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Table of Contents

Cover Page
Preliminary title Of the general definitions of rights and the promulgation of the laws
    Chapter I Of law and customs
    Chapter II Of the publication of the laws
    Chapter III Of the effects of laws
    Chapter IV Of the application and construction of laws
    Chapter V Of the repeal of laws
Book I Of persons
    Title I Of the distinction of persons, and the privation of certain civil rights in certain cases
      Chapter I Of the distinction of persons established by nature
      Chapter II Of the distinctions of persons which are established by law
    Title II Of domicil and the manner of changing the same
    Title III Of absent persons
      Chapter I Of the curatorship of absent persons
      Chapter II Of the putting into provisional possession the heirs of the absentee
      Chapter III Of the effects of absence upon the eventual rights which may belong to the absentee
      Chapter IV Of the effects of absence respecting marriage
      Chapter V Of the care of minor children whose father has disappeared
    Title IV Of husband and wife
      Chapter I On marriage
      Chapter II How marriages may be contracted or made
      Chapter III Of the nullity of marriages
      Chapter IV Of the respective rights and duties of married persons
      Chapter V Of the dissolution of marriages
      Chapter VI Of second marriages
    Title V Of the separation from bed and board
      Chapter I Of the causes of separation from bed and board
      Chapter II Of the proceedings on separation from bed and board
      Chapter III Of the provisional proceedings to which a suit for separation may give occasion
      Chapter IV Of objections to the action of separation from bed and board
      Chapter V Of the effects of separation from bed and board
    Title VI Of master and servant
      Chapter I Of the several sorts of servants
      Chapter II Of free servants
      Chapter III Of slaves
    Title VII Of father and child
      Chapter I Of children in general
      Chapter II Of legitimate children
        Section I Of legitimacy resulting from marriage
        Section II Of the manner of proving the legitimate filiation
      Chapter III Of illegitimate children
        Section I Of legitimation
        Section II Of the acknowledgment of illegitimate children
      Chapter IV Of adoption
      Chapter V Of paternal authority
        Section I Of the duties of parents towards their legitimate children, and of the duties of legitimate children towards their parents
        Section II Of the duties of parents towards their natural children, and of the duties of natural children towards their parents
    Title VIII Of minors, of their tutorship, curatorship and emancipation
      Chapter I Of tutorship
        Section I General dispositions
        Section II Of tutorship by nature
        Section III Of tutorship by will
        Section IV Of the tutorship by the effect of the law
        Section V Of dative tutorship
        Section VI Of the under tutor
        Section VII Of the causes which dispense or excuse from the tutorship
        Section VIII Of incapacity for, exclusion from and deprivation of the tutorship
        Section IX Of the administration of the tutor
      Chapter II Of the curatorship of minors
      Chapter III Of emancipation
    Title IX Of persons insane, idiots, and other persons incapable of administering their estate
      Chapter I Of the interdiction and curatorship of persons incapable of administering their estate, whether on account of insanity or of some other infirmity
      Chapter II Of the other persons to whom curators are appointed
    Title X Of communities or corporations
      Chapter I Of the nature of communities or corporations, of their use and kind
      Chapter II Of the rights and privileges of communities or corporations and of their incapacities
      Chapter III Of the dissolution of communities or corporations
Book II Of things and of the different modifications of property
    Title I Of things or estates
      Chapter I Of the distinction of things or estates
      Chapter II Of immoveables
      Chapter III Of moveables
      Chapter IV Of estates considered in their relation to those who possess them
    Title II Of absolute ownership
      Chapter I Universal principles
      Chapter II Of the right of accession to what is produced by the thing
      Chapter III Of the right of accession to what unites or incorporates itself to the thing
        Section I Of the right of accession concerning immoveables
        Section II Of the right of accession concerning moveable things
    Title III Of usufruct, use and habitation
      Chapter I Of usufruct
        Section I General definitions
        Section II Of the rights of the usufructuary
        Section III Of the obligations of the usufructuary
        Section IV Of the obligations of the owner
        Section V How usufruct expires
      Chapter II Of the use and habitation
    Title IV Of predial services or services of land
      Chapter I General principles
      Chapter II Of services which originate from the natural situation of the place
      Chapter III Of services imposed by law
        Section I Of walls, fences, and ditches in common
        Section II Of the distance and of the intermediary works required for certain buildings
        Section III Of lights on the property of a neighbor
        Section IV Of the manner of carrying off rain from the roof
        Section V Of the right of passage
      Chapter IV Of services established by the act of man
        Section I Of the different kinds of services which may be established by the act of man
        Section II How services are acquired
