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Table of Contents

Cover Page
Foreword
Abbreviations
Synopsis
Preliminary title Of the general definitions of rights and the promulgation of the laws
    Chapter I Of law and customs
    Chapter II Of the publication of the laws
    Chapter III Of the effects of laws
    Chapter IV Of the application and construction of laws
    Chapter V Of the repeal of laws
Book I Of persons
    Title I Of the distinction of persons, and the privation of certain civil rights in certain cases
      Chapter I Of the distinction of persons established by nature
      Chapter II Of the distinctions of persons which are established by law
    Title II Of domicil and the manner of changing the same
    Title III Of absent persons
      Chapter I Of the curatorship of absent persons
      Chapter II Of the putting into provisional possession the heirs of the absentee
      Chapter III Of the effects of absence upon the eventual rights which may belong to the absentee
      Chapter IV Of the effects of absence respecting marriage
      Chapter V Of the care of minor children whose father has disappeared
    Title IV Of husband and wife
      Chapter I On marriage
      Chapter II How marriages may be contracted or made
      Chapter III Of the nullity of marriages
      Chapter IV Of the respective rights and duties of married persons
      Chapter V Of the dissolution of marriages
      Chapter VI Of second marriages
    Title V Of the separation from bed and board
      Chapter I Of the causes of separation from bed and board
      Chapter II Of the proceedings on separation from bed and board
      Chapter III Of the provisional proceedings to which a suit for separation may give occasion
      Chapter IV Of objections to the action of separation from bed and board
      Chapter V Of the effects of separation from bed and board
    Title VI Of master and servant
      Chapter I Of the several sorts of servants
      Chapter II Of free servants
      Chapter III Of slaves
    Title VII Of father and child
      Chapter I Of children in general
      Chapter II Of legitimate children
        Section I Of legitimacy resulting from marriage
        Section II Of the manner of proving the legitimate filiation
      Chapter III Of illegitimate children
        Section I Of legitimation
        Section II Of the acknowledgment of illegitimate children
      Chapter IV Of adoption
      Chapter V Of paternal authority
        Section I Of the duties of parents towards their legitimate children, and of the duties of legitimate children towards their parents
        Section II Of the duties of parents towards their natural children, and of the duties of natural children towards their parents
    Title VIII Of minors, of their tutorship, curatorship and emancipation
      Chapter I Of tutorship
        Section I General dispositions
        Section II Of tutorship by nature
        Section III Of tutorship by will
        Section IV Of the tutorship by the effect of the law
        Section V Of dative tutorship
        Section VI Of the under tutor
        Section VII Of the causes which dispense or excuse from the tutorship
        Section VIII Of incapacity for, exclusion from and deprivation of the tutorship
        Section IX Of the administration of the tutor
      Chapter II Of the curatorship of minors
      Chapter III Of emancipation
    Title IX Of persons insane, idiots, and other persons incapable of administering their estate
      Chapter I Of the interdiction and curatorship of persons incapable of administering their estate, whether on account of insanity or of some other infirmity
      Chapter II Of the other persons to whom curators are appointed
    Title X Of communities or corporations
      Chapter I Of the nature of communities or corporations, of their use and kind
      Chapter II Of the rights and privileges of communities or corporations and of their incapacities
      Chapter III Of the dissolution of communities or corporations
Book II Of things and of the different modifications of property
    Title I Of things or estates
      Chapter I Of the distinction of things or estates
      Chapter II Of immoveables
      Chapter III Of moveables
      Chapter IV Of estates considered in their relation to those who possess them
    Title II Of absolute ownership
      Chapter I Universal principles
      Chapter II Of the right of accession to what is produced by the thing
      Chapter III Of the right of accession to what unites or incorporates itself to the thing
        Section I Of the right of accession concerning immoveables
        Section II Of the right of accession concerning moveable things
    Title III Of usufruct, use and habitation
      Chapter I Of usufruct
        Section I General definitions
        Section II Of the rights of the usufructuary
        Section III Of the obligations of the usufructuary
        Section IV Of the obligations of the owner
        Section V How usufruct expires
      Chapter II Of the use and habitation
    Title IV Of predial services or services of land
      Chapter I General principles
      Chapter II Of services which originate from the natural situation of the place
      Chapter III Of services imposed by law
        Section I Of walls, fences, and ditches in common
        Section II Of the distance and of the intermediary works required for certain buildings
        Section III Of lights on the property of a neighbor
        Section IV Of the manner of carrying off rain from the roof
        Section V Of the right of passage
      Chapter IV Of services established by the act of man
        Section I Of the different kinds of services which may be established by the act of man
        Section II How services are acquired
