LSU Law
LSU Law Login
Calendar
myLSU
LSU Law HomeProspective StudentsCurrent StudentsFaculty & StaffAlumni & FriendsEmployers & Legal Community
A-Z IndexAbout LSU LawLibraryContact UsSearch 
Digest Online
Back to Civil Law OnlineBack to Civil Law Online
English French English & French Manuscript General Manuscript General Image Manuscript Article Manuscript Article Image

Table of Contents

Cover Page
Foreword
Abbreviations
Synopsis
Preliminary title Of the general definitions of rights and the promulgation of the laws
    Chapter I Of law and customs
    Chapter II Of the publication of the laws
    Chapter III Of the effects of laws
    Chapter IV Of the application and construction of laws
    Chapter V Of the repeal of laws
Book I Of persons
    Title I Of the distinction of persons, and the privation of certain civil rights in certain cases
      Chapter I Of the distinction of persons established by nature
      Chapter II Of the distinctions of persons which are established by law
    Title II Of domicil and the manner of changing the same
    Title III Of absent persons
      Chapter I Of the curatorship of absent persons
      Chapter II Of the putting into provisional possession the heirs of the absentee
      Chapter III Of the effects of absence upon the eventual rights which may belong to the absentee
      Chapter IV Of the effects of absence respecting marriage
      Chapter V Of the care of minor children whose father has disappeared
    Title IV Of husband and wife
      Chapter I On marriage
      Chapter II How marriages may be contracted or made
      Chapter III Of the nullity of marriages
      Chapter IV Of the respective rights and duties of married persons
      Chapter V Of the dissolution of marriages
      Chapter VI Of second marriages
    Title V Of the separation from bed and board
      Chapter I Of the causes of separation from bed and board
      Chapter II Of the proceedings on separation from bed and board
      Chapter III Of the provisional proceedings to which a suit for separation may give occasion
      Chapter IV Of objections to the action of separation from bed and board
      Chapter V Of the effects of separation from bed and board
    Title VI Of master and servant
      Chapter I Of the several sorts of servants
      Chapter II Of free servants
      Chapter III Of slaves
    Title VII Of father and child
      Chapter I Of children in general
      Chapter II Of legitimate children
        Section I Of legitimacy resulting from marriage
        Section II Of the manner of proving the legitimate filiation
      Chapter III Of illegitimate children
        Section I Of legitimation
        Section II Of the acknowledgment of illegitimate children
      Chapter IV Of adoption
      Chapter V Of paternal authority
        Section I Of the duties of parents towards their legitimate children, and of the duties of legitimate children towards their parents
        Section II Of the duties of parents towards their natural children, and of the duties of natural children towards their parents
    Title VIII Of minors, of their tutorship, curatorship and emancipation
      Chapter I Of tutorship
        Section I General dispositions
        Section II Of tutorship by nature
        Section III Of tutorship by will
        Section IV Of the tutorship by the effect of the law
        Section V Of dative tutorship
        Section VI Of the under tutor
        Section VII Of the causes which dispense or excuse from the tutorship
        Section VIII Of incapacity for, exclusion from and deprivation of the tutorship
        Section IX Of the administration of the tutor
      Chapter II Of the curatorship of minors
      Chapter III Of emancipation
    Title IX Of persons insane, idiots, and other persons incapable of administering their estate
      Chapter I Of the interdiction and curatorship of persons incapable of administering their estate, whether on account of insanity or of some other infirmity
      Chapter II Of the other persons to whom curators are appointed
    Title X Of communities or corporations
      Chapter I Of the nature of communities or corporations, of their use and kind
      Chapter II Of the rights and privileges of communities or corporations and of their incapacities
      Chapter III Of the dissolution of communities or corporations
Book II Of things and of the different modifications of property
    Title I Of things or estates
      Chapter I Of the distinction of things or estates
      Chapter II Of immoveables
      Chapter III Of moveables
      Chapter IV Of estates considered in their relation to those who possess them
    Title II Of absolute ownership
      Chapter I Universal principles
      Chapter II Of the right of accession to what is produced by the thing
      Chapter III Of the right of accession to what unites or incorporates itself to the thing
        Section I Of the right of accession concerning immoveables
        Section II Of the right of accession concerning moveable things
    Title III Of usufruct, use and habitation
      Chapter I Of usufruct
        Section I General definitions
        Section II Of the rights of the usufructuary
        Section III Of the obligations of the usufructuary
        Section IV Of the obligations of the owner
        Section V How usufruct expires
      Chapter II Of the use and habitation
    Title IV Of predial services or services of land
      Chapter I General principles
      Chapter II Of services which originate from the natural situation of the place
      Chapter III Of services imposed by law
        Section I Of walls, fences, and ditches in common
        Section II Of the distance and of the intermediary works required for certain buildings
        Section III Of lights on the property of a neighbor
        Section IV Of the manner of carrying off rain from the roof
