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Table of Contents

Cover Page
Preliminary title Of the general definitions of rights and the promulgation of the laws
    Chapter I Of law and customs
    Chapter II Of the publication of the laws
    Chapter III Of the effects of laws
    Chapter IV Of the application and construction of laws
    Chapter V Of the repeal of laws
Book I Of persons
    Title I Of the distinction of persons, and the privation of certain civil rights in certain cases
      Chapter I Of the distinction of persons established by nature
      Chapter II Of the distinctions of persons which are established by law
    Title II Of domicil and the manner of changing the same
    Title III Of absent persons
      Chapter I Of the curatorship of absent persons
      Chapter II Of the putting into provisional possession the heirs of the absentee
      Chapter III Of the effects of absence upon the eventual rights which may belong to the absentee
      Chapter IV Of the effects of absence respecting marriage
      Chapter V Of the care of minor children whose father has disappeared
    Title IV Of husband and wife
      Chapter I On marriage
      Chapter II How marriages may be contracted or made
      Chapter III Of the nullity of marriages
      Chapter IV Of the respective rights and duties of married persons
      Chapter V Of the dissolution of marriages
      Chapter VI Of second marriages
    Title V Of the separation from bed and board
      Chapter I Of the causes of separation from bed and board
      Chapter II Of the proceedings on separation from bed and board
      Chapter III Of the provisional proceedings to which a suit for separation may give occasion
      Chapter IV Of objections to the action of separation from bed and board
      Chapter V Of the effects of separation from bed and board
    Title VI Of master and servant
      Chapter I Of the several sorts of servants
      Chapter II Of free servants
      Chapter III Of slaves
    Title VII Of father and child
      Chapter I Of children in general
      Chapter II Of legitimate children
        Section I Of legitimacy resulting from marriage
        Section II Of the manner of proving the legitimate filiation
      Chapter III Of illegitimate children
        Section I Of legitimation
        Section II Of the acknowledgment of illegitimate children
      Chapter IV Of adoption
      Chapter V Of paternal authority
        Section I Of the duties of parents towards their legitimate children, and of the duties of legitimate children towards their parents
        Section II Of the duties of parents towards their natural children, and of the duties of natural children towards their parents
    Title VIII Of minors, of their tutorship, curatorship and emancipation
      Chapter I Of tutorship
        Section I General dispositions
        Section II Of tutorship by nature
        Section III Of tutorship by will
        Section IV Of the tutorship by the effect of the law
        Section V Of dative tutorship
        Section VI Of the under tutor
        Section VII Of the causes which dispense or excuse from the tutorship
        Section VIII Of incapacity for, exclusion from and deprivation of the tutorship
        Section IX Of the administration of the tutor
      Chapter II Of the curatorship of minors
      Chapter III Of emancipation
    Title IX Of persons insane, idiots, and other persons incapable of administering their estate
      Chapter I Of the interdiction and curatorship of persons incapable of administering their estate, whether on account of insanity or of some other infirmity
      Chapter II Of the other persons to whom curators are appointed
    Title X Of communities or corporations
      Chapter I Of the nature of communities or corporations, of their use and kind
      Chapter II Of the rights and privileges of communities or corporations and of their incapacities
      Chapter III Of the dissolution of communities or corporations
Book II Of things and of the different modifications of property
    Title I Of things or estates
      Chapter I Of the distinction of things or estates
      Chapter II Of immoveables
      Chapter III Of moveables
      Chapter IV Of estates considered in their relation to those who possess them
    Title II Of absolute ownership
      Chapter I Universal principles
      Chapter II Of the right of accession to what is produced by the thing
      Chapter III Of the right of accession to what unites or incorporates itself to the thing
        Section I Of the right of accession concerning immoveables
        Section II Of the right of accession concerning moveable things
    Title III Of usufruct, use and habitation
      Chapter I Of usufruct
        Section I General definitions
        Section II Of the rights of the usufructuary
        Section III Of the obligations of the usufructuary
        Section IV Of the obligations of the owner
        Section V How usufruct expires
      Chapter II Of the use and habitation
    Title IV Of predial services or services of land
      Chapter I General principles
      Chapter II Of services which originate from the natural situation of the place
      Chapter III Of services imposed by law
        Section I Of walls, fences, and ditches in common
        Section II Of the distance and of the intermediary works required for certain buildings
        Section III Of lights on the property of a neighbor
        Section IV Of the manner of carrying off rain from the roof
        Section V Of the right of passage
      Chapter IV Of services established by the act of man
        Section I Of the different kinds of services which may be established by the act of man
        Section II How services are acquired
