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Table of Contents

Cover Page
Preliminary title Of the general definitions of rights and the promulgation of the laws
    Chapter I Of law and customs
    Chapter II Of the publication of the laws
    Chapter III Of the effects of laws
    Chapter IV Of the application and construction of laws
    Chapter V Of the repeal of laws
Book I Of persons
    Title I Of the distinction of persons, and the privation of certain civil rights in certain cases
      Chapter I Of the distinction of persons established by nature
      Chapter II Of the distinctions of persons which are established by law
    Title II Of domicil and the manner of changing the same
    Title III Of absent persons
      Chapter I Of the curatorship of absent persons
      Chapter II Of the putting into provisional possession the heirs of the absentee
      Chapter III Of the effects of absence upon the eventual rights which may belong to the absentee
      Chapter IV Of the effects of absence respecting marriage
      Chapter V Of the care of minor children whose father has disappeared
    Title IV Of husband and wife
      Chapter I On marriage
      Chapter II How marriages may be contracted or made
      Chapter III Of the nullity of marriages
      Chapter IV Of the respective rights and duties of married persons
      Chapter V Of the dissolution of marriages
      Chapter VI Of second marriages
    Title V Of the separation from bed and board
      Chapter I Of the causes of separation from bed and board
      Chapter II Of the proceedings on separation from bed and board
      Chapter III Of the provisional proceedings to which a suit for separation may give occasion
      Chapter IV Of objections to the action of separation from bed and board
      Chapter V Of the effects of separation from bed and board
    Title VI Of master and servant
      Chapter I Of the several sorts of servants
      Chapter II Of free servants
      Chapter III Of slaves
    Title VII Of father and child
      Chapter I Of children in general
      Chapter II Of legitimate children
        Section I Of legitimacy resulting from marriage
        Section II Of the manner of proving the legitimate filiation
      Chapter III Of illegitimate children
        Section I Of legitimation
        Section II Of the acknowledgment of illegitimate children
      Chapter IV Of adoption
      Chapter V Of paternal authority
        Section I Of the duties of parents towards their legitimate children, and of the duties of legitimate children towards their parents
        Section II Of the duties of parents towards their natural children, and of the duties of natural children towards their parents
    Title VIII Of minors, of their tutorship, curatorship and emancipation
      Chapter I Of tutorship
        Section I General dispositions
        Section II Of tutorship by nature
        Section III Of tutorship by will
        Section IV Of the tutorship by the effect of the law
        Section V Of dative tutorship
        Section VI Of the under tutor
        Section VII Of the causes which dispense or excuse from the tutorship
        Section VIII Of incapacity for, exclusion from and deprivation of the tutorship
        Section IX Of the administration of the tutor
      Chapter II Of the curatorship of minors
      Chapter III Of emancipation
    Title IX Of persons insane, idiots, and other persons incapable of administering their estate
      Chapter I Of the interdiction and curatorship of persons incapable of administering their estate, whether on account of insanity or of some other infirmity
      Chapter II Of the other persons to whom curators are appointed
    Title X Of communities or corporations
      Chapter I Of the nature of communities or corporations, of their use and kind
      Chapter II Of the rights and privileges of communities or corporations and of their incapacities
      Chapter III Of the dissolution of communities or corporations
Book II Of things and of the different modifications of property
    Title I Of things or estates
      Chapter I Of the distinction of things or estates
      Chapter II Of immoveables
      Chapter III Of moveables
      Chapter IV Of estates considered in their relation to those who possess them
    Title II Of absolute ownership
      Chapter I Universal principles
      Chapter II Of the right of accession to what is produced by the thing
      Chapter III Of the right of accession to what unites or incorporates itself to the thing
        Section I Of the right of accession concerning immoveables
        Section II Of the right of accession concerning moveable things
    Title III Of usufruct, use and habitation
      Chapter I Of usufruct
        Section I General definitions
        Section II Of the rights of the usufructuary
        Section III Of the obligations of the usufructuary
        Section IV Of the obligations of the owner
        Section V How usufruct expires
      Chapter II Of the use and habitation
    Title IV Of predial services or services of land
      Chapter I General principles
      Chapter II Of services which originate from the natural situation of the place
      Chapter III Of services imposed by law
        Section I Of walls, fences, and ditches in common
        Section II Of the distance and of the intermediary works required for certain buildings
        Section III Of lights on the property of a neighbor
        Section IV Of the manner of carrying off rain from the roof
        Section V Of the right of passage
      Chapter IV Of services established by the act of man
        Section I Of the different kinds of services which may be established by the act of man
        Section II How services are acquired
