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Table of Contents

Cover Page
Foreword
Abbreviations
Synopsis
Preliminary title Of the general definitions of rights and the promulgation of the laws
    Chapter I Of law and customs
    Chapter II Of the publication of the laws
    Chapter III Of the effects of laws
    Chapter IV Of the application and construction of laws
    Chapter V Of the repeal of laws
Book I Of persons
    Title I Of the distinction of persons, and the privation of certain civil rights in certain cases
      Chapter I Of the distinction of persons established by nature
      Chapter II Of the distinctions of persons which are established by law
    Title II Of domicil and the manner of changing the same
    Title III Of absent persons
      Chapter I Of the curatorship of absent persons
      Chapter II Of the putting into provisional possession the heirs of the absentee
      Chapter III Of the effects of absence upon the eventual rights which may belong to the absentee
      Chapter IV Of the effects of absence respecting marriage
      Chapter V Of the care of minor children whose father has disappeared
    Title IV Of husband and wife
      Chapter I On marriage
      Chapter II How marriages may be contracted or made
      Chapter III Of the nullity of marriages
      Chapter IV Of the respective rights and duties of married persons
      Chapter V Of the dissolution of marriages
      Chapter VI Of second marriages
    Title V Of the separation from bed and board
      Chapter I Of the causes of separation from bed and board
      Chapter II Of the proceedings on separation from bed and board
      Chapter III Of the provisional proceedings to which a suit for separation may give occasion
      Chapter IV Of objections to the action of separation from bed and board
      Chapter V Of the effects of separation from bed and board
    Title VI Of master and servant
      Chapter I Of the several sorts of servants
      Chapter II Of free servants
      Chapter III Of slaves
    Title VII Of father and child
      Chapter I Of children in general
      Chapter II Of legitimate children
        Section I Of legitimacy resulting from marriage
        Section II Of the manner of proving the legitimate filiation
      Chapter III Of illegitimate children
        Section I Of legitimation
        Section II Of the acknowledgment of illegitimate children
      Chapter IV Of adoption
      Chapter V Of paternal authority
        Section I Of the duties of parents towards their legitimate children, and of the duties of legitimate children towards their parents
        Section II Of the duties of parents towards their natural children, and of the duties of natural children towards their parents
    Title VIII Of minors, of their tutorship, curatorship and emancipation
      Chapter I Of tutorship
        Section I General dispositions
        Section II Of tutorship by nature
        Section III Of tutorship by will
        Section IV Of the tutorship by the effect of the law
        Section V Of dative tutorship
        Section VI Of the under tutor
        Section VII Of the causes which dispense or excuse from the tutorship
        Section VIII Of incapacity for, exclusion from and deprivation of the tutorship
        Section IX Of the administration of the tutor
      Chapter II Of the curatorship of minors
      Chapter III Of emancipation
    Title IX Of persons insane, idiots, and other persons incapable of administering their estate
      Chapter I Of the interdiction and curatorship of persons incapable of administering their estate, whether on account of insanity or of some other infirmity
      Chapter II Of the other persons to whom curators are appointed
    Title X Of communities or corporations
      Chapter I Of the nature of communities or corporations, of their use and kind
      Chapter II Of the rights and privileges of communities or corporations and of their incapacities
      Chapter III Of the dissolution of communities or corporations
Book II Of things and of the different modifications of property
    Title I Of things or estates
      Chapter I Of the distinction of things or estates
      Chapter II Of immoveables
      Chapter III Of moveables
      Chapter IV Of estates considered in their relation to those who possess them
    Title II Of absolute ownership
      Chapter I Universal principles
      Chapter II Of the right of accession to what is produced by the thing
      Chapter III Of the right of accession to what unites or incorporates itself to the thing
        Section I Of the right of accession concerning immoveables
        Section II Of the right of accession concerning moveable things
    Title III Of usufruct, use and habitation
      Chapter I Of usufruct
        Section I General definitions
        Section II Of the rights of the usufructuary
        Section III Of the obligations of the usufructuary
        Section IV Of the obligations of the owner
        Section V How usufruct expires
      Chapter II Of the use and habitation
    Title IV Of predial services or services of land
      Chapter I General principles
      Chapter II Of services which originate from the natural situation of the place
      Chapter III Of services imposed by law
        Section I Of walls, fences, and ditches in common
        Section II Of the distance and of the intermediary works required for certain buildings
        Section III Of lights on the property of a neighbor
        Section IV Of the manner of carrying off rain from the roof
        Section V Of the right of passage
      Chapter IV Of services established by the act of man
        Section I Of the different kinds of services which may be established by the act of man
        Section II How services are acquired
