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Table of Contents

Cover Page
Preliminary title Of the general definitions of rights and the promulgation of the laws
    Chapter I Of law and customs
    Chapter II Of the publication of the laws
    Chapter III Of the effects of laws
    Chapter IV Of the application and construction of laws
    Chapter V Of the repeal of laws
Book I Of persons
    Title I Of the distinction of persons, and the privation of certain civil rights in certain cases
      Chapter I Of the distinction of persons established by nature
      Chapter II Of the distinctions of persons which are established by law
    Title II Of domicil and the manner of changing the same
    Title III Of absent persons
      Chapter I Of the curatorship of absent persons
      Chapter II Of the putting into provisional possession the heirs of the absentee
      Chapter III Of the effects of absence upon the eventual rights which may belong to the absentee
      Chapter IV Of the effects of absence respecting marriage
      Chapter V Of the care of minor children whose father has disappeared
    Title IV Of husband and wife
      Chapter I On marriage
      Chapter II How marriages may be contracted or made
      Chapter III Of the nullity of marriages
      Chapter IV Of the respective rights and duties of married persons
      Chapter V Of the dissolution of marriages
      Chapter VI Of second marriages
    Title V Of the separation from bed and board
      Chapter I Of the causes of separation from bed and board
      Chapter II Of the proceedings on separation from bed and board
      Chapter III Of the provisional proceedings to which a suit for separation may give occasion
      Chapter IV Of objections to the action of separation from bed and board
      Chapter V Of the effects of separation from bed and board
    Title VI Of master and servant
      Chapter I Of the several sorts of servants
      Chapter II Of free servants
      Chapter III Of slaves
    Title VII Of father and child
      Chapter I Of children in general
      Chapter II Of legitimate children
        Section I Of legitimacy resulting from marriage
        Section II Of the manner of proving the legitimate filiation
      Chapter III Of illegitimate children
        Section I Of legitimation
        Section II Of the acknowledgment of illegitimate children
      Chapter IV Of adoption
      Chapter V Of paternal authority
        Section I Of the duties of parents towards their legitimate children, and of the duties of legitimate children towards their parents
        Section II Of the duties of parents towards their natural children, and of the duties of natural children towards their parents
    Title VIII Of minors, of their tutorship, curatorship and emancipation
      Chapter I Of tutorship
        Section I General dispositions
        Section II Of tutorship by nature
        Section III Of tutorship by will
        Section IV Of the tutorship by the effect of the law
        Section V Of dative tutorship
        Section VI Of the under tutor
        Section VII Of the causes which dispense or excuse from the tutorship
        Section VIII Of incapacity for, exclusion from and deprivation of the tutorship
        Section IX Of the administration of the tutor
      Chapter II Of the curatorship of minors
      Chapter III Of emancipation
    Title IX Of persons insane, idiots, and other persons incapable of administering their estate
      Chapter I Of the interdiction and curatorship of persons incapable of administering their estate, whether on account of insanity or of some other infirmity
      Chapter II Of the other persons to whom curators are appointed
    Title X Of communities or corporations
      Chapter I Of the nature of communities or corporations, of their use and kind
      Chapter II Of the rights and privileges of communities or corporations and of their incapacities
      Chapter III Of the dissolution of communities or corporations
Book II Of things and of the different modifications of property
    Title I Of things or estates
      Chapter I Of the distinction of things or estates
      Chapter II Of immoveables
      Chapter III Of moveables
      Chapter IV Of estates considered in their relation to those who possess them
    Title II Of absolute ownership
      Chapter I Universal principles
      Chapter II Of the right of accession to what is produced by the thing
      Chapter III Of the right of accession to what unites or incorporates itself to the thing
        Section I Of the right of accession concerning immoveables
        Section II Of the right of accession concerning moveable things
    Title III Of usufruct, use and habitation
      Chapter I Of usufruct
        Section I General definitions
        Section II Of the rights of the usufructuary
        Section III Of the obligations of the usufructuary
        Section IV Of the obligations of the owner
        Section V How usufruct expires
      Chapter II Of the use and habitation
    Title IV Of predial services or services of land
      Chapter I General principles
      Chapter II Of services which originate from the natural situation of the place
      Chapter III Of services imposed by law
        Section I Of walls, fences, and ditches in common
        Section II Of the distance and of the intermediary works required for certain buildings
        Section III Of lights on the property of a neighbor
        Section IV Of the manner of carrying off rain from the roof
        Section V Of the right of passage
      Chapter IV Of services established by the act of man
        Section I Of the different kinds of services which may be established by the act of man
        Section II How services are acquired
