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Table of Contents

Cover Page
Foreword
Abbreviations
Synopsis
Preliminary title Of the general definitions of rights and the promulgation of the laws
    Chapter I Of law and customs
    Chapter II Of the publication of the laws
    Chapter III Of the effects of laws
    Chapter IV Of the application and construction of laws
    Chapter V Of the repeal of laws
Book I Of persons
    Title I Of the distinction of persons, and the privation of certain civil rights in certain cases
      Chapter I Of the distinction of persons established by nature
      Chapter II Of the distinctions of persons which are established by law
    Title II Of domicil and the manner of changing the same
    Title III Of absent persons
      Chapter I Of the curatorship of absent persons
      Chapter II Of the putting into provisional possession the heirs of the absentee
      Chapter III Of the effects of absence upon the eventual rights which may belong to the absentee
      Chapter IV Of the effects of absence respecting marriage
      Chapter V Of the care of minor children whose father has disappeared
    Title IV Of husband and wife
      Chapter I On marriage
      Chapter II How marriages may be contracted or made
      Chapter III Of the nullity of marriages
      Chapter IV Of the respective rights and duties of married persons
      Chapter V Of the dissolution of marriages
      Chapter VI Of second marriages
    Title V Of the separation from bed and board
      Chapter I Of the causes of separation from bed and board
      Chapter II Of the proceedings on separation from bed and board
      Chapter III Of the provisional proceedings to which a suit for separation may give occasion
      Chapter IV Of objections to the action of separation from bed and board
      Chapter V Of the effects of separation from bed and board
    Title VI Of master and servant
      Chapter I Of the several sorts of servants
      Chapter II Of free servants
      Chapter III Of slaves
    Title VII Of father and child
      Chapter I Of children in general
      Chapter II Of legitimate children
        Section I Of legitimacy resulting from marriage
        Section II Of the manner of proving the legitimate filiation
      Chapter III Of illegitimate children
        Section I Of legitimation
        Section II Of the acknowledgment of illegitimate children
      Chapter IV Of adoption
      Chapter V Of paternal authority
        Section I Of the duties of parents towards their legitimate children, and of the duties of legitimate children towards their parents
        Section II Of the duties of parents towards their natural children, and of the duties of natural children towards their parents
    Title VIII Of minors, of their tutorship, curatorship and emancipation
      Chapter I Of tutorship
        Section I General dispositions
        Section II Of tutorship by nature
        Section III Of tutorship by will
        Section IV Of the tutorship by the effect of the law
        Section V Of dative tutorship
        Section VI Of the under tutor
        Section VII Of the causes which dispense or excuse from the tutorship
        Section VIII Of incapacity for, exclusion from and deprivation of the tutorship
        Section IX Of the administration of the tutor
      Chapter II Of the curatorship of minors
      Chapter III Of emancipation
    Title IX Of persons insane, idiots, and other persons incapable of administering their estate
      Chapter I Of the interdiction and curatorship of persons incapable of administering their estate, whether on account of insanity or of some other infirmity
      Chapter II Of the other persons to whom curators are appointed
    Title X Of communities or corporations
      Chapter I Of the nature of communities or corporations, of their use and kind
      Chapter II Of the rights and privileges of communities or corporations and of their incapacities
      Chapter III Of the dissolution of communities or corporations
Book II Of things and of the different modifications of property
    Title I Of things or estates
      Chapter I Of the distinction of things or estates
      Chapter II Of immoveables
      Chapter III Of moveables
      Chapter IV Of estates considered in their relation to those who possess them
    Title II Of absolute ownership
      Chapter I Universal principles
      Chapter II Of the right of accession to what is produced by the thing
      Chapter III Of the right of accession to what unites or incorporates itself to the thing
        Section I Of the right of accession concerning immoveables
        Section II Of the right of accession concerning moveable things
    Title III Of usufruct, use and habitation
      Chapter I Of usufruct
        Section I General definitions
        Section II Of the rights of the usufructuary
        Section III Of the obligations of the usufructuary
        Section IV Of the obligations of the owner
        Section V How usufruct expires
      Chapter II Of the use and habitation
    Title IV Of predial services or services of land
      Chapter I General principles
      Chapter II Of services which originate from the natural situation of the place
      Chapter III Of services imposed by law
        Section I Of walls, fences, and ditches in common
        Section II Of the distance and of the intermediary works required for certain buildings
        Section III Of lights on the property of a neighbor
        Section IV Of the manner of carrying off rain from the roof
        Section V Of the right of passage
      Chapter IV Of services established by the act of man
        Section I Of the different kinds of services which may be established by the act of man
        Section II How services are acquired
