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Table of Contents

Cover Page
Foreword
Abbreviations
Synopsis
Preliminary title Of the general definitions of rights and the promulgation of the laws
    Chapter I Of law and customs
    Chapter II Of the publication of the laws
    Chapter III Of the effects of laws
    Chapter IV Of the application and construction of laws
    Chapter V Of the repeal of laws
Book I Of persons
    Title I Of the distinction of persons, and the privation of certain civil rights in certain cases
      Chapter I Of the distinction of persons established by nature
      Chapter II Of the distinctions of persons which are established by law
    Title II Of domicil and the manner of changing the same
    Title III Of absent persons
      Chapter I Of the curatorship of absent persons
      Chapter II Of the putting into provisional possession the heirs of the absentee
      Chapter III Of the effects of absence upon the eventual rights which may belong to the absentee
      Chapter IV Of the effects of absence respecting marriage
      Chapter V Of the care of minor children whose father has disappeared
    Title IV Of husband and wife
      Chapter I On marriage
      Chapter II How marriages may be contracted or made
      Chapter III Of the nullity of marriages
      Chapter IV Of the respective rights and duties of married persons
      Chapter V Of the dissolution of marriages
      Chapter VI Of second marriages
    Title V Of the separation from bed and board
      Chapter I Of the causes of separation from bed and board
      Chapter II Of the proceedings on separation from bed and board
      Chapter III Of the provisional proceedings to which a suit for separation may give occasion
      Chapter IV Of objections to the action of separation from bed and board
      Chapter V Of the effects of separation from bed and board
    Title VI Of master and servant
      Chapter I Of the several sorts of servants
      Chapter II Of free servants
      Chapter III Of slaves
    Title VII Of father and child
      Chapter I Of children in general
      Chapter II Of legitimate children
        Section I Of legitimacy resulting from marriage
        Section II Of the manner of proving the legitimate filiation
      Chapter III Of illegitimate children
        Section I Of legitimation
        Section II Of the acknowledgment of illegitimate children
      Chapter IV Of adoption
      Chapter V Of paternal authority
        Section I Of the duties of parents towards their legitimate children, and of the duties of legitimate children towards their parents
        Section II Of the duties of parents towards their natural children, and of the duties of natural children towards their parents
    Title VIII Of minors, of their tutorship, curatorship and emancipation
      Chapter I Of tutorship
        Section I General dispositions
        Section II Of tutorship by nature
        Section III Of tutorship by will
        Section IV Of the tutorship by the effect of the law
        Section V Of dative tutorship
        Section VI Of the under tutor
        Section VII Of the causes which dispense or excuse from the tutorship
        Section VIII Of incapacity for, exclusion from and deprivation of the tutorship
        Section IX Of the administration of the tutor
      Chapter II Of the curatorship of minors
      Chapter III Of emancipation
    Title IX Of persons insane, idiots, and other persons incapable of administering their estate
      Chapter I Of the interdiction and curatorship of persons incapable of administering their estate, whether on account of insanity or of some other infirmity
      Chapter II Of the other persons to whom curators are appointed
    Title X Of communities or corporations
      Chapter I Of the nature of communities or corporations, of their use and kind
      Chapter II Of the rights and privileges of communities or corporations and of their incapacities
      Chapter III Of the dissolution of communities or corporations
Book II Of things and of the different modifications of property
    Title I Of things or estates
      Chapter I Of the distinction of things or estates
      Chapter II Of immoveables
      Chapter III Of moveables
      Chapter IV Of estates considered in their relation to those who possess them
    Title II Of absolute ownership
      Chapter I Universal principles
      Chapter II Of the right of accession to what is produced by the thing
      Chapter III Of the right of accession to what unites or incorporates itself to the thing
        Section I Of the right of accession concerning immoveables
        Section II Of the right of accession concerning moveable things
    Title III Of usufruct, use and habitation
      Chapter I Of usufruct
        Section I General definitions
        Section II Of the rights of the usufructuary
        Section III Of the obligations of the usufructuary
        Section IV Of the obligations of the owner
        Section V How usufruct expires
      Chapter II Of the use and habitation
    Title IV Of predial services or services of land
      Chapter I General principles
      Chapter II Of services which originate from the natural situation of the place
      Chapter III Of services imposed by law
        Section I Of walls, fences, and ditches in common
        Section II Of the distance and of the intermediary works required for certain buildings
        Section III Of lights on the property of a neighbor
        Section IV Of the manner of carrying off rain from the roof
        Section V Of the right of passage
      Chapter IV Of services established by the act of man
        Section I Of the different kinds of services which may be established by the act of man
        Section II How services are acquired
