LSU Law Login
LSU Law HomeProspective StudentsCurrent StudentsFaculty & StaffAlumni & FriendsEmployers & Legal Community
A-Z IndexAbout LSU LawLibraryContact UsSearch 
Digest Online
Back to Civil Law OnlineBack to Civil Law Online
English French English & French Manuscript General Manuscript General Image Manuscript Article Manuscript Article Image

Table of Contents

Cover Page
Preliminary title Of the general definitions of rights and the promulgation of the laws
    Chapter I Of law and customs
    Chapter II Of the publication of the laws
    Chapter III Of the effects of laws
    Chapter IV Of the application and construction of laws
    Chapter V Of the repeal of laws
Book I Of persons
    Title I Of the distinction of persons, and the privation of certain civil rights in certain cases
      Chapter I Of the distinction of persons established by nature
      Chapter II Of the distinctions of persons which are established by law
    Title II Of domicil and the manner of changing the same
    Title III Of absent persons
      Chapter I Of the curatorship of absent persons
      Chapter II Of the putting into provisional possession the heirs of the absentee
      Chapter III Of the effects of absence upon the eventual rights which may belong to the absentee
      Chapter IV Of the effects of absence respecting marriage
      Chapter V Of the care of minor children whose father has disappeared
    Title IV Of husband and wife
      Chapter I On marriage
      Chapter II How marriages may be contracted or made
      Chapter III Of the nullity of marriages
      Chapter IV Of the respective rights and duties of married persons
      Chapter V Of the dissolution of marriages
      Chapter VI Of second marriages
    Title V Of the separation from bed and board
      Chapter I Of the causes of separation from bed and board
      Chapter II Of the proceedings on separation from bed and board
      Chapter III Of the provisional proceedings to which a suit for separation may give occasion
      Chapter IV Of objections to the action of separation from bed and board
      Chapter V Of the effects of separation from bed and board
    Title VI Of master and servant
      Chapter I Of the several sorts of servants
      Chapter II Of free servants
      Chapter III Of slaves
    Title VII Of father and child
      Chapter I Of children in general
      Chapter II Of legitimate children
        Section I Of legitimacy resulting from marriage
        Section II Of the manner of proving the legitimate filiation
      Chapter III Of illegitimate children
        Section I Of legitimation
        Section II Of the acknowledgment of illegitimate children
      Chapter IV Of adoption
      Chapter V Of paternal authority
        Section I Of the duties of parents towards their legitimate children, and of the duties of legitimate children towards their parents
        Section II Of the duties of parents towards their natural children, and of the duties of natural children towards their parents
    Title VIII Of minors, of their tutorship, curatorship and emancipation
      Chapter I Of tutorship
        Section I General dispositions
        Section II Of tutorship by nature
        Section III Of tutorship by will
        Section IV Of the tutorship by the effect of the law
        Section V Of dative tutorship
        Section VI Of the under tutor
        Section VII Of the causes which dispense or excuse from the tutorship
        Section VIII Of incapacity for, exclusion from and deprivation of the tutorship
        Section IX Of the administration of the tutor
      Chapter II Of the curatorship of minors
      Chapter III Of emancipation
    Title IX Of persons insane, idiots, and other persons incapable of administering their estate
      Chapter I Of the interdiction and curatorship of persons incapable of administering their estate, whether on account of insanity or of some other infirmity
      Chapter II Of the other persons to whom curators are appointed
    Title X Of communities or corporations
      Chapter I Of the nature of communities or corporations, of their use and kind
      Chapter II Of the rights and privileges of communities or corporations and of their incapacities
      Chapter III Of the dissolution of communities or corporations
Book II Of things and of the different modifications of property
    Title I Of things or estates
      Chapter I Of the distinction of things or estates
      Chapter II Of immoveables
      Chapter III Of moveables
      Chapter IV Of estates considered in their relation to those who possess them
    Title II Of absolute ownership
      Chapter I Universal principles
      Chapter II Of the right of accession to what is produced by the thing
      Chapter III Of the right of accession to what unites or incorporates itself to the thing
        Section I Of the right of accession concerning immoveables
        Section II Of the right of accession concerning moveable things
    Title III Of usufruct, use and habitation
      Chapter I Of usufruct
        Section I General definitions
        Section II Of the rights of the usufructuary
        Section III Of the obligations of the usufructuary
        Section IV Of the obligations of the owner
        Section V How usufruct expires
      Chapter II Of the use and habitation
    Title IV Of predial services or services of land
      Chapter I General principles
      Chapter II Of services which originate from the natural situation of the place
      Chapter III Of services imposed by law
        Section I Of walls, fences, and ditches in common
        Section II Of the distance and of the intermediary works required for certain buildings
        Section III Of lights on the property of a neighbor
        Section IV Of the manner of carrying off rain from the roof
        Section V Of the right of passage
