LSU Law
LSU Law Login
Calendar
myLSU
LSU Law HomeProspective StudentsCurrent StudentsFaculty & StaffAlumni & FriendsEmployers & Legal Community
A-Z IndexAbout LSU LawLibraryContact UsSearch 
Digest Online
Back to Civil Law OnlineBack to Civil Law Online
English French English & French Manuscript General Manuscript General Image Manuscript Article Manuscript Article Image

Table of Contents

Cover Page
Foreword
Abbreviations
Synopsis
Preliminary title Of the general definitions of rights and the promulgation of the laws
    Chapter I Of law and customs
    Chapter II Of the publication of the laws
    Chapter III Of the effects of laws
    Chapter IV Of the application and construction of laws
    Chapter V Of the repeal of laws
Book I Of persons
    Title I Of the distinction of persons, and the privation of certain civil rights in certain cases
      Chapter I Of the distinction of persons established by nature
      Chapter II Of the distinctions of persons which are established by law
    Title II Of domicil and the manner of changing the same
    Title III Of absent persons
      Chapter I Of the curatorship of absent persons
      Chapter II Of the putting into provisional possession the heirs of the absentee
      Chapter III Of the effects of absence upon the eventual rights which may belong to the absentee
      Chapter IV Of the effects of absence respecting marriage
      Chapter V Of the care of minor children whose father has disappeared
    Title IV Of husband and wife
      Chapter I On marriage
      Chapter II How marriages may be contracted or made
      Chapter III Of the nullity of marriages
      Chapter IV Of the respective rights and duties of married persons
      Chapter V Of the dissolution of marriages
      Chapter VI Of second marriages
    Title V Of the separation from bed and board
      Chapter I Of the causes of separation from bed and board
      Chapter II Of the proceedings on separation from bed and board
      Chapter III Of the provisional proceedings to which a suit for separation may give occasion
      Chapter IV Of objections to the action of separation from bed and board
      Chapter V Of the effects of separation from bed and board
    Title VI Of master and servant
      Chapter I Of the several sorts of servants
      Chapter II Of free servants
      Chapter III Of slaves
    Title VII Of father and child
      Chapter I Of children in general
      Chapter II Of legitimate children
        Section I Of legitimacy resulting from marriage
        Section II Of the manner of proving the legitimate filiation
      Chapter III Of illegitimate children
        Section I Of legitimation
        Section II Of the acknowledgment of illegitimate children
      Chapter IV Of adoption
      Chapter V Of paternal authority
        Section I Of the duties of parents towards their legitimate children, and of the duties of legitimate children towards their parents
        Section II Of the duties of parents towards their natural children, and of the duties of natural children towards their parents
    Title VIII Of minors, of their tutorship, curatorship and emancipation
      Chapter I Of tutorship
        Section I General dispositions
        Section II Of tutorship by nature
        Section III Of tutorship by will
        Section IV Of the tutorship by the effect of the law
        Section V Of dative tutorship
        Section VI Of the under tutor
        Section VII Of the causes which dispense or excuse from the tutorship
        Section VIII Of incapacity for, exclusion from and deprivation of the tutorship
        Section IX Of the administration of the tutor
      Chapter II Of the curatorship of minors
      Chapter III Of emancipation
    Title IX Of persons insane, idiots, and other persons incapable of administering their estate
      Chapter I Of the interdiction and curatorship of persons incapable of administering their estate, whether on account of insanity or of some other infirmity
      Chapter II Of the other persons to whom curators are appointed
    Title X Of communities or corporations
      Chapter I Of the nature of communities or corporations, of their use and kind
      Chapter II Of the rights and privileges of communities or corporations and of their incapacities
      Chapter III Of the dissolution of communities or corporations
Book II Of things and of the different modifications of property
    Title I Of things or estates
      Chapter I Of the distinction of things or estates
      Chapter II Of immoveables
      Chapter III Of moveables
      Chapter IV Of estates considered in their relation to those who possess them
    Title II Of absolute ownership
      Chapter I Universal principles
      Chapter II Of the right of accession to what is produced by the thing
      Chapter III Of the right of accession to what unites or incorporates itself to the thing
        Section I Of the right of accession concerning immoveables
        Section II Of the right of accession concerning moveable things
    Title III Of usufruct, use and habitation
      Chapter I Of usufruct
        Section I General definitions
        Section II Of the rights of the usufructuary
        Section III Of the obligations of the usufructuary
        Section IV Of the obligations of the owner
        Section V How usufruct expires
      Chapter II Of the use and habitation
    Title IV Of predial services or services of land
      Chapter I General principles
      Chapter II Of services which originate from the natural situation of the place
      Chapter III Of services imposed by law
        Section I Of walls, fences, and ditches in common
        Section II Of the distance and of the intermediary works required for certain buildings
        Section III Of lights on the property of a neighbor
        Section IV Of the manner of carrying off rain from the roof