        Section III Of the rights of the proprietor of the estate to which the service is due
        Section IV How Services are extinguished
Book III Of the different manners of acquiring the property of things
    Preliminary title General dispositions
    Title I Of successions
      Chapter I Of the different sorts of successions and heirs
      Chapter II Of legal successions
        Section I General rules
        Section II Of the succession of descendants
        Section III Of the succession of ascendants
        Section IV Of the succession of collaterals
      Chapter III Of irregular successions
      Chapter IV In what manner successions are opened
      Chapter V Of the incapacity and unworthiness of the heirs
      Chapter VI In what manner a succession is accepted and how it is renounced
        Section I Of the acceptance pure and simple
        Section II Of the acceptance of a succession with the benefit of an inventory
      Chapter VII Of the administration of vacant estates and estates ab intestato
      Chapter VIII Of partition among heirs and of the collation of goods
        Section I Of the nature of partition and in what manner it is made
        Section II Of the collation of goods
        Section III Of the payment of debts
        Section IV Of the effect of partition and of its rescision
    Title II Of donations inter vivos (between living persons) and mortis causa (in prospect of death)
      Chapter I General dispositions
      Chapter II Of the capacity necessary for disposing of and receiving by donation inter vivos or mortis causa
      Chapter III Of the portion disposable, and of its reduction in case of excess
        Section I Of the disposable portion and the legitime
        Section II Of the reduction of dispositions inter vivos or mortis causa; of the manner in which it is made and of its effects
      Chapter IV Of dispositions reprobated by the law in donations inter vivos and mortis causa
      Chapter V Of donations inter vivos (between living)
        Section I Of the irrevocability of donations inter vivos
        Section II Of the form of donations inter vivos
        Section III Of the exceptions to the rule of the irrevocability of donations inter vivos
      Chapter VI Of dispositions mortis causa (in the prospect of death)
        Section I Of testament or codicil
        Section II Of the form of testaments and codicils
        Section III Of testamentary dispositions
        Section IV Of the institution of heir and of disinherison
        Section V Of legacies
        Section VI Of the opening and the proof of wills, and of testamentary executions
        Section VII Of the revocation of testaments and codicils and of their caducity
        Section VIII Of the interpretation of testamentary dispositions
      Chapter VII Of partitions made by parents among their descendants
      Chapter VIII Of donations made by marriage contract to the husband or wife, and to the children to be born of the marriage
      Chapter IX Of donations between married persons, either by marriage contract, or during the marriage
    Title III Of contracts and of conventional obligations in general
      Chapter I Preliminary dispositions
      Chapter II Of the conditions essential to the validity of agreements
        Section I Of consent
        Section II Of the capability of the parties contracting
        Section III Of the object and the matter of contracts
        Section IV Of the cause
      Chapter III Of the effect of obligations
        Section I General dispositions
        Section II Of the obligation of giving
        Section III Of the obligations of doing or of not doing
        Section IV Of the damages resulting from the non execution of the obligation
        Section V Of the interpretation of the agreements
        Section VI Of the effect of agreements with regard to persons not parties to them
      Chapter IV Of the different kinds of obligations
        Section I Of conditional obligations
          § 1 Of the condition in general and of its different kinds
          § 2 Of the suspensive condition
          § 3 Of the dissolving condition
        Section II Of obligations to be performed at a certain term
        Section III Of the alternative obligations
        Section IV Of obligations in solido or jointly and severally
          § 1 Of the obligation in solido between creditors
          § 2 Of the obligation in solido on the part of debtors
        Section V Of obligations divisible and indivisible
          § 1 Of the effects of a divisible obligation
          § 2 Of the effect of the indivisible obligation
        Section VI Of obligations with penal clauses
      Chapter V Of the extinction of obligations
        Section I Of payment
          § 1 Of payment in general
          § 2 Of payment with subrogation
          § 3 Of the imputation of payments
          § 4 Of tenders of payment, and consignment
          § 5 Of the surrender of property
        Section II Of novation
        Section III Of the remission of the debt
        Section IV Of compensation
        Section V Of confusion
        Section VI Of the loss of the thing due
        Section VII Of the action of nullity or of rescission of agreements
      Chapter VI Of the proof of obligations and of that of payment
        Section I Of the literal proof
          § 1 Of the authentic title
          § 2 Of the acts under private signature
          § 3 Of copies of titles
          § 4 Of recognitive and confirmative acts
        Section II Of testimonial proof
        Section III Of presumptions
          § 1 Of presumptions established by law
          § 2 Of presumption not established by law
        Section IV Of the confession of the party
