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Table of Contents

Cover Page
Preliminary title Of the general definitions of rights and the promulgation of the laws
    Chapter I Of law and customs
    Chapter II Of the publication of the laws
    Chapter III Of the effects of laws
    Chapter IV Of the application and construction of laws
    Chapter V Of the repeal of laws
Book I Of persons
    Title I Of the distinction of persons, and the privation of certain civil rights in certain cases
      Chapter I Of the distinction of persons established by nature
      Chapter II Of the distinctions of persons which are established by law
    Title II Of domicil and the manner of changing the same
    Title III Of absent persons
      Chapter I Of the curatorship of absent persons
      Chapter II Of the putting into provisional possession the heirs of the absentee
      Chapter III Of the effects of absence upon the eventual rights which may belong to the absentee
      Chapter IV Of the effects of absence respecting marriage
      Chapter V Of the care of minor children whose father has disappeared
    Title IV Of husband and wife
      Chapter I On marriage
      Chapter II How marriages may be contracted or made
      Chapter III Of the nullity of marriages
      Chapter IV Of the respective rights and duties of married persons
      Chapter V Of the dissolution of marriages
      Chapter VI Of second marriages
    Title V Of the separation from bed and board
      Chapter I Of the causes of separation from bed and board
      Chapter II Of the proceedings on separation from bed and board
      Chapter III Of the provisional proceedings to which a suit for separation may give occasion
      Chapter IV Of objections to the action of separation from bed and board
      Chapter V Of the effects of separation from bed and board
    Title VI Of master and servant
      Chapter I Of the several sorts of servants
      Chapter II Of free servants
      Chapter III Of slaves
    Title VII Of father and child
      Chapter I Of children in general
      Chapter II Of legitimate children
        Section I Of legitimacy resulting from marriage
        Section II Of the manner of proving the legitimate filiation
      Chapter III Of illegitimate children
        Section I Of legitimation
        Section II Of the acknowledgment of illegitimate children
      Chapter IV Of adoption
      Chapter V Of paternal authority
        Section I Of the duties of parents towards their legitimate children, and of the duties of legitimate children towards their parents
        Section II Of the duties of parents towards their natural children, and of the duties of natural children towards their parents
    Title VIII Of minors, of their tutorship, curatorship and emancipation
      Chapter I Of tutorship
        Section I General dispositions
        Section II Of tutorship by nature
        Section III Of tutorship by will
        Section IV Of the tutorship by the effect of the law
        Section V Of dative tutorship
        Section VI Of the under tutor
        Section VII Of the causes which dispense or excuse from the tutorship
        Section VIII Of incapacity for, exclusion from and deprivation of the tutorship
        Section IX Of the administration of the tutor
      Chapter II Of the curatorship of minors
      Chapter III Of emancipation
    Title IX Of persons insane, idiots, and other persons incapable of administering their estate
      Chapter I Of the interdiction and curatorship of persons incapable of administering their estate, whether on account of insanity or of some other infirmity
      Chapter II Of the other persons to whom curators are appointed
    Title X Of communities or corporations
      Chapter I Of the nature of communities or corporations, of their use and kind
      Chapter II Of the rights and privileges of communities or corporations and of their incapacities
      Chapter III Of the dissolution of communities or corporations
Book II Of things and of the different modifications of property
    Title I Of things or estates
      Chapter I Of the distinction of things or estates
      Chapter II Of immoveables
      Chapter III Of moveables
      Chapter IV Of estates considered in their relation to those who possess them
    Title II Of absolute ownership
      Chapter I Universal principles
      Chapter II Of the right of accession to what is produced by the thing
      Chapter III Of the right of accession to what unites or incorporates itself to the thing
        Section I Of the right of accession concerning immoveables
        Section II Of the right of accession concerning moveable things
    Title III Of usufruct, use and habitation
      Chapter I Of usufruct
        Section I General definitions
        Section II Of the rights of the usufructuary
        Section III Of the obligations of the usufructuary
        Section IV Of the obligations of the owner
        Section V How usufruct expires
      Chapter II Of the use and habitation
    Title IV Of predial services or services of land
      Chapter I General principles
      Chapter II Of services which originate from the natural situation of the place
      Chapter III Of services imposed by law
        Section I Of walls, fences, and ditches in common
        Section II Of the distance and of the intermediary works required for certain buildings
        Section III Of lights on the property of a neighbor
        Section IV Of the manner of carrying off rain from the roof
        Section V Of the right of passage
      Chapter IV Of services established by the act of man
        Section I Of the different kinds of services which may be established by the act of man
        Section II How services are acquired