        Section V Of the right of passage
      Chapter IV Of services established by the act of man
        Section I Of the different kinds of services which may be established by the act of man
        Section II How services are acquired
        Section III Of the rights of the proprietor of the estate to which the service is due
        Section IV How Services are extinguished
Book III Of the different manners of acquiring the property of things
    Preliminary title General dispositions
    Title I Of successions
      Chapter I Of the different sorts of successions and heirs
      Chapter II Of legal successions
        Section I General rules
        Section II Of the succession of descendants
        Section III Of the succession of ascendants
        Section IV Of the succession of collaterals
      Chapter III Of irregular successions
      Chapter IV In what manner successions are opened
      Chapter V Of the incapacity and unworthiness of the heirs
      Chapter VI In what manner a succession is accepted and how it is renounced
        Section I Of the acceptance pure and simple
        Section II Of the acceptance of a succession with the benefit of an inventory
      Chapter VII Of the administration of vacant estates and estates ab intestato
      Chapter VIII Of partition among heirs and of the collation of goods
        Section I Of the nature of partition and in what manner it is made
        Section II Of the collation of goods
        Section III Of the payment of debts
        Section IV Of the effect of partition and of its rescision
    Title II Of donations inter vivos (between living persons) and mortis causa (in prospect of death)
      Chapter I General dispositions
      Chapter II Of the capacity necessary for disposing of and receiving by donation inter vivos or mortis causa
      Chapter III Of the portion disposable, and of its reduction in case of excess
        Section I Of the disposable portion and the legitime
        Section II Of the reduction of dispositions inter vivos or mortis causa; of the manner in which it is made and of its effects
      Chapter IV Of dispositions reprobated by the law in donations inter vivos and mortis causa
      Chapter V Of donations inter vivos (between living)
        Section I Of the irrevocability of donations inter vivos
        Section II Of the form of donations inter vivos
        Section III Of the exceptions to the rule of the irrevocability of donations inter vivos
      Chapter VI Of dispositions mortis causa (in the prospect of death)
        Section I Of testament or codicil
        Section II Of the form of testaments and codicils
        Section III Of testamentary dispositions
        Section IV Of the institution of heir and of disinherison
        Section V Of legacies
        Section VI Of the opening and the proof of wills, and of testamentary executions
        Section VII Of the revocation of testaments and codicils and of their caducity
        Section VIII Of the interpretation of testamentary dispositions
      Chapter VII Of partitions made by parents among their descendants
      Chapter VIII Of donations made by marriage contract to the husband or wife, and to the children to be born of the marriage
      Chapter IX Of donations between married persons, either by marriage contract, or during the marriage
    Title III Of contracts and of conventional obligations in general
      Chapter I Preliminary dispositions
      Chapter II Of the conditions essential to the validity of agreements
        Section I Of consent
        Section II Of the capability of the parties contracting
        Section III Of the object and the matter of contracts
        Section IV Of the cause
      Chapter III Of the effect of obligations
        Section I General dispositions
        Section II Of the obligation of giving
        Section III Of the obligations of doing or of not doing
        Section IV Of the damages resulting from the non execution of the obligation
        Section V Of the interpretation of the agreements
        Section VI Of the effect of agreements with regard to persons not parties to them
      Chapter IV Of the different kinds of obligations
        Section I Of conditional obligations
          § 1 Of the condition in general and of its different kinds
          § 2 Of the suspensive condition
          § 3 Of the dissolving condition
        Section II Of obligations to be performed at a certain term
        Section III Of the alternative obligations
        Section IV Of obligations in solido or jointly and severally
          § 1 Of the obligation in solido between creditors
          § 2 Of the obligation in solido on the part of debtors
        Section V Of obligations divisible and indivisible
          § 1 Of the effects of a divisible obligation
          § 2 Of the effect of the indivisible obligation
        Section VI Of obligations with penal clauses
      Chapter V Of the extinction of obligations
        Section I Of payment
          § 1 Of payment in general
          § 2 Of payment with subrogation
          § 3 Of the imputation of payments
          § 4 Of tenders of payment, and consignment
          § 5 Of the surrender of property
        Section II Of novation
        Section III Of the remission of the debt
        Section IV Of compensation
        Section V Of confusion
        Section VI Of the loss of the thing due
        Section VII Of the action of nullity or of rescission of agreements
      Chapter VI Of the proof of obligations and of that of payment
        Section I Of the literal proof
          § 1 Of the authentic title
          § 2 Of the acts under private signature
          § 3 Of copies of titles
          § 4 Of recognitive and confirmative acts
        Section II Of testimonial proof
        Section III Of presumptions
          § 1 Of presumptions established by law
