, when each of the parties engages to give or do a thing that is deemed an equivalent for what is given to him or done for him.
When the equivalent consists in the chance of gain or loss of each of the parties, from an uncertain event, the contract is aleatory.

Art. 5. The contract of beneficence, is that in which one of the parties procures to the other, an advantage purely gratuitous.

Art. 6. The onerous contract is that which subjects each of the parties, to give or to do a certain thing.

Art. 7. Contracts whether they have or have not, an appropriate denomination, are subject to general rules which are the subject of the present title.
The rules peculiar to certain contracts, are established under the titles relative to each of them respectively, and the rules peculiar to commercial transactions are established by the laws relating to commerce.



Art. 8. To the validity of an agreement four conditions are essential:
The consent of the party who obligates himself;
The capacity to contract;
A determinate object forming the matter of an engagement;
A lawful purpose in the obligation.



Art. 9. That is no valid consent that is given through error, or is extorted by violence or surprised by fraud.

Art. 10. Error is a cause of nullity in an agreement, only when it falls on the very substance of the thing that is the object of it.
It is not a cause of nullity, when it falls only on the person with whom one intended to contract, unless the consideration of that person be the principal cause of the agreement.

Art. 11. Violence exercised against the person who has contracted an obligation, is a cause of nullity, though it has been exercised by a different person from him for whose advantage the agreement has been made.

Art. 12. Violence is that which naturally tends to make an impression on a person possessing sound judgment, and to inspire him with the fear of exposing his person, or fortune to a considerable and immediate evil.
In a question of violence, regard must be had to the age, sex and condition of the person.

Art. 13. Violence is a cause of nullity of a contract, not only when it has been exercised on the contracting party, but also when it has been exercised on the wife, the husband, the descendants or ascendants of the party.

Art. 14. The mere reverential fear of a father, a mother or other ascendants, when no violence has been exercised, does not suffice to annul a contract.

Art. 15. A contract cannot be attacked on account of violence, if after the violence has ceased, the contract has been approved, either expressly or tacitly or by suffering to elapse the time of restitution fixed by law.

Art. 16. Fraud is a cause of nullity in a contract, when the artifices practised by one of the parties, are such that it is evident that but for these artifices, the other party would not have contracted.
It is not presumed and must be proved.

Art. 17. An engagement contracted by error, violence or fraud, is not of itself void, but voidable by an action of nullity or of rescission, in the case and after the manner explained in the 7th section of the fifth chapter of the present title.

Art. 18. Lesion vitiates agreements only in certain contracts, or with regard to certain persons, as will be explained in the same section.

Art. 19. In general a person can engage or stipulate in his own name for none but himself.

Art. 20. Yet A. may engage B. promising that B. shall ratify, but A. becomes liable to indemnify the person with whom he engages for B. if B. refuses to ratify and abide by the engagement.

Art. 21. A person may, in like manner, stipulate for the advantage of a third person, when such is the condition of a stipulation that he makes for himself, or of a donation that he makes to another.
He who has made such a stipulation, can no longer revoke it, if the third person has declared himself willing to avail himself of it.

Art. 22. A person is deemed to have stipulated for himself, his heirs and assigns, unless the contrary be expressed, or result from the nature of the agreement.



Art. 23. Every person may contract unless declared incapable by law.

Art. 24. Persons incapable of contracting are:
Persons under interdiction;
Married women, in cases expressed by law; and generally all those to whom the law has interdicted certain contracts.

Art. 25. Neither a minor, a person under interdiction, nor a married woman can attack their respective engagements on the plea of incapacity, unless in cases provided by law.
Persons capable of engaging, cannot plead the incapacity of a minor, a person under interdict, or a married woman, with whom they have contracted.



Art. 26. Every contract has for its object a thing which one of the parties obliges to give or which one of the parties obliges to do or not to do.

Art. 27. The mere use or the mere possession of a thing, may be, as well as the thing itself, the object of a contract.

Art. 28. Nothing but what is an object of commerce, can be the object of an agreement.

Art. 29. An obligation must have for its object, something determinate, at least as to its species.
The quantity of a thing may be uncertain, provided it be capable of being ascertained.

Art. 30. Future things may be the object of an obligation.
One cannot however renounce the succession of an estate not yet devolved, nor can any stipulation be made with regard to such a succession, even with the consent of him whose succession is in question.



Art. 31. An obligation without a cause, or with a false or unlawful cause, can have no effect.

Art. 32. An agreement is not the less valid, though the cause be not expressed.

Art. 33. The cause is illicit when it is forbidden by law, when it is contra bonos mores (contrary to moral conduct) or to public order.




Art. 1. Le contrat est une convention par laquelle, une ou plusieurs personnes s'obligent envers une ou plusieurs autres, à donner, à faire, ou à ne pas faire quelque chose.

Art. 2. Le contrat est Synallagmatique ou bilatéral, lorsque les contractans s'obligent réciproquement les uns envers les autres.        

Art. 3. Il est unilatéral, lorsqu'une ou plusieurs personnes sont obligées, envers une ou plusieurs autres, sans que de la part de ces dernières il y ait d'engagement.

Art. 4. Il est commutatif, lorsque chacune des parties s'engage à donner, ou à faire une chose qui est regardée comme l'équivalent de ce qu'on lui donne, ou de ce qu'on fait pour elle.
Lorsque, l'équivalent consiste dans la chance de gain ou de perte, pour chacune des parties, d'après un événement incertain, le contrat est aléatoire. 

Art. 5. Le contrat de bienfaisance, est celui dans lequel une des parties procure à l'autre un avantage purement gratuit.

Art. 6. Le contrat, à titre onéreux, est celui qui assujettit chacune des parties à donner ou à faire quelque chose.