        Section III Of the rights of the proprietor of the estate to which the service is due
        Section IV How Services are extinguished
Book III Of the different manners of acquiring the property of things
    Preliminary title General dispositions
    Title I Of successions
      Chapter I Of the different sorts of successions and heirs
      Chapter II Of legal successions
        Section I General rules
        Section II Of the succession of descendants
        Section III Of the succession of ascendants
        Section IV Of the succession of collaterals
      Chapter III Of irregular successions
      Chapter IV In what manner successions are opened
      Chapter V Of the incapacity and unworthiness of the heirs
      Chapter VI In what manner a succession is accepted and how it is renounced
        Section I Of the acceptance pure and simple
        Section II Of the acceptance of a succession with the benefit of an inventory
      Chapter VII Of the administration of vacant estates and estates ab intestato
      Chapter VIII Of partition among heirs and of the collation of goods
        Section I Of the nature of partition and in what manner it is made
        Section II Of the collation of goods
        Section III Of the payment of debts
        Section IV Of the effect of partition and of its rescision
    Title II Of donations inter vivos (between living persons) and mortis causa (in prospect of death)
      Chapter I General dispositions
      Chapter II Of the capacity necessary for disposing of and receiving by donation inter vivos or mortis causa
      Chapter III Of the portion disposable, and of its reduction in case of excess
        Section I Of the disposable portion and the legitime
        Section II Of the reduction of dispositions inter vivos or mortis causa; of the manner in which it is made and of its effects
      Chapter IV Of dispositions reprobated by the law in donations inter vivos and mortis causa
      Chapter V Of donations inter vivos (between living)
        Section I Of the irrevocability of donations inter vivos
        Section II Of the form of donations inter vivos
        Section III Of the exceptions to the rule of the irrevocability of donations inter vivos
      Chapter VI Of dispositions mortis causa (in the prospect of death)
        Section I Of testament or codicil
        Section II Of the form of testaments and codicils
        Section III Of testamentary dispositions
        Section IV Of the institution of heir and of disinherison
        Section V Of legacies
        Section VI Of the opening and the proof of wills, and of testamentary executions
        Section VII Of the revocation of testaments and codicils and of their caducity
        Section VIII Of the interpretation of testamentary dispositions
      Chapter VII Of partitions made by parents among their descendants
      Chapter VIII Of donations made by marriage contract to the husband or wife, and to the children to be born of the marriage
      Chapter IX Of donations between married persons, either by marriage contract, or during the marriage
    Title III Of contracts and of conventional obligations in general
      Chapter I Preliminary dispositions
      Chapter II Of the conditions essential to the validity of agreements
        Section I Of consent
        Section II Of the capability of the parties contracting
        Section III Of the object and the matter of contracts
        Section IV Of the cause
      Chapter III Of the effect of obligations
        Section I General dispositions
        Section II Of the obligation of giving
        Section III Of the obligations of doing or of not doing
        Section IV Of the damages resulting from the non execution of the obligation
        Section V Of the interpretation of the agreements
        Section VI Of the effect of agreements with regard to persons not parties to them
      Chapter IV Of the different kinds of obligations
        Section I Of conditional obligations
          § 1 Of the condition in general and of its different kinds
          § 2 Of the suspensive condition
          § 3 Of the dissolving condition
        Section II Of obligations to be performed at a certain term
        Section III Of the alternative obligations
        Section IV Of obligations in solido or jointly and severally
          § 1 Of the obligation in solido between creditors
          § 2 Of the obligation in solido on the part of debtors
        Section V Of obligations divisible and indivisible
          § 1 Of the effects of a divisible obligation
          § 2 Of the effect of the indivisible obligation
        Section VI Of obligations with penal clauses
      Chapter V Of the extinction of obligations
        Section I Of payment
          § 1 Of payment in general
          § 2 Of payment with subrogation
          § 3 Of the imputation of payments
          § 4 Of tenders of payment, and consignment
          § 5 Of the surrender of property
        Section II Of novation
        Section III Of the remission of the debt
        Section IV Of compensation
        Section V Of confusion
        Section VI Of the loss of the thing due
        Section VII Of the action of nullity or of rescission of agreements
      Chapter VI Of the proof of obligations and of that of payment
        Section I Of the literal proof
          § 1 Of the authentic title
          § 2 Of the acts under private signature
          § 3 Of copies of titles
          § 4 Of recognitive and confirmative acts
        Section II Of testimonial proof
        Section III Of presumptions
          § 1 Of presumptions established by law
          § 2 Of presumption not established by law
        Section IV Of the confession of the party
        Section V Of the proof by oath
