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Table of Contents

Cover Page
Foreword
Abbreviations
Synopsis
Preliminary title Of the general definitions of rights and the promulgation of the laws
    Chapter I Of law and customs
    Chapter II Of the publication of the laws
    Chapter III Of the effects of laws
    Chapter IV Of the application and construction of laws
    Chapter V Of the repeal of laws
Book I Of persons
    Title I Of the distinction of persons, and the privation of certain civil rights in certain cases
      Chapter I Of the distinction of persons established by nature
      Chapter II Of the distinctions of persons which are established by law
    Title II Of domicil and the manner of changing the same
    Title III Of absent persons
      Chapter I Of the curatorship of absent persons
      Chapter II Of the putting into provisional possession the heirs of the absentee
      Chapter III Of the effects of absence upon the eventual rights which may belong to the absentee
      Chapter IV Of the effects of absence respecting marriage
      Chapter V Of the care of minor children whose father has disappeared
    Title IV Of husband and wife
      Chapter I On marriage
      Chapter II How marriages may be contracted or made
      Chapter III Of the nullity of marriages
      Chapter IV Of the respective rights and duties of married persons
      Chapter V Of the dissolution of marriages
      Chapter VI Of second marriages
    Title V Of the separation from bed and board
      Chapter I Of the causes of separation from bed and board
      Chapter II Of the proceedings on separation from bed and board
      Chapter III Of the provisional proceedings to which a suit for separation may give occasion
      Chapter IV Of objections to the action of separation from bed and board
      Chapter V Of the effects of separation from bed and board
    Title VI Of master and servant
      Chapter I Of the several sorts of servants
      Chapter II Of free servants
      Chapter III Of slaves
    Title VII Of father and child
      Chapter I Of children in general
      Chapter II Of legitimate children
        Section I Of legitimacy resulting from marriage
        Section II Of the manner of proving the legitimate filiation
      Chapter III Of illegitimate children
        Section I Of legitimation
        Section II Of the acknowledgment of illegitimate children
      Chapter IV Of adoption
      Chapter V Of paternal authority
        Section I Of the duties of parents towards their legitimate children, and of the duties of legitimate children towards their parents
        Section II Of the duties of parents towards their natural children, and of the duties of natural children towards their parents
    Title VIII Of minors, of their tutorship, curatorship and emancipation
      Chapter I Of tutorship
        Section I General dispositions
        Section II Of tutorship by nature
        Section III Of tutorship by will
        Section IV Of the tutorship by the effect of the law
        Section V Of dative tutorship
        Section VI Of the under tutor
        Section VII Of the causes which dispense or excuse from the tutorship
        Section VIII Of incapacity for, exclusion from and deprivation of the tutorship
        Section IX Of the administration of the tutor
      Chapter II Of the curatorship of minors
      Chapter III Of emancipation
    Title IX Of persons insane, idiots, and other persons incapable of administering their estate
      Chapter I Of the interdiction and curatorship of persons incapable of administering their estate, whether on account of insanity or of some other infirmity
      Chapter II Of the other persons to whom curators are appointed
    Title X Of communities or corporations
      Chapter I Of the nature of communities or corporations, of their use and kind
      Chapter II Of the rights and privileges of communities or corporations and of their incapacities
      Chapter III Of the dissolution of communities or corporations
Book II Of things and of the different modifications of property
    Title I Of things or estates
      Chapter I Of the distinction of things or estates
      Chapter II Of immoveables
      Chapter III Of moveables
      Chapter IV Of estates considered in their relation to those who possess them
    Title II Of absolute ownership
      Chapter I Universal principles
      Chapter II Of the right of accession to what is produced by the thing
      Chapter III Of the right of accession to what unites or incorporates itself to the thing
        Section I Of the right of accession concerning immoveables
        Section II Of the right of accession concerning moveable things
    Title III Of usufruct, use and habitation
      Chapter I Of usufruct
        Section I General definitions
        Section II Of the rights of the usufructuary
        Section III Of the obligations of the usufructuary
        Section IV Of the obligations of the owner
        Section V How usufruct expires
      Chapter II Of the use and habitation
    Title IV Of predial services or services of land
      Chapter I General principles
      Chapter II Of services which originate from the natural situation of the place
      Chapter III Of services imposed by law
        Section I Of walls, fences, and ditches in common
        Section II Of the distance and of the intermediary works required for certain buildings
        Section III Of lights on the property of a neighbor
        Section IV Of the manner of carrying off rain from the roof
        Section V Of the right of passage
      Chapter IV Of services established by the act of man
        Section I Of the different kinds of services which may be established by the act of man
        Section II How services are acquired
