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Table of Contents

Cover Page
Preliminary title Of the general definitions of rights and the promulgation of the laws
    Chapter I Of law and customs
    Chapter II Of the publication of the laws
    Chapter III Of the effects of laws
    Chapter IV Of the application and construction of laws
    Chapter V Of the repeal of laws
Book I Of persons
    Title I Of the distinction of persons, and the privation of certain civil rights in certain cases
      Chapter I Of the distinction of persons established by nature
      Chapter II Of the distinctions of persons which are established by law
    Title II Of domicil and the manner of changing the same
    Title III Of absent persons
      Chapter I Of the curatorship of absent persons
      Chapter II Of the putting into provisional possession the heirs of the absentee
      Chapter III Of the effects of absence upon the eventual rights which may belong to the absentee
      Chapter IV Of the effects of absence respecting marriage
      Chapter V Of the care of minor children whose father has disappeared
    Title IV Of husband and wife
      Chapter I On marriage
      Chapter II How marriages may be contracted or made
      Chapter III Of the nullity of marriages
      Chapter IV Of the respective rights and duties of married persons
      Chapter V Of the dissolution of marriages
      Chapter VI Of second marriages
    Title V Of the separation from bed and board
      Chapter I Of the causes of separation from bed and board
      Chapter II Of the proceedings on separation from bed and board
      Chapter III Of the provisional proceedings to which a suit for separation may give occasion
      Chapter IV Of objections to the action of separation from bed and board
      Chapter V Of the effects of separation from bed and board
    Title VI Of master and servant
      Chapter I Of the several sorts of servants
      Chapter II Of free servants
      Chapter III Of slaves
    Title VII Of father and child
      Chapter I Of children in general
      Chapter II Of legitimate children
        Section I Of legitimacy resulting from marriage
        Section II Of the manner of proving the legitimate filiation
      Chapter III Of illegitimate children
        Section I Of legitimation
        Section II Of the acknowledgment of illegitimate children
      Chapter IV Of adoption
      Chapter V Of paternal authority
        Section I Of the duties of parents towards their legitimate children, and of the duties of legitimate children towards their parents
        Section II Of the duties of parents towards their natural children, and of the duties of natural children towards their parents
    Title VIII Of minors, of their tutorship, curatorship and emancipation
      Chapter I Of tutorship
        Section I General dispositions
        Section II Of tutorship by nature
        Section III Of tutorship by will
        Section IV Of the tutorship by the effect of the law
        Section V Of dative tutorship
        Section VI Of the under tutor
        Section VII Of the causes which dispense or excuse from the tutorship
        Section VIII Of incapacity for, exclusion from and deprivation of the tutorship
        Section IX Of the administration of the tutor
      Chapter II Of the curatorship of minors
      Chapter III Of emancipation
    Title IX Of persons insane, idiots, and other persons incapable of administering their estate
      Chapter I Of the interdiction and curatorship of persons incapable of administering their estate, whether on account of insanity or of some other infirmity
      Chapter II Of the other persons to whom curators are appointed
    Title X Of communities or corporations
      Chapter I Of the nature of communities or corporations, of their use and kind
      Chapter II Of the rights and privileges of communities or corporations and of their incapacities
      Chapter III Of the dissolution of communities or corporations
Book II Of things and of the different modifications of property
    Title I Of things or estates
      Chapter I Of the distinction of things or estates
      Chapter II Of immoveables
      Chapter III Of moveables
      Chapter IV Of estates considered in their relation to those who possess them
    Title II Of absolute ownership
      Chapter I Universal principles
      Chapter II Of the right of accession to what is produced by the thing
      Chapter III Of the right of accession to what unites or incorporates itself to the thing
        Section I Of the right of accession concerning immoveables
        Section II Of the right of accession concerning moveable things
    Title III Of usufruct, use and habitation
      Chapter I Of usufruct
        Section I General definitions
        Section II Of the rights of the usufructuary
        Section III Of the obligations of the usufructuary
        Section IV Of the obligations of the owner
        Section V How usufruct expires
      Chapter II Of the use and habitation
    Title IV Of predial services or services of land
      Chapter I General principles
      Chapter II Of services which originate from the natural situation of the place
      Chapter III Of services imposed by law
        Section I Of walls, fences, and ditches in common
        Section II Of the distance and of the intermediary works required for certain buildings
        Section III Of lights on the property of a neighbor
        Section IV Of the manner of carrying off rain from the roof
        Section V Of the right of passage
      Chapter IV Of services established by the act of man
        Section I Of the different kinds of services which may be established by the act of man
        Section II How services are acquired