    Title IV Of engagements formed without agreements, or of quasi contracts and quasi offences
      Section I Of the quasi contract
      Section II Of quasi crimes or offences
    Title V Of marriage contract
      Chapter I General dispositions
      Chapter II Of the various kinds of matrimonial agreements
        Section I Of donations made in consideration of marriage
        Section II Of dowry or marriage portion
        Section III Of paraphernalia or extra dotal effects
        Section IV Of the partnership or community of acquests or gains
      Chapter III Of the separation of property
    Title VI Of sale
      Chapter I Of the nature and form of the contract of sale, and of the manner in which it is to be performed
      Chapter II Of persons capable of buying and selling, and of things which may be sold
      Chapter III Of the obligations of the seller
        Section I Of the tradition or delivery of the thing sold
        Section II Of the warranty, in case of eviction of the thing sold
        Section III Of the warranty of the defects of the thing sold or of the redhibitory vices
      Chapter IV Of the obligations of the buyer
      Chapter V Of the nullity and rescissions of the sale
        Section I Of the power or right of redemption
        Section II Of the rescission of sales on account of lesion
      Chapter VI Of sales by cant or auction
      Chapter VII Of the assignment or transfer of debts and other incorporeal rights
    Title VII Of exchange
    Title VIII Of letting and hiring
      Chapter I Of the several species of contracts for letting and hiring
      Chapter II Of the contract for letting out things
        Section I Of the form and duration of leases
        Section II Of the obligations of the lessor
        Section III Of the obligations of the lessee
        Section IV Of the dissolution of leases
      Chapter III Of the letting out of labour or industry
        Section I Of the hiring of servants and workmen
        Section II Of carriers and watermen
        Section III Of plots for buildings and other works
    Title IX Of partnership
      Chapter I General dispositions
      Chapter II Of the various kinds of partnerships
      Chapter III Of the obligations of partners towards each other, and towards third persons
        Section I Of the obligations of partners towards each other
        Section II Of the obligations of partners towards third persons
      Chapter IV Of the different manners in which partnerships end
    Title X Of loan
      Chapter I Of the loan for use or commodatum
        Section I Of the nature of the loan for use
        Section II Of the engagements of the borrower for use
        Section III Of the engagements of the lender for use
      Chapter II Of the loan for consumption or mutuum
        Section I Of the nature of the loan for consumption
        Section II Of the obligations of the lender for consumption
        Section III Of the engagements of the borrower for consumption
      Chapter III Of loan on interest
    Title XI Of deposit and sequestration
      Chapter I Of deposit in general and of its divers kinds
      Chapter II Of the deposit properly so called
        Section I Of the nature and essence of the contract of deposit
        Section II Of the obligations of the depository
        Section III Of the obligations of him by whom the deposit has been made
        Section IV Of the necessary deposit
      Chapter III Of sequestration
        Section I Of its different species
        Section II Of the conventional sequestration
        Section III Of the judicial sequestration or deposit
    Title XII Of aleatory contracts
    Title XIII Of mandate or commission
      Chapter I Of the nature of proxies, mandates and commissions
      Chapter II What persons may be appointed attornies in fact
      Chapter III Of the obligations of a person acting under a power of attorney
      Chapter IV Of the obligations of the principal who acts by his attorney in fact
      Chapter V How the procuration expires
    Title XIV Of suretyship
      Chapter I Of the nature and extent of suretyship
      Chapter II Of the effects of suretyship
        Section I Of the effects of suretyship between the creditor and the surety
        Section II Of the effects of suretyship between the debtor and the surety
        Section III Respecting the effects of suretyship between the sureties
      Chapter III Of the extinction of suretyship
      Chapter IV Of the legal and judicial sureties
    Title XV Of transactions
    Title XVI Of respite
    Title XVII Of compromises or arbitration
    Title XVIII Of pledge
    Title XIX Of privileges and mortgages
      Chapter I Of the nature of a mortgage and of its several sorts
      Chapter II Who may mortgage and what thing may be mortgaged
      Chapter III Of the effects of mortgage
        Section I Of the effects of mortgage with regard to the debtor
        Section II Of the effects of mortgages against third possessors and of the action of mortgage
        Section III Of the registering of mortgages and of the register kept for that purpose
      Chapter IV Of the order of privileges and mortgages
        Section I Of the preference and order of privileges
      Chapter V How privileges or mortgages expire or are extinguished
    Title XX Of occupancy, possession and prescription
      Chapter I Of occupancy
      Chapter II Of possession
      Chapter III Of prescription
        Section I Of the possession required to establish prescription
        Section II Of the causes which suspend or interrupt prescriptions
        Section III Of the several species of prescription
    Title XXI Of the title by judgment or seizure
Manuscript index
Manuscript index Part 2




