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Table of Contents

Cover Page
Preliminary title Of the general definitions of rights and the promulgation of the laws
    Chapter I Of law and customs
    Chapter II Of the publication of the laws
    Chapter III Of the effects of laws
    Chapter IV Of the application and construction of laws
    Chapter V Of the repeal of laws
Book I Of persons
    Title I Of the distinction of persons, and the privation of certain civil rights in certain cases
      Chapter I Of the distinction of persons established by nature
      Chapter II Of the distinctions of persons which are established by law
    Title II Of domicil and the manner of changing the same
    Title III Of absent persons
      Chapter I Of the curatorship of absent persons
      Chapter II Of the putting into provisional possession the heirs of the absentee
      Chapter III Of the effects of absence upon the eventual rights which may belong to the absentee
      Chapter IV Of the effects of absence respecting marriage
      Chapter V Of the care of minor children whose father has disappeared
    Title IV Of husband and wife
      Chapter I On marriage
      Chapter II How marriages may be contracted or made
      Chapter III Of the nullity of marriages
      Chapter IV Of the respective rights and duties of married persons
      Chapter V Of the dissolution of marriages
      Chapter VI Of second marriages
    Title V Of the separation from bed and board
      Chapter I Of the causes of separation from bed and board
      Chapter II Of the proceedings on separation from bed and board
      Chapter III Of the provisional proceedings to which a suit for separation may give occasion
      Chapter IV Of objections to the action of separation from bed and board
      Chapter V Of the effects of separation from bed and board
    Title VI Of master and servant
      Chapter I Of the several sorts of servants
      Chapter II Of free servants
      Chapter III Of slaves
    Title VII Of father and child
      Chapter I Of children in general
      Chapter II Of legitimate children
        Section I Of legitimacy resulting from marriage
        Section II Of the manner of proving the legitimate filiation
      Chapter III Of illegitimate children
        Section I Of legitimation
        Section II Of the acknowledgment of illegitimate children
      Chapter IV Of adoption
      Chapter V Of paternal authority
        Section I Of the duties of parents towards their legitimate children, and of the duties of legitimate children towards their parents
        Section II Of the duties of parents towards their natural children, and of the duties of natural children towards their parents
    Title VIII Of minors, of their tutorship, curatorship and emancipation
      Chapter I Of tutorship
        Section I General dispositions
        Section II Of tutorship by nature
        Section III Of tutorship by will
        Section IV Of the tutorship by the effect of the law
        Section V Of dative tutorship
        Section VI Of the under tutor
        Section VII Of the causes which dispense or excuse from the tutorship
        Section VIII Of incapacity for, exclusion from and deprivation of the tutorship
        Section IX Of the administration of the tutor
      Chapter II Of the curatorship of minors
      Chapter III Of emancipation
    Title IX Of persons insane, idiots, and other persons incapable of administering their estate
      Chapter I Of the interdiction and curatorship of persons incapable of administering their estate, whether on account of insanity or of some other infirmity
      Chapter II Of the other persons to whom curators are appointed
    Title X Of communities or corporations
      Chapter I Of the nature of communities or corporations, of their use and kind
      Chapter II Of the rights and privileges of communities or corporations and of their incapacities
      Chapter III Of the dissolution of communities or corporations
Book II Of things and of the different modifications of property
    Title I Of things or estates
      Chapter I Of the distinction of things or estates
      Chapter II Of immoveables
      Chapter III Of moveables
      Chapter IV Of estates considered in their relation to those who possess them
    Title II Of absolute ownership
      Chapter I Universal principles
      Chapter II Of the right of accession to what is produced by the thing
      Chapter III Of the right of accession to what unites or incorporates itself to the thing
        Section I Of the right of accession concerning immoveables
        Section II Of the right of accession concerning moveable things
    Title III Of usufruct, use and habitation
      Chapter I Of usufruct
        Section I General definitions
        Section II Of the rights of the usufructuary
        Section III Of the obligations of the usufructuary
        Section IV Of the obligations of the owner
        Section V How usufruct expires
      Chapter II Of the use and habitation
    Title IV Of predial services or services of land
      Chapter I General principles
      Chapter II Of services which originate from the natural situation of the place
      Chapter III Of services imposed by law
        Section I Of walls, fences, and ditches in common
        Section II Of the distance and of the intermediary works required for certain buildings
        Section III Of lights on the property of a neighbor
        Section IV Of the manner of carrying off rain from the roof
        Section V Of the right of passage
      Chapter IV Of services established by the act of man
        Section I Of the different kinds of services which may be established by the act of man
        Section II How services are acquired