        Section III Of the rights of the proprietor of the estate to which the service is due
        Section IV How Services are extinguished
Book III Of the different manners of acquiring the property of things
    Preliminary title General dispositions
    Title I Of successions
      Chapter I Of the different sorts of successions and heirs
      Chapter II Of legal successions
        Section I General rules
        Section II Of the succession of descendants
        Section III Of the succession of ascendants
        Section IV Of the succession of collaterals
      Chapter III Of irregular successions
      Chapter IV In what manner successions are opened
      Chapter V Of the incapacity and unworthiness of the heirs
      Chapter VI In what manner a succession is accepted and how it is renounced
        Section I Of the acceptance pure and simple
        Section II Of the acceptance of a succession with the benefit of an inventory
      Chapter VII Of the administration of vacant estates and estates ab intestato
      Chapter VIII Of partition among heirs and of the collation of goods
        Section I Of the nature of partition and in what manner it is made
        Section II Of the collation of goods
        Section III Of the payment of debts
        Section IV Of the effect of partition and of its rescision
    Title II Of donations inter vivos (between living persons) and mortis causa (in prospect of death)
      Chapter I General dispositions
      Chapter II Of the capacity necessary for disposing of and receiving by donation inter vivos or mortis causa
      Chapter III Of the portion disposable, and of its reduction in case of excess
        Section I Of the disposable portion and the legitime
        Section II Of the reduction of dispositions inter vivos or mortis causa; of the manner in which it is made and of its effects
      Chapter IV Of dispositions reprobated by the law in donations inter vivos and mortis causa
      Chapter V Of donations inter vivos (between living)
        Section I Of the irrevocability of donations inter vivos
        Section II Of the form of donations inter vivos
        Section III Of the exceptions to the rule of the irrevocability of donations inter vivos
      Chapter VI Of dispositions mortis causa (in the prospect of death)
        Section I Of testament or codicil
        Section II Of the form of testaments and codicils
        Section III Of testamentary dispositions
        Section IV Of the institution of heir and of disinherison
        Section V Of legacies
        Section VI Of the opening and the proof of wills, and of testamentary executions
        Section VII Of the revocation of testaments and codicils and of their caducity
        Section VIII Of the interpretation of testamentary dispositions
      Chapter VII Of partitions made by parents among their descendants
      Chapter VIII Of donations made by marriage contract to the husband or wife, and to the children to be born of the marriage
      Chapter IX Of donations between married persons, either by marriage contract, or during the marriage
    Title III Of contracts and of conventional obligations in general
      Chapter I Preliminary dispositions
      Chapter II Of the conditions essential to the validity of agreements
        Section I Of consent
        Section II Of the capability of the parties contracting
        Section III Of the object and the matter of contracts
        Section IV Of the cause
      Chapter III Of the effect of obligations
        Section I General dispositions
        Section II Of the obligation of giving
        Section III Of the obligations of doing or of not doing
        Section IV Of the damages resulting from the non execution of the obligation
        Section V Of the interpretation of the agreements
        Section VI Of the effect of agreements with regard to persons not parties to them
      Chapter IV Of the different kinds of obligations
        Section I Of conditional obligations
          § 1 Of the condition in general and of its different kinds
          § 2 Of the suspensive condition
          § 3 Of the dissolving condition
        Section II Of obligations to be performed at a certain term
        Section III Of the alternative obligations
        Section IV Of obligations in solido or jointly and severally
          § 1 Of the obligation in solido between creditors
          § 2 Of the obligation in solido on the part of debtors
        Section V Of obligations divisible and indivisible
          § 1 Of the effects of a divisible obligation
          § 2 Of the effect of the indivisible obligation
        Section VI Of obligations with penal clauses
      Chapter V Of the extinction of obligations
        Section I Of payment
          § 1 Of payment in general
          § 2 Of payment with subrogation
          § 3 Of the imputation of payments
          § 4 Of tenders of payment, and consignment
          § 5 Of the surrender of property
        Section II Of novation
        Section III Of the remission of the debt
        Section IV Of compensation
        Section V Of confusion
        Section VI Of the loss of the thing due
        Section VII Of the action of nullity or of rescission of agreements
      Chapter VI Of the proof of obligations and of that of payment
        Section I Of the literal proof
          § 1 Of the authentic title
          § 2 Of the acts under private signature
          § 3 Of copies of titles
          § 4 Of recognitive and confirmative acts
        Section II Of testimonial proof
        Section III Of presumptions
          § 1 Of presumptions established by law
          § 2 Of presumption not established by law
        Section IV Of the confession of the party