        Section V Of the proof by oath
    Title IV Of engagements formed without agreements, or of quasi contracts and quasi offences
      Section I Of the quasi contract
      Section II Of quasi crimes or offences
    Title V Of marriage contract
      Chapter I General dispositions
      Chapter II Of the various kinds of matrimonial agreements
        Section I Of donations made in consideration of marriage
        Section II Of dowry or marriage portion
        Section III Of paraphernalia or extra dotal effects
        Section IV Of the partnership or community of acquests or gains
      Chapter III Of the separation of property
    Title VI Of sale
      Chapter I Of the nature and form of the contract of sale, and of the manner in which it is to be performed
      Chapter II Of persons capable of buying and selling, and of things which may be sold
      Chapter III Of the obligations of the seller
        Section I Of the tradition or delivery of the thing sold
        Section II Of the warranty, in case of eviction of the thing sold
        Section III Of the warranty of the defects of the thing sold or of the redhibitory vices
      Chapter IV Of the obligations of the buyer
      Chapter V Of the nullity and rescissions of the sale
        Section I Of the power or right of redemption
        Section II Of the rescission of sales on account of lesion
      Chapter VI Of sales by cant or auction
      Chapter VII Of the assignment or transfer of debts and other incorporeal rights
    Title VII Of exchange
    Title VIII Of letting and hiring
      Chapter I Of the several species of contracts for letting and hiring
      Chapter II Of the contract for letting out things
        Section I Of the form and duration of leases
        Section II Of the obligations of the lessor
        Section III Of the obligations of the lessee
        Section IV Of the dissolution of leases
      Chapter III Of the letting out of labour or industry
        Section I Of the hiring of servants and workmen
        Section II Of carriers and watermen
        Section III Of plots for buildings and other works
    Title IX Of partnership
      Chapter I General dispositions
      Chapter II Of the various kinds of partnerships
      Chapter III Of the obligations of partners towards each other, and towards third persons
        Section I Of the obligations of partners towards each other
        Section II Of the obligations of partners towards third persons
      Chapter IV Of the different manners in which partnerships end
    Title X Of loan
      Chapter I Of the loan for use or commodatum
        Section I Of the nature of the loan for use
        Section II Of the engagements of the borrower for use
        Section III Of the engagements of the lender for use
      Chapter II Of the loan for consumption or mutuum
        Section I Of the nature of the loan for consumption
        Section II Of the obligations of the lender for consumption
        Section III Of the engagements of the borrower for consumption
      Chapter III Of loan on interest
    Title XI Of deposit and sequestration
      Chapter I Of deposit in general and of its divers kinds
      Chapter II Of the deposit properly so called
        Section I Of the nature and essence of the contract of deposit
        Section II Of the obligations of the depository
        Section III Of the obligations of him by whom the deposit has been made
        Section IV Of the necessary deposit
      Chapter III Of sequestration
        Section I Of its different species
        Section II Of the conventional sequestration
        Section III Of the judicial sequestration or deposit
    Title XII Of aleatory contracts
    Title XIII Of mandate or commission
      Chapter I Of the nature of proxies, mandates and commissions
      Chapter II What persons may be appointed attornies in fact
      Chapter III Of the obligations of a person acting under a power of attorney
      Chapter IV Of the obligations of the principal who acts by his attorney in fact
      Chapter V How the procuration expires
    Title XIV Of suretyship
      Chapter I Of the nature and extent of suretyship
      Chapter II Of the effects of suretyship
        Section I Of the effects of suretyship between the creditor and the surety
        Section II Of the effects of suretyship between the debtor and the surety
        Section III Respecting the effects of suretyship between the sureties
      Chapter III Of the extinction of suretyship
      Chapter IV Of the legal and judicial sureties
    Title XV Of transactions
    Title XVI Of respite
    Title XVII Of compromises or arbitration
    Title XVIII Of pledge
    Title XIX Of privileges and mortgages
      Chapter I Of the nature of a mortgage and of its several sorts
      Chapter II Who may mortgage and what thing may be mortgaged
      Chapter III Of the effects of mortgage
        Section I Of the effects of mortgage with regard to the debtor
        Section II Of the effects of mortgages against third possessors and of the action of mortgage
        Section III Of the registering of mortgages and of the register kept for that purpose
      Chapter IV Of the order of privileges and mortgages
        Section I Of the preference and order of privileges
      Chapter V How privileges or mortgages expire or are extinguished
    Title XX Of occupancy, possession and prescription
      Chapter I Of occupancy
      Chapter II Of possession
      Chapter III Of prescription
        Section I Of the possession required to establish prescription
        Section II Of the causes which suspend or interrupt prescriptions
        Section III Of the several species of prescription
    Title XXI Of the title by judgment or seizure
Index
Manuscript index
Manuscript index Part 2