      Chapter IV Of services established by the act of man
        Section I Of the different kinds of services which may be established by the act of man
        Section II How services are acquired
        Section III Of the rights of the proprietor of the estate to which the service is due
        Section IV How Services are extinguished
Book III Of the different manners of acquiring the property of things
    Preliminary title General dispositions
    Title I Of successions
      Chapter I Of the different sorts of successions and heirs
      Chapter II Of legal successions
        Section I General rules
        Section II Of the succession of descendants
        Section III Of the succession of ascendants
        Section IV Of the succession of collaterals
      Chapter III Of irregular successions
      Chapter IV In what manner successions are opened
      Chapter V Of the incapacity and unworthiness of the heirs
      Chapter VI In what manner a succession is accepted and how it is renounced
        Section I Of the acceptance pure and simple
        Section II Of the acceptance of a succession with the benefit of an inventory
      Chapter VII Of the administration of vacant estates and estates ab intestato
      Chapter VIII Of partition among heirs and of the collation of goods
        Section I Of the nature of partition and in what manner it is made
        Section II Of the collation of goods
        Section III Of the payment of debts
        Section IV Of the effect of partition and of its rescision
    Title II Of donations inter vivos (between living persons) and mortis causa (in prospect of death)
      Chapter I General dispositions
      Chapter II Of the capacity necessary for disposing of and receiving by donation inter vivos or mortis causa
      Chapter III Of the portion disposable, and of its reduction in case of excess
        Section I Of the disposable portion and the legitime
        Section II Of the reduction of dispositions inter vivos or mortis causa; of the manner in which it is made and of its effects
      Chapter IV Of dispositions reprobated by the law in donations inter vivos and mortis causa
      Chapter V Of donations inter vivos (between living)
        Section I Of the irrevocability of donations inter vivos
        Section II Of the form of donations inter vivos
        Section III Of the exceptions to the rule of the irrevocability of donations inter vivos
      Chapter VI Of dispositions mortis causa (in the prospect of death)
        Section I Of testament or codicil
        Section II Of the form of testaments and codicils
        Section III Of testamentary dispositions
        Section IV Of the institution of heir and of disinherison
        Section V Of legacies
        Section VI Of the opening and the proof of wills, and of testamentary executions
        Section VII Of the revocation of testaments and codicils and of their caducity
        Section VIII Of the interpretation of testamentary dispositions
      Chapter VII Of partitions made by parents among their descendants
      Chapter VIII Of donations made by marriage contract to the husband or wife, and to the children to be born of the marriage
      Chapter IX Of donations between married persons, either by marriage contract, or during the marriage
    Title III Of contracts and of conventional obligations in general
      Chapter I Preliminary dispositions
      Chapter II Of the conditions essential to the validity of agreements
        Section I Of consent
        Section II Of the capability of the parties contracting
        Section III Of the object and the matter of contracts
        Section IV Of the cause
      Chapter III Of the effect of obligations
        Section I General dispositions
        Section II Of the obligation of giving
        Section III Of the obligations of doing or of not doing
        Section IV Of the damages resulting from the non execution of the obligation
        Section V Of the interpretation of the agreements
        Section VI Of the effect of agreements with regard to persons not parties to them
      Chapter IV Of the different kinds of obligations
        Section I Of conditional obligations
          § 1 Of the condition in general and of its different kinds
          § 2 Of the suspensive condition
          § 3 Of the dissolving condition
        Section II Of obligations to be performed at a certain term
        Section III Of the alternative obligations
        Section IV Of obligations in solido or jointly and severally
          § 1 Of the obligation in solido between creditors
          § 2 Of the obligation in solido on the part of debtors
        Section V Of obligations divisible and indivisible
          § 1 Of the effects of a divisible obligation
          § 2 Of the effect of the indivisible obligation
        Section VI Of obligations with penal clauses
      Chapter V Of the extinction of obligations
        Section I Of payment
          § 1 Of payment in general
          § 2 Of payment with subrogation
          § 3 Of the imputation of payments
          § 4 Of tenders of payment, and consignment
          § 5 Of the surrender of property
        Section II Of novation
        Section III Of the remission of the debt
        Section IV Of compensation
        Section V Of confusion
        Section VI Of the loss of the thing due
        Section VII Of the action of nullity or of rescission of agreements
      Chapter VI Of the proof of obligations and of that of payment
        Section I Of the literal proof
          § 1 Of the authentic title
          § 2 Of the acts under private signature
          § 3 Of copies of titles
          § 4 Of recognitive and confirmative acts
        Section II Of testimonial proof
        Section III Of presumptions
          § 1 Of presumptions established by law
          § 2 Of presumption not established by law