          § 2 Of presumption not established by law
        Section IV Of the confession of the party
        Section V Of the proof by oath
    Title IV Of engagements formed without agreements, or of quasi contracts and quasi offences
      Section I Of the quasi contract
      Section II Of quasi crimes or offences
    Title V Of marriage contract
      Chapter I General dispositions
      Chapter II Of the various kinds of matrimonial agreements
        Section I Of donations made in consideration of marriage
        Section II Of dowry or marriage portion
        Section III Of paraphernalia or extra dotal effects
        Section IV Of the partnership or community of acquests or gains
      Chapter III Of the separation of property
    Title VI Of sale
      Chapter I Of the nature and form of the contract of sale, and of the manner in which it is to be performed
      Chapter II Of persons capable of buying and selling, and of things which may be sold
      Chapter III Of the obligations of the seller
        Section I Of the tradition or delivery of the thing sold
        Section II Of the warranty, in case of eviction of the thing sold
        Section III Of the warranty of the defects of the thing sold or of the redhibitory vices
      Chapter IV Of the obligations of the buyer
      Chapter V Of the nullity and rescissions of the sale
        Section I Of the power or right of redemption
        Section II Of the rescission of sales on account of lesion
      Chapter VI Of sales by cant or auction
      Chapter VII Of the assignment or transfer of debts and other incorporeal rights
    Title VII Of exchange
    Title VIII Of letting and hiring
      Chapter I Of the several species of contracts for letting and hiring
      Chapter II Of the contract for letting out things
        Section I Of the form and duration of leases
        Section II Of the obligations of the lessor
        Section III Of the obligations of the lessee
        Section IV Of the dissolution of leases
      Chapter III Of the letting out of labour or industry
        Section I Of the hiring of servants and workmen
        Section II Of carriers and watermen
        Section III Of plots for buildings and other works
    Title IX Of partnership
      Chapter I General dispositions
      Chapter II Of the various kinds of partnerships
      Chapter III Of the obligations of partners towards each other, and towards third persons
        Section I Of the obligations of partners towards each other
        Section II Of the obligations of partners towards third persons
      Chapter IV Of the different manners in which partnerships end
    Title X Of loan
      Chapter I Of the loan for use or commodatum
        Section I Of the nature of the loan for use
        Section II Of the engagements of the borrower for use
        Section III Of the engagements of the lender for use
      Chapter II Of the loan for consumption or mutuum
        Section I Of the nature of the loan for consumption
        Section II Of the obligations of the lender for consumption
        Section III Of the engagements of the borrower for consumption
      Chapter III Of loan on interest
    Title XI Of deposit and sequestration
      Chapter I Of deposit in general and of its divers kinds
      Chapter II Of the deposit properly so called
        Section I Of the nature and essence of the contract of deposit
        Section II Of the obligations of the depository
        Section III Of the obligations of him by whom the deposit has been made
        Section IV Of the necessary deposit
      Chapter III Of sequestration
        Section I Of its different species
        Section II Of the conventional sequestration
        Section III Of the judicial sequestration or deposit
    Title XII Of aleatory contracts
    Title XIII Of mandate or commission
      Chapter I Of the nature of proxies, mandates and commissions
      Chapter II What persons may be appointed attornies in fact
      Chapter III Of the obligations of a person acting under a power of attorney
      Chapter IV Of the obligations of the principal who acts by his attorney in fact
      Chapter V How the procuration expires
    Title XIV Of suretyship
      Chapter I Of the nature and extent of suretyship
      Chapter II Of the effects of suretyship
        Section I Of the effects of suretyship between the creditor and the surety
        Section II Of the effects of suretyship between the debtor and the surety
        Section III Respecting the effects of suretyship between the sureties
      Chapter III Of the extinction of suretyship
      Chapter IV Of the legal and judicial sureties
    Title XV Of transactions
    Title XVI Of respite
    Title XVII Of compromises or arbitration
    Title XVIII Of pledge
    Title XIX Of privileges and mortgages
      Chapter I Of the nature of a mortgage and of its several sorts
      Chapter II Who may mortgage and what thing may be mortgaged
      Chapter III Of the effects of mortgage
        Section I Of the effects of mortgage with regard to the debtor
        Section II Of the effects of mortgages against third possessors and of the action of mortgage
        Section III Of the registering of mortgages and of the register kept for that purpose
      Chapter IV Of the order of privileges and mortgages
        Section I Of the preference and order of privileges
      Chapter V How privileges or mortgages expire or are extinguished
    Title XX Of occupancy, possession and prescription
      Chapter I Of occupancy
      Chapter II Of possession
      Chapter III Of prescription
        Section I Of the possession required to establish prescription
        Section II Of the causes which suspend or interrupt prescriptions
        Section III Of the several species of prescription
    Title XXI Of the title by judgment or seizure
Index
Manuscript index
Manuscript index Part 2