        Section III Of the rights of the proprietor of the estate to which the service is due
        Section IV How Services are extinguished
Book III Of the different manners of acquiring the property of things
    Preliminary title General dispositions
    Title I Of successions
      Chapter I Of the different sorts of successions and heirs
      Chapter II Of legal successions
        Section I General rules
        Section II Of the succession of descendants
        Section III Of the succession of ascendants
        Section IV Of the succession of collaterals
      Chapter III Of irregular successions
      Chapter IV In what manner successions are opened
      Chapter V Of the incapacity and unworthiness of the heirs
      Chapter VI In what manner a succession is accepted and how it is renounced
        Section I Of the acceptance pure and simple
        Section II Of the acceptance of a succession with the benefit of an inventory
      Chapter VII Of the administration of vacant estates and estates ab intestato
      Chapter VIII Of partition among heirs and of the collation of goods
        Section I Of the nature of partition and in what manner it is made
        Section II Of the collation of goods
        Section III Of the payment of debts
        Section IV Of the effect of partition and of its rescision
    Title II Of donations inter vivos (between living persons) and mortis causa (in prospect of death)
      Chapter I General dispositions
      Chapter II Of the capacity necessary for disposing of and receiving by donation inter vivos or mortis causa
      Chapter III Of the portion disposable, and of its reduction in case of excess
        Section I Of the disposable portion and the legitime
        Section II Of the reduction of dispositions inter vivos or mortis causa; of the manner in which it is made and of its effects
      Chapter IV Of dispositions reprobated by the law in donations inter vivos and mortis causa
      Chapter V Of donations inter vivos (between living)
        Section I Of the irrevocability of donations inter vivos
        Section II Of the form of donations inter vivos
        Section III Of the exceptions to the rule of the irrevocability of donations inter vivos
      Chapter VI Of dispositions mortis causa (in the prospect of death)
        Section I Of testament or codicil
        Section II Of the form of testaments and codicils
        Section III Of testamentary dispositions
        Section IV Of the institution of heir and of disinherison
        Section V Of legacies
        Section VI Of the opening and the proof of wills, and of testamentary executions
        Section VII Of the revocation of testaments and codicils and of their caducity
        Section VIII Of the interpretation of testamentary dispositions
      Chapter VII Of partitions made by parents among their descendants
      Chapter VIII Of donations made by marriage contract to the husband or wife, and to the children to be born of the marriage
      Chapter IX Of donations between married persons, either by marriage contract, or during the marriage
    Title III Of contracts and of conventional obligations in general
      Chapter I Preliminary dispositions
      Chapter II Of the conditions essential to the validity of agreements
        Section I Of consent
        Section II Of the capability of the parties contracting
        Section III Of the object and the matter of contracts
        Section IV Of the cause
      Chapter III Of the effect of obligations
        Section I General dispositions
        Section II Of the obligation of giving
        Section III Of the obligations of doing or of not doing
        Section IV Of the damages resulting from the non execution of the obligation
        Section V Of the interpretation of the agreements
        Section VI Of the effect of agreements with regard to persons not parties to them
      Chapter IV Of the different kinds of obligations
        Section I Of conditional obligations
          § 1 Of the condition in general and of its different kinds
          § 2 Of the suspensive condition
          § 3 Of the dissolving condition
        Section II Of obligations to be performed at a certain term
        Section III Of the alternative obligations
        Section IV Of obligations in solido or jointly and severally
          § 1 Of the obligation in solido between creditors
          § 2 Of the obligation in solido on the part of debtors
        Section V Of obligations divisible and indivisible
          § 1 Of the effects of a divisible obligation
          § 2 Of the effect of the indivisible obligation
        Section VI Of obligations with penal clauses
      Chapter V Of the extinction of obligations
        Section I Of payment
          § 1 Of payment in general
          § 2 Of payment with subrogation
          § 3 Of the imputation of payments
          § 4 Of tenders of payment, and consignment
          § 5 Of the surrender of property
        Section II Of novation
        Section III Of the remission of the debt
        Section IV Of compensation
        Section V Of confusion
        Section VI Of the loss of the thing due
        Section VII Of the action of nullity or of rescission of agreements
      Chapter VI Of the proof of obligations and of that of payment
        Section I Of the literal proof
          § 1 Of the authentic title
          § 2 Of the acts under private signature
          § 3 Of copies of titles
          § 4 Of recognitive and confirmative acts
        Section II Of testimonial proof
        Section III Of presumptions
          § 1 Of presumptions established by law
          § 2 Of presumption not established by law
        Section IV Of the confession of the party
        Section V Of the proof by oath