        Section III Of the rights of the proprietor of the estate to which the service is due
        Section IV How Services are extinguished
Book III Of the different manners of acquiring the property of things
    Preliminary title General dispositions
    Title I Of successions
      Chapter I Of the different sorts of successions and heirs
      Chapter II Of legal successions
        Section I General rules
        Section II Of the succession of descendants
        Section III Of the succession of ascendants
        Section IV Of the succession of collaterals
      Chapter III Of irregular successions
      Chapter IV In what manner successions are opened
      Chapter V Of the incapacity and unworthiness of the heirs
      Chapter VI In what manner a succession is accepted and how it is renounced
        Section I Of the acceptance pure and simple
        Section II Of the acceptance of a succession with the benefit of an inventory
      Chapter VII Of the administration of vacant estates and estates ab intestato
      Chapter VIII Of partition among heirs and of the collation of goods
        Section I Of the nature of partition and in what manner it is made
        Section II Of the collation of goods
        Section III Of the payment of debts
        Section IV Of the effect of partition and of its rescision
    Title II Of donations inter vivos (between living persons) and mortis causa (in prospect of death)
      Chapter I General dispositions
      Chapter II Of the capacity necessary for disposing of and receiving by donation inter vivos or mortis causa
      Chapter III Of the portion disposable, and of its reduction in case of excess
        Section I Of the disposable portion and the legitime
        Section II Of the reduction of dispositions inter vivos or mortis causa; of the manner in which it is made and of its effects
      Chapter IV Of dispositions reprobated by the law in donations inter vivos and mortis causa
      Chapter V Of donations inter vivos (between living)
        Section I Of the irrevocability of donations inter vivos
        Section II Of the form of donations inter vivos
        Section III Of the exceptions to the rule of the irrevocability of donations inter vivos
      Chapter VI Of dispositions mortis causa (in the prospect of death)
        Section I Of testament or codicil
        Section II Of the form of testaments and codicils
        Section III Of testamentary dispositions
        Section IV Of the institution of heir and of disinherison
        Section V Of legacies
        Section VI Of the opening and the proof of wills, and of testamentary executions
        Section VII Of the revocation of testaments and codicils and of their caducity
        Section VIII Of the interpretation of testamentary dispositions
      Chapter VII Of partitions made by parents among their descendants
      Chapter VIII Of donations made by marriage contract to the husband or wife, and to the children to be born of the marriage
      Chapter IX Of donations between married persons, either by marriage contract, or during the marriage
    Title III Of contracts and of conventional obligations in general
      Chapter I Preliminary dispositions
      Chapter II Of the conditions essential to the validity of agreements
        Section I Of consent
        Section II Of the capability of the parties contracting
        Section III Of the object and the matter of contracts
        Section IV Of the cause
      Chapter III Of the effect of obligations
        Section I General dispositions
        Section II Of the obligation of giving
        Section III Of the obligations of doing or of not doing
        Section IV Of the damages resulting from the non execution of the obligation
        Section V Of the interpretation of the agreements
        Section VI Of the effect of agreements with regard to persons not parties to them
      Chapter IV Of the different kinds of obligations
        Section I Of conditional obligations
          § 1 Of the condition in general and of its different kinds
          § 2 Of the suspensive condition
          § 3 Of the dissolving condition
        Section II Of obligations to be performed at a certain term
        Section III Of the alternative obligations
        Section IV Of obligations in solido or jointly and severally
          § 1 Of the obligation in solido between creditors
          § 2 Of the obligation in solido on the part of debtors
        Section V Of obligations divisible and indivisible
          § 1 Of the effects of a divisible obligation
          § 2 Of the effect of the indivisible obligation
        Section VI Of obligations with penal clauses
      Chapter V Of the extinction of obligations
        Section I Of payment
          § 1 Of payment in general
          § 2 Of payment with subrogation
          § 3 Of the imputation of payments
          § 4 Of tenders of payment, and consignment
          § 5 Of the surrender of property
        Section II Of novation
        Section III Of the remission of the debt
        Section IV Of compensation
        Section V Of confusion
        Section VI Of the loss of the thing due
        Section VII Of the action of nullity or of rescission of agreements
      Chapter VI Of the proof of obligations and of that of payment
        Section I Of the literal proof
          § 1 Of the authentic title
          § 2 Of the acts under private signature
          § 3 Of copies of titles
          § 4 Of recognitive and confirmative acts
        Section II Of testimonial proof
        Section III Of presumptions
          § 1 Of presumptions established by law
          § 2 Of presumption not established by law
        Section IV Of the confession of the party
        Section V Of the proof by oath
