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Table of Contents

Cover Page
Foreword
Abbreviations
Synopsis
Preliminary title Of the general definitions of rights and the promulgation of the laws
    Chapter I Of law and customs
    Chapter II Of the publication of the laws
    Chapter III Of the effects of laws
    Chapter IV Of the application and construction of laws
    Chapter V Of the repeal of laws
Book I Of persons
    Title I Of the distinction of persons, and the privation of certain civil rights in certain cases
      Chapter I Of the distinction of persons established by nature
      Chapter II Of the distinctions of persons which are established by law
    Title II Of domicil and the manner of changing the same
    Title III Of absent persons
      Chapter I Of the curatorship of absent persons
      Chapter II Of the putting into provisional possession the heirs of the absentee
      Chapter III Of the effects of absence upon the eventual rights which may belong to the absentee
      Chapter IV Of the effects of absence respecting marriage
      Chapter V Of the care of minor children whose father has disappeared
    Title IV Of husband and wife
      Chapter I On marriage
      Chapter II How marriages may be contracted or made
      Chapter III Of the nullity of marriages
      Chapter IV Of the respective rights and duties of married persons
      Chapter V Of the dissolution of marriages
      Chapter VI Of second marriages
    Title V Of the separation from bed and board
      Chapter I Of the causes of separation from bed and board
      Chapter II Of the proceedings on separation from bed and board
      Chapter III Of the provisional proceedings to which a suit for separation may give occasion
      Chapter IV Of objections to the action of separation from bed and board
      Chapter V Of the effects of separation from bed and board
    Title VI Of master and servant
      Chapter I Of the several sorts of servants
      Chapter II Of free servants
      Chapter III Of slaves
    Title VII Of father and child
      Chapter I Of children in general
      Chapter II Of legitimate children
        Section I Of legitimacy resulting from marriage
        Section II Of the manner of proving the legitimate filiation
      Chapter III Of illegitimate children
        Section I Of legitimation
        Section II Of the acknowledgment of illegitimate children
      Chapter IV Of adoption
      Chapter V Of paternal authority
        Section I Of the duties of parents towards their legitimate children, and of the duties of legitimate children towards their parents
        Section II Of the duties of parents towards their natural children, and of the duties of natural children towards their parents
    Title VIII Of minors, of their tutorship, curatorship and emancipation
      Chapter I Of tutorship
        Section I General dispositions
        Section II Of tutorship by nature
        Section III Of tutorship by will
        Section IV Of the tutorship by the effect of the law
        Section V Of dative tutorship
        Section VI Of the under tutor
        Section VII Of the causes which dispense or excuse from the tutorship
        Section VIII Of incapacity for, exclusion from and deprivation of the tutorship
        Section IX Of the administration of the tutor
      Chapter II Of the curatorship of minors
      Chapter III Of emancipation
    Title IX Of persons insane, idiots, and other persons incapable of administering their estate
      Chapter I Of the interdiction and curatorship of persons incapable of administering their estate, whether on account of insanity or of some other infirmity
      Chapter II Of the other persons to whom curators are appointed
    Title X Of communities or corporations
      Chapter I Of the nature of communities or corporations, of their use and kind
      Chapter II Of the rights and privileges of communities or corporations and of their incapacities
      Chapter III Of the dissolution of communities or corporations
Book II Of things and of the different modifications of property
    Title I Of things or estates
      Chapter I Of the distinction of things or estates
      Chapter II Of immoveables
      Chapter III Of moveables
      Chapter IV Of estates considered in their relation to those who possess them
    Title II Of absolute ownership
      Chapter I Universal principles
      Chapter II Of the right of accession to what is produced by the thing
      Chapter III Of the right of accession to what unites or incorporates itself to the thing
        Section I Of the right of accession concerning immoveables
        Section II Of the right of accession concerning moveable things
    Title III Of usufruct, use and habitation
      Chapter I Of usufruct
        Section I General definitions
        Section II Of the rights of the usufructuary
        Section III Of the obligations of the usufructuary
        Section IV Of the obligations of the owner
        Section V How usufruct expires
      Chapter II Of the use and habitation
    Title IV Of predial services or services of land
      Chapter I General principles
      Chapter II Of services which originate from the natural situation of the place
      Chapter III Of services imposed by law
        Section I Of walls, fences, and ditches in common
        Section II Of the distance and of the intermediary works required for certain buildings
        Section III Of lights on the property of a neighbor
        Section IV Of the manner of carrying off rain from the roof
        Section V Of the right of passage
      Chapter IV Of services established by the act of man
        Section I Of the different kinds of services which may be established by the act of man
        Section II How services are acquired