        Section V Of the proof by oath
    Title IV Of engagements formed without agreements, or of quasi contracts and quasi offences
      Section I Of the quasi contract
      Section II Of quasi crimes or offences
    Title V Of marriage contract
      Chapter I General dispositions
      Chapter II Of the various kinds of matrimonial agreements
        Section I Of donations made in consideration of marriage
        Section II Of dowry or marriage portion
        Section III Of paraphernalia or extra dotal effects
        Section IV Of the partnership or community of acquests or gains
      Chapter III Of the separation of property
    Title VI Of sale
      Chapter I Of the nature and form of the contract of sale, and of the manner in which it is to be performed
      Chapter II Of persons capable of buying and selling, and of things which may be sold
      Chapter III Of the obligations of the seller
        Section I Of the tradition or delivery of the thing sold
        Section II Of the warranty, in case of eviction of the thing sold
        Section III Of the warranty of the defects of the thing sold or of the redhibitory vices
      Chapter IV Of the obligations of the buyer
      Chapter V Of the nullity and rescissions of the sale
        Section I Of the power or right of redemption
        Section II Of the rescission of sales on account of lesion
      Chapter VI Of sales by cant or auction
      Chapter VII Of the assignment or transfer of debts and other incorporeal rights
    Title VII Of exchange
    Title VIII Of letting and hiring
      Chapter I Of the several species of contracts for letting and hiring
      Chapter II Of the contract for letting out things
        Section I Of the form and duration of leases
        Section II Of the obligations of the lessor
        Section III Of the obligations of the lessee
        Section IV Of the dissolution of leases
      Chapter III Of the letting out of labour or industry
        Section I Of the hiring of servants and workmen
        Section II Of carriers and watermen
        Section III Of plots for buildings and other works
    Title IX Of partnership
      Chapter I General dispositions
      Chapter II Of the various kinds of partnerships
      Chapter III Of the obligations of partners towards each other, and towards third persons
        Section I Of the obligations of partners towards each other
        Section II Of the obligations of partners towards third persons
      Chapter IV Of the different manners in which partnerships end
    Title X Of loan
      Chapter I Of the loan for use or commodatum
        Section I Of the nature of the loan for use
        Section II Of the engagements of the borrower for use
        Section III Of the engagements of the lender for use
      Chapter II Of the loan for consumption or mutuum
        Section I Of the nature of the loan for consumption
        Section II Of the obligations of the lender for consumption
        Section III Of the engagements of the borrower for consumption
      Chapter III Of loan on interest
    Title XI Of deposit and sequestration
      Chapter I Of deposit in general and of its divers kinds
      Chapter II Of the deposit properly so called
        Section I Of the nature and essence of the contract of deposit
        Section II Of the obligations of the depository
        Section III Of the obligations of him by whom the deposit has been made
        Section IV Of the necessary deposit
      Chapter III Of sequestration
        Section I Of its different species
        Section II Of the conventional sequestration
        Section III Of the judicial sequestration or deposit
    Title XII Of aleatory contracts
    Title XIII Of mandate or commission
      Chapter I Of the nature of proxies, mandates and commissions
      Chapter II What persons may be appointed attornies in fact
      Chapter III Of the obligations of a person acting under a power of attorney
      Chapter IV Of the obligations of the principal who acts by his attorney in fact
      Chapter V How the procuration expires
    Title XIV Of suretyship
      Chapter I Of the nature and extent of suretyship
      Chapter II Of the effects of suretyship
        Section I Of the effects of suretyship between the creditor and the surety
        Section II Of the effects of suretyship between the debtor and the surety
        Section III Respecting the effects of suretyship between the sureties
      Chapter III Of the extinction of suretyship
      Chapter IV Of the legal and judicial sureties
    Title XV Of transactions
    Title XVI Of respite
    Title XVII Of compromises or arbitration
    Title XVIII Of pledge
    Title XIX Of privileges and mortgages
      Chapter I Of the nature of a mortgage and of its several sorts
      Chapter II Who may mortgage and what thing may be mortgaged
      Chapter III Of the effects of mortgage
        Section I Of the effects of mortgage with regard to the debtor
        Section II Of the effects of mortgages against third possessors and of the action of mortgage
        Section III Of the registering of mortgages and of the register kept for that purpose
      Chapter IV Of the order of privileges and mortgages
        Section I Of the preference and order of privileges
      Chapter V How privileges or mortgages expire or are extinguished
    Title XX Of occupancy, possession and prescription
      Chapter I Of occupancy
      Chapter II Of possession
      Chapter III Of prescription
        Section I Of the possession required to establish prescription
        Section II Of the causes which suspend or interrupt prescriptions
        Section III Of the several species of prescription
    Title XXI Of the title by judgment or seizure
Index
Manuscript index
Manuscript index Part 2