        Section III Of the rights of the proprietor of the estate to which the service is due
        Section IV How Services are extinguished
Book III Of the different manners of acquiring the property of things
    Preliminary title General dispositions
    Title I Of successions
      Chapter I Of the different sorts of successions and heirs
      Chapter II Of legal successions
        Section I General rules
        Section II Of the succession of descendants
        Section III Of the succession of ascendants
        Section IV Of the succession of collaterals
      Chapter III Of irregular successions
      Chapter IV In what manner successions are opened
      Chapter V Of the incapacity and unworthiness of the heirs
      Chapter VI In what manner a succession is accepted and how it is renounced
        Section I Of the acceptance pure and simple
        Section II Of the acceptance of a succession with the benefit of an inventory
      Chapter VII Of the administration of vacant estates and estates ab intestato
      Chapter VIII Of partition among heirs and of the collation of goods
        Section I Of the nature of partition and in what manner it is made
        Section II Of the collation of goods
        Section III Of the payment of debts
        Section IV Of the effect of partition and of its rescision
    Title II Of donations inter vivos (between living persons) and mortis causa (in prospect of death)
      Chapter I General dispositions
      Chapter II Of the capacity necessary for disposing of and receiving by donation inter vivos or mortis causa
      Chapter III Of the portion disposable, and of its reduction in case of excess
        Section I Of the disposable portion and the legitime
        Section II Of the reduction of dispositions inter vivos or mortis causa; of the manner in which it is made and of its effects
      Chapter IV Of dispositions reprobated by the law in donations inter vivos and mortis causa
      Chapter V Of donations inter vivos (between living)
        Section I Of the irrevocability of donations inter vivos
        Section II Of the form of donations inter vivos
        Section III Of the exceptions to the rule of the irrevocability of donations inter vivos
      Chapter VI Of dispositions mortis causa (in the prospect of death)
        Section I Of testament or codicil
        Section II Of the form of testaments and codicils
        Section III Of testamentary dispositions
        Section IV Of the institution of heir and of disinherison
        Section V Of legacies
        Section VI Of the opening and the proof of wills, and of testamentary executions
        Section VII Of the revocation of testaments and codicils and of their caducity
        Section VIII Of the interpretation of testamentary dispositions
      Chapter VII Of partitions made by parents among their descendants
      Chapter VIII Of donations made by marriage contract to the husband or wife, and to the children to be born of the marriage
      Chapter IX Of donations between married persons, either by marriage contract, or during the marriage
    Title III Of contracts and of conventional obligations in general
      Chapter I Preliminary dispositions
      Chapter II Of the conditions essential to the validity of agreements
        Section I Of consent
        Section II Of the capability of the parties contracting
        Section III Of the object and the matter of contracts
        Section IV Of the cause
      Chapter III Of the effect of obligations
        Section I General dispositions
        Section II Of the obligation of giving
        Section III Of the obligations of doing or of not doing
        Section IV Of the damages resulting from the non execution of the obligation
        Section V Of the interpretation of the agreements
        Section VI Of the effect of agreements with regard to persons not parties to them
      Chapter IV Of the different kinds of obligations
        Section I Of conditional obligations
          § 1 Of the condition in general and of its different kinds
          § 2 Of the suspensive condition
          § 3 Of the dissolving condition
        Section II Of obligations to be performed at a certain term
        Section III Of the alternative obligations
        Section IV Of obligations in solido or jointly and severally
          § 1 Of the obligation in solido between creditors
          § 2 Of the obligation in solido on the part of debtors
        Section V Of obligations divisible and indivisible
          § 1 Of the effects of a divisible obligation
          § 2 Of the effect of the indivisible obligation
        Section VI Of obligations with penal clauses
      Chapter V Of the extinction of obligations
        Section I Of payment
          § 1 Of payment in general
          § 2 Of payment with subrogation
          § 3 Of the imputation of payments
          § 4 Of tenders of payment, and consignment
          § 5 Of the surrender of property
        Section II Of novation
        Section III Of the remission of the debt
        Section IV Of compensation
        Section V Of confusion
        Section VI Of the loss of the thing due
        Section VII Of the action of nullity or of rescission of agreements
      Chapter VI Of the proof of obligations and of that of payment
        Section I Of the literal proof
          § 1 Of the authentic title
          § 2 Of the acts under private signature
          § 3 Of copies of titles
          § 4 Of recognitive and confirmative acts
        Section II Of testimonial proof
        Section III Of presumptions
          § 1 Of presumptions established by law
          § 2 Of presumption not established by law
        Section IV Of the confession of the party
        Section V Of the proof by oath