        Section III Of the rights of the proprietor of the estate to which the service is due
        Section IV How Services are extinguished
Book III Of the different manners of acquiring the property of things
    Preliminary title General dispositions
    Title I Of successions
      Chapter I Of the different sorts of successions and heirs
      Chapter II Of legal successions
        Section I General rules
        Section II Of the succession of descendants
        Section III Of the succession of ascendants
        Section IV Of the succession of collaterals
      Chapter III Of irregular successions
      Chapter IV In what manner successions are opened
      Chapter V Of the incapacity and unworthiness of the heirs
      Chapter VI In what manner a succession is accepted and how it is renounced
        Section I Of the acceptance pure and simple
        Section II Of the acceptance of a succession with the benefit of an inventory
      Chapter VII Of the administration of vacant estates and estates ab intestato
      Chapter VIII Of partition among heirs and of the collation of goods
        Section I Of the nature of partition and in what manner it is made
        Section II Of the collation of goods
        Section III Of the payment of debts
        Section IV Of the effect of partition and of its rescision
    Title II Of donations inter vivos (between living persons) and mortis causa (in prospect of death)
      Chapter I General dispositions
      Chapter II Of the capacity necessary for disposing of and receiving by donation inter vivos or mortis causa
      Chapter III Of the portion disposable, and of its reduction in case of excess
        Section I Of the disposable portion and the legitime
        Section II Of the reduction of dispositions inter vivos or mortis causa; of the manner in which it is made and of its effects
      Chapter IV Of dispositions reprobated by the law in donations inter vivos and mortis causa
      Chapter V Of donations inter vivos (between living)
        Section I Of the irrevocability of donations inter vivos
        Section II Of the form of donations inter vivos
        Section III Of the exceptions to the rule of the irrevocability of donations inter vivos
      Chapter VI Of dispositions mortis causa (in the prospect of death)
        Section I Of testament or codicil
        Section II Of the form of testaments and codicils
        Section III Of testamentary dispositions
        Section IV Of the institution of heir and of disinherison
        Section V Of legacies
        Section VI Of the opening and the proof of wills, and of testamentary executions
        Section VII Of the revocation of testaments and codicils and of their caducity
        Section VIII Of the interpretation of testamentary dispositions
      Chapter VII Of partitions made by parents among their descendants
      Chapter VIII Of donations made by marriage contract to the husband or wife, and to the children to be born of the marriage
      Chapter IX Of donations between married persons, either by marriage contract, or during the marriage
    Title III Of contracts and of conventional obligations in general
      Chapter I Preliminary dispositions
      Chapter II Of the conditions essential to the validity of agreements
        Section I Of consent
        Section II Of the capability of the parties contracting
        Section III Of the object and the matter of contracts
        Section IV Of the cause
      Chapter III Of the effect of obligations
        Section I General dispositions
        Section II Of the obligation of giving
        Section III Of the obligations of doing or of not doing
        Section IV Of the damages resulting from the non execution of the obligation
        Section V Of the interpretation of the agreements
        Section VI Of the effect of agreements with regard to persons not parties to them
      Chapter IV Of the different kinds of obligations
        Section I Of conditional obligations
          § 1 Of the condition in general and of its different kinds
          § 2 Of the suspensive condition
          § 3 Of the dissolving condition
        Section II Of obligations to be performed at a certain term
        Section III Of the alternative obligations
        Section IV Of obligations in solido or jointly and severally
          § 1 Of the obligation in solido between creditors
          § 2 Of the obligation in solido on the part of debtors
        Section V Of obligations divisible and indivisible
          § 1 Of the effects of a divisible obligation
          § 2 Of the effect of the indivisible obligation
        Section VI Of obligations with penal clauses
      Chapter V Of the extinction of obligations
        Section I Of payment
          § 1 Of payment in general
          § 2 Of payment with subrogation
          § 3 Of the imputation of payments
          § 4 Of tenders of payment, and consignment
          § 5 Of the surrender of property
        Section II Of novation
        Section III Of the remission of the debt
        Section IV Of compensation
        Section V Of confusion
        Section VI Of the loss of the thing due
        Section VII Of the action of nullity or of rescission of agreements
      Chapter VI Of the proof of obligations and of that of payment
        Section I Of the literal proof
          § 1 Of the authentic title
          § 2 Of the acts under private signature
          § 3 Of copies of titles
          § 4 Of recognitive and confirmative acts
        Section II Of testimonial proof
        Section III Of presumptions
          § 1 Of presumptions established by law
          § 2 Of presumption not established by law
        Section IV Of the confession of the party