Art. 1. There are in this territory two classes of servants, to wit: Free servants and the slaves.



Art. 2. Free servants are in general all free persons who let, hire or engage their services to another in this territory, to be employed therein at any work, commerce or occupation whatever, for the benefit of him who has contracted with them for a certain price or retribution or upon certain condition.

Art. 3. There are two sorts of free servants in this territory, to wit:
Servants properly so called, or those who let or engage themselves to another, to be employed at some ordinary or hard labor; such are workmen, laborers, and all those who engage to serve in husbandry or upon plantations;
And apprentices, who are those who engage to serve some person for the purpose of learning some art, trade or profession.

Art. 4. When a person has bound himself to serve another during a settled time, for a certain sum of money paid, such contract being equivalent to a sale, the engagement resulting therefrom, is much more strict and rigorous than that which is entered into by persons who merely let their daily services for certain wages.
The obligations of the latter, their extent and limits are defined under the title of letting and hiring.

Art. 5. Those who have sold or engaged their services for a settled time and for a certain sum of money paid, as well as the apprentices who have engaged to serve for a certain time, for the purpose of learning some art, trade or profession, shall be compelled to the specific execution of their engagements, respectively, during all the time expressed in the contract, unless they have just cause to be discharged from the same, as is hereafter directed.

Art. 6. The manner in which the indentures of indented servants and apprentices must be executed, is directed by a special act of the legislature of this territory.

Art. 7. An implied condition of the contract entered into between the master and indented servant or apprentice, is, that the latter binds himself to serve the former, during all the time of his engagement and the master on his side, binds himself to maintain the indented servant or apprentice during the same time.
The master is also bound to instruct the apprentice in his art, trade or profession and in consequence of this, it is not unusual for the master to receive a certain sum of money as a premium or recompence for the instruction which it is his duty to give.

Art. 8. The indentures made between indented servants or apprentices and their masters, may be rescinded before the time fixed by the indenture, either at the suit of such indented servants or apprentices, respectively, or at the demand of the master, if they have a just cause to claim such rescission; and in such case the judge shall direct a restitution of such part of the money received on account of such engagement, in proportion to the time not yet elapsed on that which has been fixed by the said indenture, unless such rescission is occasioned by the fault of him who paid the money, in which case no restitution shall be made.

Art. 9. If any master shall abuse or cruelly or evilly treat his indented servant or apprentice, or shall not discharge his duty towards him, or if the said indented servant or apprentice shall abscond or absent himself from the service of his master, without leave, or shall not discharge his duty to his master, in any of these cases, there will be a sufficient cause to release the aggrieved party from his engagement or to grant him such other redress as the equity and the nature of the case may require at the discretion of the judge.

Art. 10. A master may correct his indented servant or apprentice for negligence or other misbehaviour, provided he does it with moderation; but he cannot exercise such right with those who only let their daily services.

Art. 11. The master may bring an action against any man for beating or maiming his servant, but in such case, he must assign as a cause of action his own damage arising from the loss of his service and this loss must be proved upon the trial.

Art. 12. A master may justify an assault in defence of his servant and a servant in defence of his master; the master, because he has an interest in his servant, not to be deprived of his service; the servant, because it is part of his duty for which he receives wages, to stand by and defend his master.

Art. 13. The master is answerable for the offences and quasi offences committed by their servants according to the rules which are explained under the title of quasi contracts and quasi crimes or offences.

Art. 14. The master is answerable for the damage caused to individuals or to the community in general, by whatever is thrown out of this house into the street or public road, in as much as the master has the superintendance and police of his house, and is responsible for the faults committed therein.




Art. 1. On distingue dans ce Territoire deux espèces de serviteurs, les libres et les esclaves.



Art. 2. Les serviteurs libres sont en général toutes les personnes qui louent, vendent ou engagent leurs services à quelqu'un dans ce Territoire, pour y être employés à quelque travail, commerce ou occupation quelconque, au profit de celui qui contracte avec eux, moyennant un certain prix ou rétribution, ou à de certaines conditions.

Art. 3. Il y a deux sortes de serviteurs libres dans ce Territoire savoir:
Les serviteurs proprement dits, c'est-à-dire ceux qui se louent ou s'engagent envers un autre pour être employés à un travail ordinaire ou de force; tels que les domestiques de maison, les ouvriers, manœuvriers et tous ceux qui s'engagent pour travailler aux champs et sur les habitations &c.
Et les apprentifs qui sont ceux qui s'engagent à servir quelqu'un à l'effet d'apprendre quelque art, métier ou profession.