        Section IV Of the confession of the party
        Section V Of the proof by oath
    Title IV Of engagements formed without agreements, or of quasi contracts and quasi offences
      Section I Of the quasi contract
      Section II Of quasi crimes or offences
    Title V Of marriage contract
      Chapter I General dispositions
      Chapter II Of the various kinds of matrimonial agreements
        Section I Of donations made in consideration of marriage
        Section II Of dowry or marriage portion
        Section III Of paraphernalia or extra dotal effects
        Section IV Of the partnership or community of acquests or gains
      Chapter III Of the separation of property
    Title VI Of sale
      Chapter I Of the nature and form of the contract of sale, and of the manner in which it is to be performed
      Chapter II Of persons capable of buying and selling, and of things which may be sold
      Chapter III Of the obligations of the seller
        Section I Of the tradition or delivery of the thing sold
        Section II Of the warranty, in case of eviction of the thing sold
        Section III Of the warranty of the defects of the thing sold or of the redhibitory vices
      Chapter IV Of the obligations of the buyer
      Chapter V Of the nullity and rescissions of the sale
        Section I Of the power or right of redemption
        Section II Of the rescission of sales on account of lesion
      Chapter VI Of sales by cant or auction
      Chapter VII Of the assignment or transfer of debts and other incorporeal rights
    Title VII Of exchange
    Title VIII Of letting and hiring
      Chapter I Of the several species of contracts for letting and hiring
      Chapter II Of the contract for letting out things
        Section I Of the form and duration of leases
        Section II Of the obligations of the lessor
        Section III Of the obligations of the lessee
        Section IV Of the dissolution of leases
      Chapter III Of the letting out of labour or industry
        Section I Of the hiring of servants and workmen
        Section II Of carriers and watermen
        Section III Of plots for buildings and other works
    Title IX Of partnership
      Chapter I General dispositions
      Chapter II Of the various kinds of partnerships
      Chapter III Of the obligations of partners towards each other, and towards third persons
        Section I Of the obligations of partners towards each other
        Section II Of the obligations of partners towards third persons
      Chapter IV Of the different manners in which partnerships end
    Title X Of loan
      Chapter I Of the loan for use or commodatum
        Section I Of the nature of the loan for use
        Section II Of the engagements of the borrower for use
        Section III Of the engagements of the lender for use
      Chapter II Of the loan for consumption or mutuum
        Section I Of the nature of the loan for consumption
        Section II Of the obligations of the lender for consumption
        Section III Of the engagements of the borrower for consumption
      Chapter III Of loan on interest
    Title XI Of deposit and sequestration
      Chapter I Of deposit in general and of its divers kinds
      Chapter II Of the deposit properly so called
        Section I Of the nature and essence of the contract of deposit
        Section II Of the obligations of the depository
        Section III Of the obligations of him by whom the deposit has been made
        Section IV Of the necessary deposit
      Chapter III Of sequestration
        Section I Of its different species
        Section II Of the conventional sequestration
        Section III Of the judicial sequestration or deposit
    Title XII Of aleatory contracts
    Title XIII Of mandate or commission
      Chapter I Of the nature of proxies, mandates and commissions
      Chapter II What persons may be appointed attornies in fact
      Chapter III Of the obligations of a person acting under a power of attorney
      Chapter IV Of the obligations of the principal who acts by his attorney in fact
      Chapter V How the procuration expires
    Title XIV Of suretyship
      Chapter I Of the nature and extent of suretyship
      Chapter II Of the effects of suretyship
        Section I Of the effects of suretyship between the creditor and the surety
        Section II Of the effects of suretyship between the debtor and the surety
        Section III Respecting the effects of suretyship between the sureties
      Chapter III Of the extinction of suretyship
      Chapter IV Of the legal and judicial sureties
    Title XV Of transactions
    Title XVI Of respite
    Title XVII Of compromises or arbitration
    Title XVIII Of pledge
    Title XIX Of privileges and mortgages
      Chapter I Of the nature of a mortgage and of its several sorts
      Chapter II Who may mortgage and what thing may be mortgaged
      Chapter III Of the effects of mortgage
        Section I Of the effects of mortgage with regard to the debtor
        Section II Of the effects of mortgages against third possessors and of the action of mortgage
        Section III Of the registering of mortgages and of the register kept for that purpose
      Chapter IV Of the order of privileges and mortgages
        Section I Of the preference and order of privileges
      Chapter V How privileges or mortgages expire or are extinguished
    Title XX Of occupancy, possession and prescription
      Chapter I Of occupancy
      Chapter II Of possession
      Chapter III Of prescription
        Section I Of the possession required to establish prescription
        Section II Of the causes which suspend or interrupt prescriptions
        Section III Of the several species of prescription
    Title XXI Of the title by judgment or seizure
Manuscript index
Manuscript index Part 2