        Section III Of the rights of the proprietor of the estate to which the service is due
        Section IV How Services are extinguished
Book III Of the different manners of acquiring the property of things
    Preliminary title General dispositions
    Title I Of successions
      Chapter I Of the different sorts of successions and heirs
      Chapter II Of legal successions
        Section I General rules
        Section II Of the succession of descendants
        Section III Of the succession of ascendants
        Section IV Of the succession of collaterals
      Chapter III Of irregular successions
      Chapter IV In what manner successions are opened
      Chapter V Of the incapacity and unworthiness of the heirs
      Chapter VI In what manner a succession is accepted and how it is renounced
        Section I Of the acceptance pure and simple
        Section II Of the acceptance of a succession with the benefit of an inventory
      Chapter VII Of the administration of vacant estates and estates ab intestato
      Chapter VIII Of partition among heirs and of the collation of goods
        Section I Of the nature of partition and in what manner it is made
        Section II Of the collation of goods
        Section III Of the payment of debts
        Section IV Of the effect of partition and of its rescision
    Title II Of donations inter vivos (between living persons) and mortis causa (in prospect of death)
      Chapter I General dispositions
      Chapter II Of the capacity necessary for disposing of and receiving by donation inter vivos or mortis causa
      Chapter III Of the portion disposable, and of its reduction in case of excess
        Section I Of the disposable portion and the legitime
        Section II Of the reduction of dispositions inter vivos or mortis causa; of the manner in which it is made and of its effects
      Chapter IV Of dispositions reprobated by the law in donations inter vivos and mortis causa
      Chapter V Of donations inter vivos (between living)
        Section I Of the irrevocability of donations inter vivos
        Section II Of the form of donations inter vivos
        Section III Of the exceptions to the rule of the irrevocability of donations inter vivos
      Chapter VI Of dispositions mortis causa (in the prospect of death)
        Section I Of testament or codicil
        Section II Of the form of testaments and codicils
        Section III Of testamentary dispositions
        Section IV Of the institution of heir and of disinherison
        Section V Of legacies
        Section VI Of the opening and the proof of wills, and of testamentary executions
        Section VII Of the revocation of testaments and codicils and of their caducity
        Section VIII Of the interpretation of testamentary dispositions
      Chapter VII Of partitions made by parents among their descendants
      Chapter VIII Of donations made by marriage contract to the husband or wife, and to the children to be born of the marriage
      Chapter IX Of donations between married persons, either by marriage contract, or during the marriage
    Title III Of contracts and of conventional obligations in general
      Chapter I Preliminary dispositions
      Chapter II Of the conditions essential to the validity of agreements
        Section I Of consent
        Section II Of the capability of the parties contracting
        Section III Of the object and the matter of contracts
        Section IV Of the cause
      Chapter III Of the effect of obligations
        Section I General dispositions
        Section II Of the obligation of giving
        Section III Of the obligations of doing or of not doing
        Section IV Of the damages resulting from the non execution of the obligation
        Section V Of the interpretation of the agreements
        Section VI Of the effect of agreements with regard to persons not parties to them
      Chapter IV Of the different kinds of obligations
        Section I Of conditional obligations
          § 1 Of the condition in general and of its different kinds
          § 2 Of the suspensive condition
          § 3 Of the dissolving condition
        Section II Of obligations to be performed at a certain term
        Section III Of the alternative obligations
        Section IV Of obligations in solido or jointly and severally
          § 1 Of the obligation in solido between creditors
          § 2 Of the obligation in solido on the part of debtors
        Section V Of obligations divisible and indivisible
          § 1 Of the effects of a divisible obligation
          § 2 Of the effect of the indivisible obligation
        Section VI Of obligations with penal clauses
      Chapter V Of the extinction of obligations
        Section I Of payment
          § 1 Of payment in general
          § 2 Of payment with subrogation
          § 3 Of the imputation of payments
          § 4 Of tenders of payment, and consignment
          § 5 Of the surrender of property
        Section II Of novation
        Section III Of the remission of the debt
        Section IV Of compensation
        Section V Of confusion
        Section VI Of the loss of the thing due
        Section VII Of the action of nullity or of rescission of agreements
      Chapter VI Of the proof of obligations and of that of payment
        Section I Of the literal proof
          § 1 Of the authentic title
          § 2 Of the acts under private signature
          § 3 Of copies of titles
          § 4 Of recognitive and confirmative acts
        Section II Of testimonial proof
        Section III Of presumptions
          § 1 Of presumptions established by law
          § 2 Of presumption not established by law
        Section IV Of the confession of the party