    Title IV Of engagements formed without agreements, or of quasi contracts and quasi offences
      Section I Of the quasi contract
      Section II Of quasi crimes or offences
    Title V Of marriage contract
      Chapter I General dispositions
      Chapter II Of the various kinds of matrimonial agreements
        Section I Of donations made in consideration of marriage
        Section II Of dowry or marriage portion
        Section III Of paraphernalia or extra dotal effects
        Section IV Of the partnership or community of acquests or gains
      Chapter III Of the separation of property
    Title VI Of sale
      Chapter I Of the nature and form of the contract of sale, and of the manner in which it is to be performed
      Chapter II Of persons capable of buying and selling, and of things which may be sold
      Chapter III Of the obligations of the seller
        Section I Of the tradition or delivery of the thing sold
        Section II Of the warranty, in case of eviction of the thing sold
        Section III Of the warranty of the defects of the thing sold or of the redhibitory vices
      Chapter IV Of the obligations of the buyer
      Chapter V Of the nullity and rescissions of the sale
        Section I Of the power or right of redemption
        Section II Of the rescission of sales on account of lesion
      Chapter VI Of sales by cant or auction
      Chapter VII Of the assignment or transfer of debts and other incorporeal rights
    Title VII Of exchange
    Title VIII Of letting and hiring
      Chapter I Of the several species of contracts for letting and hiring
      Chapter II Of the contract for letting out things
        Section I Of the form and duration of leases
        Section II Of the obligations of the lessor
        Section III Of the obligations of the lessee
        Section IV Of the dissolution of leases
      Chapter III Of the letting out of labour or industry
        Section I Of the hiring of servants and workmen
        Section II Of carriers and watermen
        Section III Of plots for buildings and other works
    Title IX Of partnership
      Chapter I General dispositions
      Chapter II Of the various kinds of partnerships
      Chapter III Of the obligations of partners towards each other, and towards third persons
        Section I Of the obligations of partners towards each other
        Section II Of the obligations of partners towards third persons
      Chapter IV Of the different manners in which partnerships end
    Title X Of loan
      Chapter I Of the loan for use or commodatum
        Section I Of the nature of the loan for use
        Section II Of the engagements of the borrower for use
        Section III Of the engagements of the lender for use
      Chapter II Of the loan for consumption or mutuum
        Section I Of the nature of the loan for consumption
        Section II Of the obligations of the lender for consumption
        Section III Of the engagements of the borrower for consumption
      Chapter III Of loan on interest
    Title XI Of deposit and sequestration
      Chapter I Of deposit in general and of its divers kinds
      Chapter II Of the deposit properly so called
        Section I Of the nature and essence of the contract of deposit
        Section II Of the obligations of the depository
        Section III Of the obligations of him by whom the deposit has been made
        Section IV Of the necessary deposit
      Chapter III Of sequestration
        Section I Of its different species
        Section II Of the conventional sequestration
        Section III Of the judicial sequestration or deposit
    Title XII Of aleatory contracts
    Title XIII Of mandate or commission
      Chapter I Of the nature of proxies, mandates and commissions
      Chapter II What persons may be appointed attornies in fact
      Chapter III Of the obligations of a person acting under a power of attorney
      Chapter IV Of the obligations of the principal who acts by his attorney in fact
      Chapter V How the procuration expires
    Title XIV Of suretyship
      Chapter I Of the nature and extent of suretyship
      Chapter II Of the effects of suretyship
        Section I Of the effects of suretyship between the creditor and the surety
        Section II Of the effects of suretyship between the debtor and the surety
        Section III Respecting the effects of suretyship between the sureties
      Chapter III Of the extinction of suretyship
      Chapter IV Of the legal and judicial sureties
    Title XV Of transactions
    Title XVI Of respite
    Title XVII Of compromises or arbitration
    Title XVIII Of pledge
    Title XIX Of privileges and mortgages
      Chapter I Of the nature of a mortgage and of its several sorts
      Chapter II Who may mortgage and what thing may be mortgaged
      Chapter III Of the effects of mortgage
        Section I Of the effects of mortgage with regard to the debtor
        Section II Of the effects of mortgages against third possessors and of the action of mortgage
        Section III Of the registering of mortgages and of the register kept for that purpose
      Chapter IV Of the order of privileges and mortgages
        Section I Of the preference and order of privileges
      Chapter V How privileges or mortgages expire or are extinguished
    Title XX Of occupancy, possession and prescription
      Chapter I Of occupancy
      Chapter II Of possession
      Chapter III Of prescription
        Section I Of the possession required to establish prescription
        Section II Of the causes which suspend or interrupt prescriptions
        Section III Of the several species of prescription
    Title XXI Of the title by judgment or seizure
Manuscript index
Manuscript index Part 2