        Section III Of the rights of the proprietor of the estate to which the service is due
        Section IV How Services are extinguished
Book III Of the different manners of acquiring the property of things
    Preliminary title General dispositions
    Title I Of successions
      Chapter I Of the different sorts of successions and heirs
      Chapter II Of legal successions
        Section I General rules
        Section II Of the succession of descendants
        Section III Of the succession of ascendants
        Section IV Of the succession of collaterals
      Chapter III Of irregular successions
      Chapter IV In what manner successions are opened
      Chapter V Of the incapacity and unworthiness of the heirs
      Chapter VI In what manner a succession is accepted and how it is renounced
        Section I Of the acceptance pure and simple
        Section II Of the acceptance of a succession with the benefit of an inventory
      Chapter VII Of the administration of vacant estates and estates ab intestato
      Chapter VIII Of partition among heirs and of the collation of goods
        Section I Of the nature of partition and in what manner it is made
        Section II Of the collation of goods
        Section III Of the payment of debts
        Section IV Of the effect of partition and of its rescision
    Title II Of donations inter vivos (between living persons) and mortis causa (in prospect of death)
      Chapter I General dispositions
      Chapter II Of the capacity necessary for disposing of and receiving by donation inter vivos or mortis causa
      Chapter III Of the portion disposable, and of its reduction in case of excess
        Section I Of the disposable portion and the legitime
        Section II Of the reduction of dispositions inter vivos or mortis causa; of the manner in which it is made and of its effects
      Chapter IV Of dispositions reprobated by the law in donations inter vivos and mortis causa
      Chapter V Of donations inter vivos (between living)
        Section I Of the irrevocability of donations inter vivos
        Section II Of the form of donations inter vivos
        Section III Of the exceptions to the rule of the irrevocability of donations inter vivos
      Chapter VI Of dispositions mortis causa (in the prospect of death)
        Section I Of testament or codicil
        Section II Of the form of testaments and codicils
        Section III Of testamentary dispositions
        Section IV Of the institution of heir and of disinherison
        Section V Of legacies
        Section VI Of the opening and the proof of wills, and of testamentary executions
        Section VII Of the revocation of testaments and codicils and of their caducity
        Section VIII Of the interpretation of testamentary dispositions
      Chapter VII Of partitions made by parents among their descendants
      Chapter VIII Of donations made by marriage contract to the husband or wife, and to the children to be born of the marriage
      Chapter IX Of donations between married persons, either by marriage contract, or during the marriage
    Title III Of contracts and of conventional obligations in general
      Chapter I Preliminary dispositions
      Chapter II Of the conditions essential to the validity of agreements
        Section I Of consent
        Section II Of the capability of the parties contracting
        Section III Of the object and the matter of contracts
        Section IV Of the cause
      Chapter III Of the effect of obligations
        Section I General dispositions
        Section II Of the obligation of giving
        Section III Of the obligations of doing or of not doing
        Section IV Of the damages resulting from the non execution of the obligation
        Section V Of the interpretation of the agreements
        Section VI Of the effect of agreements with regard to persons not parties to them
      Chapter IV Of the different kinds of obligations
        Section I Of conditional obligations
          § 1 Of the condition in general and of its different kinds
          § 2 Of the suspensive condition
          § 3 Of the dissolving condition
        Section II Of obligations to be performed at a certain term
        Section III Of the alternative obligations
        Section IV Of obligations in solido or jointly and severally
          § 1 Of the obligation in solido between creditors
          § 2 Of the obligation in solido on the part of debtors
        Section V Of obligations divisible and indivisible
          § 1 Of the effects of a divisible obligation
          § 2 Of the effect of the indivisible obligation
        Section VI Of obligations with penal clauses
      Chapter V Of the extinction of obligations
        Section I Of payment
          § 1 Of payment in general
          § 2 Of payment with subrogation
          § 3 Of the imputation of payments
          § 4 Of tenders of payment, and consignment
          § 5 Of the surrender of property
        Section II Of novation
        Section III Of the remission of the debt
        Section IV Of compensation
        Section V Of confusion
        Section VI Of the loss of the thing due
        Section VII Of the action of nullity or of rescission of agreements
      Chapter VI Of the proof of obligations and of that of payment
        Section I Of the literal proof
          § 1 Of the authentic title
          § 2 Of the acts under private signature
          § 3 Of copies of titles
          § 4 Of recognitive and confirmative acts
        Section II Of testimonial proof
        Section III Of presumptions
          § 1 Of presumptions established by law
          § 2 Of presumption not established by law
        Section IV Of the confession of the party