        Section V Of the proof by oath
    Title IV Of engagements formed without agreements, or of quasi contracts and quasi offences
      Section I Of the quasi contract
      Section II Of quasi crimes or offences
    Title V Of marriage contract
      Chapter I General dispositions
      Chapter II Of the various kinds of matrimonial agreements
        Section I Of donations made in consideration of marriage
        Section II Of dowry or marriage portion
        Section III Of paraphernalia or extra dotal effects
        Section IV Of the partnership or community of acquests or gains
      Chapter III Of the separation of property
    Title VI Of sale
      Chapter I Of the nature and form of the contract of sale, and of the manner in which it is to be performed
      Chapter II Of persons capable of buying and selling, and of things which may be sold
      Chapter III Of the obligations of the seller
        Section I Of the tradition or delivery of the thing sold
        Section II Of the warranty, in case of eviction of the thing sold
        Section III Of the warranty of the defects of the thing sold or of the redhibitory vices
      Chapter IV Of the obligations of the buyer
      Chapter V Of the nullity and rescissions of the sale
        Section I Of the power or right of redemption
        Section II Of the rescission of sales on account of lesion
      Chapter VI Of sales by cant or auction
      Chapter VII Of the assignment or transfer of debts and other incorporeal rights
    Title VII Of exchange
    Title VIII Of letting and hiring
      Chapter I Of the several species of contracts for letting and hiring
      Chapter II Of the contract for letting out things
        Section I Of the form and duration of leases
        Section II Of the obligations of the lessor
        Section III Of the obligations of the lessee
        Section IV Of the dissolution of leases
      Chapter III Of the letting out of labour or industry
        Section I Of the hiring of servants and workmen
        Section II Of carriers and watermen
        Section III Of plots for buildings and other works
    Title IX Of partnership
      Chapter I General dispositions
      Chapter II Of the various kinds of partnerships
      Chapter III Of the obligations of partners towards each other, and towards third persons
        Section I Of the obligations of partners towards each other
        Section II Of the obligations of partners towards third persons
      Chapter IV Of the different manners in which partnerships end
    Title X Of loan
      Chapter I Of the loan for use or commodatum
        Section I Of the nature of the loan for use
        Section II Of the engagements of the borrower for use
        Section III Of the engagements of the lender for use
      Chapter II Of the loan for consumption or mutuum
        Section I Of the nature of the loan for consumption
        Section II Of the obligations of the lender for consumption
        Section III Of the engagements of the borrower for consumption
      Chapter III Of loan on interest
    Title XI Of deposit and sequestration
      Chapter I Of deposit in general and of its divers kinds
      Chapter II Of the deposit properly so called
        Section I Of the nature and essence of the contract of deposit
        Section II Of the obligations of the depository
        Section III Of the obligations of him by whom the deposit has been made
        Section IV Of the necessary deposit
      Chapter III Of sequestration
        Section I Of its different species
        Section II Of the conventional sequestration
        Section III Of the judicial sequestration or deposit
    Title XII Of aleatory contracts
    Title XIII Of mandate or commission
      Chapter I Of the nature of proxies, mandates and commissions
      Chapter II What persons may be appointed attornies in fact
      Chapter III Of the obligations of a person acting under a power of attorney
      Chapter IV Of the obligations of the principal who acts by his attorney in fact
      Chapter V How the procuration expires
    Title XIV Of suretyship
      Chapter I Of the nature and extent of suretyship
      Chapter II Of the effects of suretyship
        Section I Of the effects of suretyship between the creditor and the surety
        Section II Of the effects of suretyship between the debtor and the surety
        Section III Respecting the effects of suretyship between the sureties
      Chapter III Of the extinction of suretyship
      Chapter IV Of the legal and judicial sureties
    Title XV Of transactions
    Title XVI Of respite
    Title XVII Of compromises or arbitration
    Title XVIII Of pledge
    Title XIX Of privileges and mortgages
      Chapter I Of the nature of a mortgage and of its several sorts
      Chapter II Who may mortgage and what thing may be mortgaged
      Chapter III Of the effects of mortgage
        Section I Of the effects of mortgage with regard to the debtor
        Section II Of the effects of mortgages against third possessors and of the action of mortgage
        Section III Of the registering of mortgages and of the register kept for that purpose
      Chapter IV Of the order of privileges and mortgages
        Section I Of the preference and order of privileges
      Chapter V How privileges or mortgages expire or are extinguished
    Title XX Of occupancy, possession and prescription
      Chapter I Of occupancy
      Chapter II Of possession
      Chapter III Of prescription
        Section I Of the possession required to establish prescription
        Section II Of the causes which suspend or interrupt prescriptions
        Section III Of the several species of prescription
    Title XXI Of the title by judgment or seizure
Index
Manuscript index
Manuscript index Part 2