Art. 1. Separation from bed and board as it formerly existed according to the laws of the country, shall take place for the following causes.

Art. 2. The husband may claim a separation in case of adultery on the part of his wife.

Art. 3. The wife may also claim a separation in case of adultery on the part of her husband, when he has kept his concubine in their common dwelling.

Art. 4. The married persons may reciprocally claim a separation, on account of excesses, cruel treatment or outrages of one of them towards the other, if such ill treatment is of such a nature as to render their living together insupportable.

Art. 5. Separation may also be reciprocally claimed in the following cases, to wit:
1stly, Of a public defamation on the part of one of the married persons towards the other.
2ndly, Of abandonment of the husband by his wife and of the wife by her husband.
3rdly, Of an attempt of one of the married persons against the life of the other.



Art. 6. Separation is to be claimed, sued for and tried before the competent courts of justice.
Such demand cannot be brought before arbitrators.

Art. 7. Separation grounded on abandonment by one of the married persons, cannot be admitted but in the case when he or she who has withdrawn himself or herself from the common dwelling, without a lawful cause, has constantly refused to return to live with the other, and when such refusal is made appear in the manner hereafter directed.

Art. 8. The absence of the husband or wife, which has had a lawful cause, although it shall appear that the absentee has not been heard of, cannot authorise a demand of separation, saving what is said in the title of absent persons.

Art. 9. The abandonment with which the husband or wife is charged, ought to be made appear by three reiterated summons made to him or her from month to month directing him or her to return to the place of the matrimonial domicil and followed by a judgement which has sentenced him or her to comply with such request, together with a notification of the said judgment reiterated three times to him or her from month to month.
The summons and notifications shall be made to him or her at the place of his or her usual residence, if he or she lives in this territory, and if absent at the place of the residence of the counsel who shall be appointed to him or her by the judge for that purpose, at the suit of the husband or wife praying for separation from bed and board.