        Section III Of the rights of the proprietor of the estate to which the service is due
        Section IV How Services are extinguished
Book III Of the different manners of acquiring the property of things
    Preliminary title General dispositions
    Title I Of successions
      Chapter I Of the different sorts of successions and heirs
      Chapter II Of legal successions
        Section I General rules
        Section II Of the succession of descendants
        Section III Of the succession of ascendants
        Section IV Of the succession of collaterals
      Chapter III Of irregular successions
      Chapter IV In what manner successions are opened
      Chapter V Of the incapacity and unworthiness of the heirs
      Chapter VI In what manner a succession is accepted and how it is renounced
        Section I Of the acceptance pure and simple
        Section II Of the acceptance of a succession with the benefit of an inventory
      Chapter VII Of the administration of vacant estates and estates ab intestato
      Chapter VIII Of partition among heirs and of the collation of goods
        Section I Of the nature of partition and in what manner it is made
        Section II Of the collation of goods
        Section III Of the payment of debts
        Section IV Of the effect of partition and of its rescision
    Title II Of donations inter vivos (between living persons) and mortis causa (in prospect of death)
      Chapter I General dispositions
      Chapter II Of the capacity necessary for disposing of and receiving by donation inter vivos or mortis causa
      Chapter III Of the portion disposable, and of its reduction in case of excess
        Section I Of the disposable portion and the legitime
        Section II Of the reduction of dispositions inter vivos or mortis causa; of the manner in which it is made and of its effects
      Chapter IV Of dispositions reprobated by the law in donations inter vivos and mortis causa
      Chapter V Of donations inter vivos (between living)
        Section I Of the irrevocability of donations inter vivos
        Section II Of the form of donations inter vivos
        Section III Of the exceptions to the rule of the irrevocability of donations inter vivos
      Chapter VI Of dispositions mortis causa (in the prospect of death)
        Section I Of testament or codicil
        Section II Of the form of testaments and codicils
        Section III Of testamentary dispositions
        Section IV Of the institution of heir and of disinherison
        Section V Of legacies
        Section VI Of the opening and the proof of wills, and of testamentary executions
        Section VII Of the revocation of testaments and codicils and of their caducity
        Section VIII Of the interpretation of testamentary dispositions
      Chapter VII Of partitions made by parents among their descendants
      Chapter VIII Of donations made by marriage contract to the husband or wife, and to the children to be born of the marriage
      Chapter IX Of donations between married persons, either by marriage contract, or during the marriage
    Title III Of contracts and of conventional obligations in general
      Chapter I Preliminary dispositions
      Chapter II Of the conditions essential to the validity of agreements
        Section I Of consent
        Section II Of the capability of the parties contracting
        Section III Of the object and the matter of contracts
        Section IV Of the cause
      Chapter III Of the effect of obligations
        Section I General dispositions
        Section II Of the obligation of giving
        Section III Of the obligations of doing or of not doing
        Section IV Of the damages resulting from the non execution of the obligation
        Section V Of the interpretation of the agreements
        Section VI Of the effect of agreements with regard to persons not parties to them
      Chapter IV Of the different kinds of obligations
        Section I Of conditional obligations
          § 1 Of the condition in general and of its different kinds
          § 2 Of the suspensive condition
          § 3 Of the dissolving condition
        Section II Of obligations to be performed at a certain term
        Section III Of the alternative obligations
        Section IV Of obligations in solido or jointly and severally
          § 1 Of the obligation in solido between creditors
          § 2 Of the obligation in solido on the part of debtors
        Section V Of obligations divisible and indivisible
          § 1 Of the effects of a divisible obligation
          § 2 Of the effect of the indivisible obligation
        Section VI Of obligations with penal clauses
      Chapter V Of the extinction of obligations
        Section I Of payment
          § 1 Of payment in general
          § 2 Of payment with subrogation
          § 3 Of the imputation of payments
          § 4 Of tenders of payment, and consignment
          § 5 Of the surrender of property
        Section II Of novation
        Section III Of the remission of the debt
        Section IV Of compensation
        Section V Of confusion
        Section VI Of the loss of the thing due
        Section VII Of the action of nullity or of rescission of agreements
      Chapter VI Of the proof of obligations and of that of payment
        Section I Of the literal proof
          § 1 Of the authentic title
          § 2 Of the acts under private signature
          § 3 Of copies of titles
          § 4 Of recognitive and confirmative acts
        Section II Of testimonial proof
        Section III Of presumptions
          § 1 Of presumptions established by law
          § 2 Of presumption not established by law
        Section IV Of the confession of the party