        Section III Of the rights of the proprietor of the estate to which the service is due
        Section IV How Services are extinguished
Book III Of the different manners of acquiring the property of things
    Preliminary title General dispositions
    Title I Of successions
      Chapter I Of the different sorts of successions and heirs
      Chapter II Of legal successions
        Section I General rules
        Section II Of the succession of descendants
        Section III Of the succession of ascendants
        Section IV Of the succession of collaterals
      Chapter III Of irregular successions
      Chapter IV In what manner successions are opened
      Chapter V Of the incapacity and unworthiness of the heirs
      Chapter VI In what manner a succession is accepted and how it is renounced
        Section I Of the acceptance pure and simple
        Section II Of the acceptance of a succession with the benefit of an inventory
      Chapter VII Of the administration of vacant estates and estates ab intestato
      Chapter VIII Of partition among heirs and of the collation of goods
        Section I Of the nature of partition and in what manner it is made
        Section II Of the collation of goods
        Section III Of the payment of debts
        Section IV Of the effect of partition and of its rescision
    Title II Of donations inter vivos (between living persons) and mortis causa (in prospect of death)
      Chapter I General dispositions
      Chapter II Of the capacity necessary for disposing of and receiving by donation inter vivos or mortis causa
      Chapter III Of the portion disposable, and of its reduction in case of excess
        Section I Of the disposable portion and the legitime
        Section II Of the reduction of dispositions inter vivos or mortis causa; of the manner in which it is made and of its effects
      Chapter IV Of dispositions reprobated by the law in donations inter vivos and mortis causa
      Chapter V Of donations inter vivos (between living)
        Section I Of the irrevocability of donations inter vivos
        Section II Of the form of donations inter vivos
        Section III Of the exceptions to the rule of the irrevocability of donations inter vivos
      Chapter VI Of dispositions mortis causa (in the prospect of death)
        Section I Of testament or codicil
        Section II Of the form of testaments and codicils
        Section III Of testamentary dispositions
        Section IV Of the institution of heir and of disinherison
        Section V Of legacies
        Section VI Of the opening and the proof of wills, and of testamentary executions
        Section VII Of the revocation of testaments and codicils and of their caducity
        Section VIII Of the interpretation of testamentary dispositions
      Chapter VII Of partitions made by parents among their descendants
      Chapter VIII Of donations made by marriage contract to the husband or wife, and to the children to be born of the marriage
      Chapter IX Of donations between married persons, either by marriage contract, or during the marriage
    Title III Of contracts and of conventional obligations in general
      Chapter I Preliminary dispositions
      Chapter II Of the conditions essential to the validity of agreements
        Section I Of consent
        Section II Of the capability of the parties contracting
        Section III Of the object and the matter of contracts
        Section IV Of the cause
      Chapter III Of the effect of obligations
        Section I General dispositions
        Section II Of the obligation of giving
        Section III Of the obligations of doing or of not doing
        Section IV Of the damages resulting from the non execution of the obligation
        Section V Of the interpretation of the agreements
        Section VI Of the effect of agreements with regard to persons not parties to them
      Chapter IV Of the different kinds of obligations
        Section I Of conditional obligations
          § 1 Of the condition in general and of its different kinds
          § 2 Of the suspensive condition
          § 3 Of the dissolving condition
        Section II Of obligations to be performed at a certain term
        Section III Of the alternative obligations
        Section IV Of obligations in solido or jointly and severally
          § 1 Of the obligation in solido between creditors
          § 2 Of the obligation in solido on the part of debtors
        Section V Of obligations divisible and indivisible
          § 1 Of the effects of a divisible obligation
          § 2 Of the effect of the indivisible obligation
        Section VI Of obligations with penal clauses
      Chapter V Of the extinction of obligations
        Section I Of payment
          § 1 Of payment in general
          § 2 Of payment with subrogation
          § 3 Of the imputation of payments
          § 4 Of tenders of payment, and consignment
          § 5 Of the surrender of property
        Section II Of novation
        Section III Of the remission of the debt
        Section IV Of compensation
        Section V Of confusion
        Section VI Of the loss of the thing due
        Section VII Of the action of nullity or of rescission of agreements
      Chapter VI Of the proof of obligations and of that of payment
        Section I Of the literal proof
          § 1 Of the authentic title
          § 2 Of the acts under private signature
          § 3 Of copies of titles
          § 4 Of recognitive and confirmative acts
        Section II Of testimonial proof
        Section III Of presumptions
          § 1 Of presumptions established by law
          § 2 Of presumption not established by law
        Section IV Of the confession of the party
        Section V Of the proof by oath