        Section V Of the right of passage
      Chapter IV Of services established by the act of man
        Section I Of the different kinds of services which may be established by the act of man
        Section II How services are acquired
        Section III Of the rights of the proprietor of the estate to which the service is due
        Section IV How Services are extinguished
Book III Of the different manners of acquiring the property of things
    Preliminary title General dispositions
    Title I Of successions
      Chapter I Of the different sorts of successions and heirs
      Chapter II Of legal successions
        Section I General rules
        Section II Of the succession of descendants
        Section III Of the succession of ascendants
        Section IV Of the succession of collaterals
      Chapter III Of irregular successions
      Chapter IV In what manner successions are opened
      Chapter V Of the incapacity and unworthiness of the heirs
      Chapter VI In what manner a succession is accepted and how it is renounced
        Section I Of the acceptance pure and simple
        Section II Of the acceptance of a succession with the benefit of an inventory
      Chapter VII Of the administration of vacant estates and estates ab intestato
      Chapter VIII Of partition among heirs and of the collation of goods
        Section I Of the nature of partition and in what manner it is made
        Section II Of the collation of goods
        Section III Of the payment of debts
        Section IV Of the effect of partition and of its rescision
    Title II Of donations inter vivos (between living persons) and mortis causa (in prospect of death)
      Chapter I General dispositions
      Chapter II Of the capacity necessary for disposing of and receiving by donation inter vivos or mortis causa
      Chapter III Of the portion disposable, and of its reduction in case of excess
        Section I Of the disposable portion and the legitime
        Section II Of the reduction of dispositions inter vivos or mortis causa; of the manner in which it is made and of its effects
      Chapter IV Of dispositions reprobated by the law in donations inter vivos and mortis causa
      Chapter V Of donations inter vivos (between living)
        Section I Of the irrevocability of donations inter vivos
        Section II Of the form of donations inter vivos
        Section III Of the exceptions to the rule of the irrevocability of donations inter vivos
      Chapter VI Of dispositions mortis causa (in the prospect of death)
        Section I Of testament or codicil
        Section II Of the form of testaments and codicils
        Section III Of testamentary dispositions
        Section IV Of the institution of heir and of disinherison
        Section V Of legacies
        Section VI Of the opening and the proof of wills, and of testamentary executions
        Section VII Of the revocation of testaments and codicils and of their caducity
        Section VIII Of the interpretation of testamentary dispositions
      Chapter VII Of partitions made by parents among their descendants
      Chapter VIII Of donations made by marriage contract to the husband or wife, and to the children to be born of the marriage
      Chapter IX Of donations between married persons, either by marriage contract, or during the marriage
    Title III Of contracts and of conventional obligations in general
      Chapter I Preliminary dispositions
      Chapter II Of the conditions essential to the validity of agreements
        Section I Of consent
        Section II Of the capability of the parties contracting
        Section III Of the object and the matter of contracts
        Section IV Of the cause
      Chapter III Of the effect of obligations
        Section I General dispositions
        Section II Of the obligation of giving
        Section III Of the obligations of doing or of not doing
        Section IV Of the damages resulting from the non execution of the obligation
        Section V Of the interpretation of the agreements
        Section VI Of the effect of agreements with regard to persons not parties to them
      Chapter IV Of the different kinds of obligations
        Section I Of conditional obligations
          § 1 Of the condition in general and of its different kinds
          § 2 Of the suspensive condition
          § 3 Of the dissolving condition
        Section II Of obligations to be performed at a certain term
        Section III Of the alternative obligations
        Section IV Of obligations in solido or jointly and severally
          § 1 Of the obligation in solido between creditors
          § 2 Of the obligation in solido on the part of debtors
        Section V Of obligations divisible and indivisible
          § 1 Of the effects of a divisible obligation
          § 2 Of the effect of the indivisible obligation
        Section VI Of obligations with penal clauses
      Chapter V Of the extinction of obligations
        Section I Of payment
          § 1 Of payment in general
          § 2 Of payment with subrogation
          § 3 Of the imputation of payments
          § 4 Of tenders of payment, and consignment
          § 5 Of the surrender of property
        Section II Of novation
        Section III Of the remission of the debt
        Section IV Of compensation
        Section V Of confusion
        Section VI Of the loss of the thing due
        Section VII Of the action of nullity or of rescission of agreements
      Chapter VI Of the proof of obligations and of that of payment
        Section I Of the literal proof
          § 1 Of the authentic title
          § 2 Of the acts under private signature
          § 3 Of copies of titles
          § 4 Of recognitive and confirmative acts
        Section II Of testimonial proof
        Section III Of presumptions
          § 1 Of presumptions established by law