        Section III Of the rights of the proprietor of the estate to which the service is due
        Section IV How Services are extinguished
Book III Of the different manners of acquiring the property of things
    Preliminary title General dispositions
    Title I Of successions
      Chapter I Of the different sorts of successions and heirs
      Chapter II Of legal successions
        Section I General rules
        Section II Of the succession of descendants
        Section III Of the succession of ascendants
        Section IV Of the succession of collaterals
      Chapter III Of irregular successions
      Chapter IV In what manner successions are opened
      Chapter V Of the incapacity and unworthiness of the heirs
      Chapter VI In what manner a succession is accepted and how it is renounced
        Section I Of the acceptance pure and simple
        Section II Of the acceptance of a succession with the benefit of an inventory
      Chapter VII Of the administration of vacant estates and estates ab intestato
      Chapter VIII Of partition among heirs and of the collation of goods
        Section I Of the nature of partition and in what manner it is made
        Section II Of the collation of goods
        Section III Of the payment of debts
        Section IV Of the effect of partition and of its rescision
    Title II Of donations inter vivos (between living persons) and mortis causa (in prospect of death)
      Chapter I General dispositions
      Chapter II Of the capacity necessary for disposing of and receiving by donation inter vivos or mortis causa
      Chapter III Of the portion disposable, and of its reduction in case of excess
        Section I Of the disposable portion and the legitime
        Section II Of the reduction of dispositions inter vivos or mortis causa; of the manner in which it is made and of its effects
      Chapter IV Of dispositions reprobated by the law in donations inter vivos and mortis causa
      Chapter V Of donations inter vivos (between living)
        Section I Of the irrevocability of donations inter vivos
        Section II Of the form of donations inter vivos
        Section III Of the exceptions to the rule of the irrevocability of donations inter vivos
      Chapter VI Of dispositions mortis causa (in the prospect of death)
        Section I Of testament or codicil
        Section II Of the form of testaments and codicils
        Section III Of testamentary dispositions
        Section IV Of the institution of heir and of disinherison
        Section V Of legacies
        Section VI Of the opening and the proof of wills, and of testamentary executions
        Section VII Of the revocation of testaments and codicils and of their caducity
        Section VIII Of the interpretation of testamentary dispositions
      Chapter VII Of partitions made by parents among their descendants
      Chapter VIII Of donations made by marriage contract to the husband or wife, and to the children to be born of the marriage
      Chapter IX Of donations between married persons, either by marriage contract, or during the marriage
    Title III Of contracts and of conventional obligations in general
      Chapter I Preliminary dispositions
      Chapter II Of the conditions essential to the validity of agreements
        Section I Of consent
        Section II Of the capability of the parties contracting
        Section III Of the object and the matter of contracts
        Section IV Of the cause
      Chapter III Of the effect of obligations
        Section I General dispositions
        Section II Of the obligation of giving
        Section III Of the obligations of doing or of not doing
        Section IV Of the damages resulting from the non execution of the obligation
        Section V Of the interpretation of the agreements
        Section VI Of the effect of agreements with regard to persons not parties to them
      Chapter IV Of the different kinds of obligations
        Section I Of conditional obligations
          § 1 Of the condition in general and of its different kinds
          § 2 Of the suspensive condition
          § 3 Of the dissolving condition
        Section II Of obligations to be performed at a certain term
        Section III Of the alternative obligations
        Section IV Of obligations in solido or jointly and severally
          § 1 Of the obligation in solido between creditors
          § 2 Of the obligation in solido on the part of debtors
        Section V Of obligations divisible and indivisible
          § 1 Of the effects of a divisible obligation
          § 2 Of the effect of the indivisible obligation
        Section VI Of obligations with penal clauses
      Chapter V Of the extinction of obligations
        Section I Of payment
          § 1 Of payment in general
          § 2 Of payment with subrogation
          § 3 Of the imputation of payments
          § 4 Of tenders of payment, and consignment
          § 5 Of the surrender of property
        Section II Of novation
        Section III Of the remission of the debt
        Section IV Of compensation
        Section V Of confusion
        Section VI Of the loss of the thing due
        Section VII Of the action of nullity or of rescission of agreements
      Chapter VI Of the proof of obligations and of that of payment
        Section I Of the literal proof
          § 1 Of the authentic title
          § 2 Of the acts under private signature
          § 3 Of copies of titles
          § 4 Of recognitive and confirmative acts
        Section II Of testimonial proof
        Section III Of presumptions
          § 1 Of presumptions established by law
          § 2 Of presumption not established by law
        Section IV Of the confession of the party
        Section V Of the proof by oath