SECTION III – OF THE WARRANTY OF THE DEFECTS OF THE THING SOLD OR OF THE REDHIBITORY VICES

Art. 65. Redhibition is the cancelling of the sale on account of some defect in the thing sold, such as may be sufficient to oblige the seller to take it back again and have the sale annulled.

Art. 66. The seller is bound to declare to the buyer the defects of the thing sold, as far as they are known to him, and if he does not do it, the sale shall be cancelled or the price shall be diminished according to the kind of defects, aud the seller shall be liable to damages towards the buyer by the following rules.

Art. 67. Any kind of defect in the thing sold, is not a ground for the action of redhibition; such defects alone are considered as render the thing absolutely unfit for the purpose for which it was intended in commerce, or such as so far diminish its utility or render it so inconvenient that it is presumable that if these defects had been known to the buyer, he would not have bought at all, or would have bought at a reduced price.

Art. 68. Although the defects of the thing sold were unknown to the seller, he will nevertheless be responsible, if these defects are of a hidden nature, and the seller may, in this case, have the sale cancelled or have the price lessened, unless that the seller has stipulated that he should be under no kind of warranty.

Art. 69. The seller is not accountable for the apparent defects or vices which the buyer could have seen himself, as for instance, if a horse has his eyes put out; the buyer cannot complain of a defect of which he is ignorant only through his own fault, any more than of those that the seller may have declared to him.

Art. 70. In the cases of the above articles 67 & 68, the buyer has the choice either to return the thing and have the price restored to him, or to keep possession of the same and have such part of the price as shall be estimated by able men, refunded to him.

Art. 71. If the seller was acquainted with the defects of the thing, he is liable to all damages towards the buyer, besides the restitution of the price he may have received.

Art. 72. If the seller was ignorant of the defects of the thing, he shall only be obliged to the restitution of the price and to make reimbursement to the buyer of the costs occasioned by the sale.

Art. 73. If the defective thing has perished through its bad quality the loss is for the seller who will be bound towards the buyer for the restitution of the price with damages as is explained in the two preceding articles.
But the loss proceeding from an unforeseen accident, shall be for the buyer.

Art. 74. The action of redhibition does not take place in sales made by an authority of justice.

Art. 75. Whether this action has for its object the cancelling of the sale or a mere reduction of the price, it ought to be instituted within six months from the date of the sale at the farthest, or from the time that the defects or vices have been discovered; provided that in this latter case, not more than one year have elapsed from the time of the sale, and after that term the buyer shall not be admitted to said action.

Art. 76. It is besides necessary that the buyer prove in a satisfactory manner that the defect of which he complains existed at the time of the sale or anterior to that time.
If the defect appears immediately after the sale, or within the three following days, it shall be presumed that said defect existed before the sale or at the time it was made.

Art. 77. The defects or vices which generally give rise to the action of redhibition against the sale of horses and mules are the following, to wit: short wind, glanders, foundering and blindness, and other defects of that kind according to circumstances and the particular usages of this territory.