        Section V Of the proof by oath
    Title IV Of engagements formed without agreements, or of quasi contracts and quasi offences
      Section I Of the quasi contract
      Section II Of quasi crimes or offences
    Title V Of marriage contract
      Chapter I General dispositions
      Chapter II Of the various kinds of matrimonial agreements
        Section I Of donations made in consideration of marriage
        Section II Of dowry or marriage portion
        Section III Of paraphernalia or extra dotal effects
        Section IV Of the partnership or community of acquests or gains
      Chapter III Of the separation of property
    Title VI Of sale
      Chapter I Of the nature and form of the contract of sale, and of the manner in which it is to be performed
      Chapter II Of persons capable of buying and selling, and of things which may be sold
      Chapter III Of the obligations of the seller
        Section I Of the tradition or delivery of the thing sold
        Section II Of the warranty, in case of eviction of the thing sold
        Section III Of the warranty of the defects of the thing sold or of the redhibitory vices
      Chapter IV Of the obligations of the buyer
      Chapter V Of the nullity and rescissions of the sale
        Section I Of the power or right of redemption
        Section II Of the rescission of sales on account of lesion
      Chapter VI Of sales by cant or auction
      Chapter VII Of the assignment or transfer of debts and other incorporeal rights
    Title VII Of exchange
    Title VIII Of letting and hiring
      Chapter I Of the several species of contracts for letting and hiring
      Chapter II Of the contract for letting out things
        Section I Of the form and duration of leases
        Section II Of the obligations of the lessor
        Section III Of the obligations of the lessee
        Section IV Of the dissolution of leases
      Chapter III Of the letting out of labour or industry
        Section I Of the hiring of servants and workmen
        Section II Of carriers and watermen
        Section III Of plots for buildings and other works
    Title IX Of partnership
      Chapter I General dispositions
      Chapter II Of the various kinds of partnerships
      Chapter III Of the obligations of partners towards each other, and towards third persons
        Section I Of the obligations of partners towards each other
        Section II Of the obligations of partners towards third persons
      Chapter IV Of the different manners in which partnerships end
    Title X Of loan
      Chapter I Of the loan for use or commodatum
        Section I Of the nature of the loan for use
        Section II Of the engagements of the borrower for use
        Section III Of the engagements of the lender for use
      Chapter II Of the loan for consumption or mutuum
        Section I Of the nature of the loan for consumption
        Section II Of the obligations of the lender for consumption
        Section III Of the engagements of the borrower for consumption
      Chapter III Of loan on interest
    Title XI Of deposit and sequestration
      Chapter I Of deposit in general and of its divers kinds
      Chapter II Of the deposit properly so called
        Section I Of the nature and essence of the contract of deposit
        Section II Of the obligations of the depository
        Section III Of the obligations of him by whom the deposit has been made
        Section IV Of the necessary deposit
      Chapter III Of sequestration
        Section I Of its different species
        Section II Of the conventional sequestration
        Section III Of the judicial sequestration or deposit
    Title XII Of aleatory contracts
    Title XIII Of mandate or commission
      Chapter I Of the nature of proxies, mandates and commissions
      Chapter II What persons may be appointed attornies in fact
      Chapter III Of the obligations of a person acting under a power of attorney
      Chapter IV Of the obligations of the principal who acts by his attorney in fact
      Chapter V How the procuration expires
    Title XIV Of suretyship
      Chapter I Of the nature and extent of suretyship
      Chapter II Of the effects of suretyship
        Section I Of the effects of suretyship between the creditor and the surety
        Section II Of the effects of suretyship between the debtor and the surety
        Section III Respecting the effects of suretyship between the sureties
      Chapter III Of the extinction of suretyship
      Chapter IV Of the legal and judicial sureties
    Title XV Of transactions
    Title XVI Of respite
    Title XVII Of compromises or arbitration
    Title XVIII Of pledge
    Title XIX Of privileges and mortgages
      Chapter I Of the nature of a mortgage and of its several sorts
      Chapter II Who may mortgage and what thing may be mortgaged
      Chapter III Of the effects of mortgage
        Section I Of the effects of mortgage with regard to the debtor
        Section II Of the effects of mortgages against third possessors and of the action of mortgage
        Section III Of the registering of mortgages and of the register kept for that purpose
      Chapter IV Of the order of privileges and mortgages
        Section I Of the preference and order of privileges
      Chapter V How privileges or mortgages expire or are extinguished
    Title XX Of occupancy, possession and prescription
      Chapter I Of occupancy
      Chapter II Of possession
      Chapter III Of prescription
        Section I Of the possession required to establish prescription
        Section II Of the causes which suspend or interrupt prescriptions
        Section III Of the several species of prescription
    Title XXI Of the title by judgment or seizure
Index
Manuscript index
Manuscript index Part 2

