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Table of Contents

Cover Page
Preliminary title Of the general definitions of rights and the promulgation of the laws
    Chapter I Of law and customs
    Chapter II Of the publication of the laws
    Chapter III Of the effects of laws
    Chapter IV Of the application and construction of laws
    Chapter V Of the repeal of laws
Book I Of persons
    Title I Of the distinction of persons, and the privation of certain civil rights in certain cases
      Chapter I Of the distinction of persons established by nature
      Chapter II Of the distinctions of persons which are established by law
    Title II Of domicil and the manner of changing the same
    Title III Of absent persons
      Chapter I Of the curatorship of absent persons
      Chapter II Of the putting into provisional possession the heirs of the absentee
      Chapter III Of the effects of absence upon the eventual rights which may belong to the absentee
      Chapter IV Of the effects of absence respecting marriage
      Chapter V Of the care of minor children whose father has disappeared
    Title IV Of husband and wife
      Chapter I On marriage
      Chapter II How marriages may be contracted or made
      Chapter III Of the nullity of marriages
      Chapter IV Of the respective rights and duties of married persons
      Chapter V Of the dissolution of marriages
      Chapter VI Of second marriages
    Title V Of the separation from bed and board
      Chapter I Of the causes of separation from bed and board
      Chapter II Of the proceedings on separation from bed and board
      Chapter III Of the provisional proceedings to which a suit for separation may give occasion
      Chapter IV Of objections to the action of separation from bed and board
      Chapter V Of the effects of separation from bed and board
    Title VI Of master and servant
      Chapter I Of the several sorts of servants
      Chapter II Of free servants
      Chapter III Of slaves
    Title VII Of father and child
      Chapter I Of children in general
      Chapter II Of legitimate children
        Section I Of legitimacy resulting from marriage
        Section II Of the manner of proving the legitimate filiation
      Chapter III Of illegitimate children
        Section I Of legitimation
        Section II Of the acknowledgment of illegitimate children
      Chapter IV Of adoption
      Chapter V Of paternal authority
        Section I Of the duties of parents towards their legitimate children, and of the duties of legitimate children towards their parents
        Section II Of the duties of parents towards their natural children, and of the duties of natural children towards their parents
    Title VIII Of minors, of their tutorship, curatorship and emancipation
      Chapter I Of tutorship
        Section I General dispositions
        Section II Of tutorship by nature
        Section III Of tutorship by will
        Section IV Of the tutorship by the effect of the law
        Section V Of dative tutorship
        Section VI Of the under tutor
        Section VII Of the causes which dispense or excuse from the tutorship
        Section VIII Of incapacity for, exclusion from and deprivation of the tutorship
        Section IX Of the administration of the tutor
      Chapter II Of the curatorship of minors
      Chapter III Of emancipation
    Title IX Of persons insane, idiots, and other persons incapable of administering their estate
      Chapter I Of the interdiction and curatorship of persons incapable of administering their estate, whether on account of insanity or of some other infirmity
      Chapter II Of the other persons to whom curators are appointed
    Title X Of communities or corporations
      Chapter I Of the nature of communities or corporations, of their use and kind
      Chapter II Of the rights and privileges of communities or corporations and of their incapacities
      Chapter III Of the dissolution of communities or corporations
Book II Of things and of the different modifications of property
    Title I Of things or estates
      Chapter I Of the distinction of things or estates
      Chapter II Of immoveables
      Chapter III Of moveables
      Chapter IV Of estates considered in their relation to those who possess them
    Title II Of absolute ownership
      Chapter I Universal principles
      Chapter II Of the right of accession to what is produced by the thing
      Chapter III Of the right of accession to what unites or incorporates itself to the thing
        Section I Of the right of accession concerning immoveables
        Section II Of the right of accession concerning moveable things
    Title III Of usufruct, use and habitation
      Chapter I Of usufruct
        Section I General definitions
        Section II Of the rights of the usufructuary
        Section III Of the obligations of the usufructuary
        Section IV Of the obligations of the owner
        Section V How usufruct expires
      Chapter II Of the use and habitation
    Title IV Of predial services or services of land
      Chapter I General principles
      Chapter II Of services which originate from the natural situation of the place
      Chapter III Of services imposed by law
        Section I Of walls, fences, and ditches in common
        Section II Of the distance and of the intermediary works required for certain buildings
        Section III Of lights on the property of a neighbor
        Section IV Of the manner of carrying off rain from the roof
        Section V Of the right of passage
      Chapter IV Of services established by the act of man
        Section I Of the different kinds of services which may be established by the act of man
        Section II How services are acquired