        Section V Of the proof by oath
    Title IV Of engagements formed without agreements, or of quasi contracts and quasi offences
      Section I Of the quasi contract
      Section II Of quasi crimes or offences
    Title V Of marriage contract
      Chapter I General dispositions
      Chapter II Of the various kinds of matrimonial agreements
        Section I Of donations made in consideration of marriage
        Section II Of dowry or marriage portion
        Section III Of paraphernalia or extra dotal effects
        Section IV Of the partnership or community of acquests or gains
      Chapter III Of the separation of property
    Title VI Of sale
      Chapter I Of the nature and form of the contract of sale, and of the manner in which it is to be performed
      Chapter II Of persons capable of buying and selling, and of things which may be sold
      Chapter III Of the obligations of the seller
        Section I Of the tradition or delivery of the thing sold
        Section II Of the warranty, in case of eviction of the thing sold
        Section III Of the warranty of the defects of the thing sold or of the redhibitory vices
      Chapter IV Of the obligations of the buyer
      Chapter V Of the nullity and rescissions of the sale
        Section I Of the power or right of redemption
        Section II Of the rescission of sales on account of lesion
      Chapter VI Of sales by cant or auction
      Chapter VII Of the assignment or transfer of debts and other incorporeal rights
    Title VII Of exchange
    Title VIII Of letting and hiring
      Chapter I Of the several species of contracts for letting and hiring
      Chapter II Of the contract for letting out things
        Section I Of the form and duration of leases
        Section II Of the obligations of the lessor
        Section III Of the obligations of the lessee
        Section IV Of the dissolution of leases
      Chapter III Of the letting out of labour or industry
        Section I Of the hiring of servants and workmen
        Section II Of carriers and watermen
        Section III Of plots for buildings and other works
    Title IX Of partnership
      Chapter I General dispositions
      Chapter II Of the various kinds of partnerships
      Chapter III Of the obligations of partners towards each other, and towards third persons
        Section I Of the obligations of partners towards each other
        Section II Of the obligations of partners towards third persons
      Chapter IV Of the different manners in which partnerships end
    Title X Of loan
      Chapter I Of the loan for use or commodatum
        Section I Of the nature of the loan for use
        Section II Of the engagements of the borrower for use
        Section III Of the engagements of the lender for use
      Chapter II Of the loan for consumption or mutuum
        Section I Of the nature of the loan for consumption
        Section II Of the obligations of the lender for consumption
        Section III Of the engagements of the borrower for consumption
      Chapter III Of loan on interest
    Title XI Of deposit and sequestration
      Chapter I Of deposit in general and of its divers kinds
      Chapter II Of the deposit properly so called
        Section I Of the nature and essence of the contract of deposit
        Section II Of the obligations of the depository
        Section III Of the obligations of him by whom the deposit has been made
        Section IV Of the necessary deposit
      Chapter III Of sequestration
        Section I Of its different species
        Section II Of the conventional sequestration
        Section III Of the judicial sequestration or deposit
    Title XII Of aleatory contracts
    Title XIII Of mandate or commission
      Chapter I Of the nature of proxies, mandates and commissions
      Chapter II What persons may be appointed attornies in fact
      Chapter III Of the obligations of a person acting under a power of attorney
      Chapter IV Of the obligations of the principal who acts by his attorney in fact
      Chapter V How the procuration expires
    Title XIV Of suretyship
      Chapter I Of the nature and extent of suretyship
      Chapter II Of the effects of suretyship
        Section I Of the effects of suretyship between the creditor and the surety
        Section II Of the effects of suretyship between the debtor and the surety
        Section III Respecting the effects of suretyship between the sureties
      Chapter III Of the extinction of suretyship
      Chapter IV Of the legal and judicial sureties
    Title XV Of transactions
    Title XVI Of respite
    Title XVII Of compromises or arbitration
    Title XVIII Of pledge
    Title XIX Of privileges and mortgages
      Chapter I Of the nature of a mortgage and of its several sorts
      Chapter II Who may mortgage and what thing may be mortgaged
      Chapter III Of the effects of mortgage
        Section I Of the effects of mortgage with regard to the debtor
        Section II Of the effects of mortgages against third possessors and of the action of mortgage
        Section III Of the registering of mortgages and of the register kept for that purpose
      Chapter IV Of the order of privileges and mortgages
        Section I Of the preference and order of privileges
      Chapter V How privileges or mortgages expire or are extinguished
    Title XX Of occupancy, possession and prescription
      Chapter I Of occupancy
      Chapter II Of possession
      Chapter III Of prescription
        Section I Of the possession required to establish prescription
        Section II Of the causes which suspend or interrupt prescriptions
        Section III Of the several species of prescription
    Title XXI Of the title by judgment or seizure
Index
Manuscript index
Manuscript index Part 2