Art. 78. The redhibitory defects concerning slaves are divided into two classes, to wit: the vices of the disposition or temper, and the defects of the body.

Art. 79. The redhibitory vices and defects inherent in the disposition of slaves shall hereafter be limited to cases where it is proved that the slave has been guilty of some capital crime, or that he is addicted to robbery, or in the habit of running away.

Art. 80. The redhibitory defects owing to the sickness or infirmities of slaves consist principally in the three following diseases, to wit:
The Leprosy;
Madness;
And the Epilepsy.
With regard to other ailments or infirmities with which slaves may be attacked, they form or constitute redhibitory defects only when they are incurable by their nature, so that the slave subject thereto is absolutely unfit for the service for which he is destined, or that his services are so inconvenient, difficult and interrupted, that it is to be presumed the buyer would not have bought him at all, if he had been acquainted with the defect, or that he would not have given so high a price, had he known that the said slave was subject to that sickness or infirmity.
But if the said sickness or infirmity is, by its nature, curable, whatever expences, time or care the cure may require, such defect cannot be considered as redhibitory, unless it should be proved that the seller was acquainted with said defect, before the sale or at the time it was made.

Art. 81. When the seller has declared that the thing sold by him, besides being free from the defects against which he is naturally to warrant it, had some quality which rendered the said thing better or more valuable and it is discovered that that quality is wanting, or that instead of it, the thing has the opposite defects or vices, the buyer shall be well founded to claim, according to the circumstances, either the cancelling of the sale or the diminution of the price, or even damages against the seller.
In this case, it will be necessary to judge of the effect that the declaration of the seller may have produced on the buyer in determining him to purchase, from the importance more or less of the qualities which may have been announced; from the knowledge that the said buyer could or ought to have had of the falseness or exaggeration of that declaration, and above all it must be considered whether these said qualities have been made a condition, without which the sale would not have taken place at all, or at least not for the same price.

SECTION III - DE LA GARANTIE DES DÉFAUTS DE LA CHOSE VENDUE, OU DES VICES RÉDHIBITOIRES

Art. 65. On appelle rédhibition, la résolution de la vente, à cause de quelque défaut de la chose vendue, qui soit tel qu'il suffise pour obliger le vendeur à la reprendre, et pour annuler la vente.           

Art. 66. Le vendeur est obligé de déclarer à l'acquéreur les défauts de la chose vendue qui lui sont connus, et s'il ne le fait pas, ou la vente sera résolue ou le prix diminué, selon la qualité des défauts, et le vendeur sera tenu des dommages intérêts de l'acheteur, par les règles qui suivent.           

Art. 67. Toutes espèces de vices ou de défauts de la chose vendue, ne donnent pas lieu à l'action de rédhibition; on ne considère que ceux qui rendent cette chose absolument inutile à l'usage pour leque elle est destinée dans le commerce, ou qui diminuent tellement cet usage, ou le rendent si incommode qu'il est présumable que s'ils eussent été connus de l'acheteur, il n'aurait pas acheté du tout, ou n'aurait acheté qu'à moindre prix.           

Art. 68. Quoique les défauts ou vices de la chose vendue fussent inconnus au vendeur, il n'en sera pas moins garant, si les défauts ou vices sont d'une nature cachée, et le vendeur pourra en ce cas, faire résoudre la vente ou diminuer le prix, si ce n'est que le vendeur n'ait stipulé qu'il ne serait obligé à aucune garantie.           

Art. 69. Le vendeur n'est pas tenu des vices apparents dont l'acheteur a pu se convaincre lui-même, comme si un cheval a les yeux crevés, l'acquéreur ne pouvant se plaindre de ces défauts qu'il n'a pu ignorer que par sa faute, non plus que de ceux que le vendeur lui aura déclarés.           

Art. 70. Dans les cas des articles 67 et 68 ci-dessus, l'acheteur a le choix de rendre la chose, et de se faire restituer le prix; ou de garder la chose, et de se faire rendre une partie du prix, telle qu'elle sera arbitrée par experts. 

Art. 71. Si le vendeur connaissait les vices de la chose, il est tenu outre la restitution du prix qu'il en a reçu, de tous les dommages intérêts envers l'acheteur. 