          § 2 Of presumption not established by law
        Section IV Of the confession of the party
        Section V Of the proof by oath
    Title IV Of engagements formed without agreements, or of quasi contracts and quasi offences
      Section I Of the quasi contract
      Section II Of quasi crimes or offences
    Title V Of marriage contract
      Chapter I General dispositions
      Chapter II Of the various kinds of matrimonial agreements
        Section I Of donations made in consideration of marriage
        Section II Of dowry or marriage portion
        Section III Of paraphernalia or extra dotal effects
        Section IV Of the partnership or community of acquests or gains
      Chapter III Of the separation of property
    Title VI Of sale
      Chapter I Of the nature and form of the contract of sale, and of the manner in which it is to be performed
      Chapter II Of persons capable of buying and selling, and of things which may be sold
      Chapter III Of the obligations of the seller
        Section I Of the tradition or delivery of the thing sold
        Section II Of the warranty, in case of eviction of the thing sold
        Section III Of the warranty of the defects of the thing sold or of the redhibitory vices
      Chapter IV Of the obligations of the buyer
      Chapter V Of the nullity and rescissions of the sale
        Section I Of the power or right of redemption
        Section II Of the rescission of sales on account of lesion
      Chapter VI Of sales by cant or auction
      Chapter VII Of the assignment or transfer of debts and other incorporeal rights
    Title VII Of exchange
    Title VIII Of letting and hiring
      Chapter I Of the several species of contracts for letting and hiring
      Chapter II Of the contract for letting out things
        Section I Of the form and duration of leases
        Section II Of the obligations of the lessor
        Section III Of the obligations of the lessee
        Section IV Of the dissolution of leases
      Chapter III Of the letting out of labour or industry
        Section I Of the hiring of servants and workmen
        Section II Of carriers and watermen
        Section III Of plots for buildings and other works
    Title IX Of partnership
      Chapter I General dispositions
      Chapter II Of the various kinds of partnerships
      Chapter III Of the obligations of partners towards each other, and towards third persons
        Section I Of the obligations of partners towards each other
        Section II Of the obligations of partners towards third persons
      Chapter IV Of the different manners in which partnerships end
    Title X Of loan
      Chapter I Of the loan for use or commodatum
        Section I Of the nature of the loan for use
        Section II Of the engagements of the borrower for use
        Section III Of the engagements of the lender for use
      Chapter II Of the loan for consumption or mutuum
        Section I Of the nature of the loan for consumption
        Section II Of the obligations of the lender for consumption
        Section III Of the engagements of the borrower for consumption
      Chapter III Of loan on interest
    Title XI Of deposit and sequestration
      Chapter I Of deposit in general and of its divers kinds
      Chapter II Of the deposit properly so called
        Section I Of the nature and essence of the contract of deposit
        Section II Of the obligations of the depository
        Section III Of the obligations of him by whom the deposit has been made
        Section IV Of the necessary deposit
      Chapter III Of sequestration
        Section I Of its different species
        Section II Of the conventional sequestration
        Section III Of the judicial sequestration or deposit
    Title XII Of aleatory contracts
    Title XIII Of mandate or commission
      Chapter I Of the nature of proxies, mandates and commissions
      Chapter II What persons may be appointed attornies in fact
      Chapter III Of the obligations of a person acting under a power of attorney
      Chapter IV Of the obligations of the principal who acts by his attorney in fact
      Chapter V How the procuration expires
    Title XIV Of suretyship
      Chapter I Of the nature and extent of suretyship
      Chapter II Of the effects of suretyship
        Section I Of the effects of suretyship between the creditor and the surety
        Section II Of the effects of suretyship between the debtor and the surety
        Section III Respecting the effects of suretyship between the sureties
      Chapter III Of the extinction of suretyship
      Chapter IV Of the legal and judicial sureties
    Title XV Of transactions
    Title XVI Of respite
    Title XVII Of compromises or arbitration
    Title XVIII Of pledge
    Title XIX Of privileges and mortgages
      Chapter I Of the nature of a mortgage and of its several sorts
      Chapter II Who may mortgage and what thing may be mortgaged
      Chapter III Of the effects of mortgage
        Section I Of the effects of mortgage with regard to the debtor
        Section II Of the effects of mortgages against third possessors and of the action of mortgage
        Section III Of the registering of mortgages and of the register kept for that purpose
      Chapter IV Of the order of privileges and mortgages
        Section I Of the preference and order of privileges
      Chapter V How privileges or mortgages expire or are extinguished
    Title XX Of occupancy, possession and prescription
      Chapter I Of occupancy
      Chapter II Of possession
      Chapter III Of prescription
        Section I Of the possession required to establish prescription
        Section II Of the causes which suspend or interrupt prescriptions
        Section III Of the several species of prescription
    Title XXI Of the title by judgment or seizure
Index
Manuscript index
Manuscript index Part 2