        Section III Of the rights of the proprietor of the estate to which the service is due
        Section IV How Services are extinguished
Book III Of the different manners of acquiring the property of things
    Preliminary title General dispositions
    Title I Of successions
      Chapter I Of the different sorts of successions and heirs
      Chapter II Of legal successions
        Section I General rules
        Section II Of the succession of descendants
        Section III Of the succession of ascendants
        Section IV Of the succession of collaterals
      Chapter III Of irregular successions
      Chapter IV In what manner successions are opened
      Chapter V Of the incapacity and unworthiness of the heirs
      Chapter VI In what manner a succession is accepted and how it is renounced
        Section I Of the acceptance pure and simple
        Section II Of the acceptance of a succession with the benefit of an inventory
      Chapter VII Of the administration of vacant estates and estates ab intestato
      Chapter VIII Of partition among heirs and of the collation of goods
        Section I Of the nature of partition and in what manner it is made
        Section II Of the collation of goods
        Section III Of the payment of debts
        Section IV Of the effect of partition and of its rescision
    Title II Of donations inter vivos (between living persons) and mortis causa (in prospect of death)
      Chapter I General dispositions
      Chapter II Of the capacity necessary for disposing of and receiving by donation inter vivos or mortis causa
      Chapter III Of the portion disposable, and of its reduction in case of excess
        Section I Of the disposable portion and the legitime
        Section II Of the reduction of dispositions inter vivos or mortis causa; of the manner in which it is made and of its effects
      Chapter IV Of dispositions reprobated by the law in donations inter vivos and mortis causa
      Chapter V Of donations inter vivos (between living)
        Section I Of the irrevocability of donations inter vivos
        Section II Of the form of donations inter vivos
        Section III Of the exceptions to the rule of the irrevocability of donations inter vivos
      Chapter VI Of dispositions mortis causa (in the prospect of death)
        Section I Of testament or codicil
        Section II Of the form of testaments and codicils
        Section III Of testamentary dispositions
        Section IV Of the institution of heir and of disinherison
        Section V Of legacies
        Section VI Of the opening and the proof of wills, and of testamentary executions
        Section VII Of the revocation of testaments and codicils and of their caducity
        Section VIII Of the interpretation of testamentary dispositions
      Chapter VII Of partitions made by parents among their descendants
      Chapter VIII Of donations made by marriage contract to the husband or wife, and to the children to be born of the marriage
      Chapter IX Of donations between married persons, either by marriage contract, or during the marriage
    Title III Of contracts and of conventional obligations in general
      Chapter I Preliminary dispositions
      Chapter II Of the conditions essential to the validity of agreements
        Section I Of consent
        Section II Of the capability of the parties contracting
        Section III Of the object and the matter of contracts
        Section IV Of the cause
      Chapter III Of the effect of obligations
        Section I General dispositions
        Section II Of the obligation of giving
        Section III Of the obligations of doing or of not doing
        Section IV Of the damages resulting from the non execution of the obligation
        Section V Of the interpretation of the agreements
        Section VI Of the effect of agreements with regard to persons not parties to them
      Chapter IV Of the different kinds of obligations
        Section I Of conditional obligations
          § 1 Of the condition in general and of its different kinds
          § 2 Of the suspensive condition
          § 3 Of the dissolving condition
        Section II Of obligations to be performed at a certain term
        Section III Of the alternative obligations
        Section IV Of obligations in solido or jointly and severally
          § 1 Of the obligation in solido between creditors
          § 2 Of the obligation in solido on the part of debtors
        Section V Of obligations divisible and indivisible
          § 1 Of the effects of a divisible obligation
          § 2 Of the effect of the indivisible obligation
        Section VI Of obligations with penal clauses
      Chapter V Of the extinction of obligations
        Section I Of payment
          § 1 Of payment in general
          § 2 Of payment with subrogation
          § 3 Of the imputation of payments
          § 4 Of tenders of payment, and consignment
          § 5 Of the surrender of property
        Section II Of novation
        Section III Of the remission of the debt
        Section IV Of compensation
        Section V Of confusion
        Section VI Of the loss of the thing due
        Section VII Of the action of nullity or of rescission of agreements
      Chapter VI Of the proof of obligations and of that of payment
        Section I Of the literal proof
          § 1 Of the authentic title
          § 2 Of the acts under private signature
          § 3 Of copies of titles
          § 4 Of recognitive and confirmative acts
        Section II Of testimonial proof
        Section III Of presumptions
          § 1 Of presumptions established by law
          § 2 Of presumption not established by law
        Section IV Of the confession of the party
        Section V Of the proof by oath