        Section III Of the rights of the proprietor of the estate to which the service is due
        Section IV How Services are extinguished
Book III Of the different manners of acquiring the property of things
    Preliminary title General dispositions
    Title I Of successions
      Chapter I Of the different sorts of successions and heirs
      Chapter II Of legal successions
        Section I General rules
        Section II Of the succession of descendants
        Section III Of the succession of ascendants
        Section IV Of the succession of collaterals
      Chapter III Of irregular successions
      Chapter IV In what manner successions are opened
      Chapter V Of the incapacity and unworthiness of the heirs
      Chapter VI In what manner a succession is accepted and how it is renounced
        Section I Of the acceptance pure and simple
        Section II Of the acceptance of a succession with the benefit of an inventory
      Chapter VII Of the administration of vacant estates and estates ab intestato
      Chapter VIII Of partition among heirs and of the collation of goods
        Section I Of the nature of partition and in what manner it is made
        Section II Of the collation of goods
        Section III Of the payment of debts
        Section IV Of the effect of partition and of its rescision
    Title II Of donations inter vivos (between living persons) and mortis causa (in prospect of death)
      Chapter I General dispositions
      Chapter II Of the capacity necessary for disposing of and receiving by donation inter vivos or mortis causa
      Chapter III Of the portion disposable, and of its reduction in case of excess
        Section I Of the disposable portion and the legitime
        Section II Of the reduction of dispositions inter vivos or mortis causa; of the manner in which it is made and of its effects
      Chapter IV Of dispositions reprobated by the law in donations inter vivos and mortis causa
      Chapter V Of donations inter vivos (between living)
        Section I Of the irrevocability of donations inter vivos
        Section II Of the form of donations inter vivos
        Section III Of the exceptions to the rule of the irrevocability of donations inter vivos
      Chapter VI Of dispositions mortis causa (in the prospect of death)
        Section I Of testament or codicil
        Section II Of the form of testaments and codicils
        Section III Of testamentary dispositions
        Section IV Of the institution of heir and of disinherison
        Section V Of legacies
        Section VI Of the opening and the proof of wills, and of testamentary executions
        Section VII Of the revocation of testaments and codicils and of their caducity
        Section VIII Of the interpretation of testamentary dispositions
      Chapter VII Of partitions made by parents among their descendants
      Chapter VIII Of donations made by marriage contract to the husband or wife, and to the children to be born of the marriage
      Chapter IX Of donations between married persons, either by marriage contract, or during the marriage
    Title III Of contracts and of conventional obligations in general
      Chapter I Preliminary dispositions
      Chapter II Of the conditions essential to the validity of agreements
        Section I Of consent
        Section II Of the capability of the parties contracting
        Section III Of the object and the matter of contracts
        Section IV Of the cause
      Chapter III Of the effect of obligations
        Section I General dispositions
        Section II Of the obligation of giving
        Section III Of the obligations of doing or of not doing
        Section IV Of the damages resulting from the non execution of the obligation
        Section V Of the interpretation of the agreements
        Section VI Of the effect of agreements with regard to persons not parties to them
      Chapter IV Of the different kinds of obligations
        Section I Of conditional obligations
          § 1 Of the condition in general and of its different kinds
          § 2 Of the suspensive condition
          § 3 Of the dissolving condition
        Section II Of obligations to be performed at a certain term
        Section III Of the alternative obligations
        Section IV Of obligations in solido or jointly and severally
          § 1 Of the obligation in solido between creditors
          § 2 Of the obligation in solido on the part of debtors
        Section V Of obligations divisible and indivisible
          § 1 Of the effects of a divisible obligation
          § 2 Of the effect of the indivisible obligation
        Section VI Of obligations with penal clauses
      Chapter V Of the extinction of obligations
        Section I Of payment
          § 1 Of payment in general
          § 2 Of payment with subrogation
          § 3 Of the imputation of payments
          § 4 Of tenders of payment, and consignment
          § 5 Of the surrender of property
        Section II Of novation
        Section III Of the remission of the debt
        Section IV Of compensation
        Section V Of confusion
        Section VI Of the loss of the thing due
        Section VII Of the action of nullity or of rescission of agreements
      Chapter VI Of the proof of obligations and of that of payment
        Section I Of the literal proof
          § 1 Of the authentic title
          § 2 Of the acts under private signature
          § 3 Of copies of titles
          § 4 Of recognitive and confirmative acts
        Section II Of testimonial proof
        Section III Of presumptions
          § 1 Of presumptions established by law
          § 2 Of presumption not established by law
        Section IV Of the confession of the party
        Section V Of the proof by oath