Art. 7. Les contrats, soit qu'ils ayent une dénomination propre, soit qu'ils n'en ayent pas, sont soumis à des règles générales, qui sont l'objet du présent titre.
Les règles particulières à certains contrats, sont établies sous les titres relatifs à chacun d'eux, et les règles particulières aux transactions commerciales, sont établies par les lois relatives au commerce.



Art. 8. Quatre conditions sont essentielles pour la validité d'une convention.
Le consentement de la partie qui s'oblige;
La capacité de contracter;
Un objet certain, qui forme la matière de l'engagement;
Une cause licite dans l'obligation.



Art. 9. Il n'y a point de consentement valable, si le consentement n'a été donné que par erreur, ou s'il a été extorqué par violence, ou surpris par dol.

Art. 10. L'erreur n'est une cause de nullité de la convention, que lorsqu'elle tombe sur la substance même de la chose qui en est l'objet.
Elle n'est point une cause de nullité, lorsqu'elle ne tombe que sur la personne avec laquelle on a intention de contracter, à moins que la considération de cette personne ne soit la cause principale de cette convention.

Art. 11. La violence exercée contre celui qui a contracté l'obligation, est une cause de nullité, encore qu'elle ait été exercée par un tiers, autre que celui au profit duquel la convention a été faite.

Art. 12. Il y a violence, lorsqu'elle est de nature à faire impression sur une personne raisonnable, et qu'elle peut lui inspirer la crainte d'exposer sa personne ou sa fortune à un mal considérable et présent.
On a égard, en cette matière, à l'âge, an sexe et à la condition des personnes.

Art. 13. La violence est une cause de nullité du contrat, non-seulement lorsqu'elle a été exercée sur la partie contractante, mais encore lorsqu'elle l'a été sur son époux ou sur son épouse, sur ses descendans ou ses ascendans.

Art. 14. La seule crainte révérencielle envers le père, la mère, ou autre ascendant, sans qu'il y ait eu de violence exercée, ne suffit pas pour annuler le contrat.

Art. 15. Un contrat ne peut plus être attaqué, pour cause de violence, si, depuis que la violence a cessé, ce contrat a été approuvé, soit expressément, soit tacitement, soit en laissant passer le tems de la restitution, fixé par la loi.

Art. 16. Le dol est une cause de nullité de la convention, lorsque les manœuvres pratiquées, par l'une des parties, sont telles, qu'il est évident que, sans ces manœuvres, l'autre partie n'aurait pas contracté;
Il ne se présume pas, et doit être prouvé.

Art. 17. La convention contractée, par erreur, violence, ou dol, n'est point nulle de plein droit; elle donne seulement lieu à une action en nullité, ou en rescision, dans les cas et de la manière expliquée à la section 7 du chapitre 5 du présent titre.

Art. 18. La lésion ne vicie les conventions, que dans certains contrats et à l'égard de certaines personnes, ainsi qu'il sera expliqué en la même section.

Art. 19. On ne peut, en général, s'engager, ni stipuler, en son propre nom, que pour soi-même.

Art. 20. Néanmoins, on peut se porter fort, pour un tiers, en promettant le fait de celui-ci, sauf l'indemnité, contre celui qui s'est porté fort, ou qui a promis de faire ratifier, si le tiers refuse de tenir l'engagement.

Art. 21. On peut, pareillement, stipuler au profit d'un tiers, lorsque telle est la condition d'une stipulation que l'on fait pour soi-même, ou d'une donation que l'on fait à un autre. Celui qui a fait cette stipulation ne peut plus la révoquer, si le tiers a déclaré vouloir en profiter.

Art. 22. On est censé avoir stipulé, pour soi et pour ses héritiers et ayans cause, à moins que le contraire ne soit exprimé, ou ne résulte de la nature de la convention.



Art. 23. Toute personne peut contracter, si elle n'en est pas déclarée incapable par la loi.

Art. 24. Les incapables de contracter, sont:
Les esclaves;
Les mineurs;
Les interdits;
Les femmes mariées, dans les cas exprimés par la loi;
Et, généralement, tous ceux auxquels la loi a interdit certains contrats.

Art. 25. Le mineur, l'interdit et la femme mariée, ne peuvent attaquer, pour cause d'incapacité, leurs engagemens, que dans les cas prévus par la loi.
Les personnes capables de s'engager, ne peuvent opposer l'incapacité du mineur, de l'interdit, ou de la femme mariée, avec qui elles ont contracté.



Art. 26. Tout contrat a pour objet une chose, qu'une partie s'oblige à donner, ou qu'une partie s'oblige à faire, ou à ne pas faire.

Art. 27. Le simple usage, ou la simple possession d'une chose, peut être, comme la chose même, l'objet du contrat.

Art. 28. Il n'y a que les choses qui sont dans le commerce, qui puissent être l'objet des conventions.

Art. 29. Il faut que l'obligation ait pour objet, une chose au moins déterminée, quant à son espèce.
La quotité de la chose peut être incertaine, pourvu qu'elle puisse être déterminée.

Art. 30. Les choses futures peuvent être l'objet d'une obligation.
On ne peut, cependant, renoncer à une succession non ouverte, ni faire aucune stipulation, sur une pareille succession, même avec le consentement de celui de la succession duquel il s'agit.



Art. 31. L'obligation sans cause, ou sur une fausse cause, ou sur une cause illicite, ne peut avoir aucun effet.

Art. 32. La convention n'est pas moins valable, quoique la cause n'en soit pas exprimée.

Art. 33. La cause est illicite, lorsqu'elle est prohibée par la loi, quand elle est contraire aux bonnes mœurs et à l'ordre public.

< Previous | Next >© Manuscript notes copyright 1968 by Louis V. de la Vergne.
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