    Title IV Of engagements formed without agreements, or of quasi contracts and quasi offences
      Section I Of the quasi contract
      Section II Of quasi crimes or offences
    Title V Of marriage contract
      Chapter I General dispositions
      Chapter II Of the various kinds of matrimonial agreements
        Section I Of donations made in consideration of marriage
        Section II Of dowry or marriage portion
        Section III Of paraphernalia or extra dotal effects
        Section IV Of the partnership or community of acquests or gains
      Chapter III Of the separation of property
    Title VI Of sale
      Chapter I Of the nature and form of the contract of sale, and of the manner in which it is to be performed
      Chapter II Of persons capable of buying and selling, and of things which may be sold
      Chapter III Of the obligations of the seller
        Section I Of the tradition or delivery of the thing sold
        Section II Of the warranty, in case of eviction of the thing sold
        Section III Of the warranty of the defects of the thing sold or of the redhibitory vices
      Chapter IV Of the obligations of the buyer
      Chapter V Of the nullity and rescissions of the sale
        Section I Of the power or right of redemption
        Section II Of the rescission of sales on account of lesion
      Chapter VI Of sales by cant or auction
      Chapter VII Of the assignment or transfer of debts and other incorporeal rights
    Title VII Of exchange
    Title VIII Of letting and hiring
      Chapter I Of the several species of contracts for letting and hiring
      Chapter II Of the contract for letting out things
        Section I Of the form and duration of leases
        Section II Of the obligations of the lessor
        Section III Of the obligations of the lessee
        Section IV Of the dissolution of leases
      Chapter III Of the letting out of labour or industry
        Section I Of the hiring of servants and workmen
        Section II Of carriers and watermen
        Section III Of plots for buildings and other works
    Title IX Of partnership
      Chapter I General dispositions
      Chapter II Of the various kinds of partnerships
      Chapter III Of the obligations of partners towards each other, and towards third persons
        Section I Of the obligations of partners towards each other
        Section II Of the obligations of partners towards third persons
      Chapter IV Of the different manners in which partnerships end
    Title X Of loan
      Chapter I Of the loan for use or commodatum
        Section I Of the nature of the loan for use
        Section II Of the engagements of the borrower for use
        Section III Of the engagements of the lender for use
      Chapter II Of the loan for consumption or mutuum
        Section I Of the nature of the loan for consumption
        Section II Of the obligations of the lender for consumption
        Section III Of the engagements of the borrower for consumption
      Chapter III Of loan on interest
    Title XI Of deposit and sequestration
      Chapter I Of deposit in general and of its divers kinds
      Chapter II Of the deposit properly so called
        Section I Of the nature and essence of the contract of deposit
        Section II Of the obligations of the depository
        Section III Of the obligations of him by whom the deposit has been made
        Section IV Of the necessary deposit
      Chapter III Of sequestration
        Section I Of its different species
        Section II Of the conventional sequestration
        Section III Of the judicial sequestration or deposit
    Title XII Of aleatory contracts
    Title XIII Of mandate or commission
      Chapter I Of the nature of proxies, mandates and commissions
      Chapter II What persons may be appointed attornies in fact
      Chapter III Of the obligations of a person acting under a power of attorney
      Chapter IV Of the obligations of the principal who acts by his attorney in fact
      Chapter V How the procuration expires
    Title XIV Of suretyship
      Chapter I Of the nature and extent of suretyship
      Chapter II Of the effects of suretyship
        Section I Of the effects of suretyship between the creditor and the surety
        Section II Of the effects of suretyship between the debtor and the surety
        Section III Respecting the effects of suretyship between the sureties
      Chapter III Of the extinction of suretyship
      Chapter IV Of the legal and judicial sureties
    Title XV Of transactions
    Title XVI Of respite
    Title XVII Of compromises or arbitration
    Title XVIII Of pledge
    Title XIX Of privileges and mortgages
      Chapter I Of the nature of a mortgage and of its several sorts
      Chapter II Who may mortgage and what thing may be mortgaged
      Chapter III Of the effects of mortgage
        Section I Of the effects of mortgage with regard to the debtor
        Section II Of the effects of mortgages against third possessors and of the action of mortgage
        Section III Of the registering of mortgages and of the register kept for that purpose
      Chapter IV Of the order of privileges and mortgages
        Section I Of the preference and order of privileges
      Chapter V How privileges or mortgages expire or are extinguished
    Title XX Of occupancy, possession and prescription
      Chapter I Of occupancy
      Chapter II Of possession
      Chapter III Of prescription
        Section I Of the possession required to establish prescription
        Section II Of the causes which suspend or interrupt prescriptions
        Section III Of the several species of prescription
    Title XXI Of the title by judgment or seizure
Manuscript index
Manuscript index Part 2