    Title IV Of engagements formed without agreements, or of quasi contracts and quasi offences
      Section I Of the quasi contract
      Section II Of quasi crimes or offences
    Title V Of marriage contract
      Chapter I General dispositions
      Chapter II Of the various kinds of matrimonial agreements
        Section I Of donations made in consideration of marriage
        Section II Of dowry or marriage portion
        Section III Of paraphernalia or extra dotal effects
        Section IV Of the partnership or community of acquests or gains
      Chapter III Of the separation of property
    Title VI Of sale
      Chapter I Of the nature and form of the contract of sale, and of the manner in which it is to be performed
      Chapter II Of persons capable of buying and selling, and of things which may be sold
      Chapter III Of the obligations of the seller
        Section I Of the tradition or delivery of the thing sold
        Section II Of the warranty, in case of eviction of the thing sold
        Section III Of the warranty of the defects of the thing sold or of the redhibitory vices
      Chapter IV Of the obligations of the buyer
      Chapter V Of the nullity and rescissions of the sale
        Section I Of the power or right of redemption
        Section II Of the rescission of sales on account of lesion
      Chapter VI Of sales by cant or auction
      Chapter VII Of the assignment or transfer of debts and other incorporeal rights
    Title VII Of exchange
    Title VIII Of letting and hiring
      Chapter I Of the several species of contracts for letting and hiring
      Chapter II Of the contract for letting out things
        Section I Of the form and duration of leases
        Section II Of the obligations of the lessor
        Section III Of the obligations of the lessee
        Section IV Of the dissolution of leases
      Chapter III Of the letting out of labour or industry
        Section I Of the hiring of servants and workmen
        Section II Of carriers and watermen
        Section III Of plots for buildings and other works
    Title IX Of partnership
      Chapter I General dispositions
      Chapter II Of the various kinds of partnerships
      Chapter III Of the obligations of partners towards each other, and towards third persons
        Section I Of the obligations of partners towards each other
        Section II Of the obligations of partners towards third persons
      Chapter IV Of the different manners in which partnerships end
    Title X Of loan
      Chapter I Of the loan for use or commodatum
        Section I Of the nature of the loan for use
        Section II Of the engagements of the borrower for use
        Section III Of the engagements of the lender for use
      Chapter II Of the loan for consumption or mutuum
        Section I Of the nature of the loan for consumption
        Section II Of the obligations of the lender for consumption
        Section III Of the engagements of the borrower for consumption
      Chapter III Of loan on interest
    Title XI Of deposit and sequestration
      Chapter I Of deposit in general and of its divers kinds
      Chapter II Of the deposit properly so called
        Section I Of the nature and essence of the contract of deposit
        Section II Of the obligations of the depository
        Section III Of the obligations of him by whom the deposit has been made
        Section IV Of the necessary deposit
      Chapter III Of sequestration
        Section I Of its different species
        Section II Of the conventional sequestration
        Section III Of the judicial sequestration or deposit
    Title XII Of aleatory contracts
    Title XIII Of mandate or commission
      Chapter I Of the nature of proxies, mandates and commissions
      Chapter II What persons may be appointed attornies in fact
      Chapter III Of the obligations of a person acting under a power of attorney
      Chapter IV Of the obligations of the principal who acts by his attorney in fact
      Chapter V How the procuration expires
    Title XIV Of suretyship
      Chapter I Of the nature and extent of suretyship
      Chapter II Of the effects of suretyship
        Section I Of the effects of suretyship between the creditor and the surety
        Section II Of the effects of suretyship between the debtor and the surety
        Section III Respecting the effects of suretyship between the sureties
      Chapter III Of the extinction of suretyship
      Chapter IV Of the legal and judicial sureties
    Title XV Of transactions
    Title XVI Of respite
    Title XVII Of compromises or arbitration
    Title XVIII Of pledge
    Title XIX Of privileges and mortgages
      Chapter I Of the nature of a mortgage and of its several sorts
      Chapter II Who may mortgage and what thing may be mortgaged
      Chapter III Of the effects of mortgage
        Section I Of the effects of mortgage with regard to the debtor
        Section II Of the effects of mortgages against third possessors and of the action of mortgage
        Section III Of the registering of mortgages and of the register kept for that purpose
      Chapter IV Of the order of privileges and mortgages
        Section I Of the preference and order of privileges
      Chapter V How privileges or mortgages expire or are extinguished
    Title XX Of occupancy, possession and prescription
      Chapter I Of occupancy
      Chapter II Of possession
      Chapter III Of prescription
        Section I Of the possession required to establish prescription
        Section II Of the causes which suspend or interrupt prescriptions
        Section III Of the several species of prescription
    Title XXI Of the title by judgment or seizure
Manuscript index
Manuscript index Part 2