    Title IV Of engagements formed without agreements, or of quasi contracts and quasi offences
      Section I Of the quasi contract
      Section II Of quasi crimes or offences
    Title V Of marriage contract
      Chapter I General dispositions
      Chapter II Of the various kinds of matrimonial agreements
        Section I Of donations made in consideration of marriage
        Section II Of dowry or marriage portion
        Section III Of paraphernalia or extra dotal effects
        Section IV Of the partnership or community of acquests or gains
      Chapter III Of the separation of property
    Title VI Of sale
      Chapter I Of the nature and form of the contract of sale, and of the manner in which it is to be performed
      Chapter II Of persons capable of buying and selling, and of things which may be sold
      Chapter III Of the obligations of the seller
        Section I Of the tradition or delivery of the thing sold
        Section II Of the warranty, in case of eviction of the thing sold
        Section III Of the warranty of the defects of the thing sold or of the redhibitory vices
      Chapter IV Of the obligations of the buyer
      Chapter V Of the nullity and rescissions of the sale
        Section I Of the power or right of redemption
        Section II Of the rescission of sales on account of lesion
      Chapter VI Of sales by cant or auction
      Chapter VII Of the assignment or transfer of debts and other incorporeal rights
    Title VII Of exchange
    Title VIII Of letting and hiring
      Chapter I Of the several species of contracts for letting and hiring
      Chapter II Of the contract for letting out things
        Section I Of the form and duration of leases
        Section II Of the obligations of the lessor
        Section III Of the obligations of the lessee
        Section IV Of the dissolution of leases
      Chapter III Of the letting out of labour or industry
        Section I Of the hiring of servants and workmen
        Section II Of carriers and watermen
        Section III Of plots for buildings and other works
    Title IX Of partnership
      Chapter I General dispositions
      Chapter II Of the various kinds of partnerships
      Chapter III Of the obligations of partners towards each other, and towards third persons
        Section I Of the obligations of partners towards each other
        Section II Of the obligations of partners towards third persons
      Chapter IV Of the different manners in which partnerships end
    Title X Of loan
      Chapter I Of the loan for use or commodatum
        Section I Of the nature of the loan for use
        Section II Of the engagements of the borrower for use
        Section III Of the engagements of the lender for use
      Chapter II Of the loan for consumption or mutuum
        Section I Of the nature of the loan for consumption
        Section II Of the obligations of the lender for consumption
        Section III Of the engagements of the borrower for consumption
      Chapter III Of loan on interest
    Title XI Of deposit and sequestration
      Chapter I Of deposit in general and of its divers kinds
      Chapter II Of the deposit properly so called
        Section I Of the nature and essence of the contract of deposit
        Section II Of the obligations of the depository
        Section III Of the obligations of him by whom the deposit has been made
        Section IV Of the necessary deposit
      Chapter III Of sequestration
        Section I Of its different species
        Section II Of the conventional sequestration
        Section III Of the judicial sequestration or deposit
    Title XII Of aleatory contracts
    Title XIII Of mandate or commission
      Chapter I Of the nature of proxies, mandates and commissions
      Chapter II What persons may be appointed attornies in fact
      Chapter III Of the obligations of a person acting under a power of attorney
      Chapter IV Of the obligations of the principal who acts by his attorney in fact
      Chapter V How the procuration expires
    Title XIV Of suretyship
      Chapter I Of the nature and extent of suretyship
      Chapter II Of the effects of suretyship
        Section I Of the effects of suretyship between the creditor and the surety
        Section II Of the effects of suretyship between the debtor and the surety
        Section III Respecting the effects of suretyship between the sureties
      Chapter III Of the extinction of suretyship
      Chapter IV Of the legal and judicial sureties
    Title XV Of transactions
    Title XVI Of respite
    Title XVII Of compromises or arbitration
    Title XVIII Of pledge
    Title XIX Of privileges and mortgages
      Chapter I Of the nature of a mortgage and of its several sorts
      Chapter II Who may mortgage and what thing may be mortgaged
      Chapter III Of the effects of mortgage
        Section I Of the effects of mortgage with regard to the debtor
        Section II Of the effects of mortgages against third possessors and of the action of mortgage
        Section III Of the registering of mortgages and of the register kept for that purpose
      Chapter IV Of the order of privileges and mortgages
        Section I Of the preference and order of privileges
      Chapter V How privileges or mortgages expire or are extinguished
    Title XX Of occupancy, possession and prescription
      Chapter I Of occupancy
      Chapter II Of possession
      Chapter III Of prescription
        Section I Of the possession required to establish prescription
        Section II Of the causes which suspend or interrupt prescriptions
        Section III Of the several species of prescription
    Title XXI Of the title by judgment or seizure
Manuscript index
Manuscript index Part 2