TITLE XVII – OF COMPROMISES OR ARBITRATION

Art. 1. A compromise is a covenant by which persons who have a law suit or difference with one another, name arbitrators to decide the matter and bind themselves reciprocally to perform what shall be arbitrated.

Art. 2. A compromise must be reduced to writing.

Art. 3. They who cannot bind themselves cannot compromise, such as a married woman, unless it be under her husband’s authority.
An attorney in fact cannot compromise without a special power.
The tutors or curators of minors, of persons interdicted or absent, cannot compromise without being authorised to do so by a judge.

Art. 4. Parties may compromise either all their differences or only some of them in particular; and likewise they may compromise a law suit already instituted or only in contemplation, and generally every thing which they are concerned in or which they may dispose of.

Art. 5. One may compromise the damages incurred by a public offence, but it is without any prejudice to the prosecution of it in behalf of the territory.

Art. 6. The power of arbitrators is limited to what is explained in the compromise.

Art. 7. If the compromise does not limit any time, the power of the arbitrators may continue in force during three months from the date of the compromise unless the parties agree to revoke it.

Art. 8. It is usual to undergo a penalty of a certain sum of money in the compromise which the person who shall contravene the award or bring appeal therefrom, shall be bound to pay to the other who is willing to stand to it, but this covenant is not obligatory and the compromise may subsist though no penaly is stipulated against the person refusing to abide by it.

Art. 9. All persons may be arbitrators except such as are under some incapacity or infirmity which renders them unfit for that function.
Therefore minors under the age of eighteen years, persons interdicted, those who are deaf or dumb cannot be arbitrators.

Art. 10. Women who on account of their sex cannot be judges are likewise incapable of being named arbitrators by a compromise.

Art. 11. There are two sorts of arbitrators;
The arbitrators so properly called and the amicable compounders.

Art. 12. The arbitrators ought to determine as judges agreeable to the strictness of the law.
Amicable compounders are authorised to abate something of the strictness of the law in favor of the natural equity.
Amicable compounders are moreover subject to the same rules which are provided for the arbitrators by the present title.

Art. 13. Before examining the difference to them submitted, the arbitrators ought to take an oath before a judge, or justice of the peace, to render their award with integrity and impartiality, in the cause which is laid before them as arbitrators.

Art. 14. The parties who have submitted their differences to a compromise, must declare their pretentions and prove them in the same manner as in a court of justice, by producing writings and evidence, observing in this the rules agreed on by mutual consent or which are established by the arbitrators.

Art. 15. The arbitrators ought to appoint a time and place for examining the matter to them submitted and to give notice of such appointment to the parties or to their attornies.     

Art. 16. The parties must attend the arbitrators either in person or by their attorney, with their witnesses and documents, the arbitrators may also if they think it proper, examine the parties themselves or call for any other information.

Art. 17. As the arbitrators have no public authority, they cannot compel the attendance of witnesses before them but by applying to a court of justice to have the necessary process to compel such attendance.
They have also no authority to take the oath of any witness brought before them, but said witness shall be sworn before any judge or justice of the peace.