    Title IV Of engagements formed without agreements, or of quasi contracts and quasi offences
      Section I Of the quasi contract
      Section II Of quasi crimes or offences
    Title V Of marriage contract
      Chapter I General dispositions
      Chapter II Of the various kinds of matrimonial agreements
        Section I Of donations made in consideration of marriage
        Section II Of dowry or marriage portion
        Section III Of paraphernalia or extra dotal effects
        Section IV Of the partnership or community of acquests or gains
      Chapter III Of the separation of property
    Title VI Of sale
      Chapter I Of the nature and form of the contract of sale, and of the manner in which it is to be performed
      Chapter II Of persons capable of buying and selling, and of things which may be sold
      Chapter III Of the obligations of the seller
        Section I Of the tradition or delivery of the thing sold
        Section II Of the warranty, in case of eviction of the thing sold
        Section III Of the warranty of the defects of the thing sold or of the redhibitory vices
      Chapter IV Of the obligations of the buyer
      Chapter V Of the nullity and rescissions of the sale
        Section I Of the power or right of redemption
        Section II Of the rescission of sales on account of lesion
      Chapter VI Of sales by cant or auction
      Chapter VII Of the assignment or transfer of debts and other incorporeal rights
    Title VII Of exchange
    Title VIII Of letting and hiring
      Chapter I Of the several species of contracts for letting and hiring
      Chapter II Of the contract for letting out things
        Section I Of the form and duration of leases
        Section II Of the obligations of the lessor
        Section III Of the obligations of the lessee
        Section IV Of the dissolution of leases
      Chapter III Of the letting out of labour or industry
        Section I Of the hiring of servants and workmen
        Section II Of carriers and watermen
        Section III Of plots for buildings and other works
    Title IX Of partnership
      Chapter I General dispositions
      Chapter II Of the various kinds of partnerships
      Chapter III Of the obligations of partners towards each other, and towards third persons
        Section I Of the obligations of partners towards each other
        Section II Of the obligations of partners towards third persons
      Chapter IV Of the different manners in which partnerships end
    Title X Of loan
      Chapter I Of the loan for use or commodatum
        Section I Of the nature of the loan for use
        Section II Of the engagements of the borrower for use
        Section III Of the engagements of the lender for use
      Chapter II Of the loan for consumption or mutuum
        Section I Of the nature of the loan for consumption
        Section II Of the obligations of the lender for consumption
        Section III Of the engagements of the borrower for consumption
      Chapter III Of loan on interest
    Title XI Of deposit and sequestration
      Chapter I Of deposit in general and of its divers kinds
      Chapter II Of the deposit properly so called
        Section I Of the nature and essence of the contract of deposit
        Section II Of the obligations of the depository
        Section III Of the obligations of him by whom the deposit has been made
        Section IV Of the necessary deposit
      Chapter III Of sequestration
        Section I Of its different species
        Section II Of the conventional sequestration
        Section III Of the judicial sequestration or deposit
    Title XII Of aleatory contracts
    Title XIII Of mandate or commission
      Chapter I Of the nature of proxies, mandates and commissions
      Chapter II What persons may be appointed attornies in fact
      Chapter III Of the obligations of a person acting under a power of attorney
      Chapter IV Of the obligations of the principal who acts by his attorney in fact
      Chapter V How the procuration expires
    Title XIV Of suretyship
      Chapter I Of the nature and extent of suretyship
      Chapter II Of the effects of suretyship
        Section I Of the effects of suretyship between the creditor and the surety
        Section II Of the effects of suretyship between the debtor and the surety
        Section III Respecting the effects of suretyship between the sureties
      Chapter III Of the extinction of suretyship
      Chapter IV Of the legal and judicial sureties
    Title XV Of transactions
    Title XVI Of respite
    Title XVII Of compromises or arbitration
    Title XVIII Of pledge
    Title XIX Of privileges and mortgages
      Chapter I Of the nature of a mortgage and of its several sorts
      Chapter II Who may mortgage and what thing may be mortgaged
      Chapter III Of the effects of mortgage
        Section I Of the effects of mortgage with regard to the debtor
        Section II Of the effects of mortgages against third possessors and of the action of mortgage
        Section III Of the registering of mortgages and of the register kept for that purpose
      Chapter IV Of the order of privileges and mortgages
        Section I Of the preference and order of privileges
      Chapter V How privileges or mortgages expire or are extinguished
    Title XX Of occupancy, possession and prescription
      Chapter I Of occupancy
      Chapter II Of possession
      Chapter III Of prescription
        Section I Of the possession required to establish prescription
        Section II Of the causes which suspend or interrupt prescriptions
        Section III Of the several species of prescription
    Title XXI Of the title by judgment or seizure
Manuscript index
Manuscript index Part 2