    Title IV Of engagements formed without agreements, or of quasi contracts and quasi offences
      Section I Of the quasi contract
      Section II Of quasi crimes or offences
    Title V Of marriage contract
      Chapter I General dispositions
      Chapter II Of the various kinds of matrimonial agreements
        Section I Of donations made in consideration of marriage
        Section II Of dowry or marriage portion
        Section III Of paraphernalia or extra dotal effects
        Section IV Of the partnership or community of acquests or gains
      Chapter III Of the separation of property
    Title VI Of sale
      Chapter I Of the nature and form of the contract of sale, and of the manner in which it is to be performed
      Chapter II Of persons capable of buying and selling, and of things which may be sold
      Chapter III Of the obligations of the seller
        Section I Of the tradition or delivery of the thing sold
        Section II Of the warranty, in case of eviction of the thing sold
        Section III Of the warranty of the defects of the thing sold or of the redhibitory vices
      Chapter IV Of the obligations of the buyer
      Chapter V Of the nullity and rescissions of the sale
        Section I Of the power or right of redemption
        Section II Of the rescission of sales on account of lesion
      Chapter VI Of sales by cant or auction
      Chapter VII Of the assignment or transfer of debts and other incorporeal rights
    Title VII Of exchange
    Title VIII Of letting and hiring
      Chapter I Of the several species of contracts for letting and hiring
      Chapter II Of the contract for letting out things
        Section I Of the form and duration of leases
        Section II Of the obligations of the lessor
        Section III Of the obligations of the lessee
        Section IV Of the dissolution of leases
      Chapter III Of the letting out of labour or industry
        Section I Of the hiring of servants and workmen
        Section II Of carriers and watermen
        Section III Of plots for buildings and other works
    Title IX Of partnership
      Chapter I General dispositions
      Chapter II Of the various kinds of partnerships
      Chapter III Of the obligations of partners towards each other, and towards third persons
        Section I Of the obligations of partners towards each other
        Section II Of the obligations of partners towards third persons
      Chapter IV Of the different manners in which partnerships end
    Title X Of loan
      Chapter I Of the loan for use or commodatum
        Section I Of the nature of the loan for use
        Section II Of the engagements of the borrower for use
        Section III Of the engagements of the lender for use
      Chapter II Of the loan for consumption or mutuum
        Section I Of the nature of the loan for consumption
        Section II Of the obligations of the lender for consumption
        Section III Of the engagements of the borrower for consumption
      Chapter III Of loan on interest
    Title XI Of deposit and sequestration
      Chapter I Of deposit in general and of its divers kinds
      Chapter II Of the deposit properly so called
        Section I Of the nature and essence of the contract of deposit
        Section II Of the obligations of the depository
        Section III Of the obligations of him by whom the deposit has been made
        Section IV Of the necessary deposit
      Chapter III Of sequestration
        Section I Of its different species
        Section II Of the conventional sequestration
        Section III Of the judicial sequestration or deposit
    Title XII Of aleatory contracts
    Title XIII Of mandate or commission
      Chapter I Of the nature of proxies, mandates and commissions
      Chapter II What persons may be appointed attornies in fact
      Chapter III Of the obligations of a person acting under a power of attorney
      Chapter IV Of the obligations of the principal who acts by his attorney in fact
      Chapter V How the procuration expires
    Title XIV Of suretyship
      Chapter I Of the nature and extent of suretyship
      Chapter II Of the effects of suretyship
        Section I Of the effects of suretyship between the creditor and the surety
        Section II Of the effects of suretyship between the debtor and the surety
        Section III Respecting the effects of suretyship between the sureties
      Chapter III Of the extinction of suretyship
      Chapter IV Of the legal and judicial sureties
    Title XV Of transactions
    Title XVI Of respite
    Title XVII Of compromises or arbitration
    Title XVIII Of pledge
    Title XIX Of privileges and mortgages
      Chapter I Of the nature of a mortgage and of its several sorts
      Chapter II Who may mortgage and what thing may be mortgaged
      Chapter III Of the effects of mortgage
        Section I Of the effects of mortgage with regard to the debtor
        Section II Of the effects of mortgages against third possessors and of the action of mortgage
        Section III Of the registering of mortgages and of the register kept for that purpose
      Chapter IV Of the order of privileges and mortgages
        Section I Of the preference and order of privileges
      Chapter V How privileges or mortgages expire or are extinguished
    Title XX Of occupancy, possession and prescription
      Chapter I Of occupancy
      Chapter II Of possession
      Chapter III Of prescription
        Section I Of the possession required to establish prescription
        Section II Of the causes which suspend or interrupt prescriptions
        Section III Of the several species of prescription
    Title XXI Of the title by judgment or seizure
Manuscript index
Manuscript index Part 2