SECTION VII - OF THE REVOCATION OF TESTAMENTS AND CODICILS AND OF THEIR CADUCITY

Art. 182. Testaments and codicils are revocable at the will of the testator, until his decease.
The testator cannot renounce this right of revocation, nor obligate himself to exercise it only under certain words or expressions or restrictions, and if he does so obligate himself, any declaration to that effect shall be considered as not written.

Art. 183. Neither a testament nor a codicil can be revoked in whole or in part, unless by a declaration of a change of will made in one of the forms hereafter prescribed.

Art. 184. In revoking a testamentary disposition, less solemnity is required than in making it.
Thus a testament may be revoked by another testament or by a codicil, or by any other act received by a notary in presence of two witnesses expressing a declaration of a change of will.
In like manner a codicil may be revoked by a new codicil, or by a testament, or by an act passed as above specified.

Act. 185. Posterior testaments and codicils which do not, in an express manner, revoke the prior ones, annul in the latter only such of the dispositions there contained, as are incompatible with the new ones, or contrary to them, or entirely different.

Act. 186. A revocation made in a posterior testament or codicil, has its entire effect, even though this new act remains without execution, either through the incapacity of the person instituted, or of the legatee, or thro' his refusal to accept it.

Art. 187. A donation inter vivos or a sale made by the testator of the whole or part of the thing bequeathed as a legacy, amounts to a revocation of the testamentary disposition, for all that has been sold or given, even though the sale or donation be null, and the thing have returned into the possession of the testator whether by the effects of that nullity, or by any other means.

Art. 188. The testamentary disposition becomes without effect, if the person instituted or the legatee does not survive the testator.

Art. 189. Every testamentary disposition made on a condition depending on an uncertain event, so that in the intention of the testator, the disposition shall take place only in as much as the event shall or shall not happen, is without effect, if the instituted heir or the legatee dies before the accomplishment of the condition.

Art. 190. A condition which in the intention of the testator, does but suspend the execution of the disposition, does not hinder the instituted heir or the legatee from having a right acquired and transmissible to his heirs.