SECTION VI - OF THE OPENING AND THE PROOF OF WILLS, AND OF TESTAMENTARY EXECUTIONS

Art. 153. No testaments or codicil can have effect in the territory, until it has been presented to the Judge of the parish in which the testator died, if he died within the territory, or in which his principal estates lie, if he died out of the territory; the said judge shall order the execution of the said testament or codicil, after its being opened and proved, in the cases prescribed by law.

Art. 154. The execution of a testament or codicil shall not be ordered until the decease of the testator has been sufficiently proved to the judge to whom the said testament or codicil is presented.

Art. 155. When the decease of the testator has been sufficiently proved to the judge to whom the testament or codicil is presented, he shall immediately proceed to open it, if it be sealed, and to the proof of it in presence of the notary and the witnesses who were present at the making of it, and who are on the spot, or duly called.

Art. 156. Nuncupative testaments and codicils received by public acts, do not require to be proved, that their execution may be ordered, they are full proof of themselves, unless they be maintained to be forged.

Art. 157. Nuncupative testaments and codicils under private signature, cannot be executed until they have been proved by the declaration on oath or affirmation of at least three of the witnesses who were present when they were made, in case of a testament, and of at least two of the witnesses, in case of a codicil.
The declaration of the witnesses required for said proof, must state in substance not only that they recognize the testament or codicil presented to them, as being the same that was written in their presence by the testator himself or by another person by his direction, or which the said testator had written or caused to be written out of their presence, but which he declared to them contained his last will, as the case may be; as also that they recognize their signatures, and that of the testator, at the foot of the said testament or codicil, if they have signed it, or the signature of him who signed for them respectively in case of their not having signed for want of knowing how.

Art. 158. Mystic testaments or codicils cannot be executed until they have been in like manner proved by the declaration on oath or affirmation of at least four of the witnesses who were present at the act of superscription, in case of a testament and of at least three witnesses in case of a codicil.
The declaration of the witnesses required for the proof of mystic testaments and codicils, must state in substance that they recognize the sealed packet presented to them, as being the same that the testator delivered to the notary in their presence, declaring to him that it contained his testament or codicil, as the case may be; as also that they recognize their signatures and that of the notary at the foot of the act of superscription, if they have signed it, or the signature of him who signed for them respectively in case they have not signed the act of superscription, for want of knowing how.
When the notary who has passed the act of superscription, is one of the witnesses appearing, his declaration on oath or affirmation, with that of two witnesses only in case of the proof of a testament; and with that of a single witness, if a codicil alone is to be proved.

Art. 159. If any of the witnesses who were present at the making of the noncupative testament or codicil under private signature, or at the act of superscription of the mystic testament or codicil, be dead or absent, so that it be not possible to procure the number of witnesses prescribed by law for proving said testament or codicil, it will be sufficient to prove it by the declaration of the witnesses living being near the place.
And if none of the persons who were present at the said acts are living near the place, but all are absent or deceased, it will be sufficient for the proof of said testaments and codicils, if two credible persons make a declaration on oath or affirmation that they recognise the signatures of the different persons who have signed the will or the act of superscription.

Art. 160. The olographic testament or codicil shall be opened, if it be sealed, and it must be acknowledged and proved by the declaration or affirmation of two credible persons, who must attest that they recognise the testament or codicil as being entirely written, dated and signed in the testator's hand writing, as having often seen him write and sign during his lifetime.

Art. 161. When a nuncupative testament or codicil has been put under an envelope, or sealed merely through precaution, on the part of the testator without any act of superscription or any indication of the names of the witnesses who have signed the testament or codicil, the judge shall open it in presence of the party requiring it, and of two witnesses called in for that purpose.

Art. 162. When the judge has complied with all the formalities required for the opening and proving of the testaments and codicils, he shall order their execution, and he shall moreover prescribe that such of said testaments as have not been passed by public act, be deposited, after his having inscribed on them his paraph ne varietur at the top and bottom of each page.