        Section V Of the proof by oath
    Title IV Of engagements formed without agreements, or of quasi contracts and quasi offences
      Section I Of the quasi contract
      Section II Of quasi crimes or offences
    Title V Of marriage contract
      Chapter I General dispositions
      Chapter II Of the various kinds of matrimonial agreements
        Section I Of donations made in consideration of marriage
        Section II Of dowry or marriage portion
        Section III Of paraphernalia or extra dotal effects
        Section IV Of the partnership or community of acquests or gains
      Chapter III Of the separation of property
    Title VI Of sale
      Chapter I Of the nature and form of the contract of sale, and of the manner in which it is to be performed
      Chapter II Of persons capable of buying and selling, and of things which may be sold
      Chapter III Of the obligations of the seller
        Section I Of the tradition or delivery of the thing sold
        Section II Of the warranty, in case of eviction of the thing sold
        Section III Of the warranty of the defects of the thing sold or of the redhibitory vices
      Chapter IV Of the obligations of the buyer
      Chapter V Of the nullity and rescissions of the sale
        Section I Of the power or right of redemption
        Section II Of the rescission of sales on account of lesion
      Chapter VI Of sales by cant or auction
      Chapter VII Of the assignment or transfer of debts and other incorporeal rights
    Title VII Of exchange
    Title VIII Of letting and hiring
      Chapter I Of the several species of contracts for letting and hiring
      Chapter II Of the contract for letting out things
        Section I Of the form and duration of leases
        Section II Of the obligations of the lessor
        Section III Of the obligations of the lessee
        Section IV Of the dissolution of leases
      Chapter III Of the letting out of labour or industry
        Section I Of the hiring of servants and workmen
        Section II Of carriers and watermen
        Section III Of plots for buildings and other works
    Title IX Of partnership
      Chapter I General dispositions
      Chapter II Of the various kinds of partnerships
      Chapter III Of the obligations of partners towards each other, and towards third persons
        Section I Of the obligations of partners towards each other
        Section II Of the obligations of partners towards third persons
      Chapter IV Of the different manners in which partnerships end
    Title X Of loan
      Chapter I Of the loan for use or commodatum
        Section I Of the nature of the loan for use
        Section II Of the engagements of the borrower for use
        Section III Of the engagements of the lender for use
      Chapter II Of the loan for consumption or mutuum
        Section I Of the nature of the loan for consumption
        Section II Of the obligations of the lender for consumption
        Section III Of the engagements of the borrower for consumption
      Chapter III Of loan on interest
    Title XI Of deposit and sequestration
      Chapter I Of deposit in general and of its divers kinds
      Chapter II Of the deposit properly so called
        Section I Of the nature and essence of the contract of deposit
        Section II Of the obligations of the depository
        Section III Of the obligations of him by whom the deposit has been made
        Section IV Of the necessary deposit
      Chapter III Of sequestration
        Section I Of its different species
        Section II Of the conventional sequestration
        Section III Of the judicial sequestration or deposit
    Title XII Of aleatory contracts
    Title XIII Of mandate or commission
      Chapter I Of the nature of proxies, mandates and commissions
      Chapter II What persons may be appointed attornies in fact
      Chapter III Of the obligations of a person acting under a power of attorney
      Chapter IV Of the obligations of the principal who acts by his attorney in fact
      Chapter V How the procuration expires
    Title XIV Of suretyship
      Chapter I Of the nature and extent of suretyship
      Chapter II Of the effects of suretyship
        Section I Of the effects of suretyship between the creditor and the surety
        Section II Of the effects of suretyship between the debtor and the surety
        Section III Respecting the effects of suretyship between the sureties
      Chapter III Of the extinction of suretyship
      Chapter IV Of the legal and judicial sureties
    Title XV Of transactions
    Title XVI Of respite
    Title XVII Of compromises or arbitration
    Title XVIII Of pledge
    Title XIX Of privileges and mortgages
      Chapter I Of the nature of a mortgage and of its several sorts
      Chapter II Who may mortgage and what thing may be mortgaged
      Chapter III Of the effects of mortgage
        Section I Of the effects of mortgage with regard to the debtor
        Section II Of the effects of mortgages against third possessors and of the action of mortgage
        Section III Of the registering of mortgages and of the register kept for that purpose
      Chapter IV Of the order of privileges and mortgages
        Section I Of the preference and order of privileges
      Chapter V How privileges or mortgages expire or are extinguished
    Title XX Of occupancy, possession and prescription
      Chapter I Of occupancy
      Chapter II Of possession
      Chapter III Of prescription
        Section I Of the possession required to establish prescription
        Section II Of the causes which suspend or interrupt prescriptions
        Section III Of the several species of prescription
    Title XXI Of the title by judgment or seizure
Index
Manuscript index
Manuscript index Part 2