CHAPTER IV - OF THE DIFFERENT KINDS OF OBLIGATIONS

 

SECTION I - OF CONDITIONAL OBLIGATIONS

 

§ 1 - OF THE CONDITION IN GENERAL AND OF ITS DIFFERENT KINDS

Art. 68. The obligation is conditional when the fact depends on a future and uncertain event, whether it be suspended until the event happen, or be declared void in case the event shall or shall not have taken place.

Art. 69. The casual condition is that which depends on chance, and is no way in the power either of the creditor or of the debtor.

Art. 70. The potestative condition is that which makes the execution of the agreement depend on an event which it is in the power of the one or the other of the contracting parties to bring about or to hinder.

Art. 71. The mixt condition is that which depends at once on the will of one of the contracting parties, and on the will of a third person.

Art. 72. Every condition of a thing impossible or contra bonos mores (repugnant to moral conduct) or prohibited by law, is null and renders void the agreement with depends on it.

Art. 73. The condition not to do a thing impossible, does not render void the obligation contracted under that condition.

Art. 74. Every obligation is null, that has been contracted on a potestative condition on the part of him who binds himself.

Art. 75. Every condition must be performed in the manner that it is probable that the parties wished and intended that it should be.

Art. 76. When an obligation has been contracted on condition that au event shall happen within a limitted time, the condition is considered as broken when the time has expired without the event's having taken place. If there be no time fixed, the condition may always be performed, and it is not considered as broken, until it is become certain that the event will not happen.

Art. 77. When an obligation has been contracted on condition that a particular event shall not happen within a certain space of time, that condition is fulfilled when that time is elapsed without the event's having taken place; it is equally fulfilled if before the expiration of the time, it be certain that the event will not take place; and if the time be not fixed, the condition is not complied with, until it be certain that the event will not happen.

Art. 78. The condition is considered as fulfilled, when the fulfillment of it, has been prevented by the party bound to perform it.