Art. 163. The execution of the dispositions contained in testaments and codicils, is usually confided to a testamentary executor named by the testator.

Art. 164. The testamentary executor may be appointed either by testament or codicil.

Art. 165. The testator may name one or several testamentary executors.

Art. 166. The testator may give his testamentary executor the seizin of the whole of his succession, or only of a certain determinate portion, according as he has expressed himself, saving the restrictions contained in the following articles.
But this seizin cannot continue beyond a year and a day from the decease of the testator, if he died in the territory, or from the day on which his death was first known, if he died out of the territory.
If the testator has not granted the seizin to the testamentary executor, the latter cannot require it.

Art. 167. The testator may express his intention to grant the seizin of his estate to the testamentary executor, either in express terms, by authorising him to take possession judicially or extra-judicially of the whole or a part of the estate of his succession after his death, or by merely appointing him testamentary executor and detainer of his estate, the word detainer sufficiently announcing that the executor is to be seized of the property of the succession.
But if the executor testamentary be appointed merely and simply testamentary executor, without any other power, his functions are confined to see to the execution of the legacies contained in the will, and to cause to be made the inventory and other conservatory acts of the property of the succession.

Art. 168. Even when the testamentary executor has been appointed detainer of the property, or expressly authorised by the testator to take possession of it, if there be any forced heirs, those heirs may prevent the seizin of the testamentary executor by offering him the necessary sums, or delivering to him sufficient effects for the payment of the legacies, or by securing their payment.

Art. 169. When of the testator's heirs some are absent or not represented in this territory, the testamentary executor, whether the seizin be granted to him or not and whether those heirs be forced or voluntary, shall be authorised to take possession of the property of the succession, to cause it to be sold, and to remain in possession of the portion accruing to the absent heir or heirs, deducting the debts and legacies, until those heirs shall have sent their power of attorney, or till the expiration of the year of the testamentary execution.

Art. 170. He who cannot obligate himself, cannot be a testamentary executor.

Art. 171. A married woman cannot accept testamentary executorship without consent of her husband.
If there is between them a separation of property, she may accept it with the consent of her husband, or on his refusal, she may be authorised by the court, conformably to what is prescribed by the title of husband and wife.

Art. 172. A minor cannot be testamentary executor even with the authorisation of his tutor or curator.

Art. 173. The testamentary executor shall cause the seals to be affixed, if there be any minor, interdicted or absent heirs; he shall cause an inventory of the property of the succession to be made by the parish judge or by any notary duly authorised to that effect by said judge, and in presence of the presumptive heir or him expressly called, unless the testator should have duly authorised said executor by his last will to make said inventory without the interposition of justice, in which case, the inventory may be made under private signature, provided it be afterwards approved by the parish judge and duly recorded in a public office.
The executor shall cause the moveables to be sold, if the assets do not suffice to discharge the legacies.
He cannot sell the immoveable property, when all the heirs are present in the territory, unless he be expressly authorised to that effect by the testator; and the heirs can even hinder the sale, if they be forced heirs and all present in the territory.
The testamentary executor shall see that the will be executed, and in case of any dispute as to its execution, he may interfere to maintain its validity.
At the expiration of the year of his executorship, he must render an account of his administration.

Art. 174. When the testamentary executor has the seizin of the property of the succession and is directed to sell it, he must proceed to the sale and to the payment of the debts of the succession in the manner prescribed to the creditors of absent heirs and of vacant successions in the title of successions.
As to whatever concerns the administration of the property of the succession which they hold, they must conform to the rules prescribed to tutors or curators of minors, except that they have not recourse to the meetings of families, and are not bound to pay interest for the capitals in their hands.

Art. 175. The testamentary executor is not bound to accept the executorship nor to give security when he does accept it.

Art. 176. The powers of the testamentary executor, do not go to his heirs.

Art. 177. If there be many executors who have accepted, any one of them may act for them all, but they shall all be jointly and severally accountable for the property subject to the executorship, unless the testator has divided their functions, and each of them has confined himself to that which to him was allotted.

Art. 178. The expences incurred by the executor for affixing the seals, the inventory, the accounts and the other charges relative to his functions, shall be defrayed out of the succession.

Art. 179. An executor who has had the seizin of all the estate of the succession, whether he were charged to sell it or not, shall be entitled for his trouble and care, to a commission of two and a half per cent. on the whole amount of the estimate of the inventory, making a deduction for what is not productive and for what is due by insolvent debtors.
If the executor has not had a general seizin, his commission shall only be on the estimated value of the objects which he has had in his possession, and on the sums put into his hands for the purpose of paying off the legacies and other charges of the will.
The commission shall be shared among the executors, if there be several, and if their functions were not divided by the testator.
In this latter case, they shall be entitled to a commission on what has fallen to the administration of each respectively.