    Title IV Of engagements formed without agreements, or of quasi contracts and quasi offences
      Section I Of the quasi contract
      Section II Of quasi crimes or offences
    Title V Of marriage contract
      Chapter I General dispositions
      Chapter II Of the various kinds of matrimonial agreements
        Section I Of donations made in consideration of marriage
        Section II Of dowry or marriage portion
        Section III Of paraphernalia or extra dotal effects
        Section IV Of the partnership or community of acquests or gains
      Chapter III Of the separation of property
    Title VI Of sale
      Chapter I Of the nature and form of the contract of sale, and of the manner in which it is to be performed
      Chapter II Of persons capable of buying and selling, and of things which may be sold
      Chapter III Of the obligations of the seller
        Section I Of the tradition or delivery of the thing sold
        Section II Of the warranty, in case of eviction of the thing sold
        Section III Of the warranty of the defects of the thing sold or of the redhibitory vices
      Chapter IV Of the obligations of the buyer
      Chapter V Of the nullity and rescissions of the sale
        Section I Of the power or right of redemption
        Section II Of the rescission of sales on account of lesion
      Chapter VI Of sales by cant or auction
      Chapter VII Of the assignment or transfer of debts and other incorporeal rights
    Title VII Of exchange
    Title VIII Of letting and hiring
      Chapter I Of the several species of contracts for letting and hiring
      Chapter II Of the contract for letting out things
        Section I Of the form and duration of leases
        Section II Of the obligations of the lessor
        Section III Of the obligations of the lessee
        Section IV Of the dissolution of leases
      Chapter III Of the letting out of labour or industry
        Section I Of the hiring of servants and workmen
        Section II Of carriers and watermen
        Section III Of plots for buildings and other works
    Title IX Of partnership
      Chapter I General dispositions
      Chapter II Of the various kinds of partnerships
      Chapter III Of the obligations of partners towards each other, and towards third persons
        Section I Of the obligations of partners towards each other
        Section II Of the obligations of partners towards third persons
      Chapter IV Of the different manners in which partnerships end
    Title X Of loan
      Chapter I Of the loan for use or commodatum
        Section I Of the nature of the loan for use
        Section II Of the engagements of the borrower for use
        Section III Of the engagements of the lender for use
      Chapter II Of the loan for consumption or mutuum
        Section I Of the nature of the loan for consumption
        Section II Of the obligations of the lender for consumption
        Section III Of the engagements of the borrower for consumption
      Chapter III Of loan on interest
    Title XI Of deposit and sequestration
      Chapter I Of deposit in general and of its divers kinds
      Chapter II Of the deposit properly so called
        Section I Of the nature and essence of the contract of deposit
        Section II Of the obligations of the depository
        Section III Of the obligations of him by whom the deposit has been made
        Section IV Of the necessary deposit
      Chapter III Of sequestration
        Section I Of its different species
        Section II Of the conventional sequestration
        Section III Of the judicial sequestration or deposit
    Title XII Of aleatory contracts
    Title XIII Of mandate or commission
      Chapter I Of the nature of proxies, mandates and commissions
      Chapter II What persons may be appointed attornies in fact
      Chapter III Of the obligations of a person acting under a power of attorney
      Chapter IV Of the obligations of the principal who acts by his attorney in fact
      Chapter V How the procuration expires
    Title XIV Of suretyship
      Chapter I Of the nature and extent of suretyship
      Chapter II Of the effects of suretyship
        Section I Of the effects of suretyship between the creditor and the surety
        Section II Of the effects of suretyship between the debtor and the surety
        Section III Respecting the effects of suretyship between the sureties
      Chapter III Of the extinction of suretyship
      Chapter IV Of the legal and judicial sureties
    Title XV Of transactions
    Title XVI Of respite
    Title XVII Of compromises or arbitration
    Title XVIII Of pledge
    Title XIX Of privileges and mortgages
      Chapter I Of the nature of a mortgage and of its several sorts
      Chapter II Who may mortgage and what thing may be mortgaged
      Chapter III Of the effects of mortgage
        Section I Of the effects of mortgage with regard to the debtor
        Section II Of the effects of mortgages against third possessors and of the action of mortgage
        Section III Of the registering of mortgages and of the register kept for that purpose
      Chapter IV Of the order of privileges and mortgages
        Section I Of the preference and order of privileges
      Chapter V How privileges or mortgages expire or are extinguished
    Title XX Of occupancy, possession and prescription
      Chapter I Of occupancy
      Chapter II Of possession
      Chapter III Of prescription
        Section I Of the possession required to establish prescription
        Section II Of the causes which suspend or interrupt prescriptions
        Section III Of the several species of prescription
    Title XXI Of the title by judgment or seizure
Manuscript index
Manuscript index Part 2