Art. 202. Fathers and mothers and other ascendants may make among their children or legitimate descendants, a distribution and partition of their property, either by designating the quantum of the parts and partitions which they assign to each of them, or in designating the property of such particular kind which shall compose their respective lots.

Art. 203. Those partitions may be made by act inter vivos (between the living) or by testament.

Art. 204. Those made by an act inter vivos can have only present property for their object, and are subject to all the formalities and conditions of donations inter vivos.

Art. 205. Those made by testament must be made in the form prescribed for acts of that kind, and are subject to the same rules.
Such partitions cannot be made by codicil.

Art. 206. If the partition whether inter vivos or by testament has not comprised all the property that the ascendant leaves on the day of his decease, the property not comprised in the partition is divided according to law.

Art. 207. If the partition whether inter vivos or by testament, be not made amongst all the children living at the time of the decease, and the descendants of those predeceased, the partition shall be null and void for the whole; the child or descendant who had not part in it, may require a new partition in legal form.

Art. 208. The partition made by the ascendant, can be objected to only in the single case of one of the sharers alledging and offering to prove that there has been lesion of more than one fifth part to his prejudice.

Art. 209. The child who objects to the partition made by the ascendant on the plea of lesion of more than one fifth to his prejudice, must advance the expences of having the property estimated, and must ultimately support them and the costs of suit, if his claim be not founded.



Art. 210. Every donation inter vivos though made by marriage contract, to the husband and wife or to either of them is subject to the general rules prescribed for the donations made under that title.
It cannot take effect for the benefit of children to be born.

Art. 211. Fathers and omthers, the other ascendants, the collateral relations of either of the spouses, and even strangers, may give the whole or a part of the property they shall leave on the day of their decease, both for the benefit of said spouses and for that of the children to be born of their marriage, in case the donor survive the spouse donee.
Such a donation though made for the benefit of the spouses or of one of them, is always in the aforesaid case of the survivorship of the donor, presumed to be made for the benefit of the children or descendants to proceed from that marriage.

Art. 212. A donation in the form specified in the preceding article, is irrevocable only in this sense, that the donor cannot longer, on a gratuitous title, dispose of the objects comprised in the donation, unless for moderate sums by way of recompense or otherwise.
The donor retains till death the full liberty of selling and mortgaging, unless he has formally barred himself of it in the whole or in part.