Art. 20. When a minor shall be an orphan and shall have no tutor appointed by his father or mother, nor any relations who may claim the tutorship by the effect of the law, or when the tutor appointed in some of the modes above expressed, shall be liable to be excluded according to the rules hereafter established, or shall be excused legally, and then in such cases, the judge shall appoint a tutor to said minor by and with the advice of the meeting of the family.

Art. 21. In such a case and indeed in every case when it is prescribed and necessary that a meeting of the family shall be called, such meeting shall consist of at least five of the relations, or if there be no relations, of the friends of the minor, called by order of the judge who is to appoint the tutor, in the office of any notary or justice of the peace residing in the place, which said notary or justice of the peace shall put their deliberation in writing and cause it to be signed by such of the attending relations or friends as know how the sign and shall also sign it himself.

Art. 22. The appointment or confirmation of tutors ought to be made by the judge of the parish where the minor has his domicil, if he has a domicil in the territory, or if he has no domicil in the territory, by the judge of the parish where the principal estate of the minor is situated, saving the parties the right of an appeal to the superior court, within thirty days from the judgment decreeing nomination or confirmation, after which delay no appeal shall be admitted.

Art. 23. In every case where it is necessary to appoint a tutor to a minor, all those of his relations who reside within the parish of the judge who is to appoint him, are bound to apply to said judge, in order that a tutor be appointed to said minor, at farthest within ten days after the event which makes such appointment necessary.

Art. 24. Minor relations and women who are excluded from the tutorship, are not included in the provisions contained in the preceding article.

Art. 25. Relations who have neglected to cause a tutor to be appointed, are responsible for the damages which the minor may have suffered.
This responsibility is inforced against relations in the order according to which they are called to the inheritance of the minor, so that they are responsible only in case of the insolvency of him or them who precede them in that order, and this responsibility is not in solidum between relations who have a right to the inheritance in the same degree.

Art. 26. The action which results from this responsibility, cannot be maintained by the tutor, but within the year of his appointment.
If the tutor neglects to bring his action within that time, he is answerable for such neglect to the minor.

Art. 27. Every person has a right to give information to the judge whose business it is to take notice of it, of the fact which makes it necessary that a tutor should be appointed.

Art. 28. When a minor is without a tutor, every person who has a claim against him, may apply to the competent judge, to request that a tutor be appointed to him.

Art. 29. The tutor administers and acts as  such from the day of his appointment, if such appointment took place when he was present, otherwise from the day on which notice was given to him.

Art. 30. If the tutor shall die or absent himself from the territory after his appointment, another tutor shall be appointed in his stead by the judge in the form before prescribed.

Art. 31. Tutorship is a personal trust which does not descend to the heirs of the tutor.- Nevertheless, if the heirs of the tutor be of full age, they are answerable for the administration, and are responsible for the same until another tutor or curator shall have been appointed.



Art. 32. In every tutorship there shall be an under tutor appointed by the judge.

Art. 33. It is the duty of the under tutor to act for the minor whenever the interest of the minor is in opposition with the interest of the tutor.

Art. 34. The tutorship does not devolve on the under tutor, when it is vacant.
But when it becomes necessary to appoint another tutor, it is the duty of the under tutor, under his responsibility to cause said appointment to be made.