TITLE IX - OF PERSONS INSANE, IDIOTS, AND OTHER PERSONS INCAPABLE OF ADMINISTERING THEIR ESTATE

 

CHAPTER I - OF THE INTERDICTION AND CURATORSHIP OF PERSONS INCAPABLE OF ADMINISTERING THEIR ESTATE, WHETHER ON ACCOUNT OF INSANITY OR OF SOME OTHER INFIRMITY

Art. 1. Every person above the age of puberty, who is subject to an habitual state of madness or insanity, shall not be allowed to take charge of his own person, nor to administer his estate, although such person shall, at times, appear to be reasonable.

Art. 2. The minor under the age of puberty who is insane, ought not to be interdicted.  A guardian shall be appointed to him, as a minor only, until such time as he shall have arrived at the age of puberty.

Art. 3. Every relation has a right to petition for the interdiction of a relation, and so has every husband a right to petition for the interdiction of his wife, and every wife of her husband.

Art. 4. If the insane has no relations and is not married, or if his relations or consort do not act, the interdiction may be solicited by any stranger or pronounced ex officio by the judge.

Art. 5. Every interdiction shall be pronounced by the judge of the parish of the domicil or residence of the person to be interdicted.

Art. 6. The acts of madness, insanity or fury must be proved to the satisfaction of the judge, that he may be enabled to pronounce the interdiction; and this proof may be established as well by written as by parol evidence.
The judge may moreover interrogate or cause to be interrogated by any other person commissioned by him, for that purpose, the person whose interdiction is petitioned for, or cause such person to be examined by physicians or other skilful persons in order to obtain their report upon oath on the real situation of him who is stated to be of unsound mind.