Art. 10. If there are children of the marriage, whose provisional keeping is claimed by both husband and wife, the suit being yet pending and undecided, it shall be granted to the husband whether the plaintiff or defendant, unless there should be strong reasons to deprive him of it, either in whole or in part, the decision whereof is left to the discretion of the judge.

Art. 11. If the wife who sues for a separation, has left or declared her intention to leave the dwelling of her husband, the judge shall assign the house wherein she shall be obliged to dwell until the determination of the suit.
The wife shall be subject to prove her said residence as often as she may be required to do so: and in case of no such justification every proceeding on the separation shall be suspended.

Art. 12. If the wife has not a sufficient income for her maintenance during the suit for separation, the judge shall allow her a sum for her support proportioned to the means of the husband.
The husband cannot be compelled to pay this allowance unless the wife proves that she has constantly resided in the house appointed by the judge.

Art. 13. During the suit for separation, the wife may, for the preservation of her rights, require an inventory and appraisement to be made of the moveables and immoveables which are in possession of her husband, and an injunction restraining him from disposing of any part thereof in any manner.

Art. 14. From the day on which the action of separation shall be brought, it shall not be lawful for the husband to contract any debt on account of the community nor to dispose of the immoveables or slaves belonging to the same; and any alienation by him made after that time, shall be null, if it be proved that such alienation was made with the fraudulent view of injuring the rights of the wife.



Art. 15. The action of separation shall be extinguished by the reconciliation of the parties, either after the facts which might have given ground to such action, or after the action has been commenced.

Art. 16. In either case the plaintiff shall be declared not admissible in his action; but he shall be at liberty to bring a new suit for cause arising since the reconciliation and therein make use of the former motives to corroborate his new action.



Art. 17. Separation from bed and board carries with it separation of goods and effects.

Art. 18. In case of separation, any donation which the husband or wife may have made the one to the other, in consideration of their marriage, shall be void and without effect, reserving to the courts of justice always the right of allowing an alimony to the wife, according to the circumstances of the husband and to the nature and exigencies of the case.

Art. 19. In all cases of separation, the children shall be placed under the care of the party who shall have obtained the separation, unless the judge shall for the greater advantage of the children and with the advice of the meeting of the family, order that all or some of them shall be trusted to the care of the other party.

Art. 20. The separation shall not in any case deprive the children born of the marriage of any of the advantages, which were secured to them by law or by the marriage contract of their father and mother, but there is no right to any claim on the part of such children, except in the manner and under the circumstances where such claims would have taken place if there had been no separation.




Art. 1. La séparation de corps qui existait d'après les anciennes lois du pays, aura lieu pour les causes suivantes:

Art. 2. Le mari pourra demander la séparation pour cause d'adultère de sa femme.

Art. 3. La femme pourra demander la séparation pour cause d'adultère de son mari, lorsqu'il aura tenu sa concubine dans la maison commune. 

Art. 4. Les époux pourront réciproquement demander la séparation pour excès, sévices, ou injures graves de l'un d'eux envers l'autre, si ces mauvais traitements sont d'une nature à rendre à celui-ci, la vie commune insupportable.

Art. 5. La séparation peut être également demandée réciproquement dans les cas
1°. De diffamation publique de l'un des époux envers l'autre;
2°. D'abandonnement du mari par la femme, ou de la femme par le mari;
3°. D'attentat d'un époux à la vie de l'autre.



Art. 6. La séparation doit être demandée, instruite et prononcée en justice; elle ne peut être portée par-devant des arbitres.

Art. 7. La séparation causée sur l'abandonnement de la part de l'un des époux, n'est admise que dans le cas où celui qui s'est retiré de la maison commune, sans cause légitime, a refusé persévéramment de se réunir à l'autre et qu'autant que ce refus est constaté en la forme ci-après. 

Art. 8. L'absence de l'un des deux époux qui a eu pour principe une cause légitime, quoiqu'il ne conste d'aucune nouvelle reçue de lui, ne peut autoriser la demande en séparation; sauf ce qui est statué au titre des absents.