Art. 35. The duties of the under tutor are at an end at the same time with the tutorship.


Art. 20. Lorsqu'un mineur restera sans père ni mère, ni tuteur élu par ses père et mère, ni parens qui puissent réclamer sa tutelle légitime, comme aussi lorsque le tuteur de l'une des qualités ci-dessus exprimées, se trouvera dans le cas des exclusions qui sont ci-après établies, ou valablement excusé, il sera pourvu par le juge à la nomination d'un tuteur au dit mineur sur l'avis de l'assemblée de famille.

Art. 21. L'assemblée de famille dans ce cas, et dans tous les autres où elle est prescrite ou nécessaire, devra être composée d'au moins cinq des parens ou amis à défaut de parens du mineur, convoqués par ordre du juge qui doit nommer le tuteur, en l'étude du premier notaire ou juge de paix du lieu, lequel devra rédiger leur délibération par écrit et la faire signer par ceux des délibérans qui savent signer et la signer lui-même.

Art. 22. La nomination ou confirmation des tuteurs doit se faire par le juge de la paroisse du lieu du domicile du mineur, s'il a un domicile dans le Territoire, ou s'il n'en a pas, par le juge de la paroisse du lieu de la situation des principaux biens dudit mineur, sauf l'appel à la cour supérieure dans les trente jours du jugement relatif à ladite nomination ou confirmation, après lequel délai l'appel ne sera pas reçu.

Art. 23. Dans tous les cas où il y a lieu de donner un tuteur à un mineur, tous ceux de ses parens qui résident dans la paroisse du juge qui doit le choisir, sont tenus de se pourvoir à l'effet de lui faire nommer ce tuteur, et ce, au plus tard dans les dix jours de l'événement qui y donne ouverture.

Art. 24. Sont exceptés de la disposition contenue en l'article précédent, les parens qui sont eux-mêmes mineurs, et les femmes qui sont exclues du droit de la tutelle.

Art. 25. A défaut par les parens d'avoir provoqué la nomination d'un tuteur, ils sont responsables des dommages qu'en aurait éprouvé le mineur.
Cette responsabilité s'exerce contre les parens dans l'ordre dans lequel ils sont appelés à la succession du mineur, en sorte qu'ils n'en sont tenus, qu'en cas d'insolvabilité de celui ou de ceux qui les précèdent dans cet ordre et cette responsabilité n’est point solidaire entre parens habiles à succéder au même degré.

Art. 26. L'action qui dérive de cette responsabilité ne peut être exercée par le tuteur que dans l'année de sa nomination.
A défaut par le tuteur de l'avoir exercée, il en demeure garant envers le mineur.

Art. 27. Toute personne peut dénoncer au juge qui en doit connaître, le fait qui donne lieu à la nomination d'un tuteur.

Art. 28. Lorsqu'un mineur est sans tuteur, toute personne qui a des droits à exercer contre lui, peut reqrérir du juge compétent qu'il lui soit nommé un tuteur.

Art. 29. Le tuteur administre et agit en cette qualité, du jour de sa nomination, si elle a été faite en sa présence, sinon du jour qu'elle lui a été notifiée.

Art. 30. Si le tuteur depuis sa nomination, vient à mourir ou à s'absenter du Territoire, il doit être nommé un autre tuteur en sa place, par le juge, dans la forme ci-dessus prescrite.

Art. 31. La tutelle est une charge personnelle qui ne passe point aux héritiers du tuteur, cependant si ces héritiers sont majeurs, ils sont tenus de la gestion, et en sont responsables jusqu'à la nomination d'un nouveau tuteur ou d'un curateur.



Art. 32. Dans toute tutelle il y aura un subrogé tuteur nommé par le juge.

Art. 33. Les fonctions du subrogé tuteur consistent à agir pour les intérêts du mineur, lorsqu'ils sont en opposition avec ceux du tuteur.

Art. 34. Le subrogé tuteur ne remplace pas le tuteur lorsque la tutelle est vacante.
Mais lorsqu'il y a lieu au remplacement d'un tuteur, le subrogé tuteur est tenu, sous sa responsabilité, de le provoquer.

Art. 35. Les fonctions du subrogé tuteur cessent à la même époque que la tutelle.

< Previous | Next >© Manuscript notes copyright 1968 by Louis V. de la Vergne.
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