Art. 72. Si le vendeur ignorait les vices de la chose, il ne sera tenu qu'à la restitution du prix, et à rembourser à l'acquéreur les frais occasionnés par la vente. 

Art. 73. Si la chose qui avait des vices, a péri par suite de sa mauvaise qualité, la perte est pour le vendeur, qui sera tenu envers l'acheteur, à la restitution du prix et aux autres dédommagemens expliqués dans les deux articles précédens.
Mais la perte arrivée, par cas fortuit, sera pour le compte de l'acheteur. 

Art. 74. L'action en rédhibition n'a pas lieu dans les ventes faites par autorité de justice. 

Art. 75. Cette action, soit qu'elle ait pour objet la résolution de la vente, ou une simple réduction du prix, doit être intentée, au plus tard, dans les six mois de la date de la vente, ou de l'époque où le vice ou le défaut a été découvert, pourvu que, dans ce dernier cas, il ne se soit pas écoulé plus d'un an depuis la vente; et ce délai passé, l'acquéreur ne sera plus recevable dans cette action. 

Art. 76. Il faut, en outre, que l'acquéreur prouve, d'une manière suffisante, que le vice, ou défaut dont il se plaint, existait lors de la vente, ou antérieurement à son époque.
Si le vice, ou défaut s'est manifesté, immédiatement après la vente ou dans les trois jours qui l'ont suivi on présumera qu'il existait avant la vente ou à l'instant où elle a été faite. 

Art. 77. Les vices, ou défauts qui donnent lieu, en général, à l'action de rédhibition contre la vente des chevaux et mulets, sont: la pousse, la morve, la courbature, la privation de la vue, et autres défauts de ce genre, suivant les circonstances et les usages particuliers à ce territoire. 

Art. 78. Les vices rédhibitoires des esclaves se divisent en deux classes:
Les vices de caractère,
Et les vices de corps. 

Art. 79. Les vices rédhibitoires, qui tiennent au mauvais caractère des esclaves, se borneront désormais aux seuls cas où il est prouvé:
Que l'esclave a commis quelque crime capital;
Ou qu'il est adonné au vol;
Ou qu'il est dans l'habitude d'aller marron. 

Art. 80. Les vices rédhibitoires, qui tiennent aux maladies ou aux infirmités des esclaves, consistent principalement dans les trois maladies suivantes, savoir:
La lèpre;
La folie;
Le mal caduc.
A l'égard des autres maladies ou infirmités, dont peuvent être attaqués les esclaves, elles ne forment des vices rédhibitoires qu'autant qu'elles sont incurables par leur nature, de manière à ce que l'esclave, qui y est sujet, soit absolument inutile à l'usage auquel il est destiné, ou que son service soit tellement incommode, difficile ou interrompu, qu'on doit présumer que l'acquéreur ne l'aurait pas acheté du tout, s'il avait connu ce vice, ou qu'il n'en aurait pas donné un aussi grand prix, s'il eut connu qu'il était attaqué de cette maladie ou infirmité.
Mais, si la maladie ou infirmité est curable de sa nature, quelque dépense ou soins que le traitement puisse exiger, elle ne peut être considérée comme un vice rédhibitoire, à moins qu'il ne soit prouvé, que le vendeur en avait connaissance avant la vente, ou à l'instant où elle a été passée. 

Art. 81. Lorsque le vendeur a déclaré que la chose par lui vendue, outre l'exemption des vices ou défauts qu'il doit naturellement garantir, avait quelque qualité qui la rendit meilleure ou plus précieuse, et que cette qualité se trouve manquer, ou même être remplacée par des vices ou défauts contraires, l'acquéreur pourra être bien fonde à réclamer, suivant les circonstances, ou la résolution de la vente, ou la diminution du prix, ou même des dommages et intérêts contre le vendeur.
Dans ce cas, il faudra juger de l'effet que la déclaration du vendeur aura pu produire sur l'acquéreur pour le déterminer à acheter, d'après la connaissance que l'acquéreur pouvait ou devait avoir de la fausseté ou de l'exagération de cette déclaration, et surtout, il faudra considérer si ces qualités ont fait une condition sans laquelle la vente n'eut pas été faite du tout, ou n'eut pas été faite au même prix.

< Previous | Next >© Manuscript notes copyright 1968 by Louis V. de la Vergne.
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