Art. 9. L'abandonnement imputé à l'un des deux époux, doit être constaté par trois sommations réitérées à lui faites, de mois en mois, de se réunir au lieu du domicile matrimonial, et suivies d'un jugement qui l'y ait condamné et dont la signification lui ait été réitérée à trois fois de mois en mois;                
Les sommations et significations doivent lui être faites au lieu de sa résidence ordinaire, s'il réside dans le Territoire, ou s'il en est absent, à celui du défenseur qui lui sera nommé à cet effet, par le juge, à la demande de l'époux poursuivant la séparation.



Art. 10. S'il y a des enfans communs dont chacun des époux réclame la garde provisoire, tandis que le procès est encore pendant et indécis, elle est accordée au mari, soit qu'il soit demandeur ou défendeur, à moins qu'il n'y ait de fortes raisons de l'en priver, en tout ou en partie, ce que le juge décidera dans sa prudence.

Art. 11. Si la femme qui demande la séparation, a quitté ou déclaré vouloir quitter le domicile du mari, le juge indiquera la maison dans laquelle elle doit résider pendant la poursuite de la séparation.
La femme est tenue de justifier de cette résidence, toutes les fois qu'elle en est requise; faute d'en justifier, toute poursuite de la séparation est suspendue.

Art. 12. Si la femme n'a pas de revenus suffisans pour fournir à ses besoins pendant la poursuite de la séparation, le juge lui accordera une pension alimentaire proportionnée aux facultés du mari.
Le mari n'est tenu de payer cette pension qu'autant que la femme justifie qu'elle a constamment résidé dans la maison indiquée par je juge.

Art. 13. Pendant la poursuite de la séparation, la femme peut, pour la conservation de ses droits, requérir l'inventaire et l'appréciation des biens meubles et immeubles dont son mari est en possession et qu'il lui soit enjoint de n'en disposer en aucune manière que ce soit.

Art. 14. A compter du jour de la demande en séparation, le mari ne peut plus contracter aucune dette à la charge de la communauté, ni disposer des immeubles et esclaves qui la composent, et toute aliénation qu'il en ferait sera nulle, s'il est prouvé qu'elle a été faite en fraude des droits de sa femme.



Art. 15. La demande en séparation est éteinte par la réconciliation des époux survenue soit après les faits qui auraient pu autoriser cette action, soit après la demande en séparation.

Art. 16. Dans l'un et dans l'autre cas, le demandeur sera déclaré non recevable dans son action; il pourra néanmoins en intenter une nouvelle pour cause survenue depuis la réconciliation, et alors faire usage des anciennes causes pour appuyer sa nouvelle demande.



Art. 17. La séparation de corps entraine toujours celle des biens.

Art. 18. En cas de séparation, tous les avantages que les époux auront pu se faire en considération du mariage, deviendront nuls et de nul effet, sauf aux cours de justice à accorder à la femme, une pension alimentaire sur les biens du mari, en proportion des moyens de celui-ci, et suivant l'exigeance du cas et la nature des circonstances.

Art. 19. Dans tous les cas où la séparation est prononcée, les enfans seront confiés à l'époux qui a obtenu cette séparation, à moins que le juge n'ordonne, d'après l'avis de l'assemblée de famille, pour le plus grand avantage des enfans, que tous ou quelques-uns d'eux seront confiés aux soins de l'autre époux.

Art. 20. La séparation de corps ne prive, dans aucuns cas, les enfans nés de ce mariage, d'aucuns des avantages qui leur étaient assurés par les lois ou par les conventions matrimoniales de leurs père et mère; mais il n'y aura d'ouverture aux droits des enfans que de la même manière et dans les mêmes circonstances où ils se seraient ouverts, s'il n'y avait pas eu de séparation.

< Previous | Next >© Manuscript notes copyright 1968 by Louis V. de la Vergne.
Paul M. Hebert Law Center   |    1 E. Campus Dr.   |    Louisiana State University   |    Baton Rouge, LA 70803   |   225/578-5292