Art. 36. A child, whatever be his or her age, owes honor and respect to his or her father and mother.

Art. 37. A child remains under the authority of his or her father and mother, until his or her majority or emancipation.

Art. 38. As long as the child remains under the authority of his or her father and mother, he or she is bound to obey them in every thing which is not contrary to religion and the laws.

Art. 39. A child under the age of puberty, cannot quit the paternal house, without permission of his or her father and mother, who have a right to correct him or her, provided it be done in a reasonable manner.

Art. 40. The father and mother have a right to appoint tutors to their children, as is directed in the title of minors and to transmit to them their authority, to be by them exercised, after the death of the father and mother.

Art. 41. Fathers and mothers may, during their life, delegate a part of their authority to teachers, schoolmasters and other persons to whom they entrust their children for their education, such as the power of restraint and correction, as far as may be necessary to answer the purposes for which they employ them.

Art. 42. Fathers and mother shall have, during marriage, the enjoyment of the estate of their children, until their majority or emancipation.

Art. 43. The obligations resulting from this enjoyment shall be:
1st, The same obligations to which usufructuaries are subjected.
2d, To nourish, to maintain and to educate their children according to their situation in life.

Art. 44. This usufruct, in case of separation from bed and board shall take place in toto, in favor of either father or mother who shall have sued for such separation and shall be subjected to the conditions prescribed in the preceding article.

Art. 45. This usufruct shall not extend to any estate which the children may acquire by their own labor and industry, whilst they live apart from their father and mother, nor to such estate as is given or left them under the express condition that the father and mother shall not enjoy such usufruct.

Art. 46. Fathers and mothers, by the very act of marrying, contract together the obligation of nourishing, maintaining and educating their children.