Art. 79. The condition being complied with, has a retroactive effect to the day that the engagement was contracted; if the creditor dies before the accomplishment of the condition, his rights devolve on his heirs.

Art. 80. The creditor may before the fulfillment of the condition, perform all acts conservatory of his rights.

 

§ 2 - OF THE SUSPENSIVE CONDITION

Art. 81. The obligation contracted on a suspensive condition, is that which depends either on a future and uncertain event, or on an event which has actually taken place, without its being yet known to the parties.
In the former case, the obligation cannot be executed till after the event; in the latter, the obligation has its effect from the day on which it was contracted.

Art. 82. When the obligation has been contracted on a suspensive condition, the thing which forms the subject of the agreement, remains at the risk of the debtor, who has bound himself to deliver it, only in case of the event of the condition.
If the thing be entirely destroyed, without the fault of the debtor, the obligation is extinguished.
If the thing be impaired, without the fault of the debtor, it is at the option of the creditor, either to dissolve the obligation or to require the thing in the state in which it is, without diminution of the price.
If the thing be impaired, through the fault of the debtor, the creditor has a right to dissolve the obligation, or to require the thing in the state in which it is, with damages.

 

§ 3 - OF THE DISSOLVING CONDITION

Art. 83. The dissolving condition is that which, when accomplished, operates the revocation of the obligation, placing matters in the same state as though the obligation had not existed.
It does not suspend the execution of the obligation; it only obliges the creditor to restore what he has received, in case the event provided for in the condition takes place.

Art. 84. The dissolving condition is always understood in synallagmatic contracts, in case of either of the parties not complying with his engagements.
In this case, the contract is not dissolved of right, the party towards whom the engagement has not been executed, has the option either to compel the other party to the execution of the agreement, if it be possible, or to require its dissolution, with damages.
The dissolution must be sued for at law, and the defendant may be allowed delay, according to circumstances.

 

SECTION II - OF OBLIGATIONS TO BE PERFORMED AT A CERTAIN TERM

Art. 85. The term differs from the condition, in as much as it does not suspend the engagement, but only retards its execution.

Art. 86. What is due only at a certain time, cannot be demanded before the expiration of the intermediate time, but what has been paid in advance, cannot be redemanded.

Art. 87. The term is always presumed to be stipulated in favor of the debtor, unles it result from the stipulation, or from circumstances, that it was also agreed upon in favor of the creditor.

Art. 88. The debtor can no longer claim the benefit of the term, after he has failed, or after he has, by his own act diminished the securities that he had given by the contract, to his creditor.

 

SECTION III - OF THE ALTERNATIVE OBLIGATIONS

Art. 89. The debtor in an alternative obligation, is discharged by the delivery of one of the two things that were comprised in the obligation.

Art. 90. The option belongs to the debtor, unless it has been expressly granted to the creditor.

Art. 91. The debtor may exhonerate himself, by delivering one of the two things promised, but he cannot force the creditor to receive a part of the one and a part of the other.

Art. 92. The obligation is pure and simple, although contracted in an alternative manner, if one of the two things promised could not be the subject of the obligation.

Art. 93. The alternative obligation becomes pure and simple, if one of the things promised be destroyed, even through the fault of the debtor, and can no longer be delivered. The price of that thing cannot be offered in its stead.
If both the things be destroyed, and the debtor be in fault with regard to one of them, he must pay the price of that one which was destroyed the last.

Art. 94. When in the cases provided for in the preceding article, the option was given by agreement to the creditor; either only one of the things is destroyed, and then if it be without fault of the debtor, the creditor must have that one which remains; if the debtor be in fault, the creditor may demand the thing that remains, or the price of that which is destroyed;
Or both the things are destroyed, and then if the debtor be in fault with regard to both, or even with regard to one of them alone, the creditor has his option to demand either of them.

Art. 95. If both the things be destroyed, without the fault of the debtor, and before he has delayed the delivery, the obligation becomes extinct conformably to article the 202d of this title.