Art. 7. Pending the issue of the petition for interdiction, the judge may if he deems it proper, appoint for the preservation of the moveable and for the administration of the immoveable estate of the defendant an administrator pro tempore.

Art. 8. Every judgment by which an interdiction is pronounced, shall be provisionally executed notwithstanding the appeal.

Art. 9. In case of appeal, the superior court may, if they deem it necessary, proceed to the hearing of new proofs, and question or cause to be questioned, as above provided, the person whose interdiction is petitioned for, in order to ascertain the state of his mind.

Art. 10. On every petition for interdiction, the cost of suit shall be paid out of the estate of the defendant, if he shall be interdicted, and by the petitioner if the interdiction prayed for shall not be pronounced.

Art. 11. Every sentence of interdiction shall be published three times in at least two of the news papers printed in New-Orleans, or made known by advertisements at the door of the court house of the parish of the domicil of the person interdicted, both in the french and english languages and this duty is imposed upon him who shall be appointed curator of the person interdicted, and shall be performed within a month after the date of said interdiction, under the penalty of being answerable for all damages to such persons as may, through ignorance, have contracted with the person interdicted.

Art. 12. No petition for interdiction, if the same shall have once been rejected, shall be acted upon again, unless new facts happening posterior to the sentence, shall be alledged.

Art. 13. The interdiction takes place from the day of presenting the petition for the same.

Art. 14. All acts done by the person interdicted from the date of the filing the petition for interdiction, until the day when the same is pronounced by a final judgment, are null.

Art. 15. No act anterior to the petition for the interdiction shall be annulled, except where it shall be proved that the cause of such interdiction notoriously existed at the time when the deeds, the validity of which being contested, were made, and that the party who contracted with the lunatic or insane person, could not have been deceived as to the situation of his mind.

Art. 16. After the death of a person interdicted, the validity of acts done by him or her cannot be contested, for cause of insanity, unless the interdiction was pronounced, or petitioned for previous to the death of such person.

Art. 17. Within a month, to reckon from the date of the judgment of interdiction, if there has been no appeal from the same, or if there has been an appeal, then within a month from the confirmative sentence, it shall be the duty of the judge of the parish of the domicil or residence of the person interdicted, to appoint a curator to his person and estate.

Art. 18. This appointment is made according to the same forms, as the appointment to the guardianship of minors.
After the appointment of the curator to the person interdicted, the duties of the administrator pro tempore, if he shall not have been appointed curator, are at an end; and he shall give an account of his administration to the curator.

Art. 19. The married woman who is interdicted, is of course under the curatorship of her husband.- Nevertheless it is the duty of the husband in such a case, to cause to be appointed by the judge a curator ad litem who may appear for the wife interdicted, in every case when she may have an interest in opposition to the interest of her husband, or one of a nature to be pursued or defended jointly with his.

Art. 20. The wife may be appointed curatrix to her husband, if she has, in other respects, the necessary qualifications.

Art. 21. No one, except the husband with respect to his wife, or wife with respect to her husband, the relations in the ascending line with respect to the relations in the descending line, and, vice versa, the relations in the descending line with respect to the relations in the ascending line, can be compelled to act as curator, to a person interdicted, more than ten years, after which time the curator may petition for his discharge.

Art. 22. The person interdicted, is, in every respect, like the minor who has not arrived at the age of puberty, both as it respects his person and estate and the rules respecting the guardianship of the minor, concerning the oath, the inventory and the security, the mode of administering, the sale of the estate, the commission on the revenues, the excuses, the exclusion or deprivation of the guardianship, the mode of rendering the accounts, and the other obligations apply with respect to the curatorship of the person interdicted.

Art. 23. When any of the children of the person interdicted, is to be married, the dowry or advance of money to be drawn from his estate, is to be regulated by the judge with the advice of the meeting of the family.