Art. 47. A child has no right to sue either his father or mother, for the purpose of obtaining a marriage settlement or other advancement.

Art. 48. Children are bound to maintain their father and mother and other ascendants who are in need, and the relatives in the direct ascending line, are likewise bound to maintain their needy descendants; this obligation being reciprocal.

Art. 49. By alimony, we understand what is necessary for the nourishment, lodging and clothing of the person who claims it.

Art. 50. Alimony shall be granted in proportion to the wants of the person requiring it, and the circumstances of those who are to pay it.

Art. 51. When the person who gives or receives alimony, is replaced in such a situation, that the one can no longer give, or that the other is no longer in need of it, the circumstances of either party are materially changed; then the discharge from or reduction of said alimony may be sued for and granted.

Art. 52. If the person whose duty it is to furnish alimony, shall prove, that either he or she is unable to pay the same, the judge may after examining into the case, order that such person shall receive in his or her house and there nourish and maintain the person to whom he or she owes alimony.

Art. 53. The judge shall pronounce likewise whether the father or mother, who may offer to receive, nourish and maintain in his or her house, the child to who he or she may owe alimony, shall be dispensed in that case, from the obligation of paying for it elsewhere.

Art. 54. Fathers and mothers and other ascendants who die intestate, transmit their estate to their children or grand children, and if they make a will, they are bound to leave to them at least a certain portion of their estate determined by law and called the legitime unless they may have just causes for disinheriting them.
This obligation is reciprocal on the part of the children towards their father and mother and other ascendants.

Art. 55. Fathers and mothers owe protection to their children, and of course they may as long as their children are under their authority, appear for them in court in every kind of civil suit in which they may be interested, and they may likewise accept any donation made to them.

Art. 56. Fathers and mothers may justify themselves in an action began against them, for assault and battery, if they have acted in defence of the persons of their children.

Art. 57. Fathers and mothers are answerable for the offences, or quasi offences, committed by their children in the cases prescribed under the title of the quasi contracts and quasi crimes or offences.

Art. 58. On their side children ought to be security for their father and mother and other ascendants, to deliver them out of prison, by obliging themselves to represent them or to pay for them, as their circumstances may allow.
They ought to redeem them if they have the means, when they are captives.
They ought to render them all the assistance which their situation may require, if they should have the misfortune to fall in a state of insanity.
They ought not to marry, if minors, without the consent of the father and mother.
And if they neglect to fulfil any of these duties, they are liable to be deservedly disinherited.




Art. 36. L'enfant à tout âge, doit honneur et respect à ses père et mère.

Art. 37. L'enfant reste sous l'autorité de ses père et mère, jusqu'a sa majorité, ou à son émancipation.

Art. 38. Tant que l'enfant reste sous la puissance de ses père et mère, il doit leur obéir dans tout ce qui n'est pas contraire à la religion et aux lois.

Art. 39. L'enfant au-dessous de l'âge de puberté, ne peut quitter la maison paternelle, sans la permission de ses père et mère et ceux-ci ont le droit de le corriger, pourvu que ce soit d'une manière raisonnable.

Art. 40. Les père et mère ont le droit de nommer des tuteurs à leurs enfans, ainsi qu'il est prescrit au titre des mineurs, &c. et de leur transmettre leur autorité pour l'exercer même après leur mort.

Art. 41. Pendant leur vie, les père et mère ont le droit de déléguer une partie de leur autorité, aux instituteurs, précepteurs et autres personnes auxquelles ils confient leurs enfans, pour les élever, tel que le pouvoir de les contenir et corriger, de manière à répondre à l'objet pour lequel ils les employent.

Art. 42. Les père et mère auront, durant leur mariage, la jouissance des biens de leurs enfans jusqu'à leur majorité ou émancipation.

Art. 43. Les charges de cette jouissance seront:
1°. Celles auxquelles  sont tenus les usufruitiers;
2°. La nourriture, l'entretien et l'éducation des enfans, selon leur fortune.