Art. 191. The legacy falls if the thing bequeathed has totally perished during the lifetime of the testator.
It likewise falls if the thing has perished since his death, without the act or fault of the heir, although the latter may have delayed to deliver it, when it must equally have perished in the possession of the legatee.

Art. 192. In case of an alternative legacy of two things, if one of them perishes, the legacy subsists in that which remains.

Art. 193. The testamentary disposition falls when the instituted heir or the legatee rejects it or finds himself incapable of receiving it.

Art. 194. The right of accretion relative to testamentary dispositions, shall no longer subsist, except in the cases marked in the two following articles.

Art. 195. Accretion shall take place for the benefit of the legatees, in case of the legacy's being made to several conjointly.
The legacy shall be reputed to be made conjointly when it is made by one and the same disposition without the testator's having assigned the part of each co-legatee in the thing bequeathed.

Art. 196.  It shall also be reputed to be made conjointly, when a thing not susceptible of being divided without deterioration, has been given by the same act, to several persons, even separately.

Art. 197. Except in the cases prescribed in the two preceding articles every portion of the succession remaining vacant, whether because the testator has not formally disposed of it, on the title of institution or of legacy, or because the heir or the legatee has not been able or has not been willing to accept it, shall devolve to the blood or the legitimate heirs.

Art. 198. The same causes which, according to article 66 above, and the two first dispositions of article 67, of the present title, shall authorise an action of revocation of a donation between the living, shall be admitted to ground an action of revocation for testamentary dispositions, observing only with respect to the forced heirs, that they cannot be bound to any charges or conditions imposed by the testator on their legitime or legal portion, or be sued for any act of ingratitude anterior to the decease of the testator who had against them the punishment of disinherison, if he thought proper to inflict it, and who, from his not having disinherited them, is deemed to have forgiven their offence.

Art. 199. If the action be founded on a grievous injury done to the memory of the testator, it must be brought within a year from the day of the offence.

 

SECTION VIII - OF THE INTERPRETATION OF TESTAMENTARY DISPOSITIONS

Art. 200. If any obscurity be found in the meaning or the terms of the disposition, either as to the person to whom it is made, or as to the thing bequeathed, the judge must endeavor to discover what was the intention of the donor.

Art. 201. In case of doubt as to that intention, the interpretation is made in the sense most favorable to the heir, but the sense in which the disposition will have effect, is to be preferred to that in which it could have none.

SECTION VII - DE LA RÉVOCATION DES TESTAMENS ET DES CODICILES, ET DE LEUR CADUCITÉ

Art. 182. Les testamens et les codiciles sont révocables, à la volonté du testateur, jusqu'à son décès.
Le testateur ne peut renoncer à ce droit de révocation, ni s'obliger à ne l'exercer, que sous certaines paroles ou expressions, ou restrictions; et s'il le fait, une semblable clause sera censée non écrite.

Art. 183. Les testamens et les codiciles ne peuvent être révoqués, en tout ou en partie, que par une déclaration de changement de volonté, faite dans une des formes ci-après prescrites.

Art. 184. Il faut moins de solennité, pour révoquer une disposition testamentaire, que pour la faire.
Ainsi, un testament peut être révoqué par un autre testament, ou par un codicile, ou par tout autre acte reçu par-devant un notaire, en présence de deux témoins, portant déclaration du changement de volonté.
Il en est de même pour le révocation des codiciles, qui peut être faite, ou par un nouveau codicile, ou par un testament, ou par un acte passé, ainsi qu'il est dit ci-dessus.

Art. 185. Les testamens et codiciles postérieurs, qui ne révoquent pas, d'une manière expresse, les précédens, n'annulent, dans ceux-ci, que celles des dispositions y contenues, qui se trouvent incompatibles avec les nouvelles, ou qui sont contraires, ou absolument différentes.

Art. 186. La révocation faite, dans un testament ou codicile postérieur, a tout son effet, quoique ce nouvel acte reste sans exécution, soit par l'incapacité de l'institué ou du légataire, ou par son refus de recueillir.