Art. 18. The law has secured each of the parties against the voluntary procrastination of the other, by permitting the arbitrators on due notice given, to proceed without his attendance.

Art. 19. If the arbitrators disagree, another shall decide and that other is called an umpire.

Art. 20. The nomination of the umpire is either made by the parties themselves at the time of the compromise, or left to the discretion of the arbitrators.

Art. 21. Whenever the umpire has not been appointed by the compromise, the arbitrators have the power to appoint him, though such power is not mentioned in the compromise.  But if the arbitrators cannot agree on this election, the umpire shall be appointed ex officio by the judge.

Art. 22. The umpire ought to take an oath similar to that taken by the arbitrators, before examining the matter or the point submitted to him.

Art. 23. The arbitrators who have once consented to act as such ought to determine the suit or the difference which is submitted to them as soon as possible and within the time fixed by the compromise.

Art. 24. The arbitrators cannot exceed the power which is given to them and if they exceed it their award is null: nevertheless if the parties have authorised them to determine the case as amicable compounders, or according to good faith and natural equity without confining them to the strictness of the law, they shall be at liberty to retrench something of the good right of one of the parties to grant it to the other and to take a medium between equity and the extreme strictness of the law.

Art. 25. The power of the arbitrators cannot extend to things which are not included in the compromise; therefore whenever a new point of difference arises, a new power is necessary, and to avoid this inconvenience, there ought to be inserted in the compromise a general clause, empowering the arbitrators to give their award on all the differences which may arise between the parties during the course of the arbitration.

Art. 26. The arbitrators ought to give their award within the time limitted by the compromise, and it would be null if it were given after the said time is expired.

Art. 27. Nevertheless the parties may give power to the arbitrators to prolong the time and in this case their power lasts during the time of the prorogation.

Art. 28. If the compromise specifies a certain time for drawing on the proceedings in the cause which the arbitrators are to decide, they cannot give their award till the said time is expired.

Art. 29. If there are several arbitrators named by the compromise, they cannot give their award unless they all see the proceedings and give judgement on it together; but it is not necessary that the award be signed by them all.

Art. 30. The arbitrators shall fix by their award the amount of the sum which they sentence one or several of the parties to pay to the other or others, through this omission does not annul the award.

Art. 31. The arbitrators may likewise pronounce by their award on the interest and costs but their silence on that subject is not a cause of nullity.

Art. 32. The award in order to be put in execution, ought to be approved by the judge, but this formality is only intended to invest the award with a sufficient authority to insure its execution and not to submit to the judge the examination of its merits, except in case an appeal has been brought before him.

Art. 33. He who is not satisfied with the award, may appeal from it to the superior court, though the parties had renounced such appeal by the compromise, but the appellant before being heard on his appeal, ought to pay the penalty or forfeit stipulated in the compromise, if any has been stipulated, and this penalty shall ever be due though the appellant afterwards renounces his appeal, but if he succeeds to have the award reversed either in whole or in part, the court who shall pronounce on the appeal, shall order the repayment of the penalty; nay, if the award is confirmed the penalty which has been paid shall operate no diminution on the amount of said award.

Art. 34. The arbitrators having once given their award, cannot retract it nor change any thing in it.

Art. 35. The compromise and power given to the arbitrators, is put at an end by any one of the following causes.
1st, By the expiration of the time limited either by the compromise or by law though the award should not be yet rendered;
2d, By the death of one of the parties or arbitrators;
3d, By the final award rendered by the arbitrators;
4th, When the parties happen to transact touching the thing in difference, or when this thing ceases to exist.

TITRE XVII - DU COMPROMIS

Art. 1. Le compromis, est une convention par laquelle les personnes, qui ont un procès ou un différent, nomment des arbitres pour le terminer, et s'obligent réciproquement à exécuter ce qui sera arbitré.           

Art. 2. Les compromis doivent être rédigés par écrit.           

Art. 3. Ceux qui ne peuvent pas s'engager, ne peuvent pas compromettre, telle qu'une femme sous puissance de mari, si ce n'est de son autorité.    
Un fondé de procuration ne peut compromettre sans un pouvoir spécial.
Les tuteurs ou curateurs des mineurs, interdits ou absens peuvent compromettre sus autorité de justice.           