CHAPTER III - OF SLAVES

Art. 15. The rules prescribing the police and conduct to be observed with respect to slaves in this territory, their enfranchisement and the punishment of their crimes and offences are fixed by special laws of the legislature.

Art. 16. The slave is entirely subject to the will of his master who may correct and chastise him, though not with unusual rigor, nor as to maim or mutilate him, or expose him to the danger of loss of life, or cause his death.

Art. 17. The slave is incapable of contracting any kind of engagement.  He possesses nothing in his own right and can transmit nothing by succession, legacy or otherwise; for whatever he possesses, is his master's property.

Art. 18. The slave is incapable of exercising any public offices or private trusts, he cannot be tutor, curator, executor, nor attorney, he cannot be a witness in either civil or criminal matters, except in cases provided for by the particular laws of this territory.  He cannot be a party in any civil action either as plaintiff or defendant, except when he has to claim or prove his freedom.

Art. 19. Slaves may be prosecuted in the name of the government for crimes or offences by them committed without making their masters parties, unless the master shall be accessary to such crime or offence.

Art. 20. Masters are bound by the acts of their slaves, done by their command, as also by their transactions and dealings with respect to the business in which they have entrusted or employed them; but in case they should not have authorised or entrusted them, they shall be answerable only for so much as they shall have thereby benefitted.

Art. 21. Independently of the public punishment which may be pronounced against slaves having committed crimes or offences, their masters shall be bound to indemnify those who shall have suffered any damage by such crimes or offences.