Art. 180. Testamentary executors to whom the testator has bequeathed any legacies or other gift by his will, shall not be entitled to any commission, unless the testator has formally expressed the intention that they should have the legacies over and above their commission.

Art. 181. In no case shall the commission allowed to the testamentary executors affect the legitime reserved to the forced heirs of the testator.

SECTION VI - DE L'OUVERTURE ET DE LA PREUVE DES TESTAMENS ET DES EXÉCUTEURS TESTAMENTAIRES

Art. 153. Nul testament ou codicile ne pourra avoir d'effet dans ce territoire, qu'il n'ait été présenté au juge de la paroisse dans laquelle le testateur est décédé, s'il est mort dans le territoire, ou dans laquelle sont situés ses principaux biens, s'il est décédé hors du territoire; et ledit juge ordonnera l'exécution dudit testament ou codicile, après qu'il aura été ouvert et prouvé, dans les cas prescrits par la loi.

Art. 154. L'exécution d'aucun testament ou codicile, ne sera ordonné qu'après que le décès du testateur aura été suffisamment prouvé au juge auquel ledit testament ou codicile sera présenté.

Art. 155. Lorsque le décès du testateur aura été suffisamment prouvé au juge auquel le testament ou codicile sera présenté, il procédera sans délai à leur ouverture, s'ils sont scellés ou cachetés, et à leur preuve, en présence du notaire et des témoins qui auront assisté à leur confection, et qui seront sur les lieux, ou eux dûment appelés.

Art. 156. Les testamens et codiciles nuncupatifs, reçus par acte public, n'auront pas besoin d'être prouvés, pour que leur exécution soit ordonnée; ils feront pleine foi par eux-mêmes, à moins qu'ils ne soient argués de faux.

Art. 157. Les testamens et codiciles nuncupatifs, par acte sous signature privée, ne pourront être mis à exécution qu'après avoir été prouvés par la déclaration sous serment, ou affirmation d'au moins trois des témoins qui auront été présens à leur confection, s'il s'agit d'un testament, et d'au moins deux desdits témoins, s'il s'agit d'un codicile.
La déclaration des témoins, requise pour ladite preuve, devra contenir en substance, qu'ils reconnaissent le testament ou codicile qui leur est présenté, comme étant le même qui a été écrit, en leur présence, par le testateur lui-même, ou par un autre par ses ordres, ou que ledit testateur avait écrit ou fait écrire, hors de leur présence, mais qu'il leur a déclaré contenir ses dernières volontés, suivant le cas; comme aussi, qu'ils reconnaissent leurs signatures et celle du testateur au bas dudit testament ou codicile, s'ils l'ont signé, ou la signature de celui qui a signé pour eux respectivement, dans le cas où ils n'auraient pas signé, faute de le savoir.

Art. 158. Les testamens ou codiciles mystiques ne pourront être mis à exécution, qu'après avoir été légalement prouvés par la déclaration sous serment, ou affirmation d'au moins quatre des témoins qui auront été présens à l'acte de suscription, s'il s'agit d'un testament, et d'au moins trois témoins, s'il ne s'agit que d'un codicile.
La déclaration des témoins, requise pour la preuve des testamens et codiciles mystiques, devra contenir en substance, qu'ils reconnaissent le paquet scellé ou cacheté qui leur est présenté, comme étant le même que le testateur à remis au notaire en leur présence, en lui déclarant qu'il contenait non testament ou son codicile, suivant le cas; comme aussi, qu'ils reconnaissent leurs signatures et celle du notaire, au bas de l'acte de suscription 'ils l'ont signé, ou la signature de celui qui a signé pour eux respectivement, dans le cas où ils n'auraient pas signé l'acte de suscription, faute de le savoir.
Lorsqu'au nombre des témoins qui comparaîtront, se trouvera le notaire qui aura passé l'acte de suscription, sa déclaration sous serment, ou affirmation, suffira avec celle de deux témoins seulement, s'il s'agit de la preuve d'un testament, et avec celle d'un seul témoin, s'il ne s'agit que d'un codicile.