Art. 24. According to the symptoms of the disease under which the person interdicted labors, and according to the amount of his estate, the judge may order that the interdicted person be attended in his own house, or that he be placed in a bettering house, or indeed if he be so deranged as to be dangerous, he may order him to be confined in safe custody.

Art. 25. The revenues of the person interdicted, shall be employed essentially in mitigating his sufferings, and in accelerating his cure, under the penalty against the curator, in case he shall be guilty of neglect in that respect, of being sentenced to pay a fine which shall not exceed five hundred dollars, nor be less than fifty dollars, and even to be deprived of the curatorship, if the case shall require it.

Art. 26. He who petitions for the interdiction of any person and fails in obtaining such interdiction, may be prosecuted for and sentenced to pay damages, if he shall have acted from motives of interest or passion.

Art. 27. Interdiction ends with the causes which gave rise to it.  Nevertheless the person interdicted cannot resume the exercise of his rights until after the definitive judgment by which the repeal of the interdiction is pronounced.

Art. 28. Interdiction cannot be repealed, but according to the formalities which were observed in pronouncing it.

Art. 29. Not only lunatics and idiots are liable to be interdicted; but likewise all persons, who, owing to certain infirmities, are incapable of administering their persons and their estates, as is the case with those who are deaf and dumb.
Such persons shall be placed under the care of a curator, who shall be appointed and shall administer in conformity with the rules contained in the present chapter.

Art. 30. Interdicting is not allowed on account of profligacy or prodigality.

 

CHAPTER II -  OF THE OTHER PERSONS TO WHOM CURATORS ARE APPOINTED

Art. 31. If a person be absent from the territory, without having appointed any person to administer his estate, and if it should be necessary to appoint some one for that purpose, the judge shall name a curator to administer on such estate according to the rules prescribed in the title of absent persons.

Art. 32. If a widow happens to be pregnant at the time of the death of her husband, no guardian shall be appointed to the child till after his birth. But if it should be necessary, the judge may appoint a curator for the preservation of the rights of the child who may be born, and for the administration of the estate which may belong to said child.

Art. 33. If a succession happens to be without heirs or executors, as if the deceased left behind him no relations nor instituted any person his heir by will, or that he who had a right to succeed had renounced the succession, or were absent, or that during the time he was deliberating about accepting the succession and refused in the mean while to intermeddle, it shall be the duty of the judge to appoint a curator to the inheritance for the purpose of attending to the preservation of the estate belonging to the said inheritance and to the administration of said estate as it is prescribed in the chapter of vacant successions, title "of successions."

Art. 34. When a debtor surrenders his estate for the benefit of his creditors, they may cause to be appointed by the judge a curator whose duty it shall be to take care of such estate, or they may appoint some one or more amongst them under he name of syndics or assignees, to have the management of said estate.

TITRE IX - DES FOUS, DES INSENSÉS ET DES AUTRES PERSONNES INCAPABLES D'ADMINISTRER LEURS AFFAIRES

 

CHAPITRE I - DE L'INTERDICTION ET DE LA CURATELLE DES PERSONNES QUI SONT INCAPABLES D'ADMINISTRER LEURS BIENS, SOIT POUR FAIT DE DÉMENCE OU D'AUTRES INFIRMITÉS

Art. 1. Tout individu au-dessus de l'âge de puberté, qui se trouve dans un état habituel d'imbécillité, de démence, ou de fureur, doit être interdit de l'administration de sa personne et de ses biens, même lorsque cet état présente des intervalles lucides.

Art. 2. On n'interdit pas le mineur impubère qui est en démence, on se contente de lui nommer un tuteur pour le fait seul de sa minorité, au moins en attendant qu'il ait atteint l'âge de puberté.

Art. 3. Tout parent est recevable à provoquer l'interdiction de son parent; il en est de même de l'un des époux à l'égard de l'autre.

Art. 4. A défaut de parens ou d'époux, ou s'ils n'agissent pas, l'interdiction peut être provoquée par un étranger, ou prononcée d'office par le juge.

Art. 5. Toute interdiction doit être prononcée par le juge de la paroisse du domicile ou de la résidence de la personne interdite.