Art. 187. La donation entre vifs, ou la vente que fait le testateur, de tout ou partie de la chose léguée, emporte la révocation de la disposition testamentaire, pour tout ce qui a été vendu ou donné, encore que la vente ou donation soit nulle, et que l'objet soit rentré dans la main du testateur, soit par l'effet de cette nullité, ou par toute autre voie.

Art. 188. La disposition testamentaire devient caduque, si l'institué où le légataire ne survit pas au testateur.

Art. 189. Toute disposition testamentaire, faite sous une condition dépendante d'un événement incertain et tel, que dans l'intention du testateur, la disposition ne doive avoir lieu qu'autant que l'événement arrivera ou n'arrivera pas, est caduque, si l'héritier institué ou le légataire décède avant l'accomplissement de la condition.

Art. 190. Le condition qui, dans l'intention du testateur, ne fait que suspendre l'exécution de la disposition, n'empêche pas l'héritier institué, ou le légataire, d'avoir un droit acquis et transmissible à ses héritiers.

Art. 191. Le legs est caduque, si la chose léguée a totalement péri pendant la vie du testateur.
Il en est de même, si elle a péri depuis sa mort, sans le fait et la faute de l'héritier, quoique celui-ci ait été mis en retard de la délivrer, lorsque'elle eut également dû périr entre les mains du légataire.

Art. 192. Dans le legs alternatif de deux choses, si l'une d'elles périt, le legs subsiste dans celle qui reste.

Art. 193. La disposition testamentaire est caduque, lorsque l'héritier institué, ou le légataire, la répudie, ou se trouve incapable de la recueillir.

Art. 194. Le droit d'accroissement, relativement aux dispositions testamentaires, ne subsistera plus, que dans les cas marqués aux deux articles suivans.

Art. 195. Il y aura lieu à accroissement, au profit des légataires, dans le cas où le legs sera fait à plusieurs, conjointement.
Le legs sera réputé fait conjointement, lorsqu'il le sera par une seule et même disposition, et que le testateur n'aura pas assigné la part de chacun des co-légataires, dans la chose léguée.

Art. 196. Il sera encore réputé fait conjointement, quand une chose, qui n'est pas susceptible d'être divisée sans détérioration, aura été donnée par le même acte à plusieurs personnes, même séparément.

Art. 197. Hors les cas prescrits aux deux précédens articles, toute portion de la succession, qui demeurera vacante, soit parce que le testateur n'en aura pas formellement disposé à titre d'institution, ou de legs, soit parce que l'héritier ou le légataire n'aura pas pu, ou voulu la recueillir, sera dévolue aux héritiers du sang ou légitimes.

Art. 198. Les mêmes causes qui, suivant l'article 66 ci-dessus, et les deux premières dispositions de l'article 67 du présent titre, autorisent la demande en révocation de la donation entre vifs, pourront être admises pour la demande en révocation des dispositions testamentaires, en observant seulement, quant aux héritiers forcés, qu'ils ne peuvent être astreints à aucunes charges et conditions par le testateur, relativement à leur légitime; et qu'ils ne peuvent être recherchés pour les faits d'ingratitude, antérieurs au décès du testateur qui avait contre eux la peine de l'exhérédation, s'il eut voulu en user, et qui par cela, qu'il n'en a pas usé, est censé leur avoir remis leur faute.

Art. 199. Si cette demande est fondée sur une injure grave, faite à la mémoire du testateur, elle doit être intentée dans l'année, à compter du jour du délit.

 

SECTION VIII - DE L'INTERPRÉTATION DES DISPOSITIONS TESTAMENTAIRES

Art. 200. S'il y a obscurité dans le sens, ou dans les termes de la disposition, soit par rapport à celui à qui elle est faite, soit par rapport à la chose léguée, le juge doit rechercher qu'elle a été l'intention du testateur.

Art. 201. Dans le doute, sur cette intention, l'interprétation se fait dans le sens le plus favorable à l'héritier, en observant cependant de préférer le sens dans lequel la disposition peut avoir quelque effet, au sens qui ne lui en donnerait aucun. 

< Previous | Next >© Manuscript notes copyright 1968 by Louis V. de la Vergne.
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