Art. 159. Si quelques-uns des témoins, qui ont été présens à la confection du testament ou codicile nuncupatif sous signature privée, ou à l'acte de suscription du testament ou codicile mystique, sont morts ou absens, de manière qu'il ne soit pas possible de se procurer le nombre de témoins prescrits par la loi, pour la preuve de ces testamens ou codiciles, il suffira d'en faire la preuve par la déclaration des témoins qui existeront, et qui se trouveront sur les lieux.
Et s'il ne se trouve sur les lieux aucunes des personnes qui ont été présentes auxdits actes, ou si elles sont toutes, ou absentes, ou décédées, il suffira, pour la preuve desdits testamens et codiciles, de la déclaration sous serment, ou affirmation de deux personnes dignes de foi, qui attesteront reconnaître les signatures des différentes personnes qui ont signé le testament, ou l'acte de suscription.

Art. 160. Le testament ou codicile olographe sera ouvert, s'il est cacheté, et il devra être reconnu et prouvé par la déclaration, ou affirmation de deux personnes dignes de foi, qui devront attester qu'ils reconnaissent le testament ou le codicile, comme étant entièrement écrit, daté et signé de la main du testateur, comme l'ayant vu souvent écrire et signer pendant sa vie.

Art. 161. Lorsqu'un testament ou codicile nuncupatif aura été mis sous enveloppe, ou sous cachet, par simple précaution de la part du testateur, sans aucun acte de suscription, ni autre indication du nom des témoins qui ont signé le testament ou codicile, le juge en fera l'ouverture en présence de la partie requérante et de deux témoins appelés à cet effet.

Art. 162. Lorsque le juge aura rempli toutes les formalités requises pour l'ouverture et la preuve des testamens et codiciles, il en ordonnera l'exécution, et il prescrira de plus, que ceux desdits testamens qui n'ont pas été passés par acte public, seront déposés, après les avoir paraphés ne varietur, au commencement et à la fin de chaque page.

Art. 163. L'exécution des dispositions contenues dans les testamens et les codiciles, est ordinairement confiée à un exécuteur testamentaire nommé par le testateur.

Art. 164. La nomination de l'exécuteur testamentaire peut se faire par testament ou par codicile.

Art. 165. Le testateur peut nommer un on plusieurs exécuteurs testamentaires.

Art. 166. Le testateur peut donner, à son exécuteur testamentaire, la saisine de la totalité de la succession, ou seulement d'une portion déterminée, suivant qu'il s'en est expliqué, sauf les restrictions continues dans les articles suivans:
Mais cette saisine ne pourra durer au delà de l'an et jour, à compter du décès du testateur, s'il est mort dans le territoire, ou à compter du jour où l'on aura eu connaissance de son décès, s'il est mort hors du territoire.
Si le testateur n'a point accordé la saisine à l'exécuteur testamentaire, celui-ci ne pourra l'exiger.

Art. 167. Le testateur peut exprimer son intention, d'accorder la saisine de ses biens à son exécuteur testamentaire, soit en termes exprès en l'autorisant à s'emparer judiciairement, ou extra-judiciairement, de tous ou d'une partie des biens de sa succession, après sa mort, ou en le nommant simplement exécuteur testamentaire et détenteur de ses biens; ce mot détenteur annonçant suffisamment que l'exécuteur doit être saisi des biens de la succession.
Mais si l'exécuteur testamentaire est nommé purement et simplement exécuteur testamentaire, sans autre pouvoir, ses fonctions se borneront à veiller à l'exécution des legs contenus dans le testament, et à faire faire l'inventaire et autres actes conservatoires des biens de la succession.

Art. 168. Lors même que l'exécuteur testamentaire aura été nommé détenteur des biens, ou autorisé expressément par le testateur à s'en emparer, s'il existe des héritiers forcés, ces héritiers pourront empêcher la saisine de l'exécuteur testamentaire, en lui offrant les sommes suffisantes, ou la remise des effets nécessaires pour l'accomplissement des legs, ou en justifiant de leur payement.

Art. 169. Lorsque parmi les héritiers du testateur, il s'en trouve d'absens et non représentés dans ce territoire, l'exécuteur testamentaire, soit que la saisine lui soit accordée où non, et que ces héritiers soient des héritiers forcés ou volontaires, sera bien autorisé à s'emparer des biens de la succession, à les faire vendre et à rester en possession de la portion afférante à l'héritier ou aux héritiers absens, déduction faite des dettes et legs, jusqu'à ce que ces héritiers ayent envoyé leur procuration, ou que l'année d'exécution testamentaire soit expirée.

Art. 170. Celui qui ne peut s'obliger, ne peut pas être exécuteur testamentaire.