Art. 52. Though it is a rule that the conventional mortgage is acquired by the sole consent of the parties, and the judicial and legal mortgages by the judgment or law which grants it, nevertheless, in order to protect the good faith of third persons who may be ignorant of such covenants and to prevent fraud, law directs that the conventional and judicial mortgages, shall be recorded or entered in a public folio book kept for that purpose in the city of New-Orleans for the whole territory.

Art. 53. Mortgages must be there registered at farthest, within six days from the date of such mortgages for the deeds executed or made in the parish of New-Orleans, allowing a day more for every two leagues distance from the place where the mortgage shall have been given to the city of New-Orleans, for the other parishes of this territory.
Such recording made within the aforesaid time, shall have effect even against the third persons, from the date of the passing of the mortgage.
But if the party in whose favor the mortgage has been stipulated, lets the legal term elapse, without having it recorded, the mortgage shall have effect against third persons being bona fide, only from the day of such recording; and this recording, shall not be made after the expiration of the legal term, without an order of the court given for that purpose.

Art. 54. Privileges on moveables as well as on immoveables and legal mortgages, have their effect against third persons, without any necessity of being recorded.

Art. 55. The recording of the mortgages which are by law subject to that formality, shall be made in an office kept for that purpose in the city of New-Orleans for the whole territory, by a public officer whose title shall be the register of mortgages of the Territory of Orleans.

Art. 56. The register of the mortgages of the Territory of Orleans shall keep, for the purpose of entering the several acts which it is his duty to record, agreeably to law, three distinct folio books, in the first of which he shall record all the conventional mortgages;
In the second he shall record all the judicial mortgages; and in the third he shall record all the donations which shall be presented to him for that purpose.

Art. 57. These folio books shall be numbered at each page and signed ne varietur to prevent alteration at their first and last page, either by one of the judges of the superior court of the territory of Orleans, or by the parish judge of New-Orleans, and the acts shall be written therein successively and without any blank or interlineation.

Art. 58. And it shall be the duty of the register of mortgages, to deliver to any person who shall require it, a certificate of the mortgages and donations recorded in his book, and if no such thing exists, his certificate shall contain a declaration of it.

Art. 59. He is answerable for the prejudice resulting:-
1st. When the recording of any act has been omitted in his books;
2dly. When he fails to mention in his certificate one or several acts recorded in his office, unless in this case, his error proceeds from some incorrect information which cannot be imputed to him.