Art. 55. Labour may be let out in three ways:
1st. Labourers may hire their services to another person;
2dly. Carriers and watermen hire out their services for the conveyance either of persons or of goods and merchaudizes;
3dly. Workmen hire out their labour or industry to make buildings or other works.



Art. 56. A man can only hire out his services for a certain limited time or for the performance of a certain enterprise.

Art. 57. A man is at liberty to dismiss a hired servant attached to his person or family, without assigning any reason for so doing. The servant is also free to depart without assigning any cause.

Art. 58. Labourers who hire themselves out to serve on plantations or to work in manufactures, have not the right of leaving the person who has hired them, nor can they be sent away by the proprietor, until the time has expired during which they had agreed to serve, unless good and just causes can be assigned.

Art. 59. If, without any just ground of complaint, a man should send away a labourer whose services he has hired for a certain time, before that time has expired, he shall be bound to pay said labourer, the whole of the salaries which he would have been entitled to receive, had the full term of his services arrived, whether said labourer was hired by the month or by the year.

Art. 60. But if, on the other hand, a labourer, after having hired out his services, should leave his employer, before the time of his engagement has expired, without having any just cause of complaint against said employer, the labourer shall then forfeit all the wages that may be due to him and shall moreover be compelled to repay all the money he may have received either as due for his wages in advance thereof on the running year or on the time of his engagement.



Art. 61. Carriers and watermen are subject, with respect to the safe keeping and preservation of the things entrusted to them, to the same obligations and duties which are imposed on tavern-keepers in the title of deposit and sequestration.

Art. 62. The price of passage agreed for be paid by a woman, for going by sea from one country to another, shall not be increased, in case the woman has a child during the voyage, whether her pregnancy was known or not by the master of the ship.

Art. 63. Carriers and watermen may be liable to the loss for damage of the things entrusted to their care unless they can prove that such loss or damage has been occasioned by accidental and uncontrolable events.

Art. 64. Persons hiring out carriages, and masters of ships and boats, are also subject to peculiar regulations which have the force of law between them and the parties with whom they transact.



Art. 65. To build by a plot or to work by the job, is to undertake a building or a work for a certain stipulated price.

Art. 66. A person who undertakes to make a work, may agree either to furnish his work and industry alone, or to furnish also the materials necessary for such a work.

Art. 67. When the undertaker furnishes the materials for the work, if said work be destroyed in whatever manner it may happen, previous to its being delivered to the owner, the loss shall be sustained by the undertaker, unless the said proprietor be in default for not receiving it, though duly notified to do so.

Art. 68. When the undertaker only furnishes his work and industry, should the thing be destroyed, the undertaker is only liable, in case the loss has been occasioned by his fault.

Art. 69. In the case mentioned in the preceding article, if the thing mentioned is destroyed  by accident and not owing to any fault of the undertaker, before the same be delivered and the owner be in default for not receiving it, the undertaker shall not be entitled to his salaries, unless the destruction be owing to the badness of the materials used in the building.