Art. 12. Services imposed by law are established either for the public or common utility or for the utility of individuals.

Art. 13. Services imposed for the public or common utility relate to the space which is to be left for public use by the adjacent proprietors on the shores of navigable rivers and for the making or repairing of levees, roads and other public or common works.
All that relates to this kind of service is determined by laws or particular regulations.

Art. 14. The law imposes upon the proprietors various obligations towards one another independent of all agreements; and those are the obligations which are prescribed in the following articles.

Art. 15. Although a proprietor may do with his estate whatever he pleases, still he cannot make on it any work which may deprive his neighbor of the liberty of enjoying his own, or which may be to him the cause of any damage.

Art. 16. Although one be not at liberty to make any work by which his neighbor's buildings may be damaged, yet every one has the liberty of doing on his own ground whatsoever he please, even although it should occasion to his neighbor some other sort of inconvenience.
Thus he who is not subject to any service originating from a particular agreement in that respect, may raise his house as high as he please, altho by the said elevation he should darken the lights of his neighbor's house; because there results from this act only an inconvenience, but not a real damage.

Art. 17. The works or other things which every one may make or have in his own grounds, and which send into the apartments of others who dwell in the same house, or into the neighboring houses, a smoke or smells that are offensive, such as the works of tanners and diers, and the other different inconveniences which one neighbor may cause to another, ought to be borne with, if the service of them is established, or if there be no service settled, the inconvenience shall either be borne with or hindred, according as the rules of the police or usage may have provided in said matters.

Art. 18. Every one is bound to keep his buildings in repairs, so that their ruins, or the materials which may fall from them, may not hurt the neighbors or the passengers, under the penalty of all losses and damages which may result from the neglect of the proprietor in that respect.

Art. 19. When a building threatens ruin, the neighbor has a right of action against the proprietor to compel him to cause said building to be demolished or propped up. In the mean time if he be likewise to receive any damage by its fall, he may petition to be authorised to make the necessary proppings for which he shall be reimbursed out of the thing, after the danger shall have been ascertained by persons of the art.

Art. 20. Should a conflagration take place in the cities, towns and suburbs of this territory, the mayor or any justice of the peace of the place, may, by and with the advice of six proprietors of houses, situated within the city, town or suburb in which such conflagration has taken place, order to be pulled down the house or houses where the fire shall have made its appearance, and even the adjacent house or houses, although not yet injured by the fire, if a majority of said proprietors be of opinion that this measure is necessary to stop the progress of the conflagration.
In such case the proprietors whose houses have been thus pulled down, without being at the time injured by fire, shall have a right to an indemnification in proportion to their loss, which indemnification shall be paid by the corporation of the city or town where the conflagration has taken place, according to a proportional tax which shall be laid to this effect, upon all proprietors of houses of the said place.

Art. 21. He who builds either above or below his soil adjoining the property of his neighbor, is bound to build in a perpendicular line.