Art. 171. La femme mariée ne pourra accepter l'exécution testamentaire, qu'avec le consentement de son mari.
Si elle est séparée de biens d'avec son mari, elle le pourra, avec son consentement, ou à son refus, autorisée par justice, conformément à ce qui est prescrit au titre du mari et de la femme.

Art. 172. Le mineur ne pourra être exécuteur testamentaire, même avec l'autorisation de son tuteur ou curateur.

Art. 173. L'exécuteur testamentaire doit faire apposer les scellés, s'il y a des héritiers mineurs, interdits ou absens.
Il fera faire inventaire des biens de la succession, par le juge de paroisse ou par un notaire public dûment autorisé à cet effet par ledit juge, et en présence de l'héritier présomptif, ou lui dûment appelé, si ce n'est que le testateur ne l'ait autorisé à agir sans l'intervention de justice, dans lequel cas, ledit inventaire pourra être fait sous signature privée, à la charge de le faire approuver ensuite par ledit juge, et de le faire enregistrer dans l'étude d'un officier public.
L'exécuteur testamentaire provoquera la vente du mobilier, à défaut de deniers suffisans pour acquitter les legs.
Il ne pourra vendre les immeubles, lorsque tous les héritiers seront présens dans le territoire, que lorsqu'il y aura été formellement autorisé par le testateur; et les héritiers pourront même empêcher cette vente, s'ils sont des héritiers forcés et tous présens dans le territoire.
L'exécuteur testamentaire veillera à ce que le testament soit exécuté, et il pourra, en cas de contestation sur son exécution, intervenir pour en soutenir la validité.
Il devra, à l'expiration de l'année de son exécution testamentaire, rendre compte de sa gestion.

Art. 174. Lorsque l'exécuteur testamentaire a la saisine des biens de la succession, et qu'il est chargé de les vendre, il doit procéder à cette vente et au payement des dettes de la succession, de la manière qui est prescrite aux curateurs aux héritiers absens et aux successions vacantes, au titre des successions.
Et relativement à tout ce qui est fait de gestion ou administration des biens de la succession dont ils sont saisis, ils doivent se conformer aux règles prescrites pour les tuteurs et curateurs des mineurs, sauf qu'ils n'ont point recours aux assemblées de famille, et qu'ils ne sont point tenus à payer d'intérêts des capitaux en leurs mains.

Art. 175. L'exécuteur testamentaire n'est point assujetti à accepter l'exécution testamentaire, ni a donner caution lorsqu'il l'accepte.

Art. 176. Les pouvoirs de l'exécuteur testamentaire ne passent point à ses héritiers.

Art. 177. S'il y a plusieurs exécuteurs testamentaires qui ayent accepté, un seul pourra agir au défaut des autres, et ils seront solidairement responsables du compte des biens sujets à l'exécution testamentaire, à moins que le testateur n'ait divisé leurs fonctions, et que chacun d'eux ne se soit renfermé dans celle qui lui est attribuée.

Art. 178. Les frais faits, par l'exécuteur testamentaire, pour l'apposition des scellés, l'inventaire, le compte et les autres frais relatifs à ses fonctions, seront à la charge de la succession.

Art. 179. L'exécuteur testamentaire, qui aura eu la saisine de tous les biens de la succession, soit qu'il ait été chargé de les vendre ou non, aura droit de prendre, pour ses peines et soins, une commission de deux et demie pour cent, sur le montant total de l'estimation de l'inventaire, déduction faite des non-valeurs, et des créances dues par des insolvables.
Si l'exécuteur testamentaire n'a pas eu une saisine générale, cette commission ne portera que sur la valeur estimative des objets qu'il aura eu en sa possession, et des sommes qui lui auront été remises pour l'acquittement des legs et autres charges du testament.

Cette commission se partagera entre les exécuteurs testamentaires s'ils sont plusieurs et que leurs fonctions n'ayent pas été divisées par le testateur, autrement ils percevront leur droit de commission sur ce qu'ils auront géré respectivement.

Art. 180. Les exécuteurs testamentaires, à qui le testateur aura fait quelque legs, ou autres avantages, par son testament, n'auront droit à aucune commission, à moins que le testateur n'ait formellement exprimé l'intention, qu'ils eussent ce legs outre leur commission.

Art. 181. Dans aucun cas, la commission accordée aux exécuteurs testamentaires, ne pourra préjudicier à la légitime réservée aux héritiers forcés du testateur.

< Previous | Next >© Manuscript notes copyright 1968 by Louis V. de la Vergne.
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