Art. 70. If the work is composed of detached pieces or made at the rate of so much a measure, it may be delivered separately and that delivery shall be presumed to have taken place, if the proprietor has paid to the undertaker, the price due for the parts of the work which have already been completed.

Art. 71. If a building which an architect or other workman has undertaken to make by the job, should fall to ruin either in whole or in part, on account of the badness of the workmanship, the said architect or undertaker shall bear the loss, if the building falls to ruin in the course of ten years, if it be a stone or brick building and of five years if it be built in wood or with frames filled with bricks.

Art. 72. When an architect or other workman has undertaken the building of a house by the job, according to a plat agreed on between said architect and the proprietor of the ground, he cannot claim an increase of the price agreed on, on the plea of the original plat having been changed and extended, unless he can prove that such changes have been made in compliance with the wishes of the proprietor.

Art. 73. The proprietor has the right to cancel at pleasure the bargain he has made, even in case the work has already been commenced, by compensating the undertaker for all the trouble and expences he has been at, as well as for the profits he would have made, had the work been suffered to proceed.

Art. 74. Contracts for hiring out work, are cancelled by the death of the workman, architect or undertaker, unless the proprietor should consent that the work should be continued by the heir or heirs of the architect, or by workmen employed for that purpose, by said heir or heirs.

Art. 75. The proprietor is only bound, in the former case, to pay to the heirs of said undertaker, the value of the work that has already been done and that of the materials already prepared, proportionably to the price agreed on, in case said work and materials may be useful to him.

Art. 76. The undertaker is responsible for the deeds of the persons employed by him.

Art. 77. If an undertaker fails to do the work he has contracted for, or if he does not execute it in the manner and at the time he has agreed to do it, he shall be liable to pay all the losses that may ensue from his non compliance with his contract.

Art. 78. The masons, carpenters and other workmen who have been employed in the construction of a building or other works undertaken by the job, have their action against the proprietor of the house on which they have worked, only for the sum which may be due by him to the undertaker at the time their action is commenced.

Art. 79. Masons, carpenters, black smiths and all other artificers who undertake work by the job, are bound by the provisions contained in the present section, for they may be considered as undertakers each in his particular line of business.


Art. 55. Le louage a trois objets principaux:
1°. Celui des gens de travail, qui se louent au service de quelqu'un;
2°. Celui des voituriers, tant par terre que par eau, qui se chargent du transport des personnes ou marchandises;
3°. Les devis, ou marchés d'ouvrages.



Art. 56. On ne peut engager ses services qu'à tems, ou pour une entreprise déterminée.

Art. 57. Les domestiques attachés, à la personne du maître, ou au service des maisons, peuvent être renvoyés en tout tems sans expression de cause, et peuvent de même quitter leurs maîtres.           

Art. 58. Les personnes qui ont loué leurs services sur les habitations, ou dans toutes autres manufactures pour y être employées aux travaux qui s'y font, ne peuvent, ni quitter le propriétaire auquel ils se sont loués, ni être renvoyées par eux avant le tems convenu, que pour cause grave.           

Art. 59. Si hors le cas de cause grave, le propriétaire renvoie la personne qui lui à loué ses services, ainsi qu'il est marqué en l'article précédent, avant l'expiration du tems convenu, il doit lui payer le salarie de l'année ou du tems pour lequel il l'avait loué.           

Art. 60. Si c'est au contraire la personne qui a engagé ainsi ses services, qui quitte le propriétaire, sans cause légitime, il perdra le salaire pour le tems qui s'est écoulé jusqu'alors sur son engagement, ou sera obligé de restituer au propriétaire ce qu'il aura reçu de lui d'avance sur l'année courante, ou sur le tems de l'engagement.



Art. 61. Les voituriers par terre et par eau sont assujettis, pour la garde et conservation des choses qui leur sont confiées, aux mêmes obligations que les aubergistes, dont il est parlé au titre du dépôt et du séquestre.           

Art. 62. Le prix du passage, par mer, d'une femme, d'un pays à un autre, n'augmente pas, quoiqu'elle accouche dans la traversée, soit que le maître sut, ou ignorat, qu'elle fut enceinte.           