CHAPTER II - OF THE PUTTING INTO PROVISIONAL POSSESSION THE HEIRS OF THE ABSENTEE

Art. 9. When a person shall not have appeared at the place of his or her domicil or habitual residence, and when such person shall not have been heard of for five years, his or her presumptive heirs at the time when such person was heard of for the last time, may, by administering the proof of the said fact, cause themselves to be put, by the competent judge, into provisional possession of the estate which belonged to the absentee at the time of his or her departure, or at the time he or she was heard of last, on condition of their giving security for their administration.

Art. 10. The judge in pronouncing upon this demand, shall take into consideration the motives of the absence and the reasons which may have prevented from hearing of the absentee.

Art. 11. When the presumptive heirs shall have been put into provisional possession of the estate of the absentee, the will made by the absentee, if there be any such will, may be presented or opened at the request of the person interested, and the testamentary heirs, the legatees, donees, as well as those who had a claim on the property or rights of the absentee, which depend upon the death of the said absentee, may provisionally exercise such their rights, on the condition of their giving security.

Art. 12. If any heirs be appointed universally by the will, the heir or heirs thus appointed, shall be preferred to the presumptive heirs, except nevertheless the forced heirs, and shall be put into a provisional possession of the estate of the absentee, likewise on the giving security for their administration.

Art. 13. The husband or wife of the absentee who is not separated of property from him or her and who wishes to continue to enjoy the benefit of the community or partnership of acquits or gains which existed between them, may prevent the provisional possession or exercise of all the rights which may depend upon the death of the absentee, and claim and preserve for himself or herself in preference to any body, the administration of the estate of his or her absent husband or wife.
If on the contrary the husband or wife of the absentee, chooses rather to have the community dissolved, he or she may exercise and claim all his or her rights both legal and conventional on his or her giving security for such things as may be liable to be restored.
The wife who will pray for having the community continued, shall nevertheless preserve the right of renouncing it afterwards.

Art. 14. Provisional possession is but a deposit which invests those who have obtained it, with the administration of the estate of the absentee, and for which they remain accountable to him, in case he reappears or is heard of again.

Art.  15.  It shall be the duty of such as shall have obtained provisional possession, or of the husband or wife who shall have been continued in the administration of the community, to cause an inventory of moveables, slaves and credits of the absentee to be made by the parish judge or by any notary public duly authorised to that effect by the said judge.
The judge shall order, if necessary, that the whole or part of the moveables be sold; and in case of sale, both the amount of the sale and the produce which may be due, shall be either laid out in the purchase of some real property or placed at interest in a solid manner.