Art. 213. A donation in favor of marriage may be made accumulatively of the property present and future, provided that to the act be annexed a statement of the debts and charges of the donor existing on the day of the donation; in which case the donee, on the decease of the donor may accept merely the present property, renouncing the surplus of the property of the donor.

Art. 214. If the statement mentioned in the preceding article, has not been annexed to the act conveying a donation of property present and future, the donee shall be obliged to accept or reject that donation wholly; and in case of acceptance, he shall claim only the property existing on the day of the donor's decease, and he shall be liable to the payment of all the charges and debts of the succession.

Art. 215. Donations made by marriage contract, cannot be impeached or declared void on pretence of a want of acceptance.

Art. 216. Every donation made in favor of marriage, falls, if the marriage does not take place.

Art. 217. Donations made to one of the spouses on the terms of articles 211 and 213, fall, if the donor survives the donee and his or her posterity.

Art. 218. All donations made to a married couple by their marriage contract, are at the time of the opening of the succession of the donor, reducible to the portion that the law permitted him to dispose of



Art. 219. Married persons can, by marriage contract, make to each other reciprocally, or the one to the other, what donations they think proper, under the modifications hereafter expressed.

Art. 220. Every donation between the living, of present property, made between married persons, by marriage contract, shall not be deemed to be made on the condition of the survivorship of the donee, if that condition be not formally expressed, and it is subject to all the rules above prescribed for those kinds of donations.

Art. 221. A donation of property in future or of property present and in future, made between married persons, by marriage contract, whether simple or reciprocal, shall be subject to the rules established by the preceding chapter, with regard to similar donations made to them by a third person; except that it shall not be transmissive to the children, the issue of the marriage, in case of the death of the spouse donee before the spouse donor.

Art. 222. One of the married couple may either by marriage contract, or during the marriage, in case of his or her leaving no children nor legitimate descendants, give to the other in full property, all that he or she might give to a stranger.
And in case the spouse donor leaves children or legitimate descendants, he or she may give to the other spouse, either a tenth part in full property or the usufruct only, of the one fifth of all his or her property.

Art. 223. A minor emancipated can, by marriage contract, give to his or her spouse, either by simple or by reciprocal donation, whatever can be given by a spouse who has attained the age of majority.
A minor not being emancipated can give only with the consent of those relations whose consent is requisite for the validity of the marriage, and with that consent he or she can give all that the law permits a married person of full age to give to his or her consort.
If the relation whose consent is necessary, be dead, the minor not emancipated, cannot give without the authorisation of a court of justice.

Art. 224. All donations made between married persons, during marriage, though termed inter vivos, shall always be revocable.
The revocation may be made by the wife, without her being authorised to that effect by her husband or by a court of justice.
Those donations shall not be revoked by the birth of children, provided they do not exceed the quantum of which married persons are permitted to dispose between themselves, to the prejudice of their children or legitimate descendants by article 222 above.

Art. 225. Married persons cannot, during marriage, make to each other, by an act either inter vivos or mortis causa, any mutual or reciprocal donation by one and the same act.

Art. 226. A man or woman who contracts a second or subsequent marriage, having children by a former one, can give to his wife or she to her husband, only the least child's portion, and that only as a usufruct; and in no case shall the portion of which the donee is to have the usufruct, exceed the fifth part of the donor's estate.

Art. 227. The donation mentioned in the preceding article, can, in no case, affect any property, but the estate belonging to the man or woman who contracts a second marriage, and cannot comprise any effects which came to him or her, from the deceased spouse, either by donation made before or after the marriage or otherwise or by the succession of some of the children of the preceding marriage; these effects being, according to law, reserved to the children of said marriage, in case their father or mother marries again.

Art. 228. Husbands and wives cannot give to each other indirectly beyond what is permitted by the foregoing dispositions.
All donations disguised or made to persons interposed, shall be null and void.

Art. 229. All donations made by one of the spouses to the children or to any one of the children of the other spouse by a former marriage, and such as are made by the donor to relations to whom the other spouse is presumptive heir on the day of the donation, although the latter may not survive the relation who is the donee, shall be deemed made to persons interposed.

< Previous | Next >© Manuscript notes copyright 1968 by Louis V. de la Vergne.
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