Art. 81. No disposition causa mortis shall henceforth be made otherwise than by last will or testament, or by codicil: all other form is abrogated.

Art. 82. A testament is the act of last will clothed with certain solemnities, by which the testator disposes of his property either universally, or by universal title, or by particular title.

Art. 83. The codicil is an act less solemn than the testament, by which the testator can dispose only on a particular title and only of moveable effects.

Art. 84. The form of testaments and codicils is the same; it differs only as to the number of witnesses that must be present at each of those acts respectively.

Art. 85. In general they who have the power to make wills, may make either a testament or a codicil, or even both together.

Art. 86. When there is no testament, the heir of the blood, or the legitimate heir is obliged to execute the dispositions contained in the codicils in like manner as though he had been instituted heir.

Art. 87. A testament or codicil cannot be made by the same act, by two or more persons, either for the benefit of a third person, or under the title of a reciprocal or mutual disposition.

Art. 88. The custom of willing either by testament or by codicil, by the intervention of a commissary or attorney in fact, is abolished.
Thus the institution of heir, and all other testamentary dispositions committed to the choice of a third person, are null, even should that choice have been limited to a certain number of persons designated by the testator.



Art. 89. All testaments and codicils are divided into three principal classes, to wit:
1st, Testaments and codicils nuncupative, or open.
2d, Testaments and codicils mystic or shut.
3d, Ologrophic testatments and codicils.