Art. 60. The immoveable or slaves in whose respect the register has omitted in his certificate, one or several of the charges recorded, shall remain, saving the responsibility of the register, free from the charges omitted in the hands of the new possessor, provided he applied for the certificate before he acquired the thing subject to the charge, saving moreover the right of the creditors to be placed for their payment in the order which belongs to them, as long as the consideration has not been paid by the buyer, or the order of payment settled amongst the creditors has not been approved of by the judge.

Art. 61. In no case may the register of mortgages refuse or delay either the recording the acts which are presented to him for that purpose; or the delivery of the certificates which are required of him, under penalty of damages towards the parties.

Art. 62. The register shall have a docket on which he shall enter day by day successively and in a numerical order, the delivery made to him of any acts of sale, donations, judgments, or other titles of mortgages, in order to be recorded, and he shall give to each party, if required, a receipt mentioning the number of the docket on which said delivery had been entered, and it shall not be lawful for him, to record any of the said acts or judgments in the books kept for that purpose, out of the date and order of their being delivered to him.

Art. 63. The creditor who wishes to have any act recorded, shall present either by himself or by a third person, to the register of mortgages, an authentic copy of the judgment or act from which the mortgage originates, or of the donation to be recorded.

Art. 64. The acts recorded may be erased either by and with the consent of the parties concerned and having the necessary capacity for that purpose, or by virtue of a judgment either final or having acquired the force of a matter finally adjusted.

Art. 65. It is the duty of the parish judge of New-Orleans to inspect every three months, the books of the register of mortgages, to know whether they be kept in the order and form directed by law.

Art. 66. The register of mortgages is bound in the exercise of his functions to comply with all the provisions of the present section, under penalty of a fine which shall not exceed one thousand dollars, nor shall be under twenty-five dollars, for every offence against those provisions, besides his being liable for the damages which may result to the parties.
Therefore the said register shall furnish to the governor of the territory one or several sureties to the amount of forty thousand dollars for the surety of the execution of the obligations which are imposed on him by law, and of the payment of the damages which the party may suffer by his failing to execute them.


Art. 52. Quoiqu'il soit de principe, que l'hypothèque conventionnelle est acquise par le seul consentement des parties, et la judiciaire et la légale par le jugement ou la loi qui l'accordent, néanmoins, afin de protéger la bonne foi des tiers, qui pourraient ignorer de pareilles conventions, et éviter les fraudes, la loi veut, que les hypothèques conventionnelles et judiciaires soient inscrites dans un registre public, tenu à cet effet dans la ville de la Nouvelle-Orléans, ainsi qu'il sera ci-après prescrit.           

Art. 53. Cette inscription doit être faite, au plus tard, dans les six jours, depuis la date de l'hypothèque, pour les actes passés dans la paroisse de la Nouvelle-Orléans, et en augmentant ce délai d'un jour de plus par chaque deux lieues de distance du lieu où l'hypothèque aura été passée à la ville de la Nouvelle-Orléans, pour les autres paroisses du territoire.
L'inscription faite, dans les délais ci-dessus, aura effet, même contre les tiers, de la date où l'acte d'hypothèque aura été passé.
Mais si la partie, en faveur de qui l'hypothèque a été stipulée, laisse passer le délai légal, sans la faire inscrire, cette hypothèque n'aura d'effet, contre les tiers de bonne foi, que du jour de son inscription, et nulle inscription, après le délai prescrit par la loi, ne pourra être faite, que sur un ordre du juge, rendu à cet effet.           

Art. 54. Les priviléges, tant sur les meubles que sur les immeubles et les hypothèques légales, ont effet contre les tiers, sans avoir besoin d'être inscrites.           

Art. 55. L'inscription des hypothèques, qui y sont assujetties par la loi, doit être faite à un bureau, tenu à cet effet dans la ville de la Nouvelle-Orléans, pour tout le territoire, par un officier appelé le conservateur des hypothèques du territoire d'Orléans.           