Art. 4. On peut compromettre, en général, de tous différens, ou seulement de quelques-uns, en particulier, comme aussi on peut compromettre sur un procès à mouvoir, de même que sur un procès déjà mû, et généralement, de toutes choses qui concernent les parties, et dont elles peuvent disposer.           

Art. 5. On peut compromettre sur les dommages intérêts résultant d'un délit, mais c'est sans préjudice aux poursuites du ministère public.           

Art. 6. Le pouvoir des arbitres est borné à ce qui est expliqué par le compromis.           

Art. 7. Si le compromis ne limite aucun tems, le pouvoir des arbitres durera pendant trois mois, de la date du compromis, si ce n'est que les parties ne s'accordent à la révoquer.           

Art. 8. Il est d'usage d'imposer une peine pécuniaire par le compromis, que celui ou celle qui n'exécute pas le jugement des arbitres, et qui en appelle, est tenu de payer à l'autre partie, qui veut s'y soumettre; mais cette convention n'est pas essentielle, et le compromis peut subsister, sans qu'il y ait de peine stipulée contre les contrevenans.           

Art. 9. Toutes personnes peuvent être arbitres, à la réserve de celles qui sont sujettes à quelque incapacité ou infirmité, qui ne leur permetrait pas d'exercer cette fonction.
Ainsi, les mineurs, au-dessous de l'âge de dix-huit ans, les interdits, les sourds ou les muets, ne peuvent être arbitres.           

Art. 10. Les femmes qui, à cause de leur sexe, ne peuvent être juges, ne peuvent aussi être nommées arbitres par un compromis.           

Art. 11. Les arbitres sont de deux sortes:
Les arbitres purement dits;
Et les amiables compositeurs.           

Art. 12. Les arbitres doivent décider, comme des juges, suivant la rigueur de la loi.
Les amiables compositeurs sont autorisés à se relâcher de la rigueur de la loi, et à suivre l'équité naturelle.
Les amiables compositeurs sont, au reste, sujets aux mêmes règles qui sont prescrites aux arbitres, par le présent titre.           

Art. 13. Les arbitres doivent, avant d'examiner le différent qui leur est soumis, prêter serment devant le premier juge ou juge de paix, "de rendre leur sentence, avec intégrité et impartialité, sur la cause qui leur est soumise, comme arbitres". 

Art. 14. Les parties qui ont compromis sur leurs différens, doivent faire connaître leurs prétentions, et les prouver de la même manière que dans les cours de justice, soit par écrit ou par témoins, suivant l'ordre dont elles conviennent de gré à gré, ou qui est réglé par les arbitres.

Art. 15. Les arbitres doivent fixer le tems et le lieu où ils examineront l'affaire qui leur est soumise, et en donner avis aux parties ou à leurs procureurs.           

Art. 16. Les parties doivent comparaître devant les arbitres, soit en personnes ou par procureurs, avec leurs titres et leurs témoins; les arbitres peuvent aussi, s'ils le jugent convenable, examiner les parties elles-mêmes, ou requérir toute autre espèce d'information.           

Art. 17. Les arbitres, n'ayant aucune autorité publique, ne peuvent forcer les témoins à comparaître par-devant eux, qu'en s'adressant au premier juge, pour en obtenir les sommations nécessaires pour les obliger à comparaître.
De même, ils ne peuvent prendre le serment d'aucun témoin produit devant eux, mais ces témoins doivent être assermentés par le premier juge, ou juge de paix.           

Art. 18. La loi a mis chaque partie à l'abri des retards volontaires que pourrait apporter l'autre partie, en autorisant les arbitres, sur avis à elle donné, de procéder au jugement à défaut de comparution de sa part.           

Art. 19. Si les arbitres ne s'accordent pas, ils doivent être départagés par un tiers, et ce tiers s'appelle sur-arbitre.           

Art. 20. La nomination du sur-arbitre peut se faire, ou par les parties elle-mêmes, au moment du compromis, ou laissée au choix des arbitres.           

Art. 21. Toutes les fois que le sur-arbitre n'a pas été nommé par le compromis, les arbitres ont le pouvoir de le choisir, quoique ce pouvoir ne soit pas exprimé dans le compromis.
Mais, si les arbitres ne s'accordent pas sur le choix, le sur-arbitre sera nommé d'office par le juge.           