Art. 90. Testaments and codicils, whether noncupative or mystic, must be drawn up in writing, either by the testator himself, or by any other person, under his dictation.
The usage of the testaments or codicils merely verbal, that is to say resulting from the mere disposition of witnesses who were present when the testator made known to them his will, without his having committed it or caused it to be committed to writing, is abrogated.

Art. 91. Nuncupative testaments and codicils may be made by public act, or by act under private signature.

Art. 92. The nuncupative testament by public act, must be received by a notary public, in presence of three witnesses residing in the place where the will is executed, or of five witnesses not residing in said place.
This testament must be signed by the testator and written by the notary, as it is dictated.
It must then be read to the testator in presence of the witnesses.
Express mention is made of the whole, observing that all those formalities must be fulfilled at one time, without interruption, and without turning aside to other acts.

Art. 93. This testament must be signed by the testator; if he declares that he knows not how, or is not able to sign, express mention of his declaration as also of the cause that hinders him from signing, must be made in the act.

Art. 94. This testament must be signed by the witnesses, or at least by one of them for all, if the others cannot write.

Art. 95. The nuncupative codicil by public act, shall be clothed with the same formalities as are above prescribed for nuncupative testaments, except as to the number and quality of the witnesses who are to be present, and it will suffice if it be received by one notary and two witnesses.

Art. 96. A nuncupative testament under private signature, must be written by the testator himself, or by any other person from his dictation, or even by one of the witnesses, in presence of five witnesses residing in the place where the will is received, or of seven witnesses residing out of that place.
Or it will suffice if the presence of the same number of witnesses, the testator presents the paper on which he has written his testament, or caused it to be written, out of their presence, declaring to them that that paper contains his last will.
In either case the testament must be signed by the testator, if he knows how, or is able to sign, and by the witnesses, or at least by one of them for all, in case the other know not how to sign.
This testament is subject to no other formality than those prescribed by the present article.

Art. 97. The nuncupative codicil without private signature, is subject to all the formalities prescribed by the preceding article, except that it is sufficient for it, to be passed or declared in the presence of five witnesses.

Art. 98. In the country it suffices for the validity of nuncupative testaments and codicils under private signature, if the testament be passed in the presence of three witnesses residing in the place where the testament is received, or of five witnesses residing out of that place; and if the codicils be passed in the presence of two witnesses, provided that in both these cases a greater number of witnesses cannot be had.

Art. 99. The mystic or secret testament, otherwise called the closed will, is made in the following manner.
The testator must sign his dispositions if he knows how, or is able to do it, whether he have written them himself or have caused them to be written by another person; the paper containing these dispositions or the paper serving as their envelope, must be closed and sealed. The testator shall present it thus closed and sealed to the notary and to seven witnesses, or he shall cause it to be closed and sealed in their presence.
Then he shall declare to the said notary in presence of said witnesses, that that paper contains his testament written by himself, or by another by his direction, and signed, or not signed by him the testator, as the case may be.
The notary shall then draw up the act of superscription which shall be written on that paper or on the sheet that serves as its envelope, and that act shall be signed by the testator if he can sign, and by the notary and the witnesses.
All that is above prescribed shall be done without interruption or turning away to other acts, and in case the testator, by reason of any hindrance that has happened since the signing of the testament, cannot sign the act of superscription, mention shall be made of the declaration made by him thereof without its being necessary in that case to increase the number of witnesses.

Art. 100. If the testator does not know how to sign, or was disabled from doing it, when he caused his disposition to be written, another witness shall be called to the act of superscription, besides the number required by the preceding article, who shall sign the act with the other witnesses, and mention shall be made of the cause for which the other witness is called in.

Art. 101. In case the witnesses cannot all write, one of them at least must sign the act of superscription for all the others, when the testament has been signed by the testator, but if the testament has not been signed by the testator, two of the witnesses at least must sign the act of superscription for the other witnesses who do not know how to sign.