Art. 16. Those who shall have obtained either the provisional possession or legal administration, may petition for their own security, for the appointment by the judge, of two persons well acquainted with such affairs and sworn by the judge, for the purpose of viewing the immoveables of the absentee, and the report of such persons shall be afterwards approved by the judge, and the expences arising thereon, shall be paid out of the estate of the absentee.

Art. 17. Those who in consequence of the provisional possession, or of the legal administration, shall have enjoyed the estate of the absentee, shall not be bound to return to him, more than the fifth of the revenue, if such absentee reappears before fifteen years elapsed since the day when he disappeared; and the tenth only, if such absentee shall not reappear, until after the said fifteen years.
After thirty years absence, the whole of the revenue shall belong to those who shall have been put in provisional possession or shall have been entrusted with the legal administration.

Art. 18. Those persons who enjoy only in virtue of the provisional possession can neither alienate nor mortgage the immoveables and slaves of the absentee.

Art. 19. If the absence had lasted thirty years since the provisional possession, or since the time when the husband or wife who held their estate in common, shall have taken the administration of the estate of the absentee, or if one hundred years have elapsed since the birth of the absentee, then the sureties shall be discharged, and all such as may have rights, may petition for the partition of the estate of the absentee and cause themselves to be put in absolute possession by the judge.

Art. 20. The succession of the absentee, shall be opened from the day of his or her death duly ascertained, for the benefit of such heirs as were capable of inheriting his estate at the time; and those who shall have enjoyed the estate of the absentee, shall be bound to restore the same, with the exception of the profits assigned them by the provisions of the above 17th article.

Art. 21. If the absentee should reappear, or if his or her existence should be proved during the provisional possession, then the effect of the judgment which shall have ordered this provisional possession, shall cease, without however affecting, if such should be the case, the conservatory measures prescribed in the first chapter of this title, for the administration of the estate of the absentee.

Art. 22. If the absentee should reappear, or if his or her existence should be proved even after the putting into an absolute possession, he or she shall recover his or her estate, such as it may happen to be, the price of such as may have been sold, or such estate as may have been bought with the proceeds of his or her estate which may have been sold.

Art. 23. The children or direct descending heirs of the absentee, may likewise within thirty years to be computed from the day of the absolute possession, petition for the restitution of his or her estate, as it is ordered in the preceding article.

Art. 24. After judgment ordering provisional possession or legal administration, no person who may have rights to exercise against the absentee, can prosecute such rights but against those who have been put into a provisional possession of the estate, or who shall have been legally appointed administrators of the same.

CHAPITRE II – DE L'ENVOI EN POSSESSION PROVISOIRE DES HÉRITIERS DE L'ABSENT

Art. 9. Lorsqu'une personne aura cessé de paraître au lieu de son domicile ou de sa résidence ordinaire, et que depuis cinq ans, on n'aura point eu de ses nouvelles, ses héritiers présomptifs au jour de sa disparition ou de ses dernières nouvelles, pourront sur la preuve desdits faits, se faire envoyer par justice, en possession provisoire des biens qui appartenaient à l'absent au jour de son départ ou de ses dernières nouvelles, à la charge de donner caution pour sûreté de leur administration.

Art. 10. Le Juge, en statuant sur cette demande, aura égard aux motifs de l'absence, et aux causes qui ont pu empêcher d'avoir des nouvelles de l'absent.

Art. 11. Lorsque les héritiers présomptifs auront obtenu l'envoi en possession provisoire des biens de l'absent, le testament fait par l'absent, s'il en existe un, pourra être présenté ou ouvert à la requête des parties intéressées; et les héritiers institués, légataires, et donataires, ainsi que tous ceux qui avaient sur les biens de l'absent des droits subordonnés à la condition de son décès, pourront les exercer provisoirement, à la charge de donner caution.

Art. 12. Si le testament contient une institution universelle, l'héritier ou les héritiers institués universellement, seront préférés aux héritiers présomptifs (autres cependant que les héritiers forcés) et ils seront envoyés en possession provisoire des biens de l'absent, à la charge également de donner caution pour sûreté de leur administration.