Art. 22. The other particular services imposed by law relate to the following objects:
To walls, fences and ditches in common,
To cases when it is necessary to have double or counter walls,
To the right of lights on the property of a neighbor,
To carrying off water from roofs, and to the right of passages.



Art. 23. He who builds first in the cities, towns or suburbs of this territory, in a place which is not surrounded by walls, may rest one half of his wall on the land of his neighbor, provided he builds with stones or bricks at least as high as the first story, and not in frame or otherwise; and provided the whole thickness of this wall do not exceed eighteen inches, not including the plaistering which must not be more than three inches.
But he cannot compel his neighbor to contribute to the raising of this wall.

Art. 24. If the neighbor be willing to contribute for his half to the building of the wall thus raised, then this wall is a wall in common between the two proprietors.
The neighbor who has even refused to contribute to the raising of this wall, preserves still the right of making it a wall in common, by paying to the person who has made the advance, the half of what he has laid out for its construction, according to the rules hereafter established.

Art. 25. Every wall being a separation betwixt buildings as high as the upper part of the first story, or betwixt the yard and garden in the cities, towns and suburbs of this territory, and even any other enclosure in the fields, shall be presumed to be in common, if there be no title, proof or mark to the contrary.

Art. 26. The repairs and building of walls in common, are to be made at the expence of all who have a right to the same and in proportion to their interest therein.

Art. 27. Nevertheless every co-proprietor of a wall in common, may be exonorated from contributing to the repairs and rebuilding, by giving up his right of common, provided no building belonging to him be actually supported by the wall thus held in common.

Art. 28. Every co-proprietor may build against a wall held in common, and cause beams or joists to be place within two inches of the whole thickness of the wall, saving to the neighbor the right of diminishing with the chisel the length of the beam, till it do not exceed the half of the thickness of the wall, in case he himself should wish to fix beams in the same place or to build a chimney against it.

Art. 29. Every co-proprietor is at liberty to raise higher than the wall in common, but he is to be alone at the expence of raising it, and of repairing and keeping in good order, the part above the height of the wall in common, and besides he is alone liable for all expences arising from its being raised higher and according to its value.

Art. 30. If the wall held in common cannot support the additional weight of raising it, he who wishes to have it made higher, is bound to rebuild it anew entirely, at his own expence, and the additional thickness must be taken from his property.

Art. 31. The neighbor who did not contribute to the raising of the wall held in common, may cause the raised part to become common, by paying one half of the expence of such raising, and the value of the half of the soil employed for the additional thickness, if there is any.

Art. 32. Every proprietor adjoining a wall, has in like manner the right of making it a wall in common, in whole or in part, by reimbursing to the owner of the wall, one half of its value, or the half of the part which he wishes to hold in common, and one half of the value of the soil upon which the wall is built, if the person who has built the wall has laid the foundation entirely upon his own estate.

Art. 33. Neither of the two neighbors can make within the body of the wall held by them in common, any cavity, nor can he affix to it, any work without the consent of the other, or without having on his refusal, caused to be ascertained by persons of the art, the necessary precaution to be used so that the new work be not an injury to the rights of the other.

Art. 34. Every one has a right to compel his neighbor within the cities, towns and suburbs of this territory, to contribute to the making and repairing of the fence held in common by which their houses, yards and gardens are separated, which inclosure shall be made with piuex ten feet high in the manner which is in use within this territory, or which is or may be prescribed by the regulations of the police on that subject.
And if one of the proprietors has been alone at the expence of making the inclosure held in common, he may compel the other to make it in his turn, and the presumption shall be that the inclosure was made by him on whose side it is nailed, unless there exists a voucher or proof to the contrary.

Art. 35. In the country the inclosures held in common are made in the manner which is or shall be prescribed by particular regulations in this respect.

Art. 36. Every ditch between two estates, shall be supposed held in common, unless there be a voucher or proof to the contrary.

Art. 37. A ditch held in common is to be kept up at a common expence.


Art. 12. Les servitudes établies par la loi, ont pour objet l'utilité publique, ou communale, ou celle des particuliers.

Art. 13. Celles établies pour l'utilité publique ou communale, ont pour objet l'espace qui doit être laissé par les riverains pour l'usage public, sur le bord des rivières navigables et la construction et réparation des levées, chemins et autres ouvrages publics et communaux.
Tout ce qui concerne cette espèce de servitude, est l'objet de lois ou de règlemens particuliers.