Art. 96. The same principles apply to cases where there are more than two things comprised in the alternative obligation.

CHAPITRE IV - DES DIVERSES ESPÈCES D'OBLIGATIONS

 

SECTION I - DES OBLIGATIONS CONDITIONNELLES

 

§ 1 - DE LA CONDITION EN GÉNÉRAL, ET DE SES DIVERSES ESPÈCES

Art. 68. L'obligation est conditionnelle, lorsqu'on la fait dépendre d'un événement future et incertain, soit en la suspendant jusqu'à ce que l'événement arrive, soit en la résiliant, selon que l'événement arrivera ou n'arrivera pas.

Art. 69. La condition casuelle, est celle qui dépend du hasard, et qui n'est nullement au pouvoir du créancier, ni du débiteur.

Art. 70. La condition potestative, est celle qui fait dépendre l'exécution de la convention, d'un événement qu'il est au pouvoir de l'une ou de l'autre des parties contractantes, de faire arriver au d'empêcher.

Art. 71. La condition mixte, est celle qui dépend, tout à la fois, de la volonté d'une des parties contractantes, et de la volonté d'un tiers.

Art. 72. Toute condition d'une chose impossible, ou contraire aux bonnes mæurs, ou prohibée par la loi, est nulle, et rend nulle la convention qui en dépend.

Art. 73. La condition de ne pas faire une chose impossible, ne rend pas nulle l'obligation contractée sous cette condition.

Art. 74. Toute obligation est nulle, lorsqu'elle a été contractée sous une condition potestative de la part de célui qui s'oblige.

Art. 75. Toute condition doit être accomplie, de la manière que les parties ont, vraisemblablement, voulu et entendu qu'elle le fut.

Art. 76. Lorsqu'une obligation est contractée, sous la condition qu'un événement arrivera dans un tems fixe, cette condition est censée défaillie, lorsque le tems est expiré, sans que l'événement soit arrivé; s'il n'y a point de tems fixe, la condition peut toujours être accomplie, et elle n'est censée défaillie, que lorsqu'il est devenu certain, que l'événement n'arrivera pas.

Art. 77. Lorsqu'une obligation est contractée, sous la condition qu'un événement n'arrivera pas dans un tems fixe, cette condition est accomplie, lorsque ce tems est expiré, sans que l'événement soit arrivé; elle l'est également, si avant le terme, il est certain que cette condition n'arrivera pas; et s'il n'y a pas de tems déterminé, elle n'est accomplie que, lorsqu'il est certain que l'événement n'arrivera pas.

Art. 78. La condition est réputée accomplie, lorsque c'est le débiteur obligé sous cette condition, qui en a empêché l'accomplissement.

Art. 79. La condition accomplie a un effet rétroactif au jour auquel l'engagement a été contracté; si le créancier est mort avant l'accomplissement de la condition, ses droits passent à son héritier.

Art. 80. Le créancier peut, avant que la condition soit accomplie, exercer tous les actes conservatoires de son droit.

   

§ 2 - DE LA CONDITION SUSPENSIVE

Art. 81. L'obligation contractée sous une condition suspensive, est celle qui dépend, ou d'un événement futur et incertain, ou d'un événement actuellement arrivé, mais encore inconnu des parties.
Dans le premier cas, l'obligation ne peut être exécutée qu'après l'événement.   
Dans le second cas, l'obligation a son effet du jour où elle a été contractée.

Art. 82. Lorsque l'obligation a été contractée sous une obligation suspensive, la chose qui fait la matière de la convention, demeure aux risques de débiteur qui ne s'est obligé de la livrer, que dans le cas de l'événement de la condition.
Si la chose est entièrement périe, sans la faute du débiteur, l'obligation est éteinte.
Si la chose s'est détériorée, sans la faute du débiteur, le créancier a le choix, ou de résoudre l'obligation, ou d'exiger la chose dans l'état où elle se trouve, sans diminution du prix.
Si la chose s'est détériorée par la faute du débiteur, le créancier a le droit de résoudre l'obligation, ou d'exiger la chose dans l'état où elle se trouve, avec des dommages intérêts.