Art. 102. All the formalities prescribed by the three preceding articles, are observed with regard to mystic or closed codicils, except that it is sufficient, if the delivery of them be made to a notary in presence of only five witnesses, if the testator has signed his codicil, or of six witnesses if he has not signed it.

Art. 103. The olographic testament; or codicil is that which is made and written by the testator himself, without the presence of any witness.  It may be either open or sealed; but when it is sealed it needs no other superscription than this or words equivalent "this is my olographic will or codicil," which superscription must be signed by the testator.
An olographic testament or codicil shall not be valid, unless it be entirely written, signed and dated with the testator's hand. It is subject to no other form. Yet it is prudent to deposit it with a notary to prevent its being purloined, though its not being deposited will not make it void, if it be acknowledged and proved as hereafter directed.

Art. 104. Testaments and codicils which the testators may please to cover and seal, will still be valid as nuncupative testaments and codicils, if they be clothed with all the formalities prescribed for the validity of those kinds of acts respectively.

Art. 105. The following persons are absolutely incapable of being witnesses to testaments or codicils.
1st, Women of what age soever;
2d, Male children who have not attained the age of sixteen years complete.
3d, Persons either insane, deaf, dumb or blind.
4th, Persons whom the law deems infamous;
5th, Slaves

Art. 106. Neither can testaments be witnessed by those who are instituted heirs, or named legatees either universal or on a universal title.

Art. 107. By the residence of the witnesses in the place where the testament is executed, is understood their residence in the parish where that testament is made; that residence is necessary only when it is expressly required by law.

Art. 108. The formalities to which testaments and codicils are subject by the provisions of the present section, must be observed, otherwise the testaments and codicils are null and void.

Art. 109. Provided always that the testaments and codicils made in foreign countries or in the states and other territories of the union, shall take effect in this territory, if they be clothed with all the formalities prescribed for the validity of wills and codicils in the place where they have been respectively made.




Art. 81. On ne pourra plus disposer, pour cause de mort, que par testament ou par codicile; toute autre forme est abrogée.

Art. 82. Le testament est un acte de dernière volonté, revêtu de certaines solennités, par lequel le testateur dispose de ses biens, soit universellement, soit à titre universel, soit à titre particulier.

Art. 83. Le codicile est un acte moins solennel que le testament, par lequel le testateur ne peut disposer qu'à titre particulier et pour legs purement mobiliers.

Art. 84. La forme des testamens et des codiciles est la même; elle ne diffère que dans le nombre des témoins qui doivent être présens à chacun de ces actes respectivement.

Art. 85. En général, ceux qui ont la liberté de tester, peuvent faire un testament ou un codicile, et même l'un et l'autre ensemble.

Art. 86. Lorsqu'il n'y a point de testament, l'héritier du sang ou légitime est obligé d'exécuter les dispositions contenues dans les codiciles, de même que s'il avait été institué héritier.

Art. 87. Un testament ou un codicile ne pourra être fait par le même acte, par deux ou plusieurs personnes, soit au profit d'un tiers, soit à titre de disposition réciproque ou mutuelle.

Art. 88. L'usage de disposer, soit par testament, soit par codicile, par l'intermédiaire d'un commissaire ou fondé de pouvoir, est aboli.
Ainsi, l'institution d'héritier ou toute autre disposition testamentaire, commise au choix d'un tiers, est nulle, quand bien même ce choix aurait été limité à un certain nombre de personnes désignées par le testateur.



Art. 89. Tous les testamens ou codiciles se divisent en trois classes principales; savoir:
1°. Les testamens ou codiciles nuncupatifs ou ouverts;
2°. Les testamens ou codiciles mystiques ou fermés;
3°. Les testamens ou codiciles olographes.

Art. 90. Les testamens et codiciles, soit nuncupatifs ou mystiques, doivent être rédigés par écrit, soit par le testateur lui-même, soit sous sa dictée par toute autre personne.
L'usage de tous testamens ou codiciles purement verbaux, c'est-à-dire qui résultent de la simple déposition des témoins qui étaient présens, lorsque le testateur leur a fait connaître sa volonté, sans qu'il en ait rédigé ou fait rédiger d'écrit, est abrogé.