Art. 44. Cet usufruit, en cas de séparation de corps, aura lieu pour la totalité, au profit de celui des père et mère qui aura obtenu la séparation, aux charges prescrites dans l'article précédent et l'autre époux en sera privé.

Art. 45. Cet usufruit ne s'étendra pas aux biens que les enfants pourront acquérir par un travail et une industrie séparée, et à ceux qui leur seront donnés et légués, sous la condition expresse que les père et mère n'en jouiront pas.

Art. 46. Les père et mère, par le seul fait du mariage, contractent ensemble l'obligation de nourrir, entretenir et élever leurs enfans.

Art. 47. L'enfant n'a pas d'action contre ses père et mère pour un établissement par mariage ou autrement.

Art. 48. Les enfans doivent des alimens à leurs père et mère et autres ascendans qui sont dans le besoin.
De même, les ascendans doivent des alimens à leurs descendans qui sont dans le besoin, cette obligation étant réciproque.

Art. 49. Le mot aliment en ce cas, s'entend de ce qui est nécessaire pour la nourriture, le logement et l'habillement de celui qui réclame.

Art. 50. Les alimens ne sont accordés que dans la proportion du besoin de celui qui réclame et de la fortune de celui qui les doit.

Art. 51. Lorsque celui qui reçoit ou qui fournit des alimens, est replacé dans un état tel, que l'un ne puisse plus en donner, ou que l'autre n'en ait plus besoin, en tout ou en partie, la décharge ou réduction peut en être demandée.

Art. 52. Si la personne qui doit fournir des alimens, justifie qu'elle ne peut payer la pension alimentaire, le juge pourra, en connaissance de cause, ordonner qu'elle recevra dans sa demeure, qu'elle nourrira et entretiendra celui auquel elle devra des alimens.

Art. 53. Le juge prononcera également si le père ou la mère qui offrira de recevoir, nourrir et entretenir dans sa demeure, l'enfant à qui il doit des alimens, devra, dans ce cas, être dispensé de payer la pension alimentaire.

Art. 54. Les père et mère et autres ascendans qui meurent ab intestat, transmettent leurs biens à leurs enfans ou petits enfans; et s'ils font un testament, ils sont tenus de leur réserver au moins, une certaine portion de leurs biens déterminée par la loi et appelée légitime, si ce n'est qu'ils ayent contre eux de justes causes d'exhérédation.
Cette obligation est réciproque de la part des enfans envers leurs père et mère et autres ascendans.

Art. 55. Les père et mère doivent protection à leurs enfans, en conséquence ils peuvent, tant qu'ils sont en leur puissance, paraître pour eux, en justice, dans toute espèce de procès civils où ils sont intéressés, comme aussi accepter les donations qui leur sont faites.

Art. 56. Les père et mère sont dans le cas de se justifier dans une action intentée contre eux pour avoir attaqué et battu quelqu'un, s'ils ne l'ont fait que pour la défense de la personne de leurs enfans.

Art. 57. Les père et mère sont responsables des délits et quasi délits commis par leurs enfans de la manière et dans les cas prescrits au titre des quasi contrats et des quasi délits.

Art. 58. De leur côté, les enfans doivent cautionner leurs père et mère et autres ascendans, pour les tirer de prison, s'obligeant de les représenter ou de payer pour eux, suivant que leurs facultés peuvent le leur permettre;
Ils doivent les racheter, s'ils en ont les moyens, lorsqu'ils sont en captivité;
Ils doivent leur rendre tous les services que leur état peut exiger, s'ils ont le malheur de tomber en démence;
Enfin ils ne doivent point, étant en minorité, se marier sans le consentement de leurs père et mère;
Et s'ils manquent à aucuns de ces devoirs, ils encourrent une juste exhérédation.

< Previous | Next >© Manuscript notes copyright 1968 by Louis V. de la Vergne.
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