 

§ 3 - DE LA CONDITION RÉSOLUTOIRE

Art. 83. La condition résolutoire est celle qui, lorsqu'elle s'accomplit, opère la révocation de l'obligation, et qui remet les choses au même état que si l'obligation n'avait pas existé.
Elle ne suspend point l'exécution de l'obligation; elle oblige seulement le créancier, à restituer ce qu'il a reçu, dans le cas où l'événement prévu pour la condition, arrive.

Art. 84. La condition résolutoire est toujours sous entendue, dans les contrats synallagmatiques, pour le cas où l'une des deux parties ne satisfera point à son engagement.
Dans ce cas, le contrat n'est point résolu de plein droit; la partie envers laquelle l'engagement n'a point été exécuté, a le choix, ou de forcer l'autre
à l'exécution de la convention, lorsqu'elle est possible, ou d'en demander la résolution, avec dommages et intérêts.
La résolution doit être demandée en justice, et il peut être accordé au défendeur un délai, selon les circonstances.

 

SECTION II - DES OBLIGATIONS À TERME

Art. 85. Le terme diffère de la condition, en ce qu'il ne suspend point l'engagement, dont il retarde seulement l'exécution.

Art. 86. Ce qui n'est dû qu'à terme, ne peut être exigé avant l'échéance du terme; mais ce qui a été payé d'avance, ne put être répété.

Art. 87. Le terme est toujours présumé stipulé en faveur du débiteur, à moins qu'il ne résulte, de la stipulation, ou des circonstances, qu'il a été aussi convenu en faveur du créancier.

Art. 88. Le débiteur ne peut plus réclamer le bénéfice du terme, lorsqu'il a fait faillite, ou lorsque, par son fait, il a diminué les sûretés qu'il avait données, par le contrat, à son créancier.

                                                  

SECTION III - DES OBLIGATIONS ALTERNATIVES

Art. 89. Le débiteur, d'une obligation alternative, est libéré par la délivrance de l'une des deux choses qui étaient comprises dans l'obligation.

Art. 90. Le choix appartient au débiteur, s'il n'a pas été expressément accordé au créancier.

Art. 91. Le débiteur peut se libérer, en délivrant l'une des deux choses promises, mais il ne peut pas forcer le créancier à recevoir une partie de l'une et une partie de l'autre.

Art. 92. L'obligation est pure et simple, quoique contractée d'une manière alternative, si l'une des deux choses promises ne pouvait être le sujet de l'obligation.

Art. 93. L'obligation alternative devient pure et simple, si l'une des choses promises périt et ne peut plus être livrée, même par la faute du débiteur. Le prix de cette chose ne peut pas être offert à sa place.
Si toutes deux sont péries, et que le débiteur soit en faute à l'égard de l'une d'elles, il doit payer le prix de celle qui a péri la dernière.

Art. 94. Lorsque, dans les cas prévus par l'article précédent, le choix avait été déféré, par la convention, au créancier;
Ou l'une des choses seulement est périe, et alors, si c'est sans la faute du débiteur, le créancier doit avoir celle qui reste; si le débiteur est en faute, le créancier peut demander la chose qui reste, ou le prix de celle qui est périe;
Ou les deux choses sont péries, et alors, si le débiteur est en faute à l'égard des deux, ou même à l'égard de l'une d'elles seulement, le créancier peut demander le prix de l'une, ou de l'autre, à son choix.

Art. 95. Si les deux choses sont péries, sans la faute du débiteur et avant qu'il soit en demeure, l'obligation est éteinte, conformément à l'article 202 du présent titre.

Art. 96. Les mêmes principes s'appliquent au cas, où il y a plus de deux choses comprises dans l'obligation alternative.

< Previous | Next >© Manuscript notes copyright 1968 by Louis V. de la Vergne.
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