Art. 6. Les faits de démence, d'imbécillité ou de fureur, doivent être prouvés à la satisfaction du juge, pour qu'il puisse prononcer l'interdiction, et cette preuve peut être faite tant par titres que par témoins, et le juge pourra en outre, s'il le croit nécessaire, interroger, soit par lui-même, ou par toute autre personne par lui commise à cet effet, celui dont on poursuit l'interdiction, ou le faire visiter par des médecins et autres personnes de l'art, à l'effet d'avoir leur rapport assermenté sur son état.

Art. 7. Pendant l'instruction de la demande en interdiction, le juge peut commettre, s'il le juge convenable pour la conservation du mobilier et l'administration des immeubles, un administrateur provisoire aux biens du défendeur.

Art. 8. Tout jugement qui prononce une interdiction, est exécutoire par provision nonobstant l'appel.

Art. 9. En cas d'appel la cour supérieure pourra, si elle le juge nécessaire, procéder à l'audition de nouvelles preuves, comme aussi interroger ou faire interroger, comme il est dit ci-dessus, celui dont l'interdiction est poursuivie, pour s'assurer de son état.

Art. 10. Sur toutes demandes en interdiction, les frais seront payés sur les biens du défendeur, s'il est interdit, et par le demandeur, si l'interdiction n'est pas prononcée.

Art. 11. Toute interdiction devra être annoncée par trois fois dans au moins deux des papiers publics qui s'impriment à la Nouvelle-Orléans, ou par affiches à la porte de l'auditoire de la paroisse du domicile de la personne interdite, et ce en anglais et en français à la diligence de celui qui aura été nommé curateur de l'interdit, ainsi qu'il est dit ci-après, dans le mois de la date de ladite interdiction, à peine de tous dépens, dommages intérêts envers les personnes qui, par ignorance, pourraient contracter avec l'interdit.

Art. 12. La demande en interdiction une fois rejetée, ne pourra plus être reproduite, s'il n'est allégué des faits nouveaux survenus depuis le jugement.

Art. 13. L'interdiction, a son effet du jour de la demande qui l'a provoquée.

Art. 14. Tous les actes passés par l'interdit dans l'intervalle de la provocation de l'interdiction au jugement définitif qui l'a prononcée, sont nuls.

Art. 15. Les actes antérieurs à la demande en interdiction, ne pourront être annulés, qu'autant qu'il sera prouvé que la cause de l'interdiction existait notoirement à l'époque où les actes contestés ont été faits, et que la personne qui a contracté avec l'interdit, n'a pu être trompée sur son état.

Art. 16. Après la mort d'un interdit, les actes par lui faits ne peuvent être attaqués pour cause de démence, qu'autant qu'il y aurait interdiction prononcée ou provoquée avant son décès.

Art. 17. Dans le mois à compter de la date du jugement en interdiction, s'il n'y a pas eu d'appel, ou s'il y a eu appel, dans le mois à compter du jugement confirmatif, il sera, par le juge de la paroisse du domicile ou résidence de l'interdit, nommé un curateur à la personne et aux biens dudit interdit.

Art. 18. Cette nomination se fait en la même forme que la nomination à la tutelle des mineurs.
Après la nomination du curateur à l'interdit, l'administrateur provisoire, s'il n'est pas curateur, cesse ses fonctions et rend compte au curateur.

Art. 19. La femme mariée qui est interdite, est de droit sous la curatelle de son mari, néanmoins le mari est tenu, en ce cas, de faire nommer par le juge un curateur ad lites, qui représente l'épouse interdite dans toutes les affaires où elle a des intérêts opposés à ceux de son mari, ou qui doivent être constatés avec lui.

Art. 20. La femme peut être nommée curatrice de son mari, si elle a d'ailleurs les qualités requises.

Art. 21. Nul, excepté l'un des époux à l'égard de l'autre, des ascendans à l'égard des descendans, et ceux-ci à l'égard des ascendans, ne peut être tenu de conserver la curatelle d'un interdit au delà de dix ans; à l'expiration de ce délai, le curateur pourra demander son remplacement.