Art. 63. Les voituriers sont responsables, en outre, de la perte et des avaries des choses qui leur son confiées, à moins qu'ils ne prouvent, qu'elles ont été perdues ou avariées par cas fortuit, ou force majeure.           

Art. 64. Les personnes qui tiennent des voitures publiques, et les maîtres des barques et navires, sont assujettis à des règlemens particuliers, qui font loi entre eux et les personnes avec lesquelles ils ont traité.



Art. 65. On appelle devis, marché ou prix fait, l'entreprise d'un ouvrage, moyennant un prix déterminé.           

Art. 66. Lorsqu'on charge quelqu'un de faire un ouvrage, on peut convenir qu'il fournira seulement son travail ou son industrie, ou bien qu'il fournira aussi la matière.           

Art. 67. Si, dans le cas où l'ouvrier fournit la matière, la chose vient à périr, de quelque manière que ce soit, avant d'être livrée, la perte en est pour l'ouvrier, excepté que le maître ne fut en demeure de recevoir la chose.           

Art. 68. Dans le cas, où l'ouvrier fournit seulement son travail ou son industrie, si la chose vient à périr, l'ouvrier n'est tenu, que de sa faute.           

Art. 69. Si, dans le cas de l'article précédent, la chose vient à périr, quoique sans aucune faute de la part de l'ouvrier, avant que l'ouvrage ait été reçu, et sans que le maître fut en demeure de le vérifier, l'ouvrier n'a point de salarie à réclamer, excepté que la chose n'ait péri par le vice de la matière.           

Art. 70. S'il s'agit d'un ouvrage à plusieurs pièces, ou à la mesure, la vérification peut s'en faire par parties; et elle est censée faite, si le maîlea paye l'ouvrier, à proportion de l'ouvrage fait.           

Art. 71. Si, l'édifice construit à prix fait, périt, en tout ou en partie, par le vice de la construction, l'architecte, ou entrepreneur, en est responsable pendant dix ans, pour les maisons en briques, et pendant cinq ans, pour les maisons en bois ou colombage.           

Art. 72. Lorsqu'un architecte, ou entrepreneur, s'est chargé de la construction, à forfait, d'un bâtiment, d'après un plan arrêté, et convenu avec le propriétaire du sol, il ne peut demander une augmentation de prix, sous prétexte de changemens ou d'augmentations faits, s'il ne prouve que ces changemens, ou augmentations, ont été autorisés par le propriétaire.           

Art. 73. Le maître peut résilier, par sa seule volonté, le marché à forfait, quoique l'ouvrage soit déjà commencé, en dédommageant l'entrepreneur, de toutes ses dépenses, de tous ses travaux et de tout ce qu'il aurait pu gagner dans cette entreprise.           

Art. 74. Le contrat de louage d'ouvrage est dissous, par la mort de l'ouvrier, architecte ou entrepreneur, à moins que le propriétaire ne consente d'accepter, pour la continuation de l'ouvrage, l'héritier de l'entrepreneur, ou l'ouvrier que cet héritier lui présente.           

Art. 75. Mais le propriétaire est tenu, dans le première cas, de payer, en proportion du prix porté par la convention, à leur succession, la valeur des ouvrages faits, et celle des matériaux préparés, lors seulement que ces travaux, ou ces matériaux peuvent lui être utiles.           

Art. 76. L'entrepreneur répond du fait des personnes qu'il emploie.

Art. 77. Si l'ouvrier ne fait pas l'ouvrage convenu, ou s'il ne le fait pas tel, et dans le tems qu'il l'a promis, il est condamné à tous les dommages intérêts qui peuvent résulter de l'inexécution de son obligation.           

Art. 78. Les maçons, charpentiers et autres ouvriers, qui ont été employés à la construction d'un bâtiment, ou d'autres ouvrages faits à l'entreprise, n'ont d'action contre celui pour lequel les ouvrages ont été faits, que jusqu'à concurrence de ce dont il se trouve débiteur envers l'entrepreneur, au moment où leur action est intentée.           

Art. 79. Les maçons, charpentiers et serruriers, et autres ouvriers qui font directement des marchés à prix fait, sont astreints aux règles prescrites dans la présente section: car ils sont entrepreneurs dans la partie qu'ils traitent.

< Previous | Next >© Manuscript notes copyright 1968 by Louis V. de la Vergne.
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