Art. 22. The master however, may discharge himself from such responsibility by abandoning his slave to the person injured:- in which case the said person shall sell such slave at public auction in the usual form to obtain payment of the damages and costs; and the balance, if any, shall be returned to the master of the slave, who shall be completely discharged although the price of the slave should not be sufficient to pay the whole amount of the damages and costs; provided that the master shall make the abandonment within three days after the judgment awarding such damages shall have been rendered; provided also that it shall not be proved that the crime or offence was committed by his order, for in case of such proof the master shall be answerable for all damages resulting therefrom whatever be the amount, without being admitted to the benefit of the abandonment.

Art. 23. Slaves cannot marry without the consent of their masters; nor do their marriages produce any of the civil effects which result from such contract.

Art. 24. Children born of a mother then in a state of slavery whether married or not, follow the condition of said mother, they are consequently slaves and belong to the master of their mother.

Art. 25. A master may manumit his slave in this territory, either by an act inter vivos or by a disposition made in prospect of death, provided such manumission be made with the forms and under the conditions prescribed by the special law enacted thereupon by the legislature. But an enfranchisement when made by a last will must be express and formal, and shall not be implied from any other circumstances of the testament, such as a legacy, an institution of heir, testamentary executorship or other like dispositions which in such case shall be considered as not written and void.

Art. 26. Any enfranchisement made in fraud of creditors, or of the portion reserved by law to forced heirs, is null and void; and such fraud shall be considered and proved when it shall appear that at the moment of executing the enfranchisement, the person granting it, had not sufficient property to pay his debts or to leave to his heirs, the portion to them reserved by law; the same rule will apply, if the slave thus manumitted, was specially mortgaged.

Art. 27. No master of slaves shall be compelled either directly or indirectly, to enfranchise any of them; except only in cases where the enfranchisement shall be made for services rendered to the territory by virtue of an act of the legislature of the same, and on the territory satisfying to the master, the appraised value of the manumitted slave or slaves.
In like manner, no master shall be compelled to sell his slave or slaves, but in one of two cases, to wit: 
1stly, when being only co-proprietor of the slave, his associates demand the sale, in order to distribute the property.
2ndly, when the master shall be convicted of cruel treatment of his slave and the judge shall deem proper to pronounce, besides the penalty established for such cases, that the slave shall be sold at public auction, in order to place him out of the reach of the power which his master has abused.

CHAPITRE III – DES ESCLAVES

Art. 15. Les règles pour la police et la manière de traiter les esclaves dans ce Territoire, comme aussi pour leur affranchissement et la punition de leurs crimes et délits, sont fixées par des lois spéciales de la Législature.

Art. 16. L'esclave est entièrement sujet à la volonté de son maître qui peut le corriger et le châtier, pourvu que ce ne soit pas avec une rigueur inusitée et de manière à l'estropier ou à le mutiler, ou à l'exposer à perdre la vie, ou à la lui faire perdre réellement.

Art. 17. L'esclave est incapable de tout espèce de contrat; il ne possède rien en propre, et ne peut rien transmettre par succession ou autrement; tout ce qu'il a appartient à son maître.

Art. 18. L'esclave est incapable d'aucunes charges, ou fonctions publiques ou privées; il ne peut être tuteur, curateur, exécuteur testamentaire ou fondé de procuration; il ne peut être témoin, soit en matière civile ou criminelle, sauf dans les cas d'exception qui sont ou pourront être établis par les lois particulières de ce Territoire; il ne peut ester ou être partie en jugement, soit en demandant, soit en défendant, en matière civile, excepté lorsqu'il s'agit de réclamer ou prouver sa liberté.

Art. 19. Les esclaves peuvent être poursuivis au nom du Gouvernement, pour la réparation publique des crimes et délits par eux commis, sans qu'il soit besoin de rendre leurs maîtres parties, si ce n'est en cas de complicité.

Art. 20. Les maîtres sont tenus de ce que leurs esclaves auront fait par leur commandement, ensemble de ce qu'ils auront géré et négocié pour l'espèce d'affaire à laquelle ils les auront pu commettre ou préposer et en cas qu'ils ne les ayent point autorisés ou commis, ils seront tenus seulement jusqu'à concurrence de ce qui aura tourné à leur profit.