Art. 22. L'interdit est assimilé au mineur impubère pour sa personne et pour ses biens; les règles pour la tutelle du mineur, concernant le serment, l'inventaire et le cautionnement, le mode d'administration, la vente des biens, la commission sur les revenus, les dispenses, l'exclusion ou destitution de la tutelle, le mode de reddition de compte et autres obligations, ont lieu pour la curatelle de l'interdit.

Art. 23. Lorsqu'il est question du mariage de l'un des enfans de l'interdit, la dot ou l'avancement d'hoirie sont réglés par le juge, de l'avis de l'assemblée de famille.

Art. 24. Selon les caractères de la maladie dont l'interdit est atteint et suivant l'état de sa fortune, le juge doit ordonner qu'il sera traité dans son domicile, ou qu'il sera placé dans une maison de santé; il peut même le faire mettre en lieu de sûreté, s'il est furieux.

Art. 25. Les revenus de l'interdit doivent être essentiellement employés à adoucir son sort, et à accélérer sa guérison, à peine contre le curateur, en cas de contravention, d'être condamné à payer une amende qui ne pourra s'élever au-dessus de cinq cents piastres, ni être moindre de cinquante; et même d'être destitué, si le cas le requiert.

Art. 26. Tout demandeur en interdiction qui succombe, peut être poursuivi en dommages intérêts, s'il n'a agi que par intérêt ou par passion.

Art. 27. L'interdiction finit avec les causes qui l'avaient déterminée, néanmoins l'interdit ne peut reprendre l'exercice de ses droits qu'après le jugement définitif qui prononce la mainlevée de l'interdiction.

Art. 28. La mainlevée de l'interdiction ne peut être prononcée qu'avec les mêmes formes que l'interdiction.

Art. 29. Non-seulement les fous et les insensés sont sujets à être interdite, mais il en est de même de toutes les personnes, qui, par quelque infirmité, sont incapables de l'administration de leurs personnes et de leurs biens, comme serait un sourd et muet.
Ces personnes doivent être pourvues par le juge d'un curateur qui sera nommé et gérera conformément aux règles du présent chapitre.

Art. 30. L'interdiction n'a plus lieu pour cause de dissipation ou de prodigalité.

 

CHAPITRE II - DES AUTRES PERSONNES À QUI IL EST DONNÉ UN CURATEUR

Art. 31. Si une personne se trouve absente du territoire, sans avoir chargé quelqu'un de la conduite de ses biens et de ses affaires, et qu'il soit nécessaire d'y pourvoir, le juge nommera un curateur pour en prendre soin, ainsi qu'il est reglé au titre des absens.

Art. 32. Si une veuve se trouve grosse au tems de la mort de son mari, on ne peut nommer de tuteur à l'enfant jusqu'à naissance; mais s'il est nécessaire, le juge nommera un curateur pour la conservation des droits de l'enfant qui pourra naitre et pour l'administration des biens qui pourront lui appartenir.

Art. 33. Si une succession se trouve sans héritiers, comme s'il n'y a ni parent, ni héritier institué, ou si celui qui devait succéder a renoncé à la succession, ou est absent, ou si l'héritier présent délibère et refuse de s'immiscer, le juge nommera un curateur à la succession, à l'effet de veiller à la conservation des biens de la succession et à leur administration, ainsi qu'il est prescrit au chapitre des successions vacantes titre des successions.

Art. 34. Lorsqu'un débiteur abandonne ses biens à ses créanciers, ils peuvent faire nommer par le juge un curateur qui en prenne le soin, ou nommer quelques-uns d'entre eux sous le nom de syndics, pour en prendre la direction.

< Previous | Next >© Manuscript notes copyright 1968 by Louis V. de la Vergne.
Paul M. Hebert Law Center   |    1 E. Campus Dr.   |    Louisiana State University   |    Baton Rouge, LA 70803   |   225/578-5292