Art. 14. La loi assujettit les propriétaires à différentes obligations l'un à l'égard de l'autre, indépendamment de toute convention; ce sont celles qui sont prescrites dans les articles suivans.

Art. 15. Quoiqu'un propriétaire puisse faire dans son fonds, tout ce que bon lui semble, il ne peut cependant y faire d'ouvrage qui ôte à son voisin, la liberté de jouir du sien, ou qui lui cause quelque dommage.

Art. 16. Quoiqu'on ne puisse faire d'ouvrages dont le bâtiment voisin soit endommagé, chacun a la liberté de faire dans son fonds, ce que bon lui semble, quand il en arriverait quelq'autre sorte d'incommodité.
Ainsi celui qui n'est assujetti à aucume servitude conventionnelle à cet égard, peut élever sa maison aussi haut que bon lui semble, quoique par cette élévation, il ôte les jours de celle de son voisin, parce qu'il ne résulte de ce fait, qu'une incommodité, et non un dommage réel.

Art. 17. Les ouvrages ou autres choses que chacun peut faire ou avoir chez soi et qui répandent dans les appartemens de ceux qui ont une partie de la même maison, ou chez les voisins, une fumée ou des odeurs incommodes, comme les ouvrages des tanneurs, des teinturiers et les autres différentes incommodités qu'un voisin peut causer à l'autre, doivent se souffrir, si la servitude en est établie; ou s'il n'y a point de servitude, l'incommodité sera soufferte ou empêchée, selon que les règlemens de police ou l'usage y auront pourvu.

Art. 18. Chacun doit entretenir ses bâtimens de manière que leur chute ou les matériaux qui s'en détachent, ne puissent pas nuire aux voisins ou aux passans, à peine de tous dommages intérêts résultant de la négligence du propriétaire à cet égard.

Art. 19. Lorsqu'un bâtiment menace ruine, le voisin a une action pour obliger le propriétaire à le faire démolir ou à le faire étayer; en attendant, s'il peut recevoir quelque dommage par sa chute, il peut se faire autoriser en justice, à y faire les étayemens nécessaires, dont il aura le remboursement sur la chose, après que le danger aura été constaté par experts.

Art. 20. S'il arrive quelque incendie dans les villes, bourgs et faubourgs de ce territoire, le maire ou le premier juge de paix du lieu, après avoir pris l'avis de six propriétaires de maisons situées dans lesdites villes, bourgs et faubourgs, pourra ordonner d'abattre la maison ou les maisons où le feu aura pris et même la maison ou les maisons voisines où le feu n'est pas encore pris, si la majorité desdits propriétaires est d'opinion que cette mesure est nécessaire pour arrêter les progrès de l'incendie.
En ce cas, les propriétaires dont les maisons auront été ainsi abattues sans que le feu y eut encore pris, auront droit à une indemnité proportionnée à leur perte, laquelle sera payée par la corporation de la ville ou du bourg où l'incendie sera arrivée, d'après une taxe proportionnée qui sera imposée pour cet effet, sur tous les propriétaires de maisons du lieu.

Art. 21. Celui qui édifie soit dessus ou dessous son sol contre un voisin, doit bâtir à plomb et sans saillie.

Art. 22. Les autres servitudes particulières imposées par la loi, sont relatives aux objets suivans:
Aux murs, entourages et fossés mitoyens;
Au cas où il y a lieu à contre-mur;
Aux vues sur la propriété de son voisin;
A l'égout de toits;
Et au droit de passage.



Art. 23. Celui qui bâtit le premier dans les villes, bourgs et faubourgs du territoire, en place non enclose de murs, peut faire porter la moitié de son mur sur la terre de son voisin, pourvu qu'il bâtisse en pierres ou en briques, au moins jusqu'à la hauteur du premier étage et non en colombage, ou autrement, et pourvu aussi que l'épaisseur entière de ce mur n'excède pas dix-huit pouces, sans y comprendre l'empattement qui ne doit pas avoir plus de trois pouces.
Mais il ne peut forcer le voisin à contribuer à l'élévation de ce mur.