Art. 91. Les testamens et codiciles nuncupatifs peuvent se faire par acte public, ou par acte sous signature privée.

Art. 92. Le testament nuncupatif par acte public, doit être reçu par un notaire public, en présence de trois témoins résidant au lieu où se passe le testament, ou de cinq témoins non résidant au même lieu.
Ce testament doit être dicté par le testateur, et écrit par le notaire tel qu'il est dicté.
Il doit ensuite en être donné lecture au testateur, en présence des témoins.
Il est fait du tout, mention expresse, en observant que toutes ces formalités doivent être rempiles de suite, sans interruption et sans divertir à d'autres actes.

Art. 93. Ce testament doit être signé par le testateur; s'il déclare qu'il ne sait ou ne peut signer, il sera fait, dans l'acte, mention expresse de sa déclaration, ainsi que de la cause qui l'empêche de signer.

Art. 94. Ce testament devra être signé par les témoins, ou au moins par l'un d'eux pour tous, si les autres ne savent pas signer.

Art. 95. Le codicile nuncupatif par acte public sera revêtu des mêmes formalités qui sont prescrites ci-dessus pour le testament nuncupatif, si ce n'est quant au nombre et à la qualité des témoins qui doivent y être présens, et il suffira qu'il soit reçu par un notaire et deux témoins.

Art. 96. Le testament nuncupatif sous signature privée doit être écrit par le testateur lui-même, ou pour toute autre personne sous sa dictée, ou même par l'un des témoins, en présence de cinq témoins résidant au lieu ou est reçu le testament, ou de sept témoins résidant hors dudit lieu.
Ou bien il suffit qu'en présence du même nombre de témoins, le testateur leur présente le papier sur lequel il aura écrit ou fait écrire ses volontés, hors de leur présence, et leur déclare que ce papier contient ses dernières volontés.
Dans l'un et l'autre cas, le testament doit être signé par le testateur, s'il sait ou peut signer, et par les témoins, ou au moins par l'un d'eux pour tous, dans le cas où les autres ne sauraient point signer.
Ce testament n'est assujetti à aucune autre formalité que celles prescrites par le présent article.

Art. 97. Le codicile nuncupatif sous signature privée est assujetti à toutes les formalités prescrites par le précédent article, si ce n'est qu'il suffit qu'il soit passé ou déclaré en présence de cinq témoins.

Art. 98. Dans les campagnes, il suffira, pour la validité des testamens et des codiciles nuncupatifs sous signature privée, qu'ils soient passés, savoir: pour les testamens, en présence de trois témoins résidant au lieu où se reçoit le testament, ou de cinq témoins résidant hors dudit lieu; et pour les codiciles, en présence de deux témoins, pourvu que, dans ces deux cas, il ne soit pas possible de se procurer un plus grand nombre de témoins.

Art. 99. Le testament mystique ou secret, autrement appelé testament fermé, se fait dans la forme suivante:
Le testateur doit signer ses dispositions, s'il le sait ou s'il le peut, soit qu'il les ait écrites lui-même ou qu'il les ait fait écrire par un autre.
Le papier qui contiendra ses dispositions, ou le papier qui leur servira d'enveloppe, devra être clos et scellé; le testateur le présentera ainsi clos et scellé au notaire et à sept témoins, ou il le fera clore et sceller en leur présence; ensuite il déclarera audit notaire, en présence desdits témoins, que le contenu en ce papier est son testament, écrit par lui ou par un autre par ses ordres, et signé ou non signé de lui testateur, suivant le cas; le notaire dressera aussitôt l'acte de suscription, qui sera écrit sur ce papier ou sur la feuille qui lui sert d'enveloppe, et cet acte sera signé, tant par le testateur, s'il sait signer, que par le notaire et les témoins.
Tout ce que dessus, sera fait de suite et sans divertir à d'autres actes; et en cas que le testateur, par un empêchement survenu depuis la signature du testament, ne puisse pas signer l'acte de suscription, il sera fait mention de la déclaration qu'il en aura faite, sans qu'il soit besoin, en ce cas, d'augmenter le nombre des témoins.