Art. 56. Le conservateur des hypothèques du territoire d'Orléans tiendra, à l'effet des inscriptions dont il est chargé par la loi, trois registres distincts:
Le premier, sur lequel il inscrira toutes les hypothèques conventionnelles;
Le second, sur lequel il inscrira toutes les hypothèques judiciaires;
Et le troisième, sur lequel il inscrira toutes les donations qui lui seront présentées à cet effet.           

Art. 57. Ces registres devront être numérotés à chaque page, et être signés ne varietur à la première et dernière page, par l'un des juges de la cour supérieure du territoire d'Orléans, ou par le juge de la paroisse d'Orléans, et les inscriptions devront se faire de suite, sans aucun blanc ni interligne. 

Art. 58. Le conservateur des hypothèques sera tenu de délivrer, à tous ceux qui le requerront, certificat des hypothèques, ou donations transcrites sur ses registres, ou s'il n'en existe point, son certificat devra en contenir la déclaration.           

Art. 59. Il est responsable du préjudice résultant:
1º. De l'omission, sur ses registres, des transcriptions requises en son bureau;
2º. Du défaut de mention, dans ses certificats, d'une ou de plusieurs des inscriptions existantes, à moins, dans le dernier cas, que l'erreur ne prevint de désignations insuffisantes, qui ne pourraient lui être imputées.

Art. 60. L'immeuble ou les esclaves, à l'égard desquels le conservateur aura omis, dans ses certificats, une ou plusieurs des charges inscrites, en demeurent, sauf la responsabilité du conservateur, affranchis dans les mains du nouveau possesseur, pourvu qu'il ait requis le certificat avant d'acquérir la chose sujette à la charge, sans préjudice néanmoins du droit des créanciers, de se faire colloquer, suivant l'ordre qui leur appartient, tant que le prix n'a pas été payé par l'acquéreur, ou tant que l'ordre réglé, entre les créanciers, n'a pas été homologué par le juge.

Art. 61. Dans aucun cas, le conservateur des hypothèques ne peut refuser, ni retarder la transcription des actes qui lui sont présentés à cet effet, ni la délivrance des certificats requis, sous peine des dommages et intérêts des parties.

Art. 62. Le conservateur sera tenu d'avoir un régistre sur lequel il inscrira, jour par jour, et par ordre numérique, les remises qui lui seront faites, d'actes de ventes ou de donations, jugemens ou autres titres hypothécaires, pour être inscrits; il donnera au requérant, s'il l'exige, une reconnaissance qui rappelera le numéro du registre sur lequel la remise aura été inscrite, et il ne pourra inscrire aucuns des susdits actes ou jugemens, sur les registres à ce destinés, qu'à la date et dans l'ordre des remises qui lui auront été faites.

Art. 63. Pour opérer l'inscription, le créancier représentera, soit par lui-même, soit par un tiers, au conservateur des hypothèques, une expédition authentique du jugement ou de l'acte qui donne naissance à l'hypothèque, ou de la donation qu'il voudra faire inscrire.

Art. 64. Les inscriptions sont rayées, du consentement des parties intéressées et ayant capacité à cet effet, ou en vertu d'un jugement en dernier ressort, ou passé en force de chose jugée.

Art. 65. Il est du devoir du juge de la paroisse d'Orléans d'inspecter, tous les trois mois, le registre du conservateur des hypothèques, pour s'assurer s'ils sont tenus dans l'ordre et dans la forme prescrits par la loi.

Art. 66. Le conservateur des hypothèques est tenu de se conformer dans l'exercice de ses fonctions, à toutes les dispositions de la présente section, à peine d'une amende, qui ne pourra excéder mille piastres, ni être moindre de vingt-cinq piastres, pour chaque contravention contre l'une desdites dispositions, sans préjudice des dommages et intérêts des parties.
En conséquence, ledit conservateur devra fournir, entre les mains du gouverneur, une ou plusieurs cautions de la somme de quarante mille piastres, pour sûreté l'exécution des obligations qui lui sont imposées par la loi, et des dommages intérêts que les parties pourront souffrir de leur inexécution.

< Previous | Next >© Manuscript notes copyright 1968 by Louis V. de la Vergne.
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