Art. 13. L'époux non séparé des biens, qui voudra continuer à jouir des avantages de la communauté ou société de gains ou d’acquets qui existait entre lui et l'absent, pourra empêcher l'envoi provisoire, et l'exercice provisoire de tous les droits subordonnés à la condition du décès de l'absent, et prendre ou conserver par préférence, l'administration de ses biens; si l'époux demande la dissolution provisoire de la communauté, il exercera ses reprises et tous ses droits légaux et conventionels, à la charge de donner caution pour les choses susceptibles de restitution.
La femme en optant pour la continuation de communauté, conservera le droit d'y renoncer ensuite.

Art. 14. La possession provisoire ne sera qu'un dépôt, qui donnera à ceux qui l'obtiendront, l'administration des biens de l'absent, et qui les rendra comptables envers lui, en cas qu'il reparaisse, ou qu'on ait de ses nouvelles.

Art. 15. Ceux qui auront obtenu l'envoi provisoire, ou l'époux qui aura opté pour l'administration de la communauté, devront faire procéder à l'inventaire du mobilier, des esclaves et des actifs de l'absent par le juge de paroisse ou par un notaire public autorisé à cet effet par ledit Juge.
Le Juge ordonnera, s'il y a lieu, de vendre tout ou partie du mobilier; dans le cas de la vente, il sera fait emploi du prix ainsi que des fruits déchus, soit en les plaçant à intérêt d’une manière solide, soit en acquisition d'immeubles.

Art. 16. Ceux qui auront obtenu l'envoi provisoire ou l'administration légale, pourront requérir pour leur sûreté, qu'il soit procédé par deux experts nommés et assermentés par le juge, à la visite des immeubles, à l'effet d’en constater l'état; le rapport desdits experts sera homologué ensuite par le Juge et les frais en seront pris sur les biens de l'absent.

Art. 17. Ceux qui par la suite de l'envoi provisoire ou de l'administration légale, auront joui des biens de l'absent, ne seront tenus de lui rendre que le cinquième des revenus, s'il reparaît avant quinze ans révolus depuis le jour de sa disparition, et le dixième, s'il ne reparaît qu'après les quinze ans;
Après trente ans d'absence, la totalité des revenus appartiendra à ceux qui auront été envoyés en possession provisoire ou qui auront joui de l'administration légale.

Art. 18. Tous ceux qui ne jouiront qu’en vertu de l’envoi provisoire, ne pourront aliéner ni hypotéquer les immeubles ou les esclaves de l'absent.

Art. 19. Si l'absence a continué pendant trente ans depuis l'envoi provisoire, ou depuis l'époque à laquelle l'époux commun aura pris l'administration des biens de l'absent, ou s'il s'est écoulé cent ans révolus depuis la naissance de l'absent, les cautions seront déchargées; tous les ayans droit pourront demander le partage des biens de l'absent, et faire prononcer l'envoi en possession définitif par le Juge.

Art. 20. La succession de l'absent sera ouverte du jour de son décès prouvé, au profit des héritiers habiles à succéder à cette époque, et ceux qui auront joui des biens de l'absent, seront tenus de les restituer, sous la réserve des fruits par eux acquis en vertu de l’article 17 ci-dessus.

Art. 21. Si l'absent reparaît ou si son existence est prouvée pendant l'envoi provisoire, les effets du jugement qui aura ordonné cet envoi, cesseront, sans préjudice, s'il y a lieu, des mesures conservatoires prescrites au chapitre premier de ce titre, pour l'administration de ses biens.

Art. 22. Si l'absent reparaît, ou si son existence est prouvée même après l'envoi définitif, il recouvrera ses biens dans l'état où ils se trouveront, le prix de ceux qui auraient été aliénés, ou les biens provenant de l'emploi qui aurait été fait du prix de ses biens vendus.

Art. 23. Les enfans et descendans directs de l'absent, pourront également dans les trente ans, à compter de l'envoi définitif, demander la restitution de ses biens, comme il est dit en l'article précédent.

Art. 24. Après le jugement d'envoi provisoire ou d'administration légale, toute personne qui aurait des droits à exercer contre l'absent, ne pourra les poursuivre que contre ceux qui auront été envoyés en possession des biens ou qui en auront l'administration légale.

< Previous | Next >© Manuscript notes copyright 1968 by Louis V. de la Vergne.
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