Art. 22. Le sur-arbitre doit prêter un serment semblable à celui des arbitres, avant d'examiner la cause ou les points qui lui sont soumis.           

Art. 23. Les arbitres, qui ont une fois accepté cette charge, doivent prononcer sur le procès, ou sur le différent qui leur est soumis, le plus promptement possible, et dans les délais du compromis.           

Art. 24. Les arbitres ne peuvent excéder les bornes du pouvoir qui leur est donné, à peine de nullité de leur sentence; cependant, si les parties les ont autorisés à prononcer, comme amiables compositeurs, ou selon la bonne foi et suivant l'équité naturelle, sans les astreindre à la rigueur de la loi, alors ils ont la liberté de retrancher quelque chose du bon droit de l'une des parties, pour l'accorder à l'autre, et de prendre un milieu entre la bonne foi, et l'extrême rigueur de la loi.           

Art. 25. Le pouvoir des arbitres ne peut s'étendre que sur les choses contenues dans le compromis, ainsi lorsqu'il survient de nouveaux chefs de contestation, un nouveau pouvoir est nécessaire; pour éviter cet inconvénient, il faut insérer dans le compromis une clause générale, pour donner aux arbitres le pouvoir de juger toutes les contestations qui pourraient survenir entre les parties, pendant le cours de l'arbitrage.          

Art. 26. Les arbitres doivent rendre leur sentence dans le tems réglé par le compromis; elle serait nulle, si elle était rendue après le tems expiré.           

Art. 27. Néanmoins, les parties peuvent donner pouvoir aux arbitres, de proroger le tems, et en ce cas, leur pouvoir dure pendant le tems de la prorogation.           

Art. 28. Si le compromis règle un certain tems, pour l'instruction de ce que les arbitres auront à juger, ou pour la remise des pièces, ils ne pourront rendre leur sentence avant ce délai.           

Art. 29. S'il y a plusieurs arbitres nommés par le compromis, ils ne pourront rendre leur sentence, sans que tous voient le procès et le jugent ensemble; mais il n'est pas nécessaire, que la sentence soit signée par tous les arbitres.           

Art. 30. Les arbitres doivent fixer, par leur sentence, le montant de la somme dont ils prononcent la condamnation contre l'une, ou quelques-unes des parties, quoique cette omission ne rende pas leur sentence nulle.           

Art. 31. Les arbitres peuvent, également, prononcer par leur sentence, sur les intérêts et les dépens, mais leur silence, à cet égard, ne serait pas une nullité.           

Art. 32. La sentence arbitrale, pour être mise à exécution, a besoin d'être homologuée par justice; mais cette formalité n'est que pour donner, à cette sentence, le sceau de l'exécution, et non pour soumettre an juge l'examen de son mérite, à moins qu'il n'y ait appel par devant lui.           

Art. 33. Celui qui n'est pas satisfait de la sentence arbitrale, peut en interjeter appel à la cour supérieure, quand même les parties y auraient renoncé par le compromis; mais l'appelant, avant de pouvoir être écouté sur son appel, doit payer la peine ou dédit porté au compromis, si aucun y a été stipulé, et ce dédit sera toujours dû, quand même l'appelant renoncerait par la suite à son appel; mais s'il réussit à faire infirmer la sentence, en tout ou en partie, la cour, qui prononcera sur l'appel, ordonnera la restitution du dédit; et de même, si la sentence est confirmée, le dédit payé n'opérera aucune diminution sur les condamnations prononcées.           

Art. 34. Les arbitres, ayant une fois rendu leur sentence, ne peuvent plus la rétracter, ni y rien changer.           

Art. 35. Le compromis et le pouvoir, donnés aux arbitres, finissent d'une des manières suivantes:
1°. Par l'expiration du tems fixé par le compromis, ou par la loi, quoique la sentence arbitrale ne soit pas encore rendue,
2°. Par la mort de l'une des parties, ou de l'un des arbitres;
3°. Par la sentence définitive rendue par les arbitres;
Et 4°. Lorsque les parties font une transaction, touchant la chose contestée, ou lorsque cette chose cesse d'exister.

< Previous | Next >© Manuscript notes copyright 1968 by Louis V. de la Vergne.
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