Art. 100. Si le testateur ne sait pas signer, ou s'il n'a pu le faire lorsqu'il a fait écrire ses dispositions, il sera appelé à l'acte de suscription un témoin, outre le nombre porté en l'article précédent, lequel signera avec les autres témoins, et il y sera fait mention de la cause pour laquelle le témoin est appelé.

Art. 101. Dans le cas où les témoins ne sauraient pas tous signer, il faudra qu'il y en ait au moins un qui signe l'acte de suscription pour les autres, lorsque le testament aura été signé par le testateur; mais si le testament n'a pas été signé par le testateur, il faudra qu'il y ait au moins deux témoins qui signent l'acte de suscription pour les autres témoins qui ne savant pas signer.

Art. 102. Toutes les formalités prescrites, par les trois précédens articles, ont lieu à l'égard des codiciles mystiques ou fermés, excepté qu'il suffit que la remise en soit faite au notaire, en présence de cinq témoins seulement, si le testateur a signé son codicile, ou de six témoins, s'il ne l'a pas signé.

Art. 103. Le testament ou codicile olographe, est celui qui est fait et écrit par le testateur lui-même, hors la présence d'aucuns témoins.
Il peut être ouvert ou cacheté, mais lorsqu'il est cacheté, il n'y a pas besoin d'autre suscription que celle-ci ou autre équivalente: "Ceci est mon testament olographe", laquelle suscription doit être signée par le testateur.
Le testament ou codicile olographe ne sera pas valable, s'il n'est entièment écrit, signé et daté de la main du testateur.
Il n'est assujetti à aucune autre forme; néanmoins il est convenable qu'il soit déposé chez un notaire pour en éviter la soustraction, quoique le défaut de ce dépôt ne serait pas une nullité, si le testament ou codicile est d'ailleurs reconnu et prouvé, ainsi qu'il sera dit ci-après.

Art. 104. Les testamens et codiciles qu'il aura plu au testateur de mettre sous enveloppe et de sceller, ne laisseront pas de valoir comme testamens et codiciles nuncupatifs, s'ils sont revêtus de toutes les formalités qui sont prescrites pour la validité de ces sortes d'actes respectivement.

Art. 105. Sont absolument incapables d'être témoins dans les test?amus et codiciles:
1°. Les femmes, à quelque âge ce soit;
2°. Les enfans mâles qui n'ont pas atteint l'âge de seize ans accomplis;
3°. Les insensés, les sourds, les muets et les aveugles;
4°. Ceux que la loi répute infâmes;
5°. Les esclaves.

Art. 106. On ne peut, non plus, prendre pour témoins aux testamens ceux qui y sont institués héritiers ou nommés légataires, soit universels, soit à titre universel.

Art. 107. La résidence des témoins au lieu où se passe le testament, s'entend de leur résidence dans la paroisse où ce testament est reçu; cette résidence ne s'exige que lorsqu'elle est expressément requise par la loi.

Art. 108. Les formalités auxquelles les testamens et les codiciles sont assujettis, par les dispositions de la présente section, doivent être observées à peine de nullité.

Art. 109. Néanmoins les testamens et codiciles faits en pays étrangers ou dans les autres états et territoires de l'union, auront leur exécution dans ce territoire, pourvu qu'ils soient revêtus de toutes les formalités prescrites pour la validité des testamens et des codiciles dans le lieu où ils ont été passés respectivement.

< Previous | Next >© Manuscript notes copyright 1968 by Louis V. de la Vergne.
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