Art. 24. Si le voisin veut contribuer par moitié à l'édification du mur ainsi construit, ce mur est alors mur mitoyen entre les deux propriétaires.
Le voisin qui a même refusé de contribuer à l'élévation de ce mur, conserve toujours le droit de le rendre mitoyen, en payant à celui qui en fait l'avance, la moitié de ce qu'il lui en coûté pour le faire bâtir, suivant les règles ci-après établies.

Art. 25. Tout mur servant de séparation entre bâtimens jusqu'à l'héberge, ou entre cours et jardins dans les villes, bourgs et faubourgs de ce territoire, et même entre enclos dans les champs, sera présumé mitoyen, s'il n'y a preuve, titre ou marque au contraire.

Art. 26. La réparation et reconstruction du mur mitoyen, sont à la charge de tous ceux qui y ont droit et proportionnellement au droit de chacun.

Art. 27. Cependant tout co-propriétaire d'un mur mitoyen, peut se dispenser de contribuer aux réparations et reconstructions, en abandonnant le droit de mitoyenneté, pourvu que le mur mitoyen ne soutienne pas un bâtiment qui lui appartienne.

Art. 28. Tout co-propriétaire peut faire bâtir contre un mur mitoyen et y faire placer des poutres et solives dans toute l'épaisseur du mur, à deux pouces près, sans préjudice du droit qu'à le voisin de faire réduire à l'ébauchoir, la poutre jusqu'à la moitié du mur, dans le cas où il voudrait lui-même asseoir des poutres dans le même lieu ou y adosser une cheminée.

Art. 29. Tout co-propriétaire peut faire exhausser le mur mitoyen, mais il doit supporter seul la dépense de l'exhaussement et les réparations d'entretien, à partir au-dessus de la hauteur de la clôture commune, et en outre l'indemnité de la charge, en raison de l'exhaussement et suivant la valeur.

Art. 30. Si le mur mitoyen n'est pas en état de supporter l'exhaussement, celui qui veut le faire exhausser, doit le faire reconstruire en entier à ses frais et l'excédent d'épaisseur doit se prendre de son côté.

Art. 31. Le voisin qui n'a pas contribué à l'exhaussement, peut en acquérir la mitoyenneté, en payant la moitié de la dépense qu'il a coûté et la valeur de la moitié du sol fourni pour l'excédent d'épaisseur, s'il y en a.

Art. 32. Tout propriétaire joignant un mur, a de même la faculté de le rendre mitoyen, en tout ou en partie, en remboursant au maître du mur, la moitié de sa valeur, ou la moitié de la portion qu'il veut rendre mitoyenne, et moitié de la valeur du sol sur lequel le mur est bâti, si celui qui a fait le mur l'a fait porter entièrement sur son héritage.

Art. 33. L'un des voisins ne peut pratiquer dans le corps d'un mur mitoyen, aucun enfoncement, ni y appliquer ou appuyer aucun ouvrage, sans le consentement de l'autre, ou sans avoir à son refus, fait régle par experts, les moyens nécessaires pour que le nouvel ouvrage ne soit pas nuisible aux droits de l'autre.

Art. 34. Chacun peut contraindre son voisin dans les villes, bourgs et faubourgs de ce territoire, à contribuer à la construction et réparation de la clôture mitoyenne faisant séparation de leurs maisons, cours et jardins, laquelle clôture sera faite avec des pieux de dix pieds de haut, de la manière qui est en usage dans ce territoire, ou qui est ou sera prescrite par les règlemens de police faits à cet égard.
Et si l'un des propriétaires avait fait seul la dépense de la construction de l'entourage mitoyen, il pourra contraindre l'autre à la faire à son tour, et l'on présumera que la clôture aura été faite par celui du coté duquel elle se trouve clouée, s'il n'y a titre ou preuve au contraire.

Art. 35. Dans les campagnes, les clôtures mitoyennes se font de la manière qui est ou sera prescrite par les règlemens particuliers à cet égard.

Art. 36. Tous fossés entre deux héritages, seront présumés mitoyens, s'il n'y a titre ou preuve contraire.

Art. 37. Le fossé mitoyen doit être entretenu à frais communs.

< Previous | Next >© Manuscript notes copyright 1968 by Louis V. de la Vergne.
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