Art. 21. Les maîtres seront tenus de réparer les dommages causés par les délits et quasi délits commis par leurs esclaves envers ceux qui en ont souffert, indépendamment de la peine publique à prononcer contre lesdits esclaves, lorsqu'il y a lieu.

Art. 22. Néanmoins les maîtres pourront se décharger de toute responsabilité à cet égard, en abandonnant l'esclave à celui à qui le tort aura été fait, pour ledit esclave être par lui vendu en vente publique, dans la forme ordinaire, et sur le prix, les dommages et les frais prélevés, le surplus, si surplus il y a, être remis au maître de l'esclave qui sera entièrement déchargé, quoique le prix de l'esclave ne suffise pas pour payer la totalité desdits dommages intérêts et frais, pourvu que le maître fasse ledit abandon au plus tard dans les trois jours qui suivront celui où le jugement qui liquidera lesdits dommages intérêts, aura été rendu; et pourvu aussi qu'il ne soit pas prouvé que c'est par son ordre que ledit esclave a commis lesdits délits ou quasi délits, car dans le cas d'une semblable preuve, il deviendrait responsable de tous les dommages intérêts qui en seraient résultés, à quelque somme qu'ils puissent se monter, sans pouvoir être admis au bénéfice dudit abandon.

Art. 23. Les esclaves ne peuvent se marier sans le consentement de leurs maîtres, et leurs mariages ne produisent aucuns des effets civils qui appartiennent à ce contrat.

Art. 24. Les enfans qui naissent d'une mère esclave, soit qu'elle soit mariée ou non, suivent la condition de leur mère, en conséquence ils sont esclaves comme elle et appartiennent au propriétaire de leur mère.

Art. 25. Un maître peut affranchir son esclave dans ce Territoire, soit par acte entre vifs ou par acte de dernière volonté, pourvu que ce soit dans les formes et sous les conditions prescrites par la loi spéciale de la Législature à cet égard, mais cet affranchissement, lorsqu'il est fait par acte de dernière volonté, doit être exprès et formel et ne s'induira plus d'aucune autre circonstance du testament, tel que serait un legs, une institution d'héritier, une exécution testamentaire, ou autre disposition de ce genre, lesquelles en ce cas seront censées non écrites et sans effet.

Art. 26. Tout affranchissement fait en fraude des créanciers ou de la portion réservée par la loi aux héritiers forcés, est nul; et cette fraude est censée prouvée, lorsqu'il est constaté qu'au moment de l'affranchissement celui qui a donné la liberté, n'avait pas des biens suffisans pour pouvoir payer ses créanciers, ou laisser à ses héritiers la portion qui leur est réservée par la loi et également si les esclaves ainsi affranchis étaient spécialement hypothéqués.

Art. 27. Nul maître d'esclaves ne peut être tenu, soit directement soit indirectement, d'affranchir aucun d'eux, excepté seulement lorsque ledit affranchissement se fera pour services rendus au Territoire, en vertu d'un acte de la Législature, et encore à la charge par le Territoire de lui payer la valeur dudit esclave ainsi affranchi, à dire d'experts;
De même nul maître ne peut être tenu, sous aucuns motifs, de vendre son esclave ou ses esclaves, si ce n'est en deux cas, le premier lorsqu'il n'en est que le co-propriétaire et que son, ou ses co-intéressés en demandent la vente pour faire cesser l'indivision, et le second lorsque le maître est convaincu de traitemens cruels envers son esclave et que le juge trouve convenable, outre la peine prononcée à cet égard, d'ordonner que ledit esclave sera vendu en vente publique, pour le mettre à l'abri d'un pouvoir dont ce maître aurait abusé.

< Previous | Next >© Manuscript notes copyright 1968 by Louis V. de la Vergne.
Paul M. Hebert Law Center   |    1 E. Campus Dr.   |    Louisiana State University   |    Baton Rouge, LA 70803   |   225/578-5292