Art. 4. Lorsque quelqu'un s'est engagé à en servir un autre pendant un tems fixé, moyennant une certaine somme d'argent une fois payée, cette convention équivalant à une vente, les obligations qui en résultent sont beaucoup plus étroites et plus rigoureuses que celles des personnes qui ne font que louer leurs services journaliers, moyennant de certains gages.
Les obligations de ces derniers et les règles qui en fixent l'étendue et les bornes sont établies au titre du louage.

Art. 5. Ceux qui ont vendu ou engagé leurs services pour un certain tems, et moyennant une certaine somme une fois payée, comme aussi les apprentifs qui se sont engagés pour un certain tems, à l'effet d'apprendre un art, métier ou profession, doivent être contraints à l'exécution spécifique de leurs engagemens respectifs, pour le tems qui est marqué dans l'acte, à moins qu'ils n'aient une juste cause pour en être dispensés, ainsi qu'il est dit ci-après.

Art. 6. La forme dans laquelle les engagemens des engagés ou apprentifs doivent être passés, est fixée par un acte spécial de la Législature de ce Territoire.

Art. 7. Il est de l'essence de l'engagement formé entre le maître, l'engagé ou apprentif que celui-ci s'oblige à servir le maître pendant tout le tems de l'engagement, et que le maître s'oblige de son côté à le nourrir et entretenir pendant ce tems.
Le maître doit en outre, à l'égard de l'apprentif, l'instruire dans son art, métier ou profession; et il est assez d'usage qu'en raison de cette dernière obligation, le maître reçoive une certaine somme de l'apprentif, comme prix ou récompense de l'instruction qu'il doit donner.

Art. 8. Les engagemens faits entre les engagés, les apprentifs et les maîtres peuvent être résolus avant le tems fixé dans le contrat, soit à la requête desdits engagés ou apprentifs respectivement, soit à celle des maîtres, s'ils ont une juste cause pour demander cette résolution, et dans ce cas, le juge ordonnera la restitution d'une partie du prix payé sur l'engagement, proportionné au tems qui reste à courir sur celui qui aurait été fixé, si ce n'est que la résolution ait été causée par la faute de celui qui avait payé ce prix, dans lequel cas il n'y aura lieu à aucune restitution.

Art. 9. Si un maître maltraite son engagé ou son apprentif, ou se conduit cruellement ou méchamment envers lui, ou ne remplit pas les obligations qu'il avait contractées envers lui; et de même si ledit engagé ou apprentif se sauve ou s'absente de chez son maître, sans permission, ou s'il ne remplit pas son devoir ou ses obligations envers lui, chacun de ces actes pourra être considéré comme une juste cause pour décharger la partie lésée des engagemens, ou pour lui accorder telle autre réparation que l'équité ou la nature du cas pourra exiger, à la discrétion du Juge.

Art. 10. Un maître peut corriger son engagé ou son apprentif, lorsqu'il est négligent ou se conduit mal, pourvu qu'il le fasse avec modération, mais il ne peut exercer un pareil droit envers ceux qui ne font que louer leurs services journaliers.

Art. 11. Le maître peut intenter une action contre un tiers pour avoir battu ou estropié son serviteur, mais dans ce cas il doit fonder son action sur le tort qu'il a reçu par la privation de son service, et ce tort doit être prouvé lors du jugement de la cause.

Art 12. Le maître peut se justifier d'avoir attaqué quelqu'un, s'il ne l'a fait que pour défendre son serviteur, et le serviteur peut se justifier d'une semblable attaque, lorsqu'il ne l'a faite que pour défendre son maître, parce qu'il est de l'intérêt du maître de n'être point privé de son service, et qu'il est du devoir du serviteur, pour lequel il reçoit des gages, de se tenir près de son maître, et de le défendre.

Art. 13. Le maître est responsable des délits et quasi délits commis par son serviteur, suivant les règles établies au titre des quasi contrats et quasi délits.

Art. 14. Le maître est responsable pour tout ce qu'on jette de sa maison dans la rue ou dans le grand chemin et qui cause du dommage à quelqu'un en particulier, ou peut être préjudiciable aux habitans du lieu en général, car le maître a la surintendance de la police de sa maison et est responsable de toutes les fautes qui s'y commettent.

< Previous | Next >© Manuscript notes copyright 1968 by Louis V. de la Vergne.
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